MLOCKALL(2) BSD Programmer's Manual MLOCKALL(2)
mlockall, munlockall - lock (unlock) the address space of a process
#include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/mman.h> int mlockall(int flags); int munlockall(void);
The mlockall system call locks into memory the physical pages associated with the address space of a process until the address space is unlocked, the process exits, or execs another program image. The following flags affect the behavior of mlockall: MCL_CURRENT Lock all pages currently mapped into the process's address space. MCL_FUTURE Lock all pages mapped into the process's address space in the future, at the time the mapping is established. Note that this may cause future mappings to fail if those map- pings cause resource limits to be exceeded. Since physical memory is a potentially scarce resource, processes are limited in how much they can lock down. A single process can lock the minimum of a system-wide "wired pages" limit and the per-process RLIMIT_MEMLOCK resource limit. The munlockall call unlocks any locked memory regions in the process ad- dress space. Any regions mapped after an munlockall call will not be locked.
A return value of 0 indicates that the call succeeded and all pages in the range have either been locked or unlocked. A return value of -1 indi- cates an error occurred and the locked status of all pages in the range remains unchanged. In this case, the global location errno is set to in- dicate the error.
mlockall() will fail if: [EINVAL] The flags argument is zero or includes unimplemented flags. [ENOMEM] Locking the indicated range would exceed either the system or per-process limit for locked memory. [EAGAIN] Some or all of the memory mapped into the process's address space could not be locked when the call was made. [EPERM] The calling process does not have the appropriate privileges to perform the requested operation.
mincore(2), mlock(2), mmap(2), munmap(2), setrlimit(2)
The mlockall() and munlockall() functions conform to IEEE Std 1003.1b- 1993 ("POSIX").
The mlockall() and munlockall() functions first appeared in OpenBSD 2.9.
The per-process resource limit is a limit on the amount of virtual memory locked, while the system-wide limit is for the number of locked physical pages. Hence a process with two distinct locked mappings of the same phy- sical page counts as 2 pages against the per-process limit and only as a single page in the system limit. MirOS BSD #10-current June 12, 1999 1
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