MirOS Manual: cu(1), tip(1)

TIP(1)                       BSD Reference Manual                       TIP(1)

NAME

     tip, cu - connect to a remote system

SYNOPSIS

     tip [-nv] [-speed] [system-name]
     cu [-ehot] [-a acu] [-l line] [-s speed] [-#] [phone-number]

DESCRIPTION

     tip and cu establish a full-duplex connection to another machine, giving
     the appearance of being logged in directly on the remote CPU. It goes
     without saying that you must have a login on the machine (or equivalent)
     to which you wish to connect. The preferred interface is tip. The cu in-
     terface is included for those people attached to the ``call UNIX'' com-
     mand of Version 7 AT&T UNIX. This manual page describes only tip.

     The options are as follows:

     -a acu
           Set the acu.

     -e    For cu, use even parity.

     -h    For cu, echo characters locally (half-duplex mode).

     -l line
           For cu, specify the line to use. Either of the forms like tty00 or
           /dev/tty00 are permitted.

     -n    No escape (disable tilde).

     -o    For cu, use odd parity.

     -s speed
           For cu, set the speed of the connection. Defaults to 9600.

     -t    For cu, connect via a hard-wired connection to a host on a dial-up
           line.

     -v    Set verbose mode.

     For cu, if both -e and -o are given, then no parity is used. This is the
     default behaviour.

     If speed is specified it will override any baudrate specified in the sys-
     tem description being used.

     If neither speed nor system-name are specified, system-name will be set
     to the value of the HOST environment variable.

     If speed is specified but system-name is not, system-name will be set to
     a value of 'tip' with speed appended. e.g. tip -1200 will set system-name
     to 'tip1200'.

     Typed characters are normally transmitted directly to the remote machine
     (which does the echoing as well). A tilde ('~') appearing as the first
     character of a line is an escape signal; the following are recognized:

           ~^D or ~.   Drop the connection and exit (you may still be logged
                       in on the remote machine).

           ~c [name]   Change directory to name (no argument implies change to
                       your home directory).

           ~!          Escape to a shell (exiting the shell will return you to
                       tip).

           ~>          Copy file from local to remote. tip prompts for the
                       name of a local file to transmit.

           ~<          Copy file from remote to local. tip prompts first for
                       the name of the file to be sent, then for a command to
                       be executed on the remote machine.

           ~p from [to]
                       Send a file to a remote UNIX host. The put command
                       causes the remote UNIX system to run the command string
                       cat > 'to', while tip sends it the "from" file. If the
                       "to" file isn't specified the "from" file name is used.
                       This command is actually a UNIX specific version of the
                       ~> command.

           ~t from [to]
                       Take a file from a remote UNIX host. As in the put com-
                       mand the "to" file defaults to the "from" file name if
                       it isn't specified. The remote host executes the com-
                       mand string cat 'from';echo ''|tr '\012' '\01' to send
                       the file to tip.

           ~|          Pipe the output from a remote command to a local UNIX
                       process. The command string sent to the local UNIX sys-
                       tem is processed by the shell.

           ~$          Pipe the output from a local UNIX process to the remote
                       host. The command string sent to the local UNIX system
                       is processed by the shell.

           ~C          Fork a child process on the local system to perform
                       special protocols such as XMODEM. The child program
                       will be run with the following arrangement of file
                       descriptors:

                             0 <-> remote tty in
                             1 <-> remote tty out
                             2 <-> local tty stderr

           ~#          Send a BREAK to the remote system. For systems which
                       don't support the necessary ioctl() call the break is
                       simulated by a sequence of line speed changes and DEL
                       characters.

           ~s          Set a variable (see the discussion below).

           ~v          List all variables and their values (if set).

           ~^Z         Stop tip (only available with job control).

           ~^Y         Stop only the "local side" of tip (only available with
                       job control); the "remote side" of tip, the side that
                       displays output from the remote host, is left running.

           ~?          Get a summary of the tilde escapes.

     To find the system description and thus the operating characteristics of
     system-name, tip searches for a system description with a name identical
     to system-name. The search order is

           1.   If the environment variable REMOTE does not start with a '/'
                it is assumed to be a system description, and is considered
                first.

           2.   If the environment variable REMOTE begins with a '/' it is as-
                sumed to be a path to a remote(5) database, and the specified
                database is searched.

           3.   The default remote(5) database, /etc/remote, is searched.

     See remote(5) for full documentation on system descriptions.

     The br capability is used in system descriptions to specify the baud rate
     with which to establish a connection. If the value specified is not suit-
     able, the baud rate to be used may be given on the command line, e.g.,
     'tip -300 mds'.

     When tip establishes a connection it sends out the connection message
     specified in the cm capability of the system description being used.

     When tip prompts for an argument (e.g., during setup of a file transfer)
     the line typed may be edited with the standard erase and kill characters.
     A null line in response to a prompt, or an interrupt, will abort the di-
     alogue and return you to the remote machine.

     tip guards against multiple users connecting to a remote system by open-
     ing modems and terminal lines with exclusive access, and by honoring the
     locking protocol used by uucico.

     During file transfers tip provides a running count of the number of lines
     transferred. When using the ~> and ~< commands, the "eofread" and
     "eofwrite" variables are used to recognize end-of-file when reading, and
     specify end-of-file when writing (see below). File transfers normally
     depend on hardwareflow or tandem mode for flow control. If the remote
     system does not support hardwareflow or tandem mode, "echocheck" may be
     set to indicate tip should synchronize with the remote system on the echo
     of each transmitted character.

     When tip must dial a phone number to connect to a system it will print
     various messages indicating its actions. tip supports a variety of auto-
     call units and modems with the at capability in system descriptions.

     Support for Ventel 212+ (ventel), Hayes AT-style (hayes), USRobotics
     Courier (courier), Telebit T3000 (t3000) and Racal-Vadic 831 (vadic) un-
     its is enabled by default.

     Support for Bizcomp 1031[fw] (biz31[fw]), Bizcomp 1022[fw] (biz22[fw]),
     DEC DF0[23]-AC (df0[23]), DEC DN-11 (dn11) and Racal-Vadic 3451 (v3451)
     units can be added by recompiling tip with the appropriate defines.

     Note that if support for both the Racal-Vadic 831 and 3451 is enabled
     they are referred to as the v831 and v3451 respectively. If only one of
     the two is supported, it is referred to as vadic.

VARIABLES

     tip maintains a set of variables which control its operation. Some of
     these variables are read-only to normal users (root is allowed to change
     anything of interest). Variables may be displayed and set through the 's'
     escape. The syntax for variables is patterned after vi(1) and Mail(1).
     Supplying "all" as an argument to the set command displays all variables
     readable by the user. Alternatively, the user may request display of a
     particular variable by attaching a '?' to the end. For example, "escape?"
     displays the current escape character.

     Variables are numeric, string, character, or boolean values. Boolean
     variables are set merely by specifying their name; they may be reset by
     prepending a '!' to the name. Other variable types are set by concatenat-
     ing an '=' and the value. The entire assignment must not have any blanks
     in it. A single set command may be used to interrogate as well as set a
     number of variables. Variables may be initialized at run time by placing
     set commands (without the '~s' prefix in a file .tiprc in one's home
     directory). The -v option causes tip to display the sets as they are
     made. Certain common variables have abbreviations. The following is a
     list of common variables, their abbreviations, and their default values:

     beautify      (bool) Discard unprintable characters when a session is be-
                   ing scripted; abbreviated be.

     baudrate      (num) The baud rate at which the connection was esta-
                   blished; abbreviated ba.

     dialtimeout   (num) When dialing a phone number, the time (in seconds) to
                   wait for a connection to be established; abbreviated dial.

     echocheck     (bool) Synchronize with the remote host during file
                   transfer by waiting for the echo of the last character
                   transmitted; default is off.

     eofread       (str) The set of characters which signify an end-of-
                   transmission during a ~< file transfer command; abbreviated
                   eofr.

     eofwrite      (str) The string sent to indicate end-of-transmission dur-
                   ing a ~> file transfer command; abbreviated eofw.

     eol           (str) The set of characters which indicate an end-of-line.
                   tip will recognize escape characters only after an end-of-
                   line.

     escape        (char) The command prefix (escape) character; abbreviated
                   es; default value is '~'.

     exceptions    (str) The set of characters which should not be discarded
                   due to the beautification switch; abbreviated ex; default
                   value is "\t\n\f\b".

     force         (char) The character used to force literal data transmis-
                   sion; abbreviated fo; default value is '^P'.

     framesize     (num) The amount of data (in bytes) to buffer between
                   filesystem writes when receiving files; abbreviated fr.

     hardwareflow  (bool) Whether hardware flow control (CRTSCTS) is enabled
                   for the connection; abbreviated hf; default value is 'off'.

     host          (str) The name of the host to which you are connected; ab-
                   breviated ho.

     prompt        (char) The character which indicates an end-of-line on the
                   remote host; abbreviated pr; default value is '\n'. This
                   value is used to synchronize during data transfers. The
                   count of lines transferred during a file transfer command
                   is based on receipt of this character.

     raise         (bool) Upper case mapping mode; abbreviated ra; default
                   value is off. When this mode is enabled, all lowercase
                   letters will be mapped to uppercase by tip for transmission
                   to the remote machine.

     raisechar     (char) The input character used to toggle uppercase mapping
                   mode; abbreviated rc; default value is '^A'.

     record        (str) The name of the file in which a session script is
                   recorded; abbreviated rec; default value is "tip.record".

     script        (bool) Session scripting mode; abbreviated sc; default is
                   off. When script is true, tip will record everything
                   transmitted by the remote machine in the script record file
                   specified in record. If the beautify switch is on, only
                   printable ASCII characters will be included in the script
                   file (those characters between 040 and 0177). The variable
                   exceptions is used to indicate characters which are an ex-
                   ception to the normal beautification rules.

     tabexpand     (bool) Expand tabs to spaces during file transfers; abbre-
                   viated tab; default value is false. Each tab is expanded to
                   8 spaces.

     tandem        (bool) Use XON/XOFF flow control to throttle data from the
                   remote host; abbreviated ta. The default value is true un-
                   less the nt capability has been specified in /etc/remote,
                   in which case the default value is false.

     verbose       (bool) Verbose mode; abbreviated verb; default is true.
                   When verbose mode is enabled, tip prints messages while di-
                   aling, shows the current number of lines transferred during
                   a file transfer operations, and more.

ENVIRONMENT

     SHELL       The name of the shell to use for the ~! command; default
                 value is "/bin/sh".

     HOME        The home directory to use for the ~c command.

     HOST        The default value for system-name if none is specified via
                 the command line.

     REMOTE      A system description, or an absolute path to a remote(5) sys-
                 tem description database.

     PHONES      A path to a phones(5) database.

FILES

     /etc/remote             global remote(5) database
     /etc/phones             default phones(5) file
     ~/.tiprc                initialization file
     tip.record              record file
     /var/log/aculog         line access log
     /var/spool/lock/LCK..*  lock file to avoid conflicts with uucp

SEE ALSO

     phones(5), remote(5)

HISTORY

     The tip command appeared in 4.2BSD.

BUGS

     The full set of variables is undocumented and should, probably, be pared
     down.

MirOS BSD #10-current         September 9, 2001                              4

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