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Willkommen, Schweiz!

12.04.2008 by tg@

Da wir ja alle eine große Familie sind, möchte ich hiermit Grüße (Grüsse?) an die Schweizer Leser, die dieses Weblog (nein, ist kein Blog) auf Planet Symlink entdecken, senden.

Ad auditorēs qui nōn possunt legere linguam germanicam: Salvete amici Cōnfœderationis Helveticæ!

Ich bin übrigens Mitte der Woche in Basel zu Besuch, Benny ist leider zur Zeit auf Mallorca, Urlaub machen. (Hoffentlich fernab vom Kampfgebiet, äh, Ballermann und so.)

I haven’t written here for a while, but I just want to get one thing said. I might have done what Sun feared first thing after I got a Java™ VM (even if it’s only single-threaded Ewe for embedded systems) running stably on MirOS… it now has a native method arc4random_pushb(3)… yeah!

Entropy is determining a lot of my life these days anyway. For example, accidentally sleeping too few, too much or at weird times, being phoned by random people, talking with Vutral about further possible improvements in our RNGs, being asked by CAcert.org if we are suitable OS for their high-security boxen (almost, but we’ll fix the missing parts, and some they’ve got to do themselves as no off-the-shelf OS does), and reporting in huge masses of entropy to CAcert.at Research Lab – some 128 MiB samples with Firesomething “Bon Echo”, as Opera ISE’d out and Lynx just first ate up all CPU then none at all any more without monitorable activity…

Ah, and BOINC is running stable on MirBSD. MidnightBSD has some issues, mainly due to the fucked-up FreeBSD kernel and brandelf.

On Firefox Updates

02.04.2008

When Mozilla Firefox(TM) aka www/firesomething version 1.5.0.10 came out over a year ago, I tried porting it (of course). However, not only did the build not finish, it filled the entire filesystem before failing. At the time, I was updating from something like 1.5.0.4 so I did not know which version exactly caused the problem. Thus, I made incremental updates up to 1.5.0.8, where I seemingly lost interest. Now, with a faster build machine, I continued the updates, discovering that 1.5.0.10 is really the version that fails.

A diff between firefox-1.5.0.9-source.tar.bz2 and firefox-1.5.0.10-source.tar.bz2 is 10 MiB. Most of that is in CVS directories, which are included in their fucking releases, believe it or not. If you leave out those changes, the diff is still 5 MiB and 155000 lines, of which 90% are in security/. Mind you, the whole source tarball, from calling the directory mozilla instead of adding a version number to including CVS directories to using several different build systems, leaving unused configure scripts in the tree, etc., positively REEKS of a flagrant disrespect for those that build from source. All this seems to be meant to encourage you to use official Mozilla builds—which is fine if you happen to be on one of the few supported platforms: Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux i386. We are not.

Anyway: in their infinite wisdom, the Firefox developers chose to upgrade the included NSS libraries (Netscape Security) from 3.10.x to 3.11.4 in a minor security update. This version sports extensive internal restructurations—another nice way of saying "fuck you, porters". Thank you, Mozilla project. Of course, the NSS update is not explicitly mentioned in the release notes.

This tech note says: "The low-level freebl cryptographic code has been separated from softoken on all platforms. Even on platforms for which there is only one implementation of freebl, there is now a separate freebl shared library. The freebl library implements a private interface internal to NSS." This new library is the core of the problem. After the NSS libraries are built, they are cryptographically signed by a program called shlibsign which, in turn, dumps core, generating a 3 GiB core dump in my case!

I had suspected a problem related to our security features, especially W^X. The page about Building on Fedora Core 5 says: "For those with SELinux in enforcing mode, you are likely to run into problems both with the shlibsign during the build process and with the running the final build related to SELinux denying execmod permission ..." However, with some difficulty, I managed to build a debug version of everything for analyis with gdb. During the start of shlibsign, one of the init procedures loads the native freebl (?) module, which promptly loads itself. On and on, until memory exhaustion.

This comment in security/nss/lib/freebl/Makefile provided a clue to the solution:

# The blapi functions are defined not only in the freebl shared
# libraries but also in the shared libraries linked with loader.c
# (libsoftokn3.so and libssl3.so).  We need to use GNU ld's
# -Bsymbolic option or the equivalent option for other linkers
# to bind the blapi function references in FREEBLVector vector
# (ldvector.c) to the blapi functions defined in the freebl
# shared libraries.
ifeq (,$(filter-out BSD_OS FreeBSD Linux NetBSD, $(OS_TARGET)))
    MKSHLIB += -Wl,-Bsymbolic
endif

Adding MirBSD to the OS list fixes the build. And it works!

Now, firefox 1.5 is old and unsupported. So why was this update important? It makes further updates possible. The same bug was holding up my long-finished firesomething-2.0 port. I already have a package for firefox 2.0.0.13 but the port needs just a little more work. I am also confident I will be able to provide a working port for firesomething 3 when released.

Wow, my first posting in this new weblog. My laptop, a new MacBook Pro, spent about 10 days over easter in order to really do a MirPorts bulk build. 1503 binary packages for MirOS #10 have been uploaded to the mirrors. This has also been an occasion to review some largely untouched parts of the tree. Most of the problems seen are related to missing distfiles, changed download URLs, etc. Some packages did not build during th bulk build but when run non-recursively, they worked.

Some bugs in the resulting packages remain: You must manually install the expat package for most of the stuff to work. gtk+ insists on writing to /var/db, which makes it unsuitable for AS_USER builds. firesomething only when works as firefox. Still, this gives you a wide variety of pre-built packages for the new release. Enjoy!

I seem to have a sort of fan club, mostly related to mksh, but also to jupp. Interesting.

Benny has built 1503 binary packages, amounting to about 954 MiB of data. Uploading…

We just got an email about Metalinker, which looks interesting enough to try, from its primal developer Anthony Bryan. We now have it ☺

This night, my internet connection failed every so few minutes (returning a PAP failure, despite me being in midst of a session). I took the chance to upgrade herc’s software (kernel, userland, a few packages) and spotted that sendmail(8) bug. I also took the chance to rebuild the two RAID 1s (one for /, the other for /MirOS and the CVS repositories), which took me a while and about a dozen attempts, but finally I succeeded.

Other than that, I didn’t hack much. I walked about 5‥6 km (single way) to buy myself a Döner though ☺ bad weather doesn’t have to mean stay inside.

We should be at way more than 1500 downloads in total by now… 1405 on the Germany 1 mirror, more than 100 on Germany 2, an unknown lot on Japan, more than 60 BT downloads from me and friends… that accumulates quite.

Happy Spring Equinōx to everyone!

I merged the crypto improvements to HEAD: we now have improved Rijndael CBC code for UVM swapencrypt, and this code uses the VIA C3/C7 PadLock™ ACE if existing – whose code contained a now-fixed data corruption bug.

Next on the TODO list is: make vnd(4)’s encryption use the same code if AES is chosen as cipher algorithm. Allow selection of Blowfish (stay compatible), AES-128, AES-192, AES-256; other algorithms may follow. We will need a new keyfile format and stay backwards-compatible, but this is not a problem.

We got a PUA assignment from U+F900‥F97F (tentatively) for our encoding proposal, and should use “one of the various non-characters” for the NUL encoding. But: “Emoticon U+FDD0 is actually Unicode for the eye of the basilisk…” – U+F000‥F7FF are now reserved for Linux’ straight-to-font map (and some subranges are used by Windows® and Mac), and F800‥F89F for Mac (and possibly, Linux). – Although I got scolded again for chosing a 16 bit wide character type, I believe this compromise with all its good and bad sides is the right way to go for us at the moment. As for how to codify this, I still do not have a final answer, but I think using wrappers for SUSv3 functions which cannot fully support the proposal is a good idea. Most use cases should work with the SUSv3 functions, anyway.

I still haven’t ported mksh to BSD/OS 3.1, OSF/1 V2.0 and Ultrix V4.5…

I’m impressed – 1377 full downloads from the Germany 1 mirror, add to that the partial downloads (wget -c or so-called “download managers”), these from the Germany 2 and Japan mirrors, BitTorrent (which is 36 times from myself, and a couple of dozen times from my friends, and even more from the unknown peers) and you won’t think of us as irrelevant any more.

I’ve hacked on the crypto improvements branch again. I decided that getting tear up and running would be my priority target. It turned out to be a great way to hone my programming skillz as well: I got a lession about pointer aliasing.

Except the actual VIA C7 part, I now tested it quite well on i386-qemu and sparc, where the latter took about one third the time compiling… the new CPU and RAM pay off.

Oh yeah, and hacking on stuff always points out unrelated bugs… such as NO_GZIP=Yes for kernels not working, or <bsd.lkm.mk> being out of date (I had to MFC that, even). And that src/kern/z needs tender care – the transition is still not finished even for zlib.

I hope the discussion about our charset/encoding proposal will find a solution… I feel like constructing a bikeshed, as you get about that much feedback there too ☺ Benny said he doesn’t grok the SUSv3 functions, like mbrtowc(3), enough to follow – and I can totally understand that. Maybe a Unicode guru person like Markus Kuhn can help – I asked him.

My primary SPARC build box demo now has a HyperSPARC 150 MHz ROSS CPU, instead of a SuperSPARC 75 MHz, and 512 MiB RAM instead of a mere 128 MiB (and with that, twice the RAM of my primary i386 box).

But then, I got three SCSI HDDs from the same stone age, and each of them has a different connector. This sucks.

gecko2@ just called me. He operates www.mirbsd.org and got a little surprise on his daily traffic report. Summing it up, his server and myself, and a friend of mine, together, adding HTTP and BitTorrent transfers, have had about 500 GiB traffic in the 3½ days the #10 release is now available. Alone the HTTP direct downloads of clients that got the ISO in one piece (not HTTP 206) number sits at 861 at the time of this writing (850 five minutes ago, 825 ¼h ago).

As an immediate measure protecting his server against being taken offline for traffic limit trespassing, I redirected to allbsd.org for direct downloads on getting.htm and suggested him to install bandwidth throttling/limiting for apache. Don’t be surprised.

Update: half an hour later, it’s at 867, so I think the change of the direct link helped. Sorry for the inconvenience at both gecko2 and our downloaders – but then, to the latter group: You should’ve used BitTorrent anyway.

Oops. Changed the wrong link. 923 downloads… 927…

In addition to my primary geocaching site, OpenCaching.de, and the commercial crap site, GeoCaching.com, which has most users, I now also registered at TerraCaching.com, which is a semi-closed site providing “high-quality” caches. Stats bar gallery:

OC GC TC

Of course, I didn’t find any TCxxxxx caches yet. I need to get fully registered (“sponsored”) at the site first. This isn’t a big issue tho.

Update: I’m in. Nearest caches are in Blankenheim, Neuwied and België…

The Unicode Release

15.03.2008 by tg@

MirOS ξ (MirOS xi) is not only our eleventh release (as I started counting at zero), it is also the Unicode release. While it finally makes sparc a fully supported platform, the real focus is on Unicode, and bsiegert@’s girlfriend seems to have realised that better than I did.

However, in fact, that was only a start. We need to change the character set in order to be able to handle binary files transparently with Unicode-enabled applications – col(1) and tr(1) in MirOS #10 – before converting more applications to use Unicode.

Please give feedback on the thread linked above, if you can.

MirOS #10 does come with everything needed by applications for full Unicode support though, and in contrast to OpenBSD, things really do work. This justifies calling the release like this, even with a Unicode character in its codename.

For the first time, the “tag line” comes without a “WTF?”. You may take this as a sign that we are not confused about ourselves, have gotten over the initial cause to make MirOS and now no longer merely are a team that wants to improve OpenBSD. We are a small but powerful operating system project, with goals (already met or new ones) of our own. We still track OpenBSD, but that’s no longer the focus. Benny’s girlfriend also got that right. And her mouse did attract the users, and stayed topic on the other BSDs’ websites. Wow.

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