OCURSES(3) BSD Programmer's Manual OCURSES(3)
ocurses - screen functions with ``optimal'' cursor motion
cc [flags] files -locurses [libraries]
These routines give the user a method of updating screens with reasonable optimization. They keep an image of the current screen, and the user sets up an image of a new one. Then refresh() tells the routines to make the current screen look like the new one. In order to initialize the rou- tines, the routine initscr() must be called before any of the other rou- tines that deal with windows and screens are used. The routine endwin() should be called before exiting.
addch(ch) add a character to stdscr addstr(str) add a string to stdscr box(win,vert,hor) draw a box around a window cbreak() set cbreak mode clear() clear stdscr clearok(scr,boolf) set clear flag for scr clrtobot() clear to bottom on stdscr clrtoeol() clear to end of line on stdscr delch() delete a character deleteln() delete a line delwin(win) delete stdscr echo() set echo mode endwin() end window modes erase() erase stdscr flusok(win,boolf) set flush-on-refresh flag for win getch() get a char through stdscr getcap(name) get terminal capability name getstr(str) get a string through stdscr gettmode() get tty modes getyx(win,y,x) get (y,x) co-ordinates inch() get char at current (y,x) co-ordinates initscr() initialize screens insch(c) insert a char insertln() insert a line leaveok(win,boolf) set leave flag for stdscr longname(termbuf,name) get long name from termbuf move(y,x) move to (y,x) on stdscr mvcur(lasty,lastx,newy,newx) actually move cursor newwin(lines,cols,begin_y,begin_x) create a new window nl() set newline mapping nocbreak() unset cbreak mode noecho() unset echo mode nonl() unset newline mapping noraw() unset raw mode overlay(win1,win2) overlay win1 on win2 overwrite(win1,win2) overwrite win1 on top of win2 printw(fmt,arg1,arg2,...) printf on stdscr raw() set raw mode refresh() make current screen look like stdscr resetty() reset tty flags to stored value savetty() stored current tty flags scanw(fmt,arg1,arg2,...) scanf through stdscr scroll(win) scroll win one line scrollok(win,boolf) set scroll flag setterm(name) set term variables for name standend() end standout mode standout() start standout mode subwin(win,lines,cols,begin_y,begin_x) create a subwindow touchline(win,y,sx,ex) mark line y sx through sy as changed touchoverlap(win1,win2) mark overlap of win1 on win2 as changed touchwin(win) change all of win unctrl(ch) printable version of ch waddch(win,ch) add char to win waddstr(win,str) add string to win wclear(win) clear win wclrtobot(win) clear to bottom of win wclrtoeol(win) clear to end of line on win wdelch(win) delete char from win wdeleteln(win) delete line from win werase(win) erase win wgetch(win) get a char through win wgetstr(win,str) get a string through win winch(win) get char at current (y,x) in win winsch(win,c) insert char into win winsertln(win) insert line into win wmove(win,y,x) set current (y,x) co- ordinates on win wprintw(win,fmt,arg1,arg2,...) printf on win wrefresh(win) make screen look like win wscanw(win,fmt,arg1,arg2,...) scanf through win wstandend(win) end standout mode on win wstandout(win) start standout mode on win
ioctl(2), getenv(3), termcap(3), tty(4), termcap(5) Ken Arnold, Screen Updating and Cursor Movement Optimization: A Library Package.
The ocurses package appeared in 4.0BSD.
Ken Arnold MirOS BSD #10-current June 4, 1993 1
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