MirOS Manual: growfs(8)

GROWFS(8)                BSD System Manager's Manual                 GROWFS(8)

NAME

     growfs - grow size of an existing ffs file system

SYNOPSIS

     growfs [-Ny] [-s size] special

DESCRIPTION

     The growfs utility extends the newfs(8) program. Before starting growfs
     the slice must be labeled to a bigger size using disklabel(8). If you
     wish to grow a file system beyond the boundary of the partition it re-
     sides in, you must re-size the partition using fdisk(8) before running
     growfs. The growfs utility extends the size of the file system on the
     specified special file.

     Currently growfs can only enlarge unmounted file systems. Do not try en-
     larging a mounted file system - your system may panic and you will not be
     able to use the file system any longer. Most of the newfs(8) options can-
     not be changed by growfs . In fact, you can only increase the size of the
     file system. Use tunefs(8) for other changes.

     The following options are available:

     -N         Test mode. Causes the new file system parameters to be printed
                out without actually enlarging the file system.

     -s size    Determines the size of the file system after enlarging in sec-
                tors. This value defaults to the size of the raw partition
                specified in special (in other words, growfs will enlarge the
                file system to the size of the entire partition).

     -y         Expert mode. Usually growfs will ask you if you have taken a
                backup of your data and will test whether special is currently
                mounted. The -y flag suppresses this, so use this option with
                great care!

EXAMPLES

           growfs -s 4194304 /dev/rwd0f

     will enlarge /dev/rwd0f up to 2GB if there is enough space in /dev/rwd0f.

BUGS

     The growfs utility works starting with FreeBSD 3.x. There may be cases on
     FreeBSD 3.x only, when growfs does not recognize properly whether or not
     the file system is mounted and exits with an error message ("nothing
     done"). Then please use growfs -y if you are sure that the file system is
     not mounted. The growfs utility has not yet been tested on OpenBSD at
     all, and not much on MirOS. They behave like FreeBSD 3.x in the respect
     shown above. It is also recommended to always use fsck(8) before and
     after enlarging (just to be on the safe side).

     For enlarging beyond certain limits, it is essential to have some free
     blocks available in the first cylinder group. If that space is not avail-
     able in the first cylinder group, a critical data structure has to be re-
     located into one of the new available cylinder groups. On FreeBSD 3.x
     this will cause problems with fsck(8) afterwards. So fsck(8) needs to be
     patched if you want to use growfs for FreeBSD 3.x. This patch is already
     integrated in FreeBSD starting with FreeBSD 4.4. To avoid an unexpected
     relocation of that structure it is possible to use ffsinfo -g 0 on the
     first cylinder group to verify that nbfree in the CYLINDER SUMMARY
     (internal cs) of the CYLINDER GROUP cgr0 has enough blocks. As a rule of
     thumb for default file system parameters one block is needed for every 2
     GB of total file system size.

     Normally growfs writes this critical structure to disk and reads it again
     later for doing more updates. This read operation will provide unexpected
     data when using -N. Therefore, this part cannot really be simulated and
     will be skipped in test mode.

SEE ALSO

     disklabel(8), dumpfs(8), fdisk(8), ffsinfo(8), fsck(8), newfs(8),
     tunefs(8)

HISTORY

     The growfs utility first appeared in FreeBSD 4.4.

AUTHORS

     Christoph Herrmann <chm@FreeBSD.org>
     Thomas-Henning von Kamptz <tomsoft@FreeBSD.org>
     The GROWFS team <growfs@Tomsoft.COM>

BUGS

     It is recommended to always use fsck(8) after enlarging (just to be on
     the safe side).

MirOS BSD #10-current         September 8, 2000                              1

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