MirOS Manual: physio(9)

PHYSIO(9)                     BSD Kernel Manual                      PHYSIO(9)

NAME

     physio - initiate I/O on raw devices

SYNOPSIS

     int
     physio(void (*strategy)(struct buf *), struct buf *bp, dev_t dev,
             int flags, void (*minphys)(struct buf *), struct uio *uio);

DESCRIPTION

     physio() is a helper function typically called from character device read
     and write routines to start I/O on a user process buffer. It calls back
     on the provided strategy routine one or more times to complete the
     transfer described by uio. The maximum amount of data to transfer with
     each call to strategy is determined by the minphys routine. Since uio
     normally describes user space addresses, physio() needs to lock the ap-
     propriate data area into memory before each transaction with strategy
     (see the uvm_vslock() and uvm_vsunlock() functions in uvm(9)). physio()
     always awaits the completion of the entire requested transfer before re-
     turning, unless an error condition is detected earlier. In all cases, the
     buffer passed in bp is locked (marked as "busy") for the duration of the
     entire transfer.

     A break-down of the arguments follows:

     strategy
             The device strategy routine to call for each chunk of data to in-
             itiate device I/O.

     bp      The buffer to use with the strategy routine. The buffer flags
             will have B_BUSY, B_PHYS, and B_RAW set when passed to the stra-
             tegy routine. If NULL, a buffer is allocated from a system pool.

     dev     The device number identifying the device to interact with.

     flags   Direction of transfer; the only valid settings are B_READ or
             B_WRITE.

     minphys
             A device specific routine called to determine the maximum
             transfer size that the device's strategy routine can handle.

     uio     The description of the entire transfer as requested by the user
             process. Currently, the results of passing a uio structure with
             the 'uio_segflg' set to anything other than UIO_USERSPACE, are
             undefined.

RETURN VALUES

     If successful, physio() returns 0. EFAULT is returned if the address
     range described by uio is not accessible by the requesting process. phy-
     sio() will return any error resulting from calls to the device strategy
     routine, by examining the B_ERROR buffer flag and the 'b_error' field.
     Note that the actual transfer size may be less than requested by uio if
     the device signals an "end of file" condition.

SEE ALSO

     read(2), write(2)

MirOS BSD #10-current           June 15, 1996                                1

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