MirOS Manual: ecvt(3), fcvt(3), gcvt(3)

ECVT(3)                    BSD Programmer's Manual                     ECVT(3)

NAME

     ecvt, fcvt, gcvt - convert double to ASCII string

SYNOPSIS

     #include <stdlib.h>

     char *
     ecvt(double value, int ndigit, int *decpt, int *sign);

     char *
     fcvt(double value, int ndigit, int *decpt, int *sign);

     char *
     gcvt(double value, int ndigit, char *buf);

DESCRIPTION

     These functions are provided for compatibility with legacy code. New code
     should use the snprintf(3) function for improved safety and portability.

     The ecvt(), fcvt() and gcvt() functions convert the double precision
     floating-point number value to a NUL-terminated ASCII string.

     The ecvt() function converts value to a NUL-terminated string of exactly
     ndigit digits and returns a pointer to that string. The result is padded
     with zeroes from left to right as needed. There are no leading zeroes un-
     less value itself is 0. The least significant digit is rounded in an
     implementation-dependent manner. The position of the decimal point rela-
     tive to the beginning of the string is stored in decpt. A negative value
     indicates that the decimal point is located to the left of the returned
     digits (this occurs when there is no whole number component to value). If
     value is zero, it is unspecified whether the integer pointed to by decpt
     will be 0 or 1. The decimal point itself is not included in the returned
     string. If the sign of the result is negative, the integer pointed to by
     sign is non-zero; otherwise, it is 0.

     If the converted value is out of range or is not representable, the con-
     tents of the returned string are unspecified.

     The fcvt() function is identical to ecvt() with the exception that ndigit
     specifies the number of digits after the decimal point (zero-padded as
     needed).

     The gcvt() function converts value to a NUL-terminated string similar to
     the %g printf(3) format specifier and stores the result in buf. It pro-
     duces ndigit significant digits similar to the %f printf(3) format
     specifier where possible. If ndigit does allow sufficient precision, the
     result is stored in exponential notation similar to the %e printf(3) for-
     mat specifier. If value is less than zero, buf will be prefixed with a
     minus sign. A decimal point is included in the returned string if value
     is not a whole number. Unlike the ecvt() and fcvt() functions, buf is not
     zero-padded.

RETURN VALUES

     The ecvt(), fcvt() and gcvt() functions return a NUL-terminated string
     representation of value.

WARNINGS

     The ecvt() and fcvt() functions return a pointer to internal storage
     space that will be overwritten by subsequent calls to either function.

     The maximum possible precision of the return value is limited by the pre-
     cision of a double and may not be the same on all architectures.

     The snprintf(3) function is preferred over these functions for new code.

SEE ALSO

     printf(3), strtod(3)

STANDARDS

     The ecvt(), fcvt() and gcvt() functions conform to IEEE Std 1003.1-2001
     ("POSIX").

MirOS BSD #10-current          December 1, 2002                              1

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