MirOS Manual: perltoc(1)


PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

NAME

     perltoc - perl documentation table of contents

DESCRIPTION

     This page provides a brief table of contents for the rest of
     the Perl documentation set.  It is meant to be scanned
     quickly or grepped through to locate the proper section
     you're looking for.

BASIC DOCUMENTATION

     perl(1) - Practical Extraction and Report Language

     SYNOPSIS
         Overview
         Tutorials
         Reference Manual
         Internals and C Language Interface
         Miscellaneous
         Language-Specific
         Platform-Specific
     DESCRIPTION
     AVAILABILITY
     ENVIRONMENT
     AUTHOR
     FILES
     SEE ALSO
     DIAGNOSTICS
     BUGS
     NOTES

     perlintro(1) -- a brief introduction and overview of Perl

     DESCRIPTION
         What is Perl?
         Running Perl programs
         Basic syntax overview
         Perl variable types
             Scalars, Arrays, Hashes

         Variable scoping
         Conditional and looping constructs
             if, while, for, foreach

         Builtin operators and functions
             Arithmetic, Numeric comparison, String comparison,
             Boolean logic, Miscellaneous

         Files and I/O
         Regular expressions
             Simple matching, Simple substitution, More complex
             regular expressions, Parentheses for capturing,
             Other regexp features

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                           1

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Writing subroutines
         OO Perl
         Using Perl modules
     AUTHOR

     perlreftut(1) - Mark's very short tutorial about references

     DESCRIPTION
     Who Needs Complicated Data Structures?
     The Solution
     Syntax
         Making References
         Using References
         An Example
         Arrow Rule
     Solution
     The Rest
     Summary
     Credits
         Distribution Conditions

     perldsc(1) - Perl Data Structures Cookbook

     DESCRIPTION
         arrays of arrays, hashes of arrays, arrays of hashes,
         hashes of hashes, more elaborate constructs

     REFERENCES
     COMMON MISTAKES
     CAVEAT ON PRECEDENCE
     WHY YOU SHOULD ALWAYS "use strict"
     DEBUGGING
     CODE EXAMPLES
     ARRAYS OF ARRAYS
         Declaration of an ARRAY OF ARRAYS
         Generation of an ARRAY OF ARRAYS
         Access and Printing of an ARRAY OF ARRAYS
     HASHES OF ARRAYS
         Declaration of a HASH OF ARRAYS
         Generation of a HASH OF ARRAYS
         Access and Printing of a HASH OF ARRAYS
     ARRAYS OF HASHES
         Declaration of an ARRAY OF HASHES
         Generation of an ARRAY OF HASHES
         Access and Printing of an ARRAY OF HASHES
     HASHES OF HASHES
         Declaration of a HASH OF HASHES
         Generation of a HASH OF HASHES
         Access and Printing of a HASH OF HASHES
     MORE ELABORATE RECORDS
         Declaration of MORE ELABORATE RECORDS
         Declaration of a HASH OF COMPLEX RECORDS

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                           2

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Generation of a HASH OF COMPLEX RECORDS
     Database Ties
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR

     perllol(1) - Manipulating Arrays of Arrays in Perl

     DESCRIPTION
         Declaration and Access of Arrays of Arrays
         Growing Your Own
         Access and Printing
         Slices
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR

     perlrequick(1) - Perl regular expressions quick start

     DESCRIPTION
     The Guide
         Simple word matching
         Using character classes
         Matching this or that
         Grouping things and hierarchical matching
         Extracting matches
         Matching repetitions
         More matching
         Search and replace
         The split operator
     BUGS
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
         Acknowledgments

     perlretut(1) - Perl regular expressions tutorial

     DESCRIPTION
     Part 1: The basics
         Simple word matching
         Using character classes
         Matching this or that
         Grouping things and hierarchical matching
         Extracting matches
         Matching repetitions
         Building a regexp
         Using regular expressions in Perl
     Part 2: Power tools
         More on characters, strings, and character classes
         Compiling and saving regular expressions
         Embedding comments and modifiers in a regular expression
         Non-capturing groupings
         Looking ahead and looking behind
         Using independent subexpressions to prevent backtracking

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                           3

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Conditional expressions
         A bit of magic: executing Perl code in a regular expression
         Pragmas and debugging
     BUGS
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
         Acknowledgments

     perlboot(1) - Beginner's Object-Oriented Tutorial

     DESCRIPTION
         If we could talk to the animals...
         Introducing the method invocation arrow
         Invoking a barnyard
         The extra parameter of method invocation
         Calling a second method to simplify things
         Inheriting the windpipes
         A few notes about @ISA
         Overriding the methods
         Starting the search from a different place
         The SUPER way of doing things
         Where we're at so far...
         A horse is a horse, of course of course -- or is it?
         Invoking an instance method
         Accessing the instance data
         How to build a horse
         Inheriting the constructor
         Making a method work with either classes or instances
         Adding parameters to a method
         More interesting instances
         A horse of a different color
         Summary
     SEE ALSO
     COPYRIGHT

     perltoot(1) - Tom's object-oriented tutorial for perl

     DESCRIPTION
     Creating a Class
         Object Representation
         Class Interface
         Constructors and Instance Methods
         Planning for the Future: Better Constructors
         Destructors
         Other Object Methods
     Class Data
         Accessing Class Data
         Debugging Methods
         Class Destructors
         Documenting the Interface
     Aggregation
     Inheritance

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                           4

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Overridden Methods
         Multiple Inheritance
         UNIVERSAL: The Root of All Objects
     Alternate Object Representations
         Arrays as Objects
         Closures as Objects
     AUTOLOAD: Proxy Methods
         Autoloaded Data Methods
         Inherited Autoloaded Data Methods
     Metaclassical Tools
         Class::Struct(3p)
         Data Members as Variables
     NOTES
         Object Terminology
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
     COPYRIGHT
         Acknowledgments

     perltooc(1) - Tom's OO Tutorial for Class Data in Perl

     DESCRIPTION
     Class Data in a Can
     Class Data as Package Variables
         Putting All Your Eggs in One Basket
         Inheritance Concerns
         The Eponymous Meta-Object
         Indirect References to Class Data
         Monadic Classes
         Translucent Attributes
     Class Data as Lexical Variables
         Privacy and Responsibility
         File-Scoped Lexicals
         More Inheritance Concerns
         Locking the Door and Throwing Away the Key
         Translucency Revisited
     NOTES
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
     ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
     HISTORY

     perlbot(1) - Bag'o Object Tricks (the BOT)

     DESCRIPTION
     OO SCALING TIPS
     INSTANCE VARIABLES
     SCALAR INSTANCE VARIABLES
     INSTANCE VARIABLE INHERITANCE
     OBJECT RELATIONSHIPS
     OVERRIDING SUPERCLASS METHODS
     USING RELATIONSHIP WITH SDBM

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                           5

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     THINKING OF CODE REUSE
     CLASS CONTEXT AND THE OBJECT
     INHERITING A CONSTRUCTOR
     DELEGATION
     SEE ALSO

     perlstyle(1) - Perl style guide

     DESCRIPTION

     perlcheat(1) - Perl 5 Cheat Sheet

     DESCRIPTION
         The sheet
     ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     perltrap(1) - Perl traps for the unwary

     DESCRIPTION
         Awk Traps
         C/C++ Traps
         Sed Traps
         Shell Traps
         Perl Traps
         Perl4 to Perl5 Traps
             Discontinuance, Deprecation, and BugFix traps, Pars-
             ing Traps, Numerical Traps, General data type traps,
             Context Traps - scalar, list contexts, Precedence
             Traps, General Regular Expression Traps using s///,
             etc, Subroutine, Signal, Sorting Traps, OS Traps,
             DBM Traps, Unclassified Traps

         Discontinuance, Deprecation, and BugFix traps
             Symbols starting with "_" no longer forced into
             main, Double-colon valid package separator in vari-
             able name, 2nd and 3rd args to "splice()" are now in
             scalar context, Can't do "goto" into a block that is
             optimized away, Can't use whitespace as variable
             name or quote delimiter, "while/if BLOCK BLOCK"
             gone, "**" binds tighter than unary minus, "foreach"
             changed when iterating over a list, "split" with no
             args behavior changed, -e behavior fixed, "push"
             returns number of elements in resulting list, Some
             error messages differ, "split()" honors subroutine
             args, Bugs removed

         Parsing Traps
             Space between . and = triggers syntax error, Better
             parsing in perl 5, Function parsing, String interpo-
             lation of $#array differs, Perl guesses on "map",

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                           6

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

             "grep" followed by "{" if it starts BLOCK or hash
             ref

         Numerical Traps
             Formatted output and significant digits, Auto-
             increment operator over signed int limit deleted,
             Assignment of return values from numeric equality
             tests doesn't work, Bitwise string ops

         General data type traps
             Negative array subscripts now count from the end of
             array, Setting $#array lower now discards array ele-
             ments, Hashes get defined before use, Glob assign-
             ment from localized variable to variable, Assigning
             "undef" to glob, Changes in unary negation (of
             strings), Modifying of constants prohibited,
             "defined $var" behavior changed, Variable Suicide

         Context Traps - scalar, list contexts
             Elements of argument lists for formats evaluated in
             list context, "caller()" returns false value in
             scalar context if no caller present, Comma operator
             in scalar context gives scalar context to args,
             "sprintf()" prototyped as "($;@)"

         Precedence Traps
             LHS vs. RHS of any assignment operator, Semantic
             errors introduced due to precedence, Precedence of
             assignment operators same as the precedence of
             assignment, "open" requires parentheses around
             filehandle, $: precedence over $:: gone, Precedence
             of file test operators documented, "keys", "each",
             "values" are regular named unary operators

         General Regular Expression Traps using s///, etc.
             "s'$lhs'$rhs'" interpolates on either side, "m//g"
             attaches its state to the searched string, "m//o"
             used within an anonymous sub, $+ isn't set to whole
             match, Substitution now returns null string if it
             fails, "s`lhs`rhs`" is now a normal substitution,
             Stricter parsing of variables in regular expres-
             sions, "m?x?" matches only once, Failed matches
             don't reset the match variables

         Subroutine, Signal, Sorting Traps
             Barewords that used to look like strings look like
             subroutine calls, Reverse is no longer allowed as
             the name of a sort subroutine, "warn()" won't let
             you specify a filehandle

         OS Traps
             SysV resets signal handler correctly, SysV "seek()"

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                           7

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

             appends correctly

         Interpolation Traps
             "@" always interpolates an array in double-quotish
             strings, Double-quoted strings may no longer end
             with an unescaped $, Arbitrary expressions are
             evaluated inside braces within double quotes, $$x
             now tries to dereference $x, Creation of hashes on
             the fly with "eval "EXPR"" requires protection, Bugs
             in earlier perl versions, Array and hash brackets
             during interpolation, Interpolation of
             "\$$foo{bar}", "qq()" string passed to "eval" will
             not find string terminator

         DBM Traps
             Perl5 must have been linked with same dbm/ndbm as
             the default for "dbmopen()", DBM exceeding limit on
             the key/value size will cause perl5 to exit immedi-
             ately

         Unclassified Traps
             "require"/"do" trap using returned value, "split" on
             empty string with LIMIT specified

     perldebtut(1) - Perl debugging tutorial

     DESCRIPTION
     use strict
     Looking at data and -w and v
     help
     Stepping through code
     Placeholder for a, w, t, T
     REGULAR EXPRESSIONS
     OUTPUT TIPS
     CGI(3p)
     GUIs
     SUMMARY
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR
     CONTRIBUTORS

     perlfaq(1) - frequently asked questions about Perl

     DESCRIPTION
         Where to get the perlfaq
         How to contribute to the perlfaq
         What will happen if you mail your Perl programming problems
          to the authors?
     CREDITS
     AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
     Table of Contents
         perlfaq  - this document, perlfaq1 - General Questions

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                           8

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         About Perl, perlfaq2 - Obtaining and Learning about
         Perl, perlfaq3 - Programming Tools, perlfaq4 - Data
         Manipulation, perlfaq5 - Files and Formats, perlfaq6 -
         Regular Expressions, perlfaq7 - General Perl Language
         Issues, perlfaq8 - System Interaction, perlfaq9 - Net-
         working

     The Questions
         perlfaq1: General Questions About Perl
         perlfaq2: Obtaining and Learning about Perl
         perlfaq3: Programming Tools
         perlfaq4: Data Manipulation
         perlfaq5: Files and Formats
         perlfaq6: Regular Expressions
         perlfaq7: General Perl Language Issues
         perlfaq8: System Interaction
         perlfaq9: Networking

     perlfaq1(1) - General Questions About Perl

     DESCRIPTION
         What is Perl?
         Who supports Perl?  Who develops it?  Why is it free?
         Which version of Perl should I use?
         What are perl4, perl5, or perl6?
         What is Ponie?
         What is perl6?
         How stable is Perl?
         Is Perl difficult to learn?
         How does Perl compare with other languages like Java, Python,
          REXX, Scheme, or Tcl?
         Can I do [task] in Perl?
         When shouldn't I program in Perl?
         What's the difference between "perl" and "Perl"?
         Is it a Perl program or a Perl script?
         What is a JAPH?
         Where can I get a list of Larry Wall witticisms?
         How can I convince my sysadmin/supervisor/employees to use
          version 5/5.6.1/Perl instead of some other language?
     AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

     perlfaq2(1) - Obtaining and Learning about Perl

     DESCRIPTION
         What machines support perl?  Where do I get it?
         How can I get a binary version of perl?
         I don't have a C compiler. How can I build my own Perl inter-
          preter?
         I copied the perl binary from one machine to another, but
          scripts don't work.
         I grabbed the sources and tried to compile but gdbm/dynamic
          loading/malloc/linking/... failed.  How do I make it work?

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                           9

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         What modules and extensions are available for Perl?  What is
          CPAN? What does CPAN/src/... mean?
         Is there an ISO or ANSI certified version of Perl?
         Where can I get information on Perl?
         What are the Perl newsgroups on Usenet?  Where do I post
          questions?
         Where should I post source code?
         Perl Books
             References, Tutorials, Task-Oriented, Special Topics

         Which magazines have Perl content?
         What mailing lists are there for Perl?
         Where are the archives for comp.lang.perl.misc?
         Where can I buy a commercial version of perl?
         Where do I send bug reports?
         What is perl.com? Perl Mongers? pm.org? perl.org? cpan.org?
     AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

     perlfaq3(1) - Programming Tools

     DESCRIPTION
         How do I do (anything)?
         How can I use Perl interactively?
         Is there a Perl shell?
         How do I find which modules are installed on my system?
         How do I debug my Perl programs?
         How do I profile my Perl programs?
         How do I cross-reference my Perl programs?
         Is there a pretty-printer (formatter) for Perl?
         Is there a ctags for Perl?
         Is there an IDE or Windows Perl Editor?
             Eclipse, Enginsite, Komodo, Open Perl IDE, OptiPerl,
             PerlBuilder, visiPerl+, Visual Perl, Zeus, GNU
             Emacs, MicroEMACS, XEmacs, Jed, Elvis, Vile, Vim,
             Codewright, MultiEdit, SlickEdit, Bash, Ksh, Tcsh,
             Zsh, Affrus, Alpha, BBEdit and BBEdit Lite

         Where can I get Perl macros for vi?
         Where can I get perl-mode for emacs?
         How can I use curses with Perl?
         How can I use X or Tk with Perl?
         How can I make my Perl program run faster?
         How can I make my Perl program take less memory?
             Don't slurp!, Use map and grep selectively, Avoid
             unnecessary quotes and stringification, Pass by
             reference, Tie large variables to disk

         Is it safe to return a reference to local or lexical data?
         How can I free an array or hash so my program shrinks?
         How can I make my CGI script more efficient?
         How can I hide the source for my Perl program?
         How can I compile my Perl program into byte code or C?

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          10

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         How can I compile Perl into Java?
         How can I get "#!perl" to work on [MS-DOS,NT,...]?
         Can I write useful Perl programs on the command line?
         Why don't Perl one-liners work on my DOS/Mac/VMS system?
         Where can I learn about CGI or Web programming in Perl?
         Where can I learn about object-
             oriented Perl programming?
         Where can I learn about linking C with Perl?
         I've read perlembed, perlguts, etc., but I can't embed perl
          in my C program; what am I doing wrong?
         When I tried to run my script, I got this message. What does
          it mean?
         What's MakeMaker?
     AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

     perlfaq4(1) - Data Manipulation

     DESCRIPTION
     Data: Numbers
         Why am I getting long decimals (eg, 19.9499999999999) instead
          of the numbers I should be getting (eg, 19.95)?
         Why is int() broken?
         Why isn't my octal data interpreted correctly?
         Does Perl have a round() function?  What about ceil() and
          floor()? Trig functions?
         How do I convert between numeric
          representations/bases/radixes?
             How do I convert hexadecimal into decimal, How do I
             convert from decimal to hexadecimal, How do I con-
             vert from octal to decimal, How do I convert from
             decimal to octal, How do I convert from binary to
             decimal, How do I convert from decimal to binary

         Why doesn't & work the way I want it to?
         How do I multiply matrices?
         How do I perform an operation on a series of integers?
         How can I output Roman numerals?
         Why aren't my random numbers random?
         How do I get a random number between X and Y?
     Data: Dates
         How do I find the day or week of the year?
         How do I find the current century or millennium?
         How can I compare two dates and find the difference?
         How can I take a string and turn it into epoch seconds?
         How can I find the Julian Day?
         How do I find yesterday's date?
         Does Perl have a Year 2000 problem?  Is Perl Y2K compliant?
     Data: Strings
         How do I validate input?
         How do I unescape a string?
         How do I remove consecutive pairs of characters?
         How do I expand function calls in a string?

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          11

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         How do I find matching/nesting anything?
         How do I reverse a string?
         How do I expand tabs in a string?
         How do I reformat a paragraph?
         How can I access or change N characters of a string?
         How do I change the Nth occurrence of something?
         How can I count the number of occurrences of a substring
          within a string?
         How do I capitalize all the words on one line?
         How can I split a [character] delimited string except when
          inside [character]?
         How do I strip blank space from the beginning/end of a
          string?
         How do I pad a string with blanks or pad a number with
          zeroes?
         How do I extract selected columns from a string?
         How do I find the soundex value of a string?
         How can I expand variables in text strings?
         What's wrong with always quoting "$vars"?
         Why don't my <<HERE documents work?
             There must be no space after the << part, There
             (probably) should be a semicolon at the end, You
             can't (easily) have any space in front of the tag

     Data: Arrays
         What is the difference between a list and an array?
         What is the difference between $array[1] and @array[1]?
         How can I remove duplicate elements from a list or array?
         How can I tell whether a certain element is contained in a
          list or array?
         How do I compute the difference of two arrays?  How do I com-
          pute the intersection of two arrays?
         How do I test whether two arrays or hashes are equal?
         How do I find the first array element for which a condition
          is true?
         How do I handle linked lists?
         How do I handle circular lists?
         How do I shuffle an array randomly?
         How do I process/modify each element of an array?
         How do I select a random element from an array?
         How do I permute N elements of a list?
         How do I sort an array by (anything)?
         How do I manipulate arrays of bits?
         Why does defined() return true on empty arrays and hashes?
     Data: Hashes (Associative Arrays)
         How do I process an entire hash?
         What happens if I add or remove keys from a hash while
          iterating over it?
         How do I look up a hash element by value?
         How can I know how many entries are in a hash?
         How do I sort a hash (optionally by value instead of key)?
         How can I always keep my hash sorted?

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          12

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         What's the difference between "delete" and "undef" with
          hashes?
         Why don't my tied hashes make the defined/exists distinction?
         How do I reset an each() operation part-way through?
         How can I get the unique keys from two hashes?
         How can I store a multidimensional array in a DBM file?
         How can I make my hash remember the order I put elements into
          it?
         Why does passing a subroutine an undefined element in a hash
          create it?
         How can I make the Perl equivalent of a C structure/C++
          class/hash or array of hashes or arrays?
         How can I use a reference as a hash key?
     Data: Misc
         How do I handle binary data correctly?
         How do I determine whether a scalar is a
          number/whole/integer/float?
         How do I keep persistent data across program calls?
         How do I print out or copy a recursive data structure?
         How do I define methods for every class/object?
         How do I verify a credit card checksum?
         How do I pack arrays of doubles or floats for XS code?
     AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

     perlfaq5(1) - Files and Formats

     DESCRIPTION
         How do I flush/unbuffer an output filehandle?  Why must I do
          this?
         How do I change one line in a file/delete a line in a
          file/insert a line in the middle of a file/append to the
          beginning of a file?
         How do I count the number of lines in a file?
         How can I use Perl's "-i" option from within a program?
         How can I copy a file?
         How do I make a temporary file name?
         How can I manipulate fixed-record-length files?
         How can I make a filehandle local to a subroutine?  How do I
          pass filehandles between subroutines?  How do I make an array
          of filehandles?
         How can I use a filehandle indirectly?
         How can I set up a footer format to be used with write()?
         How can I write() into a string?
         How can I output my numbers with commas added?
         How can I translate tildes (~) in a filename?
         How come when I open a file read-write it wipes it out?
         Why do I sometimes get an "Argument list too long" when I use
          <*>?
         Is there a leak/bug in glob()?
         How can I open a file with a leading ">" or trailing blanks?
         How can I reliably rename a file?
         How can I lock a file?

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          13

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Why can't I just open(FH, ">file.lock")?
         I still don't get locking.  I just want to increment the
          number in the file.  How can I do this?
         All I want to do is append a small amount of text to the end
          of a file.  Do I still have to use locking?
         How do I randomly update a binary file?
         How do I get a file's timestamp in perl?
         How do I set a file's timestamp in perl?
         How do I print to more than one file at once?
         How can I read in an entire file all at once?
         How can I read in a file by paragraphs?
         How can I read a single character from a file?  From the key-
          board?
         How can I tell whether there's a character waiting on a
          filehandle?
         How do I do a "tail -f" in perl?
         How do I dup() a filehandle in Perl?
         How do I close a file descriptor by number?
         Why can't I use "C:\temp\foo" in DOS paths?  Why doesn't
          `C:\temp\foo.exe` work?
         Why doesn't glob("*.*") get all the files?
         Why does Perl let me delete read-
      only files?  Why does "-i"
          clobber protected files?  Isn't this a bug in Perl?
         How do I select a random line from a file?
         Why do I get weird spaces when I print an array of lines?
     AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

     perlfaq6(1) - Regular Expressions

     DESCRIPTION
         How can I hope to use regular expressions without creating
          illegible and unmaintainable code?
             Comments Outside the Regex, Comments Inside the
             Regex, Different Delimiters

         I'm having trouble matching over more than one line.  What's
          wrong?
         How can I pull out lines between two patterns that are them-
          selves on different lines?
         I put a regular expression into $/ but it didn't work. What's
          wrong?
         How do I substitute case insensitively on the LHS while
          preserving case on the RHS?
         How can I make "\w" match national character sets?
         How can I match a locale-smart version of "/[a-zA-Z]/"?
         How can I quote a variable to use in a regex?
         What is "/o" really for?
         How do I use a regular expression to strip C style comments
          from a file?
         Can I use Perl regular expressions to match balanced text?
         What does it mean that regexes are greedy?  How can I get

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          14

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

          around it?
         How do I process each word on each line?
         How can I print out a word-frequency or line-
      frequency sum-     mary?
         How can I do approximate matching?
         How do I efficiently match many regular expressions at once?
         Why don't word-boundary searches with "\b" work for me?
         Why does using $&, $`, or $' slow my program down?
         What good is "\G" in a regular expression?
         Are Perl regexes DFAs or NFAs?  Are they POSIX compliant?
         What's wrong with using grep in a void context?
         How can I match strings with multibyte characters?
         How do I match a pattern that is supplied by the user?
     AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

     perlfaq7(1) - General Perl Language Issues

     DESCRIPTION
         Can I get a BNF/yacc/RE for the Perl language?
         What are all these $@%&* punctuation signs, and how do I know
          when to use them?
         Do I always/never have to quote my strings or use semicolons
          and commas?
         How do I skip some return values?
         How do I temporarily block warnings?
         What's an extension?
         Why do Perl operators have different precedence than C opera-
          tors?
         How do I declare/create a structure?
         How do I create a module?
         How do I create a class?
         How can I tell if a variable is tainted?
         What's a closure?
         What is variable suicide and how can I prevent it?
         How can I pass/return a {Function, FileHandle, Array, Hash,
          Method, Regex}?
             Passing Variables and Functions, Passing Filehan-
             dles, Passing Regexes, Passing Methods

         How do I create a static variable?
         What's the difference between dynamic and lexical (static)
          scoping? Between local() and my()?
         How can I access a dynamic variable while a similarly named
          lexical is in scope?
         What's the difference between deep and shallow binding?
         Why doesn't "my($foo) = <FILE>;" work right?
         How do I redefine a builtin function, operator, or method?
         What's the difference between calling a function as &foo and
          foo()?
         How do I create a switch or case statement?
         How can I catch accesses to undefined variables, functions,
          or methods?

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          15

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Why can't a method included in this same file be found?
         How can I find out my current package?
         How can I comment out a large block of perl code?
         How do I clear a package?
         How can I use a variable as a variable name?
         What does "bad interpreter" mean?
     AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

     perlfaq8(1) - System Interaction

     DESCRIPTION
         How do I find out which operating system I'm running under?
         How come exec() doesn't return?
         How do I do fancy stuff with the keyboard/screen/mouse?
             Keyboard, Screen, Mouse

         How do I print something out in color?
         How do I read just one key without waiting for a return key?
         How do I check whether input is ready on the keyboard?
         How do I clear the screen?
         How do I get the screen size?
         How do I ask the user for a password?
         How do I read and write the serial port?
             lockfiles, open mode, end of line, flushing output,
             non-blocking input

         How do I decode encrypted password files?
         How do I start a process in the background?
             STDIN, STDOUT, and STDERR are shared, Signals, Zom-
             bies

         How do I trap control characters/signals?
         How do I modify the shadow password file on a Unix system?
         How do I set the time and date?
         How can I sleep() or alarm() for under a second?
         How can I measure time under a second?
         How can I do an atexit() or setjmp()/longjmp()? (Exception
          handling)
         Why doesn't my sockets program work under System V (Solaris)?
          What does the error message "Protocol not supported" mean?
         How can I call my system's unique C functions from Perl?
         Where do I get the include files to do ioctl() or syscall()?
         Why do setuid perl scripts complain about kernel problems?
         How can I open a pipe both to and from a command?
         Why can't I get the output of a command with system()?
         How can I capture STDERR from an external command?
         Why doesn't open() return an error when a pipe open fails?
         What's wrong with using backticks in a void context?
         How can I call backticks without shell processing?
         Why can't my script read from STDIN after I gave it EOF (^D
          on Unix, ^Z on MS-DOS)?
         How can I convert my shell script to perl?

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          16

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Can I use perl to run a telnet or ftp session?
         How can I write expect in Perl?
         Is there a way to hide perl's command line from programs such
          as "ps"?
         I {changed directory, modified my environment} in a perl
          script. How come the change disappeared when I exited the
          script?  How do I get my changes to be visible?
             Unix

         How do I close a process's filehandle without waiting for it
          to complete?
         How do I fork a daemon process?
         How do I find out if I'm running interactively or not?
         How do I timeout a slow event?
         How do I set CPU limits?
         How do I avoid zombies on a Unix system?
         How do I use an SQL database?
         How do I make a system() exit on control-C?
         How do I open a file without blocking?
         How do I tell the difference between errors from the shell
          and perl?
         How do I install a module from CPAN?
         What's the difference between require and use?
         How do I keep my own module/library directory?
         How do I add the directory my program lives in to the
          module/library search path?
         How do I add a directory to my include path (@INC) at run-
          time?
         What is socket.ph and where do I get it?
     AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

     perlfaq9(1) - Networking

     DESCRIPTION
         What is the correct form of response from a CGI script?
         My CGI script runs from the command line but not the browser.
          (500 Server Error)
         How can I get better error messages from a CGI program?
         How do I remove HTML from a string?
         How do I extract URLs?
         How do I download a file from the user's machine?  How do I
          open a file on another machine?
         How do I make a pop-up menu in HTML?
         How do I fetch an HTML file?
         How do I automate an HTML form submission?
         How do I decode or create those %-encodings on the web?
         How do I redirect to another page?
         How do I put a password on my web pages?
         How do I edit my .htpasswd and .htgroup files with Perl?
         How do I make sure users can't enter values into a form that
          cause my CGI script to do bad things?
         How do I parse a mail header?

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          17

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         How do I decode a CGI form?
         How do I check a valid mail address?
         How do I decode a MIME/BASE64 string?
         How do I return the user's mail address?
         How do I send mail?
         How do I use MIME to make an attachment to a mail message?
         How do I read mail?
         How do I find out my hostname, domainname, or IP address?
             gethostbyname, Socket, Net::Domain, Sys::Hostname"
         How do I fetch a news article or the active newsgroups?
         How do I fetch/put an FTP file?
         How can I do RPC in Perl?
     AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

     perlsyn(1) - Perl syntax

     DESCRIPTION
         Declarations
         Comments
         Simple Statements
         Truth and Falsehood
         Statement Modifiers
         Compound Statements
         Loop Control
         For Loops
         Foreach Loops
         Basic BLOCKs and Switch Statements
         Goto
         PODs: Embedded Documentation
         Plain Old Comments (Not!)

     perldata(1) - Perl data types

     DESCRIPTION
         Variable names
         Context
         Scalar values
         Scalar value constructors
         List value constructors
         Subscripts
         Slices
         Typeglobs and Filehandles
     SEE ALSO

     perlop(1) - Perl operators and precedence

     DESCRIPTION
         Operator Precedence and Associativity
         Terms and List Operators (Leftward)
         The Arrow Operator
         Auto-increment and Auto-decrement
         Exponentiation

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          18

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Symbolic Unary Operators
         Binding Operators
         Multiplicative Operators
         Additive Operators
         Shift Operators
         Named Unary Operators
         Relational Operators
         Equality Operators
         Bitwise And
         Bitwise Or and Exclusive Or
         C-style Logical And
         C-style Logical Or
         Range Operators
         Conditional Operator
         Assignment Operators
         Comma Operator
         List Operators (Rightward)
         Logical Not
         Logical And
         Logical or and Exclusive Or
             err operator, logical, defined or operator, logical,
             exclusive or or xor err"
         C Operators Missing From Perl
             unary &, unary *, (TYPE)

         Quote and Quote-like Operators
         Regexp Quote-Like Operators
             ?PATTERN? , m/PATTERN/cgimosx
              , /PATTERN/cgimosx, q/STRING/    , 'STRING',
             qq/STRING/    , "STRING", qr/STRING/imosx      ,
             qx/STRING/
              , `STRING`, qw/STRING/   ,
             s/PATTERN/REPLACEMENT/egimosx

               , tr/SEARCHLIST/REPLACEMENTLIST/cds
                , y/SEARCHLIST/REPLACEMENTLIST/cds, <<EOF options
             regexp regex, options regex  c  i  m  o  s  x q
             quote, double ' '' qq quote, double "" """" qr  i  m
             o  s  x qx ` `` backtick qw quote, list quote, words
             substitute substitution replace regexp, replace
             regexp, substitute  e  g  i  m  o  s  x tr y
             transliterate  c  d  s here-doc heredoc here-
             document <<"

         Gory details of parsing quoted constructs
             Finding the end, Removal of backslashes before del-
             imiters, Interpolation , "<<'EOF'", "m''", "s'''",
             "tr///", "y///", '', "q//", "", ``, "qq//", "qx//",
             "<file*glob>", "?RE?", "/RE/", "m/RE/",
             "s/RE/foo/",, Interpolation of regular expressions ,
             Optimization of regular expressions optimization"

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          19

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         I/O Operators
         Constant Folding
         No-ops
         Bitwise String Operators
         Integer Arithmetic
         Floating-point Arithmetic
         Bigger Numbers

     perlsub(1) - Perl subroutines

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Private Variables via my()
         Persistent Private Variables
         Temporary Values via local()
         Lvalue subroutines
             Lvalue subroutines are EXPERIMENTAL

         Passing Symbol Table Entries (typeglobs)
         When to Still Use local()
         Pass by Reference
         Prototypes
         Constant Functions
         Overriding Built-in Functions
         Autoloading
         Subroutine Attributes
     SEE ALSO

     perlfunc(1) - Perl builtin functions

     DESCRIPTION
         Perl Functions by Category
             Functions for SCALARs or strings   , Regular expres-
             sions and pattern matching   , Numeric functions
             , Functions for real @ARRAYs , Functions for list
             data , Functions for real %HASHes , Input and output
             functions
               , Functions for fixed length data or records,
             Functions for filehandles, files, or directories
                , Keywords related to the control flow of your
             Perl program , Keywords related to scoping, Miscel-
             laneous functions, Functions for processes and pro-
             cess groups
               , Keywords related to perl modules , Keywords
             related to classes and object-orientedness
              , Low-level socket functions  , System V interpro-
             cess communication functions
               , Fetching user and group info
                   , Fetching network info , Time-related func-
             tions  , Functions new in perl5 , Functions
             obsoleted in perl5

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          20

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Portability
         Alphabetical Listing of Perl Functions
             -X FILEHANDLE

             , -X EXPR, -X, abs VALUE  , abs, accept
             NEWSOCKET,GENERICSOCKET , alarm SECONDS   , alarm,
             atan2 Y,X
                , bind SOCKET,NAME , binmode FILEHANDLE, LAYER
             , binmode FILEHANDLE, bless REF,CLASSNAME , bless
             REF, caller EXPR
               , caller, chdir EXPR  , chdir FILEHANDLE, chdir
             DIRHANDLE, chdir, chmod LIST , chomp VARIABLE ,
             chomp( LIST ), chomp, chop VARIABLE , chop( LIST ),
             chop, chown LIST    , chr NUMBER
               , chr, chroot FILENAME  , chroot, close FILEHANDLE
             , close, closedir DIRHANDLE , connect SOCKET,NAME ,
             continue BLOCK , cos EXPR
               , cos, crypt PLAINTEXT,SALT

              , dbmclose HASH , dbmopen HASH,DBNAME,MASK     ,
             defined EXPR
               , defined, delete EXPR , die LIST
                  , do BLOCK , do SUBROUTINE(LIST) , do EXPR ,
             dump LABEL
              , dump, each HASH  , eof FILEHANDLE   , eof (),
             eof, eval EXPR
                  , eval BLOCK, eval, exec LIST  , exec PROGRAM
             LIST, exists EXPR , exit EXPR   , exit, exp EXPR
             , exp, fcntl FILEHANDLE,FUNCTION,SCALAR , fileno
             FILEHANDLE , flock FILEHANDLE,OPERATION   , fork ,
             format , formline PICTURE,LIST , getc FILEHANDLE  ,
             getc, getlogin  , getpeername SOCKET  , getpgrp PID
             , getppid   , getpriority WHICH,WHO
              , getpwnam NAME

               , getgrnam NAME, gethostbyname NAME, getnetbyname
             NAME, getprotobyname NAME, getpwuid UID, getgrgid
             GID, getservbyname NAME,PROTO, gethostbyaddr
             ADDR,ADDRTYPE, getnetbyaddr ADDR,ADDRTYPE, getproto-
             bynumber NUMBER, getservbyport PORT,PROTO, getpwent,
             getgrent, gethostent, getnetent, getprotoent, get-
             servent, setpwent, setgrent, sethostent STAYOPEN,
             setnetent STAYOPEN, setprotoent STAYOPEN, setservent
             STAYOPEN, endpwent, endgrent, endhostent, endnetent,
             endprotoent, endservent, getsockname SOCKET , get-
             sockopt SOCKET,LEVEL,OPTNAME , glob EXPR
              , glob, gmtime EXPR , gmtime, goto LABEL   , goto
             EXPR, goto &NAME, grep BLOCK LIST , grep EXPR,LIST,

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          21

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

             hex EXPR , hex, import LIST , index
             STR,SUBSTR,POSITION
               , index STR,SUBSTR, int EXPR
              , int, ioctl FILEHANDLE,FUNCTION,SCALAR , join
             EXPR,LIST , keys HASH  , kill SIGNAL, LIST , last
             LABEL  , last, lc EXPR  , lc, lcfirst EXPR  ,
             lcfirst, length EXPR , length, link OLDFILE,NEWFILE
             , listen SOCKET,QUEUESIZE , local EXPR , localtime
             EXPR , localtime, lock THING , log EXPR     , log,
             lstat EXPR , lstat, m//, map BLOCK LIST , map
             EXPR,LIST, mkdir FILENAME,MASK   , mkdir FILENAME,
             msgctl ID,CMD,ARG , msgget KEY,FLAGS , msgrcv
             ID,VAR,SIZE,TYPE,FLAGS , msgsnd ID,MSG,FLAGS , my
             EXPR , my TYPE EXPR, my EXPR : ATTRS, my TYPE EXPR :
             ATTRS, next LABEL
              , next, no Module VERSION LIST , no Module VERSION,
             no Module LIST, no Module, oct EXPR
              , oct, open FILEHANDLE,EXPR , open
             FILEHANDLE,MODE,EXPR, open
             FILEHANDLE,MODE,EXPR,LIST, open
             FILEHANDLE,MODE,REFERENCE, open FILEHANDLE, opendir
             DIRHANDLE,EXPR , ord EXPR  , ord, our EXPR  , our
             EXPR TYPE, our EXPR : ATTRS, our TYPE EXPR : ATTRS,
             pack TEMPLATE,LIST , package NAMESPACE   , package,
             pipe READHANDLE,WRITEHANDLE , pop ARRAY  , pop, pos
             SCALAR
              , pos, print FILEHANDLE LIST , print LIST, print,
             printf FILEHANDLE FORMAT, LIST , printf FORMAT,
             LIST, prototype FUNCTION , push ARRAY,LIST , ,
             q/STRING/, qq/STRING/, qr/STRING/, qx/STRING/,
             qw/STRING/, quotemeta EXPR
              , quotemeta, rand EXPR  , rand, read
             FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH,OFFSET , read
             FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH, readdir DIRHANDLE , read-
             line EXPR
               , readlink EXPR , readlink, readpipe EXPR , recv
             SOCKET,SCALAR,LENGTH,FLAGS , redo LABEL , redo, ref
             EXPR  , ref, rename OLDNAME,NEWNAME
                , require VERSION , require EXPR, require, reset
             EXPR , reset, return EXPR , return, reverse LIST   ,
             rewinddir DIRHANDLE , rindex STR,SUBSTR,POSITION ,
             rindex STR,SUBSTR, rmdir FILENAME
              , rmdir, s///, scalar EXPR  , seek
             FILEHANDLE,POSITION,WHENCE   , seekdir DIRHANDLE,POS
             , select FILEHANDLE  , select, select
             RBITS,WBITS,EBITS,TIMEOUT , semctl ID,SEMNUM,CMD,ARG
             , semget KEY,NSEMS,FLAGS , semop KEY,OPSTRING , send
             SOCKET,MSG,FLAGS,TO , send SOCKET,MSG,FLAGS, setpgrp
             PID,PGRP  , setpriority WHICH,WHO,PRIORITY    , set-
             sockopt SOCKET,LEVEL,OPTNAME,OPTVAL , shift ARRAY ,
             shift, shmctl ID,CMD,ARG , shmget KEY,SIZE,FLAGS ,
             shmread ID,VAR,POS,SIZE  , shmwrite

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          22

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

             ID,STRING,POS,SIZE, shutdown SOCKET,HOW , sin EXPR ,
             sin, sleep EXPR  , sleep, socket
             SOCKET,DOMAIN,TYPE,PROTOCOL , socketpair
             SOCKET1,SOCKET2,DOMAIN,TYPE,PROTOCOL , sort SUBNAME
             LIST
                , sort BLOCK LIST, sort LIST, splice
             ARRAY,OFFSET,LENGTH,LIST , splice
             ARRAY,OFFSET,LENGTH, splice ARRAY,OFFSET, splice
             ARRAY, split /PATTERN/,EXPR,LIMIT , split
             /PATTERN/,EXPR, split /PATTERN/, split, sprintf FOR-
             MAT, LIST , format parameter index, flags, vector
             flag, (minimum) width, precision, or maximum width ,
             size, order of arguments, sqrt EXPR   , sqrt, srand
             EXPR , srand, stat FILEHANDLE  , stat EXPR, stat,
             study SCALAR , study, sub NAME BLOCK , sub NAME
             (PROTO) BLOCK, sub NAME : ATTRS BLOCK, sub NAME
             (PROTO) : ATTRS BLOCK, substr
             EXPR,OFFSET,LENGTH,REPLACEMENT , substr
             EXPR,OFFSET,LENGTH, substr EXPR,OFFSET, symlink
             OLDFILE,NEWFILE    , syscall NUMBER, LIST  , sysopen
             FILEHANDLE,FILENAME,MODE , sysopen
             FILEHANDLE,FILENAME,MODE,PERMS, sysread
             FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH,OFFSET , sysread
             FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH, sysseek
             FILEHANDLE,POSITION,WHENCE  , system LIST , system
             PROGRAM LIST, syswrite
             FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH,OFFSET , syswrite
             FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH, syswrite
             FILEHANDLE,SCALAR, tell FILEHANDLE , tell, telldir
             DIRHANDLE , tie VARIABLE,CLASSNAME,LIST , tied VARI-
             ABLE , time , times , tr///, truncate
             FILEHANDLE,LENGTH , truncate EXPR,LENGTH, uc EXPR
             , uc, ucfirst EXPR  , ucfirst, umask EXPR , umask,
             undef EXPR  , undef, unlink LIST , unlink, unpack
             TEMPLATE,EXPR , untie VARIABLE , unshift ARRAY,LIST
             , use Module VERSION LIST , use Module VERSION, use
             Module LIST, use Module, use VERSION, utime LIST ,
             values HASH , vec EXPR,OFFSET,BITS
              , wait , waitpid PID,FLAGS , wantarray
              , warn LIST   , write FILEHANDLE , write EXPR,
             write, y/// default select semctl semget semop send
             setpgrp group setpriority priority nice renice set-
             sockopt shift shmctl shmget shmread shmwrite shut-
             down sin sine asin arcsine sleep pause socket sock-
             etpair sort qsort quicksort mergesort splice split
             sprintf precision sqrt root square root srand seed
             randseed stat file, status study sub substr sub-
             string mid left right symlink link symbolic link
             link, symbolic syscall system call sysopen sysread
             sysseek lseek system shell syswrite tell telldir tie
             tied time epoch times truncate uc uppercase toupper
             ucfirst uppercase umask undef undefine unlink delete

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          23

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

             remove rm unpack untie unshift use module import
             utime values vec bit bit vector wait waitpid wantar-
             ray context warn warning STDERR write"

     perlopentut(1) - tutorial on opening things in Perl

     DESCRIPTION
     Open A la shell
         Simple Opens
         Indirect Filehandles
         Pipe Opens
         The Minus File
         Mixing Reads and Writes
         Filters
     Open A la C
         Permissions A la mode
     Obscure Open Tricks
         Re-Opening Files (dups)
         Dispelling the Dweomer
         Paths as Opens
         Single Argument Open
         Playing with STDIN and STDOUT
     Other I/O Issues
         Opening Non-File Files
         Opening Named Pipes
         Opening Sockets
         Binary Files
         File Locking
         IO Layers
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR and COPYRIGHT
     HISTORY

     perlpacktut(1) - tutorial on "pack" and "unpack"

     DESCRIPTION
     The Basic Principle
     Packing Text
     Packing Numbers
         Integers
         Unpacking a Stack Frame
         How to Eat an Egg on a Net
         Floating point Numbers
     Exotic Templates
         Bit Strings
         Uuencoding
         Doing Sums
         Unicode
         Another Portable Binary Encoding
     Template Grouping
     Lengths and Widths
         String Lengths

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          24

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Dynamic Templates
         Counting Repetitions
     Packing and Unpacking C Structures
         The Alignment Pit
         Alignment, Take 2
         Alignment, Take 3
         Pointers for How to Use Them
     Pack Recipes
     Funnies Section
     Authors

     perlpod(1) - the Plain Old Documentation format

     DESCRIPTION
         Ordinary Paragraph
         Verbatim Paragraph
         Command Paragraph
             "=head1 Heading Text"
               , "=head2 Heading Text", "=head3 Heading Text",
             "=head4 Heading Text", "=over indentlevel"
                 , "=item stuff...", "=back", "=cut"  , "=pod"  ,
             "=begin formatname"
                  , "=end formatname", "=for formatname text...",
             "=encoding encodingname"

         Formatting Codes
             "I<text>" -- italic text    , "B<text>" -- bold text
              , "C<code>" -- code text
               , "L<name>" -- a hyperlink , "E<escape>" -- a
             character escape
              , "F<filename>" -- used for filenames , "S<text>"
             -- text contains non-breaking spaces
                , "X<topic name>" -- an index entry
              , "Z<>" -- a null (zero-effect) formatting code
             code, italic italic B B<> POD, formatting code, bold
             bold C C<> POD, formatting code, code code L L<>
             POD, formatting code, hyperlink hyperlink E E<> POD,
             formatting code, escape escape F F<> POD, formatting
             code, filename filename S S<> POD, formatting code,
             non-breaking space non-breaking space X X<> POD,
             formatting code, index entry index entry Z Z<> POD,
             formatting code, null null"

         The Intent
         Embedding Pods in Perl Modules
         Hints for Writing Pod

     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          25

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     perlpodspec(1) - Plain Old Documentation: format specifica-
     tion and notes

     DESCRIPTION
     Pod Definitions
     Pod Commands
         "=head1", "=head2", "=head3", "=head4", "=pod", "=cut",
         "=over", "=item", "=back", "=begin formatname", "=end
         formatname", "=for formatname text...", "=encoding
         encodingname"

     Pod Formatting Codes
         "I<text>" -- italic text, "B<text>" -- bold text,
         "C<code>" -- code text, "F<filename>" -- style for
         filenames, "X<topic name>" -- an index entry, "Z<>" -- a
         null (zero-effect) formatting code, "L<name>" -- a
         hyperlink, "E<escape>" -- a character escape, "S<text>"
         -- text contains non-breaking spaces

     Notes on Implementing Pod Processors
     About L<...> Codes
         First:, Second:, Third:, Fourth:, Fifth:, Sixth:

     About =over...=back Regions
     About Data Paragraphs and "=begin/=end" Regions
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR

     perlrun(1) - how to execute the Perl interpreter

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         #! and quoting on non-Unix systems
             OS/2, MS-DOS, Win95/NT, Macintosh, VMS

         Location of Perl
         Command Switches
             -0[octal/hexadecimal]  , -a  , -C [number/list] , -c
             , -d  , -dt, -d:foo[=bar,baz]  , -dt:foo[=bar,baz],
             -Dletters   , -Dnumber, -e commandline , -f , -Fpat-
             tern , -h , -i[extension]  , -Idirectory  ,
             -l[octnum]   , -m[-]module  , -M[-]module,
             -M[-]'module ...', -[mM][-]module=arg[,arg]..., -n ,
             -p , -P , -s , -S , -t , -T , -u , -U , -v , -V ,
             -V:configvar, -w , -W , -X , -x , -x directory

     ENVIRONMENT
         HOME , LOGDIR , PATH , PERL5LIB , PERL5OPT , PERLIO ,
         :bytes , :crlf , :mmap , :perlio , :pop , :raw , :stdio
         , :unix , :utf8 , :win32 , PERLIO_DEBUG , PERLLIB ,
         PERL5DB , PERL5DB_THREADED , PERL5SHELL (specific to the
         Win32 port) , PERL_ALLOW_NON_IFS_LSP (specific to the

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          26

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Win32 port) , PERL_DEBUG_MSTATS , PERL_DESTRUCT_LEVEL ,
         PERL_DL_NONLAZY , PERL_ENCODING , PERL_HASH_SEED ,
         PERL_HASH_SEED_DEBUG , PERL_ROOT (specific to the VMS
         port) , PERL_SIGNALS , PERL_UNICODE , SYS$LOGIN
         (specific to the VMS port)

     perldiag(1) - various Perl diagnostics

     DESCRIPTION

     perllexwarn(1) - Perl Lexical Warnings

     DESCRIPTION
         Default Warnings and Optional Warnings
         What's wrong with -w and $^W
         Controlling Warnings from the Command Line
             -w , -W , -X

         Backward Compatibility
         Category Hierarchy
         Fatal Warnings
         Reporting Warnings from a Module
     TODO
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR

     perldebug(1) - Perl debugging

     DESCRIPTION
     The Perl Debugger
         Debugger Commands
             h , h [command], h h, p expr , x [maxdepth] expr , V
             [pkg [vars]] , X [vars] , y [level [vars]] , T   , s
             [expr]  , n [expr] , r , <CR>, c [line|sub] , l , l
             min+incr, l min-max, l line, l subname, - , v [line]
             , . , f filename , /pattern/, ?pattern?, L [abw] , S
             [[!]regex] , t , t expr , b , b [line] [condition]
             , b subname [condition]  , b postpone subname [con-
             dition]  , b load filename  , b compile subname
              , B line  , B *  , a [line] command , A line , A *
             , w expr , W expr , W * , o , o booloption ... , o
             anyoption? ... , o option=value ... , < ? , < [ com-
             mand ] , < * , << command , > ? , > command , > * ,
             >> command , { ? , { [ command ], { * , {{ command ,
             ! number , ! -number , ! pattern , !! cmd , source
             file , H -number , q or ^D
              , R , |dbcmd , ||dbcmd , command, m expr , M , man
             [manpage] command, V debugger command, X debugger
             command, y debugger command, T backtrace stack,
             backtrace debugger command, s step debugger command,
             n debugger command, r debugger command, c debugger
             command, l debugger command, - debugger command, v

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          27

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

             debugger command, . debugger command, f debugger
             command, L debugger command, S debugger command, t
             debugger command, t breakpoint debugger command, b
             breakpoint debugger command, b breakpoint debugger
             command, b breakpoint debugger command, b breakpoint
             debugger command, b breakpoint debugger command, b
             breakpoint debugger command, B breakpoint debugger
             command, B debugger command, a debugger command, A
             debugger command, A debugger command, w debugger
             command, W debugger command, W debugger command, o
             debugger command, o debugger command, o debugger
             command, o debugger command, < debugger command, <
             debugger command, < debugger command, << debugger
             command, > debugger command, > debugger command, >
             debugger command, >> debugger command, { debugger
             command, { debugger command, {{ debugger command, !
             debugger command, ! debugger command, ! debugger
             command, !! debugger command, source debugger com-
             mand, H debugger command, q debugger command, ^D
             debugger command, R debugger command, | debugger
             command, || debugger command, m debugger command, M
             debugger command, man"

         Configurable Options
             "recallCommand", "ShellBang"  , "pager" , "tkRun-
             ning" , "signalLevel", "warnLevel", "dieLevel"
               , "AutoTrace" , "LineInfo" , "inhibit_exit" ,
             "PrintRet" , "ornaments" , "frame" , "maxTraceLen" ,
             "windowSize" , "arrayDepth", "hashDepth"  , "dump-
             Depth" , "compactDump", "veryCompact" , "globPrint"
             , "DumpDBFiles" , "DumpPackages" , "DumpReused" ,
             "quote", "HighBit", "undefPrint"
              , "UsageOnly" , "TTY" , "noTTY" , "ReadLine" ,
             "NonStop" option, ShellBang debugger option, pager
             debugger option, tkRunning debugger option, signal-
             Level debugger option, warnLevel debugger option,
             dieLevel debugger option, AutoTrace debugger option,
             LineInfo debugger option, inhibit_exit debugger
             option, PrintRet debugger option, ornaments debugger
             option, frame debugger option, maxTraceLen debugger
             option, windowSize debugger option, arrayDepth
             debugger option, hashDepth debugger option, dump-
             Depth debugger option, compactDump debugger option,
             veryCompact debugger option, globPrint debugger
             option, DumpDBFiles debugger option, DumpPackages
             debugger option, DumpReused debugger option, quote
             debugger option, HighBit debugger option, undefPrint
             debugger option, UsageOnly debugger option, TTY
             debugger option, noTTY debugger option, ReadLine
             debugger option, NonStop"

         Debugger input/output

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          28

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

             Prompt, Multiline commands, Stack backtrace  , Line
             Listing Format, Frame listing backtrace"

         Debugging compile-time statements
         Debugger Customization
         Readline Support
         Editor Support for Debugging
         The Perl Profiler
     Debugging regular expressions
     Debugging memory usage
     SEE ALSO
     BUGS

     perlvar(1) - Perl predefined variables

     DESCRIPTION
         Predefined Names
             $ARG, $_, $a, $b, $<digits>, $MATCH, $&, $PREMATCH,
             $`, $POSTMATCH, $', $LAST_PAREN_MATCH, $+, $^N,
             @LAST_MATCH_END, @+, $*,
             HANDLE->input_line_number(EXPR), $INPUT_LINE_NUMBER,
             $NR, $, IO::Handle->input_record_separator(EXPR),
             $INPUT_RECORD_SEPARATOR, $RS, $/,
             HANDLE->autoflush(EXPR), $OUTPUT_AUTOFLUSH, $|,
             IO::Handle->output_field_separator EXPR,
             $OUTPUT_FIELD_SEPARATOR, $OFS, $,,
             IO::Handle->output_record_separator EXPR,
             $OUTPUT_RECORD_SEPARATOR, $ORS, $\, $LIST_SEPARATOR,
             $", $SUBSCRIPT_SEPARATOR, $SUBSEP, $;, $#,
             HANDLE->format_page_number(EXPR),
             $FORMAT_PAGE_NUMBER, $%,
             HANDLE->format_lines_per_page(EXPR),
             $FORMAT_LINES_PER_PAGE, $=,
             HANDLE->format_lines_left(EXPR), $FORMAT_LINES_LEFT,
             $-, @LAST_MATCH_START, @-, $` is the same as
             "substr($var, 0, $-[0])", $& is the same as
             "substr($var, $-[0], $+[0] - $-[0])", $' is the same
             as "substr($var, $+[0])", $1 is the same as
             "substr($var, $-[1], $+[1] - $-[1])", $2 is the same
             as "substr($var, $-[2], $+[2] - $-[2])", $3 is the
             same as "substr($var, $-[3], $+[3] - $-[3])",
             HANDLE->format_name(EXPR), $FORMAT_NAME, $~,
             HANDLE->format_top_name(EXPR), $FORMAT_TOP_NAME, $^,
             IO::Handle->format_line_break_characters EXPR,
             $FORMAT_LINE_BREAK_CHARACTERS, $:,
             IO::Handle->format_formfeed EXPR, $FORMAT_FORMFEED,
             $^L, $ACCUMULATOR, $^A, $CHILD_ERROR, $?, ${^ENCOD-
             ING}, $OS_ERROR, $ERRNO, $!, %!, $EXTENDED_OS_ERROR,
             $^E, $EVAL_ERROR, $@, $PROCESS_ID, $PID, $$,
             $REAL_USER_ID, $UID, $<, $EFFECTIVE_USER_ID, $EUID,
             $>, $REAL_GROUP_ID, $GID, $(, $EFFECTIVE_GROUP_ID,
             $EGID, $), $PROGRAM_NAME, $0, $[, $], $COMPILING,

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          29

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

             $^C, $DEBUGGING, $^D, $SYSTEM_FD_MAX, $^F, $^H, %^H,
             $INPLACE_EDIT, $^I, $^M, $OSNAME, $^O, ${^OPEN},
             $PERLDB, $^P, 0x01, 0x02, 0x04, 0x08, 0x10, 0x20,
             0x40, 0x80, 0x100, 0x200, 0x400,
             $LAST_REGEXP_CODE_RESULT, $^R,
             $EXCEPTIONS_BEING_CAUGHT, $^S, $BASETIME, $^T,
             ${^TAINT}, ${^UNICODE}, ${^UTF8LOCALE},
             $PERL_VERSION, $^V, $WARNING, $^W, ${^WARNING_BITS},
             $EXECUTABLE_NAME, $^X, ARGV, $ARGV, @ARGV, ARGVOUT,
             @F, @INC, @_, %INC, %ENV, $ENV{expr}, %SIG,
             $SIG{expr}

         Error Indicators
         Technical Note on the Syntax of Variable Names
     BUGS

     perlre(1) - Perl regular expressions

     DESCRIPTION
         i    , m    , s
          , x expression, case-insensitive  m regex, multiline
         regexp, multiline regular expression, multiline  s
         regex, single-line regexp, single-line regular expres-
         sion, single-line  x"

         Regular Expressions
             [1], [2], [3], cntrl , graph , print , punct , xdi-
             git

         Extended Patterns
             "(?#text)" , "(?imsx-imsx)" , "(?:pattern)" ,
             "(?imsx-imsx:pattern)", "(?=pattern)" , "(?!pat-
             tern)" , "(?<=pattern)" , "(?<!pattern)" , "(?{ code
             })"
              , "(??{ code })"
                   , "(?>pattern)"  ,
             "(?(condition)yes-pattern|no-pattern)" ,
             "(?(condition)yes-pattern)" postponed regex, recur-
             sive regexp, recursive regular expression, recursive
             backtrack backtracking (?()"

         Backtracking
         Version 8 Regular Expressions
         Warning on \1 vs $1
         Repeated patterns matching zero-length substring
         Combining pieces together
             "ST", "S|T", "S{REPEAT_COUNT}", "S{min,max}",
             "S{min,max}?", "S?", "S*", "S+", "S??", "S*?",
             "S+?", "(?>S)", "(?=S)", "(?<=S)", "(?!S)",
             "(?<!S)", "(??{ EXPR })",
             "(?(condition)yes-pattern|no-pattern)"

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          30

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Creating custom RE engines
     BUGS
     SEE ALSO

     perlreref(1) - Perl Regular Expressions Reference

     DESCRIPTION
         OPERATORS
         SYNTAX
         ESCAPE SEQUENCES
         CHARACTER CLASSES
         ANCHORS
         QUANTIFIERS
         EXTENDED CONSTRUCTS
         VARIABLES
         FUNCTIONS
         TERMINOLOGY
     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO
     THANKS

     perlref(1) - Perl references and nested data structures

     NOTE
     DESCRIPTION
         Making References
             1.  , 2.
                , 3.

               , 4.       , 5.  , 6. , 7. anonymous subroutine,
             reference reference, subroutine scope, lexical clo-
             sure lexical lexical scope constructor new auto-
             vivification *foo{THING} *"

         Using References
             2.   , 3.   , 4.

         Symbolic references
         Not-so-symbolic references
         Pseudo-hashes: Using an array as a hash
         Function Templates
     WARNING
     SEE ALSO

     perlform(1) - Perl formats

     DESCRIPTION
         Text Fields
         Numeric Fields
         The Field @* for Variable Width Multi-Line Text
         The Field ^* for Variable Width One-line-at-a-time Text
         Specifying Values

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          31

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Using Fill Mode
         Suppressing Lines Where All Fields Are Void
         Repeating Format Lines
         Top of Form Processing
         Format Variables
     NOTES
         Footers
         Accessing Formatting Internals
     WARNINGS

     perlobj(1) - Perl objects

     DESCRIPTION
         An Object is Simply a Reference
         A Class is Simply a Package
         A Method is Simply a Subroutine
         Method Invocation
         Indirect Object Syntax
         Default UNIVERSAL methods
             isa(CLASS) , can(METHOD) , VERSION( [NEED] )

         Destructors
         Summary
         Two-Phased Garbage Collection
     SEE ALSO

     perltie(1) - how to hide an object class in a simple vari-
     able

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Tying Scalars
             TIESCALAR classname, LIST , FETCH this , STORE this,
             value , UNTIE this , DESTROY this

         Tying Arrays
             TIEARRAY classname, LIST , FETCH this, index , STORE
             this, index, value , FETCHSIZE this , STORESIZE
             this, count , EXTEND this, count , EXISTS this, key
             , DELETE this, key , CLEAR this , PUSH this, LIST
              , POP this , SHIFT this , UNSHIFT this, LIST ,
             SPLICE this, offset, length, LIST , UNTIE this ,
             DESTROY this

         Tying Hashes
             USER, HOME, CLOBBER, LIST, TIEHASH classname, LIST ,
             FETCH this, key , STORE this, key, value , DELETE
             this, key , CLEAR this , EXISTS this, key , FIRSTKEY
             this , NEXTKEY this, lastkey , SCALAR this , UNTIE
             this , DESTROY this

         Tying FileHandles

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          32

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

             TIEHANDLE classname, LIST , WRITE this, LIST , PRINT
             this, LIST , PRINTF this, LIST , READ this, LIST ,
             READLINE this , GETC this , CLOSE this , UNTIE this
             , DESTROY this

         UNTIE this
         The "untie" Gotcha
     SEE ALSO
     BUGS
     AUTHOR

     perldbmfilter(1) - Perl DBM Filters

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         filter_store_key, filter_store_value, filter_fetch_key,
         filter_fetch_value

         The Filter
         An Example -- the NULL termination problem.
         Another Example -- Key is a C int.
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR

     perlipc(1) - Perl interprocess communication (signals,
     fifos, pipes, safe subprocesses, sockets, and semaphores)

     DESCRIPTION
     Signals
         Handling the SIGHUP Signal in Daemons
     Named Pipes
         Deferred Signals (Safe Signals)
             Long running opcodes, Interrupting IO, Restartable
             system calls, Signals as "faults", Signals triggered
             by operating system state

     Using open() for IPC
         Filehandles
         Background Processes
         Complete Dissociation of Child from Parent
         Safe Pipe Opens
         Bidirectional Communication with Another Process
         Bidirectional Communication with Yourself
     Sockets: Client/Server Communication
         Internet Line Terminators
         Internet TCP Clients and Servers
         Unix-Domain TCP Clients and Servers
     TCP Clients with IO::Socket
         A Simple Client
             "Proto", "PeerAddr", "PeerPort"

         A Webget Client

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          33

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Interactive Client with IO::Socket
     TCP Servers with IO::Socket
         Proto, LocalPort, Listen, Reuse

     UDP: Message Passing
     SysV IPC
     NOTES
     BUGS
     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     perlfork(1) - Perl's fork() emulation

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Behavior of other Perl features in forked pseudo-
             processes
             $$ or $PROCESS_ID, %ENV, chdir() and all other buil-
             tins that accept filenames, wait() and waitpid(),
             kill(), exec(), exit(), Open handles to files,
             directories and network sockets

         Resource limits
         Killing the parent process
         Lifetime of the parent process and pseudo-processes
         CAVEATS AND LIMITATIONS
             BEGIN blocks, Open filehandles, Forking pipe open()
             not yet implemented, Global state maintained by
             XSUBs, Interpreter embedded in larger application,
             Thread-safety of extensions

     BUGS
     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     perlnumber(1) - semantics of numbers and numeric operations
     in Perl

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     Storing numbers
     Numeric operators and numeric conversions
     Flavors of Perl numeric operations
         Arithmetic operators, ++, Arithmetic operators during
         "use integer", Other mathematical operators, Bitwise
         operators, Bitwise operators during "use integer",
         Operators which expect an integer, Operators which
         expect a string

     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          34

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     perlthrtut(1) - tutorial on threads in Perl

     DESCRIPTION
     Status
     What Is A Thread Anyway?
     Threaded Program Models
         Boss/Worker
         Work Crew
         Pipeline
     What kind of threads are Perl threads?
     Thread-Safe Modules
     Thread Basics
         Basic Thread Support
         A Note about the Examples
         Creating Threads
         Waiting For A Thread To Exit
         Ignoring A Thread
     Threads And Data
         Shared And Unshared Data
         Thread Pitfalls: Races
     Synchronization and control
         Controlling access: lock()
         A Thread Pitfall: Deadlocks
         Queues: Passing Data Around
         Semaphores: Synchronizing Data Access
         Basic semaphores
         Advanced Semaphores
         cond_wait() and cond_signal()
         Giving up control
     General Thread Utility Routines
         What Thread Am I In?
         Thread IDs
         Are These Threads The Same?
         What Threads Are Running?
     A Complete Example
     Different implementations of threads
     Performance considerations
     Process-scope Changes
     Thread-Safety of System Libraries
     Conclusion
     Bibliography
         Introductory Texts
         OS-Related References
         Other References
     Acknowledgements
     AUTHOR
     Copyrights

     perlothrtut(1) - old tutorial on threads in Perl

     DESCRIPTION
     What Is A Thread Anyway?

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          35

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Threaded Program Models
         Boss/Worker
         Work Crew
         Pipeline
     Native threads
     What kind of threads are perl threads?
     Threadsafe Modules
     Thread Basics
         Basic Thread Support
         Creating Threads
         Giving up control
         Waiting For A Thread To Exit
         Errors In Threads
         Ignoring A Thread
     Threads And Data
         Shared And Unshared Data
         Thread Pitfall: Races
         Controlling access: lock()
         Thread Pitfall: Deadlocks
         Queues: Passing Data Around
     Threads And Code
         Semaphores: Synchronizing Data Access
             Basic semaphores, Advanced Semaphores

         Attributes: Restricting Access To Subroutines
         Subroutine Locks
         Methods
         Locking A Subroutine
     General Thread Utility Routines
         What Thread Am I In?
         Thread IDs
         Are These Threads The Same?
         What Threads Are Running?
     A Complete Example
     Conclusion
     Bibliography
         Introductory Texts
         OS-Related References
         Other References
     Acknowledgements
     AUTHOR
     Copyrights

     perlport(1) - Writing portable Perl

     DESCRIPTION
         Not all Perl programs have to be portable, Nearly all of
         Perl already is portable

     ISSUES
         Newlines
         Numbers endianness and Width

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          36

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Files and Filesystems
         System Interaction
         Command names versus file pathnames
         Networking
         Interprocess Communication (IPC)
         External Subroutines (XS)
         Standard Modules
         Time and Date
         Character sets and character encoding
         Internationalisation
         System Resources
         Security
         Style
     CPAN Testers
     PLATFORMS
         Unix
         DOS and Derivatives
         Mac OS
         VMS
         VOS
         EBCDIC Platforms
         Acorn RISC OS
         Other perls
     FUNCTION IMPLEMENTATIONS
         Alphabetical Listing of Perl Functions
             -X, atan2 Y,X, atan2, binmode, chmod, chown, chroot,
             crypt, dbmclose, dbmopen, dump, exec, exit, fcntl,
             flock, fork, getlogin, getpgrp, getppid, getprior-
             ity, getpwnam, getgrnam, getnetbyname, getpwuid,
             getgrgid, getnetbyaddr, getprotobynumber, get-
             servbyport, getpwent, getgrent, gethostbyname,
             gethostent, getnetent, getprotoent, getservent,
             sethostent, setnetent, setprotoent, setservent,
             endpwent, endgrent, endhostent, endnetent, endpro-
             toent, endservent, getsockopt SOCKET,LEVEL,OPTNAME,
             glob, gmtime, ioctl FILEHANDLE,FUNCTION,SCALAR,
             kill, link, localtime, lstat, msgctl, msgget,
             msgsnd, msgrcv, open, pipe, readlink, rename,
             select, semctl, semget, semop, setgrent, setpgrp,
             setpriority, setpwent, setsockopt, shmctl, shmget,
             shmread, shmwrite, sockatmark, socketpair, stat,
             symlink, syscall, sysopen, system, times, truncate,
             umask, utime, wait, waitpid

     Supported Platforms
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHORS / CONTRIBUTORS

     perllocale(1) - Perl locale handling (internationalization
     and localization)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          37

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     DESCRIPTION
     PREPARING TO USE LOCALES
     USING LOCALES
         The use locale pragma
         The setlocale function
         Finding locales
         LOCALE PROBLEMS
         Temporarily fixing locale problems
         Permanently fixing locale problems
         Permanently fixing your system's locale configuration
         Fixing system locale configuration
         The localeconv function
         I18N::Langinfo(3p)
     LOCALE CATEGORIES
         Category LC_COLLATE: Collation
         Category LC_CTYPE: Character Types
         Category LC_NUMERIC: Numeric Formatting
         Category LC_MONETARY: Formatting of monetary amounts
         LC_TIME
         Other categories
     SECURITY
     ENVIRONMENT
         PERL_BADLANG, LC_ALL, LANGUAGE, LC_CTYPE, LC_COLLATE,
         LC_MONETARY, LC_NUMERIC, LC_TIME, LANG

     NOTES
         Backward compatibility
         I18N:Collate obsolete
         Sort speed and memory use impacts
         write() and LC_NUMERIC
         Freely available locale definitions
         I18n and l10n
         An imperfect standard
     Unicode and UTF-8
     BUGS
         Broken systems
     SEE ALSO
     HISTORY

     perluniintro(1) - Perl Unicode introduction

     DESCRIPTION
         Unicode
         Perl's Unicode Support
         Perl's Unicode Model
         Unicode and EBCDIC
         Creating Unicode
         Handling Unicode
         Legacy Encodings
         Unicode I/O
         Displaying Unicode As Text
         Special Cases

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          38

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Advanced Topics
         Miscellaneous
         Questions With Answers
         Hexadecimal Notation
         Further Resources
     UNICODE IN OLDER PERLS
     SEE ALSO
     ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
     AUTHOR, COPYRIGHT, AND LICENSE

     perlunicode(1) - Unicode support in Perl

     DESCRIPTION
         Important Caveats
             Input and Output Layers, Regular Expressions, "use
             utf8" still needed to enable UTF-8/UTF-EBCDIC in
             scripts, BOM-marked scripts and UTF-16 scripts auto-
             detected, "use encoding" needed to upgrade
             non-Latin-1 byte strings

         Byte and Character Semantics
         Effects of Character Semantics
         Scripts
         Blocks
         User-Defined Character Properties
         Character Encodings for Input and Output
         Unicode Regular Expression Support Level
         Unicode Encodings
         Security Implications of Unicode
         Unicode in Perl on EBCDIC
         Locales
         When Unicode Does Not Happen
         Forcing Unicode in Perl (Or Unforcing Unicode in Perl)
         Using Unicode in XS
     BUGS
         Interaction with Locales
         Interaction with Extensions
         Speed
         Porting code from perl-5.6.X
     SEE ALSO

     perlebcdic - Considerations for running Perl on EBCDIC plat-
     forms

     DESCRIPTION
     COMMON CHARACTER CODE SETS
         ASCII
         ISO 8859
         Latin 1 (ISO 8859-1)
         EBCDIC
         13 variant characters
         0037

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          39

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         1047
         POSIX-BC
         Unicode code points versus EBCDIC code points
         Remaining Perl Unicode problems in EBCDIC
         Unicode and UTF
         Using Encode
     SINGLE OCTET TABLES
         recipe 0, recipe 1, recipe 2, recipe 3, recipe 4, recipe
         5, recipe 6

     IDENTIFYING CHARACTER CODE SETS
     CONVERSIONS
         tr///
         iconv
         C RTL
     OPERATOR DIFFERENCES
     FUNCTION DIFFERENCES
         chr(), ord(), pack(), print(), printf(), sort(),
         sprintf(), unpack()

     REGULAR EXPRESSION DIFFERENCES
     SOCKETS
     SORTING
         Ignore ASCII vs. EBCDIC sort differences.
         MONO CASE then sort data.
         Convert, sort data, then re convert.
         Perform sorting on one type of machine only.
     TRANSFORMATION FORMATS
         URL decoding and encoding
         uu encoding and decoding
         Quoted-Printable encoding and decoding
         Caesarian ciphers
     Hashing order and checksums
     I18N AND L10N
     MULTI OCTET CHARACTER SETS
     OS ISSUES
         OS/400
             PASE, IFS access

         OS/390, z/OS
             chcp, dataset access, OS/390, z/OS iconv, locales

         VM/ESA?
         POSIX-BC?
     BUGS
     SEE ALSO
     REFERENCES
     HISTORY
     AUTHOR

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          40

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     perlsec(1) - Perl security

     DESCRIPTION
         Laundering and Detecting Tainted Data
         Switches On the "#!" Line
         Taint mode and @INC
         Cleaning Up Your Path
         Security Bugs
         Protecting Your Programs
         Unicode
         Algorithmic Complexity Attacks
     SEE ALSO

     perlmod(1) - Perl modules (packages and symbol tables)

     DESCRIPTION
         Packages
         Symbol Tables
         BEGIN, CHECK, INIT and END
         Perl Classes
         Perl Modules
         Making your module threadsafe
     SEE ALSO

     perlmodlib(1) - constructing new Perl modules and finding
     existing ones

     THE PERL MODULE LIBRARY
         Pragmatic Modules
             attributes, attrs, autouse, base, bigint, bignum,
             bigrat, blib, bytes, charnames, constant, diagnos-
             tics, encoding, fields, filetest, if, integer, less,
             lib, locale, open, ops, overload, re, sigtrap, sort,
             strict, subs, threads, threads::shared, utf8, vars,
             vmsish, warnings, warnings::register

         Standard Modules
             AnyDBM_File, Attribute::Handlers, AutoLoader, AutoS-
             plit, B, B::Asmdata, B::Assembler, B::Bblock,
             B::Bytecode, B::C, B::CC, B::Concise, B::Debug,
             B::Deparse, B::Disassembler, B::Lint, B::Showlex,
             B::Stackobj, B::Stash, B::Terse, B::Xref, Benchmark,
             ByteLoader, CGI, CGI::Apache, CGI::Carp,
             CGI::Cookie, CGI::Fast, CGI::Pretty, CGI::Push,
             CGI::Switch, CGI::Util, CPAN, CPAN::FirstTime,
             CPAN::Nox, CPAN::Version, Carp, Carp::Heavy,
             Class::ISA, Class::Struct, Config, Cwd, DB,
             DBM_Filter, DB_File, Data::Dumper, Devel::DProf,
             Devel::PPPort, Devel::Peek, Devel::SelfStubber, Dig-
             est, Digest::MD5, Digest::base, Digest::file,
             DirHandle, Dumpvalue, DynaLoader, Encode,
             Encode::Alias, Encode::Byte, Encode::CJKConstants,

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          41

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

             Encode::CN, Encode::CN::HZ, Encode::Config,
             Encode::EBCDIC, Encode::Encoder, Encode::Encoding,
             Encode::Guess, Encode::JP, Encode::JP::H2Z,
             Encode::JP::JIS7, Encode::KR, Encode::KR::2022_KR,
             Encode::MIME::Header, Encode::PerlIO,
             Encode::Supported, Encode::Symbol, Encode::TW,
             Encode::Unicode, Encode::Unicode::UTF7, English,
             Env, Errno, Exporter, Exporter::Heavy,
             ExtUtils::Command, ExtUtils::Command::MM,
             ExtUtils::Constant, ExtUtils::Constant::Base,
             ExtUtils::Constant::Utils, ExtUtils::Constant::XS,
             ExtUtils::Embed, ExtUtils::Install,
             ExtUtils::Installed, ExtUtils::Liblist,
             ExtUtils::MM, ExtUtils::MM_AIX, ExtUtils::MM_Any,
             ExtUtils::MM_BeOS, ExtUtils::MM_Cygwin,
             ExtUtils::MM_DOS, ExtUtils::MM_MacOS,
             ExtUtils::MM_NW5, ExtUtils::MM_OS2,
             ExtUtils::MM_QNX, ExtUtils::MM_UWIN,
             ExtUtils::MM_Unix, ExtUtils::MM_VMS,
             ExtUtils::MM_VOS, ExtUtils::MM_Win32,
             ExtUtils::MM_Win95, ExtUtils::MY,
             ExtUtils::MakeMaker, ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Config,
             ExtUtils::MakeMaker::FAQ,
             ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Tutorial,
             ExtUtils::MakeMaker::bytes,
             ExtUtils::MakeMaker::vmsish, ExtUtils::Manifest,
             ExtUtils::Mkbootstrap, ExtUtils::Mksymlists,
             ExtUtils::Packlist, ExtUtils::testlib, Fatal, Fcntl,
             File::Basename, File::CheckTree, File::Compare,
             File::Copy, File::DosGlob, File::Find, File::Glob,
             File::Path, File::Spec, File::Spec::Cygwin,
             File::Spec::Epoc, File::Spec::Functions,
             File::Spec::Mac, File::Spec::OS2, File::Spec::Unix,
             File::Spec::VMS, File::Spec::Win32, File::Temp,
             File::stat, FileCache, FileHandle, Filter::Simple,
             Filter::Util::Call, FindBin, GDBM_File,
             Getopt::Long, Getopt::Std, Hash::Util,
             I18N::Collate, I18N::LangTags,
             I18N::LangTags::Detect, I18N::LangTags::List,
             I18N::Langinfo, IO, IO::Dir, IO::File, IO::Handle,
             IO::Pipe, IO::Poll, IO::Seekable, IO::Select,
             IO::Socket, IO::Socket::INET, IO::Socket::UNIX,
             IPC::Open2, IPC::Open3, IPC::SysV, IPC::SysV::Msg,
             IPC::SysV::Semaphore, List::Util, Locale::Constants,
             Locale::Country, Locale::Currency, Locale::Language,
             Locale::Maketext, Locale::Maketext::TPJ13,
             Locale::Script, MIME::Base64,
             MIME::Base64::QuotedPrint, Math::BigFloat,
             Math::BigInt, Math::BigInt::Calc,
             Math::BigInt::CalcEmu, Math::BigRat, Math::Complex,
             Math::Trig, Memoize, Memoize::AnyDBM_File,
             Memoize::Expire, Memoize::ExpireFile,

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          42

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

             Memoize::ExpireTest, Memoize::NDBM_File,
             Memoize::SDBM_File, Memoize::Storable, NDBM_File,
             NEXT, Net::Cmd, Net::Config, Net::Domain, Net::FTP,
             Net::NNTP, Net::Netrc, Net::POP3, Net::Ping,
             Net::SMTP, Net::Time, Net::hostent, Net::libnetFAQ,
             Net::netent, Net::protoent, Net::servent, O,
             ODBM_File, Opcode, POSIX, PerlIO, PerlIO::encoding,
             PerlIO::scalar, PerlIO::via,
             PerlIO::via::QuotedPrint, Pod::Checker, Pod::Find,
             Pod::Functions, Pod::Html, Pod::InputObjects,
             Pod::LaTeX, Pod::Man, Pod::ParseLink,
             Pod::ParseUtils, Pod::Parser,
             Pod::Perldoc::ToChecker, Pod::Perldoc::ToMan,
             Pod::Perldoc::ToNroff, Pod::Perldoc::ToPod,
             Pod::Perldoc::ToRtf, Pod::Perldoc::ToText,
             Pod::Perldoc::ToTk, Pod::Perldoc::ToXml,
             Pod::PlainText, Pod::Plainer, Pod::Select,
             Pod::Text, Pod::Text::Color, Pod::Text::Overstrike,
             Pod::Text::Termcap, Pod::Usage, SDBM_File, Safe,
             Scalar::Util, Search::Dict, SelectSaver, SelfLoader,
             Shell, Socket, Storable, Switch, Symbol,
             Sys::Hostname, Sys::Syslog, Term::ANSIColor,
             Term::Cap, Term::Complete, Term::ReadLine, Test,
             Test::Builder, Test::Builder::Module,
             Test::Builder::Tester, Test::Builder::Tester::Color,
             Test::Harness, Test::Harness::Assert,
             Test::Harness::Iterator, Test::Harness::Point,
             Test::Harness::Straps, Test::Harness::TAP,
             Test::More, Test::Simple, Test::Tutorial,
             Text::Abbrev, Text::Balanced, Text::ParseWords,
             Text::Soundex, Text::Tabs, Text::Wrap, Thread,
             Thread::Queue, Thread::Semaphore, Thread::Signal,
             Thread::Specific, Tie::Array, Tie::File,
             Tie::Handle, Tie::Hash, Tie::Memoize, Tie::RefHash,
             Tie::Scalar, Tie::SubstrHash, Time::HiRes,
             Time::Local, Time::gmtime, Time::localtime,
             Time::tm, UNIVERSAL, Unicode::Collate,
             Unicode::Normalize, Unicode::UCD, User::grent,
             User::pwent, XS::APItest, XS::Typemap, XSLoader

         Extension Modules
     CPAN(3p)
         Africa
             South Africa

         Asia
             China, Indonesia, Israel, Japan, Malaysia, Russian
             Federation, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea,
             Taiwan, Thailand

         Central America
             Costa Rica

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          43

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Europe
             Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria,
             Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,
             France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,
             Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway,
             Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slo-
             venia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine,
             United Kingdom

         North America
             Canada, Alberta, Manitoba, Nova Scotia, Ontario,
             Mexico, United States, Alabama, California,
             Colorado, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida,
             Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nevada,
             New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Ore-
             gon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia,
             Washington, Wisconsin

         Oceania
             Australia, New Zealand, United States

         South America
             Argentina, Brazil, Chile

         RSYNC Mirrors
     Modules: Creation, Use, and Abuse
         Guidelines for Module Creation
         Guidelines for Converting Perl 4 Library Scripts into Modules
         Guidelines for Reusing Application Code
     NOTE

     perlmodstyle(1) - Perl module style guide

     INTRODUCTION
     QUICK CHECKLIST
         Before you start
         The API
         Stability
         Documentation
         Release considerations
     BEFORE YOU START WRITING A MODULE
         Has it been done before?
         Do one thing and do it well
         What's in a name?
     DESIGNING AND WRITING YOUR MODULE
         To OO or not to OO?
         Designing your API
             Write simple routines to do simple things, Separate
             functionality from output, Provide sensible
             shortcuts and defaults, Naming conventions, Parame-
             ter passing

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          44

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Strictness and warnings
         Backwards compatibility
         Error handling and messages
     DOCUMENTING YOUR MODULE
         POD
         README, INSTALL, release notes, changelogs
             perl Makefile.PL, make, make test, make install,
             perl Build.PL, perl Build, perl Build test, perl
             Build install

     RELEASE CONSIDERATIONS
         Version numbering
         Pre-requisites
         Testing
         Packaging
         Licensing
     COMMON PITFALLS
         Reinventing the wheel
         Trying to do too much
         Inappropriate documentation
     SEE ALSO
         perlstyle, perlnewmod, perlpod, podchecker, Packaging
         Tools, Testing tools, http://pause.perl.org/, Any good
         book on software engineering

     AUTHOR

     perlmodinstall(1) - Installing CPAN Modules

     DESCRIPTION
         PREAMBLE
             DECOMPRESS the file, UNPACK the file into a direc-
             tory, BUILD the module (sometimes unnecessary),
             INSTALL the module

     PORTABILITY
     HEY
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT

     perlnewmod(1) - preparing a new module for distribution

     DESCRIPTION
         Warning
         What should I make into a module?
         Step-by-step: Preparing the ground
             Look around, Check it's new, Discuss the need,
             Choose a name, Check again

         Step-by-step: Making the module
             Start with module-starter or h2xs, Use strict and
             warnings, Use Carp, Use Exporter - wisely!, Use

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          45

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

             plain old documentation, Write tests, Write the
             README

         Step-by-step: Distributing your module
             Get a CPAN user ID, "perl Makefile.PL; make test;
             make dist", Upload the tarball, Announce to the
             modules list, Announce to clpa, Fix bugs!

     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     perlutil(1) - utilities packaged with the Perl distribution

     DESCRIPTION
         DOCUMENTATION
             perldoc, pod2man and pod2text, pod2html and
             pod2latex, pod2usage, podselect, podchecker, splain,
             roffitall

         CONVERTORS
             a2p, s2p, find2perl

         Administration
             libnetcfg

         Development
             perlbug, h2ph, c2ph and pstruct, h2xs, dprofpp,
             perlcc

         SEE ALSO

     perlcompile(1) - Introduction to the Perl Compiler-
     Translator

     DESCRIPTION
         Layout
             B::Bytecode, B::C, B::CC, B::Lint, B::Deparse,
             B::Xref

     Using The Back Ends
         The Cross Referencing Back End
             i, &, s, r

         The Decompiling Back End
         The Lint Back End
         The Simple C Back End
         The Bytecode Back End
         The Optimized C Back End
     Module List for the Compiler Suite
         B, O, B::Asmdata, B::Assembler, B::Bblock, B::Bytecode,
         B::C, B::CC, B::Concise, B::Debug, B::Deparse,
         B::Disassembler, B::Lint, B::Showlex, B::Stackobj,

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          46

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         B::Stash, B::Terse, B::Xref

     KNOWN PROBLEMS
     AUTHOR

     perlfilter(1) - Source Filters

     DESCRIPTION
     CONCEPTS
     USING FILTERS
     WRITING A SOURCE FILTER
     WRITING A SOURCE FILTER IN C
         Decryption Filters

     CREATING A SOURCE FILTER AS A SEPARATE EXECUTABLE
     WRITING A SOURCE FILTER IN PERL
     USING CONTEXT: THE DEBUG FILTER
     CONCLUSION
     THINGS TO LOOK OUT FOR
         Some Filters Clobber the "DATA" Handle

     REQUIREMENTS
     AUTHOR
     Copyrights

     perlglossary(1) - Perl Glossary

     DESCRIPTION
         A   accessor methods, actual arguments, address opera-
             tor, algorithm, alias, alternatives, anonymous,
             architecture, argument, ARGV, arithmetical operator,
             array, array context, ASCII, assertion, assignment,
             assignment operator, associative array, associa-
             tivity, asynchronous, atom, atomic operation, attri-
             bute, autogeneration, autoincrement, autoload,
             autosplit, autovivification, AV, awk

         B   backreference, backtracking, backward compatibility,
             bareword, base class, big-endian, binary, binary
             operator, bind, bit, bit shift, bit string, bless,
             block, BLOCK, block buffering, Boolean, Boolean con-
             text, breakpoint, broadcast, BSD, bucket, buffer,
             built-in, bundle, byte, bytecode

         C   C, C preprocessor, call by reference, call by value,
             callback, canonical, capturing, character, character
             class, character property, circumfix operator,
             class, class method, client, cloister, closure,
             cluster, CODE, code generator, code subpattern, col-
             lating sequence, command, command buffering, command
             name, command-line arguments, comment, compilation
             unit, compile phase, compile time, compiler,

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          47

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

             composer, concatenation, conditional, connection,
             construct, constructor, context, continuation, core
             dump, CPAN, cracker, current package, current work-
             ing directory, currently selected output channel, CV

         D   dangling statement, data structure, data type,
             datagram, DBM, declaration, decrement, default,
             defined, delimiter, dereference, derived class,
             descriptor, destroy, destructor, device, directive,
             directory, directory handle, dispatch, distribution,
             dweomer, dwimmer, dynamic scoping

         E   eclectic, element, embedding, empty subclass test,
             en passant, encapsulation, endian, environment,
             environment variable, EOF, errno, error, escape
             sequence, exception, exception handling, exec, exe-
             cutable file, execute, execute bit, exit status,
             export, expression, extension

         F   false, FAQ, fatal error, field, FIFO, file, file
             descriptor, file test operator, fileglob, filehan-
             dle, filename, filesystem, filter, flag, floating
             point, flush, FMTEYEWTK, fork, formal arguments,
             format, freely available, freely redistributable,
             freeware, function, funny character, garbage collec-
             tion

         G   GID, glob, global, global destruction, glue
             language, granularity, greedy, grep, group, GV

         H   hacker, handler, hard reference, hash, hash table,
             header file, here document, hexadecimal, home direc-
             tory, host, hubris, HV

         I   identifier, impatience, implementation, import,
             increment, indexing, indirect filehandle, indirect
             object, indirect object slot, indirection, infix,
             inheritance, instance, instance variable, integer,
             interface, interpolation, interpreter, invocant,
             invocation, I/O, IO, IP, IPC, is-a, iteration,
             iterator, IV

         J   JAPH

         K   key, keyword

         L   label, laziness, left shift, leftmost longest, lex-
             eme, lexer, lexical analysis, lexical scoping, lexi-
             cal variable, library, LIFO, line, line buffering,
             line number, link, LIST, list, list context, list
             operator, list value, literal, little-endian, local,
             logical operator, lookahead, lookbehind, loop, loop

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          48

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

             control statement, loop label, lvaluable, lvalue,
             lvalue modifier

         M   magic, magical increment, magical variables,
             Makefile, man, manpage, matching, member data,
             memory, metacharacter, metasymbol, method, minimal-
             ism, mode, modifier, module, modulus, monger, mor-
             tal, multidimensional array, multiple inheritance

         N   named pipe, namespace, network address, newline,
             NFS, null character, null list, null string, numeric
             context, NV, nybble

         O   object, octal, offset, one-liner, open source
             software, operand, operating system, operator,
             operator overloading, options, overloading, overrid-
             ing, owner

         P   package, pad, parameter, parent class, parse tree,
             parsing, patch, PATH, pathname, pattern, pattern
             matching, permission bits, Pern, pipe, pipeline,
             platform, pod, pointer, polymorphism, port, port-
             able, porter, POSIX, postfix, pp, pragma, pre-
             cedence, prefix, preprocessing, procedure, process,
             program generator, progressive matching, property,
             protocol, prototype, pseudofunction, pseudohash,
             pseudoliteral, public domain, pumpkin, pumpking, PV

         Q   qualified, quantifier

         R   readable, reaping, record, recursion, reference,
             referent, regex, regular expression, regular expres-
             sion modifier, regular file, relational operator,
             reserved words, return value, RFC, right shift,
             root, RTFM, run phase, run time, run-time pattern,
             RV, rvalue

         S   scalar, scalar context, scalar literal, scalar
             value, scalar variable, scope, scratchpad, script,
             script kiddie, sed, semaphore, separator, serializa-
             tion, server, service, setgid, setuid, shared
             memory, shebang, shell, side effects, signal, signal
             handler, single inheritance, slice, slurp, socket,
             soft reference, source filter, stack, standard,
             standard error, standard I/O, standard input, stan-
             dard output, stat structure, statement, statement
             modifier, static, static method, static scoping,
             static variable, status, STDERR, STDIN, STDIO,
             STDOUT, stream, string, string context, stringifica-
             tion, struct, structure, subclass, subpattern, sub-
             routine, subscript, substitution, substring, super-
             class, superuser, SV, switch, switch cluster, switch

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          49

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

             statement, symbol, symbol table, symbolic debugger,
             symbolic link, symbolic reference, synchronous, syn-
             tactic sugar, syntax, syntax tree, syscall

         T   tainted, TCP, term, terminator, ternary, text,
             thread, tie, TMTOWTDI, token, tokener, tokenizing,
             toolbox approach, transliterate, trigger, trinary,
             troff, true, truncating, type, type casting, typed
             lexical, typedef, typeglob, typemap

         U   UDP, UID, umask, unary operator, Unicode, Unix

         V   value, variable, variable interpolation, variadic,
             vector, virtual, void context, v-string

         W   warning, watch expression, whitespace, word, working
             directory, wrapper, WYSIWYG

         X   XS, XSUB

         Y   yacc

         Z   zero width, zombie

     AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

     perlembed - how to embed perl in your C program

     DESCRIPTION
         PREAMBLE
             Use C from Perl?, Use a Unix program from Perl?, Use
             Perl from Perl?, Use C from C?, Use Perl from C?

         ROADMAP
         Compiling your C program
         Adding a Perl interpreter to your C program
         Calling a Perl subroutine from your C program
         Evaluating a Perl statement from your C program
         Performing Perl pattern matches and substitutions from your C
          program
         Fiddling with the Perl stack from your C program
         Maintaining a persistent interpreter
         Execution of END blocks
         Maintaining multiple interpreter instances
         Using Perl modules, which themselves use C libraries, from
          your C program
     Embedding Perl under Win32
     Hiding Perl_
     MORAL
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          50

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     perldebguts - Guts of Perl debugging

     DESCRIPTION
     Debugger Internals
         Writing Your Own Debugger
     Frame Listing Output Examples
     Debugging regular expressions
         Compile-time output
             "anchored" STRING "at" POS, "floating" STRING "at"
             POS1..POS2, "matching floating/anchored", "minlen",
             "stclass" TYPE, "noscan", "isall", "GPOS", "plus",
             "implicit", "with eval", "anchored(TYPE)"

         Types of nodes
         Run-time output
     Debugging Perl memory usage
         Using $ENV{PERL_DEBUG_MSTATS}
             "buckets SMALLEST(APPROX)..GREATEST(APPROX)",
             Free/Used, "Total sbrk(): SBRKed/SBRKs:CONTINUOUS",
             "pad: 0", "heads: 2192", "chain: 0", "tail: 6144"

     SEE ALSO

     perlxstut, perlXStut - Tutorial for writing XSUBs

     DESCRIPTION
     SPECIAL NOTES
         make
         Version caveat
         Dynamic Loading versus Static Loading
     TUTORIAL
         EXAMPLE 1
         EXAMPLE 2
         What has gone on?
         Writing good test scripts
         EXAMPLE 3
         What's new here?
         Input and Output Parameters
         The XSUBPP Program
         The TYPEMAP file
         Warning about Output Arguments
         EXAMPLE 4
         What has happened here?
         Anatomy of .xs file
         Getting the fat out of XSUBs
         More about XSUB arguments
         The Argument Stack
         Extending your Extension
         Documenting your Extension
         Installing your Extension
         EXAMPLE 5
         New Things in this Example

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          51

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         EXAMPLE 6
         New Things in this Example
         EXAMPLE 7 (Coming Soon)
         EXAMPLE 8 (Coming Soon)
         EXAMPLE 9 Passing open files to XSes
         Troubleshooting these Examples
     See also
     Author
         Last Changed

     perlxs - XS language reference manual

     DESCRIPTION
         Introduction
         On The Road
         The Anatomy of an XSUB
         The Argument Stack
         The RETVAL Variable
         Returning SVs, AVs and HVs through RETVAL
         The MODULE Keyword
         The PACKAGE Keyword
         The PREFIX Keyword
         The OUTPUT: Keyword
         The NO_OUTPUT Keyword
         The CODE: Keyword
         The INIT: Keyword
         The NO_INIT Keyword
         Initializing Function Parameters
         Default Parameter Values
         The PREINIT: Keyword
         The SCOPE: Keyword
         The INPUT: Keyword
         The IN/OUTLIST/IN_OUTLIST/OUT/IN_OUT Keywords
         The "length(NAME)" Keyword
         Variable-length Parameter Lists
         The C_ARGS: Keyword
         The PPCODE: Keyword
         Returning Undef And Empty Lists
         The REQUIRE: Keyword
         The CLEANUP: Keyword
         The POSTCALL: Keyword
         The BOOT: Keyword
         The VERSIONCHECK: Keyword
         The PROTOTYPES: Keyword
         The PROTOTYPE: Keyword
         The ALIAS: Keyword
         The OVERLOAD: Keyword
         The FALLBACK: Keyword
         The INTERFACE: Keyword
         The INTERFACE_MACRO: Keyword
         The INCLUDE: Keyword
         The CASE: Keyword

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          52

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         The & Unary Operator
         Inserting POD, Comments and C Preprocessor Directives
         Using XS With C++
         Interface Strategy
         Perl Objects And C Structures
         The Typemap
         Safely Storing Static Data in XS
             MY_CXT_KEY, typedef my_cxt_t, START_MY_CXT,
             MY_CXT_INIT, dMY_CXT, MY_CXT

     EXAMPLES
     XS VERSION
     AUTHOR

     perlclib - Internal replacements for standard C library
     functions

     DESCRIPTION
         Conventions
             "t", "p", "n", "s"

         File Operations
         File Input and Output
         File Positioning
         Memory Management and String Handling
         Character Class Tests
         stdlib.h functions
         Miscellaneous functions
     SEE ALSO

     perlguts - Introduction to the Perl API

     DESCRIPTION
     Variables
         Datatypes
         What is an "IV"?
         Working with SVs
         Offsets
         What's Really Stored in an SV?
         Working with AVs
         Working with HVs
         Hash API Extensions
         AVs, HVs and undefined values
         References
         Blessed References and Class Objects
         Creating New Variables
             GV_ADDMULTI, GV_ADDWARN

         Reference Counts and Mortality
         Stashes and Globs
         Double-Typed SVs
         Magic Variables

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          53

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Assigning Magic
         Magic Virtual Tables
         Finding Magic
         Understanding the Magic of Tied Hashes and Arrays
         Localizing changes
             "SAVEINT(int i)", "SAVEIV(IV i)", "SAVEI32(I32 i)",
             "SAVELONG(long i)", SAVESPTR(s), SAVEPPTR(p),
             "SAVEFREESV(SV *sv)", "SAVEMORTALIZESV(SV *sv)",
             "SAVEFREEOP(OP *op)", SAVEFREEPV(p), "SAVECLEARSV(SV
             *sv)", "SAVEDELETE(HV *hv, char *key, I32 length)",
             "SAVEDESTRUCTOR(DESTRUCTORFUNC_NOCONTEXT_t f, void
             *p)", "SAVEDESTRUCTOR_X(DESTRUCTORFUNC_t f, void
             *p)", "SAVESTACK_POS()", "SV* save_scalar(GV *gv)",
             "AV* save_ary(GV *gv)", "HV* save_hash(GV *gv)",
             "void save_item(SV *item)", "void save_list(SV
             **sarg, I32 maxsarg)", "SV* save_svref(SV **sptr)",
             "void save_aptr(AV **aptr)", "void save_hptr(HV
             **hptr)"

     Subroutines
         XSUBs and the Argument Stack
         Calling Perl Routines from within C Programs
         Memory Allocation
         PerlIO
         Putting a C value on Perl stack
         Scratchpads
         Scratchpads and recursion
     Compiled code
         Code tree
         Examining the tree
         Compile pass 1: check routines
         Compile pass 1a: constant folding
         Compile pass 2: context propagation
         Compile pass 3: peephole optimization
         Pluggable runops
     Examining internal data structures with the "dump" functions
     How multiple interpreters and concurrency are supported
         Background and PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT
         So what happened to dTHR?
         How do I use all this in extensions?
         Should I do anything special if I call perl from multiple
          threads?
         Future Plans and PERL_IMPLICIT_SYS
     Internal Functions
         A, p, d, s, n, r, f, M, o, x, m, X, E, b, others

         Formatted Printing of IVs, UVs, and NVs
         Pointer-To-Integer and Integer-To-Pointer
         Source Documentation
         Backwards compatibility
     Unicode Support
         What is Unicode, anyway?

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          54

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         How can I recognise a UTF-8 string?
         How does UTF-8 represent Unicode characters?
         How does Perl store UTF-8 strings?
         How do I convert a string to UTF-8?
         Is there anything else I need to know?
     Custom Operators
     AUTHORS
     SEE ALSO

     perlcall - Perl calling conventions from C

     DESCRIPTION
         An Error Handler, An Event Driven Program

     THE CALL_ FUNCTIONS
         call_sv, call_pv, call_method, call_argv

     FLAG VALUES
         G_VOID
         G_SCALAR
         G_ARRAY
         G_DISCARD
         G_NOARGS
         G_EVAL
         G_KEEPERR
         Determining the Context
     EXAMPLES
         No Parameters, Nothing returned
         Passing Parameters
         Returning a Scalar
         Returning a list of values
         Returning a list in a scalar context
         Returning Data from Perl via the parameter list
         Using G_EVAL
         Using G_KEEPERR
         Using call_sv
         Using call_argv
         Using call_method
         Using GIMME_V
         Using Perl to dispose of temporaries
         Strategies for storing Callback Context Information
             1. Ignore the problem - Allow only 1 callback, 2.
             Create a sequence of callbacks - hard wired limit,
             3. Use a parameter to map to the Perl callback

         Alternate Stack Manipulation
         Creating and calling an anonymous subroutine in C
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR
     DATE

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          55

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     perlapi - autogenerated documentation for the perl public
     API

     DESCRIPTION
     "Gimme" Values
         GIMME , GIMME_V , G_ARRAY , G_DISCARD , G_EVAL ,
         G_NOARGS , G_SCALAR , G_VOID

     Array Manipulation Functions
         AvFILL , av_clear , av_delete , av_exists , av_extend ,
         av_fetch , av_fill , av_len , av_make , av_pop , av_push
         , av_shift , av_store , av_undef , av_unshift , get_av ,
         newAV , sortsv

     Callback Functions
         call_argv , call_method , call_pv , call_sv , ENTER ,
         eval_pv , eval_sv , FREETMPS , LEAVE , SAVETMPS

     Character classes
         isALNUM , isALPHA , isDIGIT , isLOWER , isSPACE ,
         isUPPER , toLOWER , toUPPER

     Cloning an interpreter
         perl_clone

     CV Manipulation Functions
         CvSTASH , get_cv

     Embedding Functions
         cv_undef , load_module , nothreadhook , perl_alloc ,
         perl_construct , perl_destruct , perl_free , perl_parse
         , perl_run , require_pv

     Functions in file pp_pack.c
         packlist , pack_cat , unpackstring , unpack_str

     Global Variables
         PL_modglobal , PL_na , PL_sv_no , PL_sv_undef ,
         PL_sv_yes

     GV Functions
         GvSV , gv_fetchmeth , gv_fetchmethod ,
         gv_fetchmethod_autoload , gv_fetchmeth_autoload ,
         gv_stashpv , gv_stashpvn , gv_stashsv

     Handy Values
         Nullav , Nullch , Nullcv , Nullhv , Nullsv

     Hash Manipulation Functions
         get_hv , HEf_SVKEY , HeHASH , HeKEY , HeKLEN , HePV ,
         HeSVKEY , HeSVKEY_force , HeSVKEY_set , HeVAL , HvNAME ,
         hv_clear , hv_clear_placeholders , hv_delete ,

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          56

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         hv_delete_ent , hv_exists , hv_exists_ent , hv_fetch ,
         hv_fetch_ent , hv_iterinit , hv_iterkey , hv_iterkeysv ,
         hv_iternext , hv_iternextsv , hv_iternext_flags ,
         hv_iterval , hv_magic , hv_scalar , hv_store ,
         hv_store_ent , hv_undef , newHV

     Magical Functions
         mg_clear , mg_copy , mg_find , mg_free , mg_get ,
         mg_length , mg_magical , mg_set , SvGETMAGIC , SvLOCK ,
         SvSETMAGIC , SvSetMagicSV , SvSetMagicSV_nosteal ,
         SvSetSV , SvSetSV_nosteal , SvSHARE , SvUNLOCK

     Memory Management
         Copy , CopyD , Move , MoveD , Newx , Newxc , Newxz ,
         Poison , Renew , Renewc , Safefree , savepv , savepvn ,
         savesharedpv , savesvpv , StructCopy , Zero , ZeroD

     Miscellaneous Functions
         fbm_compile , fbm_instr , form , getcwd_sv , strEQ ,
         strGE , strGT , strLE , strLT , strNE , strnEQ , strnNE
         , sv_nolocking , sv_nosharing , sv_nounlocking

     Numeric functions
         grok_bin , grok_hex , grok_number , grok_numeric_radix ,
         grok_oct , scan_bin , scan_hex , scan_oct

     Optree Manipulation Functions
         cv_const_sv , newCONSTSUB , newXS

     Pad Data Structures
         pad_sv

     Stack Manipulation Macros
         dMARK , dORIGMARK , dSP , EXTEND , MARK , mPUSHi ,
         mPUSHn , mPUSHp , mPUSHu , mXPUSHi , mXPUSHn , mXPUSHp ,
         mXPUSHu , ORIGMARK , POPi , POPl , POPn , POPp ,
         POPpbytex , POPpx , POPs , PUSHi , PUSHMARK , PUSHmortal
         , PUSHn , PUSHp , PUSHs , PUSHu , PUTBACK , SP , SPAGAIN
         , XPUSHi , XPUSHmortal , XPUSHn , XPUSHp , XPUSHs ,
         XPUSHu , XSRETURN , XSRETURN_EMPTY , XSRETURN_IV ,
         XSRETURN_NO , XSRETURN_NV , XSRETURN_PV , XSRETURN_UNDEF
         , XSRETURN_UV , XSRETURN_YES , XST_mIV , XST_mNO ,
         XST_mNV , XST_mPV , XST_mUNDEF , XST_mYES

     SV Flags
         svtype , SVt_IV , SVt_NV , SVt_PV , SVt_PVAV , SVt_PVCV
         , SVt_PVHV , SVt_PVMG

     SV Manipulation Functions
         get_sv , looks_like_number , newRV_inc , newRV_noinc ,
         NEWSV , newSV , newSVhek , newSViv , newSVnv , newSVpv ,
         newSVpvf , newSVpvn , newSVpvn_share , newSVrv , newSVsv

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          57

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         , newSVuv , SvCUR , SvCUR_set , SvEND , SvGROW , SvIOK ,
         SvIOKp , SvIOK_notUV , SvIOK_off , SvIOK_on , SvIOK_only
         , SvIOK_only_UV , SvIOK_UV , SvIsCOW ,
         SvIsCOW_shared_hash , SvIV , SvIVX , SvIVx , SvIV_set ,
         SvLEN , SvLEN_set , SvMAGIC_set , SvNIOK , SvNIOKp ,
         SvNIOK_off , SvNOK , SvNOKp , SvNOK_off , SvNOK_on ,
         SvNOK_only , SvNV , SvNVX , SvNVx , SvNV_set , SvOK ,
         SvOOK , SvPOK , SvPOKp , SvPOK_off , SvPOK_on ,
         SvPOK_only , SvPOK_only_UTF8 , SvPV , SvPVbyte ,
         SvPVbytex , SvPVbytex_force , SvPVbyte_force ,
         SvPVbyte_nolen , SvPVutf8 , SvPVutf8x , SvPVutf8x_force
         , SvPVutf8_force , SvPVutf8_nolen , SvPVX , SvPVx ,
         SvPV_force , SvPV_force_nomg , SvPV_nolen , SvPV_set ,
         SvREFCNT , SvREFCNT_dec , SvREFCNT_inc , SvROK ,
         SvROK_off , SvROK_on , SvRV , SvRV_set , SvSTASH ,
         SvSTASH_set , SvTAINT , SvTAINTED , SvTAINTED_off ,
         SvTAINTED_on , SvTRUE , SvTYPE , SvUOK , SvUPGRADE ,
         SvUTF8 , SvUTF8_off , SvUTF8_on , SvUV , SvUVX , SvUVx ,
         SvUV_set , sv_2bool , sv_2cv , sv_2io , sv_2iv ,
         sv_2mortal , sv_2nv , sv_2pvbyte , sv_2pvbyte_nolen ,
         sv_2pvutf8 , sv_2pvutf8_nolen , sv_2pv_flags ,
         sv_2pv_nolen , sv_2uv , sv_backoff , sv_bless , sv_catpv
         , sv_catpvf , sv_catpvf_mg , sv_catpvn , sv_catpvn_flags
         , sv_catpvn_mg , sv_catpvn_nomg , sv_catpv_mg , sv_catsv
         , sv_catsv_flags , sv_catsv_mg , sv_catsv_nomg , sv_chop
         , sv_clear , sv_cmp , sv_cmp_locale , sv_collxfrm ,
         sv_copypv , sv_dec , sv_derived_from , sv_eq ,
         sv_force_normal , sv_force_normal_flags , sv_free ,
         sv_gets , sv_grow , sv_inc , sv_insert , sv_isa ,
         sv_isobject , sv_iv , sv_len , sv_len_utf8 , sv_magic ,
         sv_magicext , sv_mortalcopy , sv_newmortal , sv_newref ,
         sv_nv , sv_pos_b2u , sv_pos_u2b , sv_pv , sv_pvbyte ,
         sv_pvbyten , sv_pvbyten_force , sv_pvn , sv_pvn_force ,
         sv_pvn_force_flags , sv_pvutf8 , sv_pvutf8n ,
         sv_pvutf8n_force , sv_reftype , sv_replace ,
         sv_report_used , sv_reset , sv_rvweaken , sv_setiv ,
         sv_setiv_mg , sv_setnv , sv_setnv_mg , sv_setpv ,
         sv_setpvf , sv_setpvf_mg , sv_setpviv , sv_setpviv_mg ,
         sv_setpvn , sv_setpvn_mg , sv_setpv_mg , sv_setref_iv ,
         sv_setref_nv , sv_setref_pv , sv_setref_pvn ,
         sv_setref_uv , sv_setsv , sv_setsv_flags , sv_setsv_mg ,
         sv_setsv_nomg , sv_setuv , sv_setuv_mg , sv_taint ,
         sv_tainted , sv_true , sv_unmagic , sv_unref ,
         sv_unref_flags , sv_untaint , sv_upgrade , sv_usepvn ,
         sv_usepvn_mg , sv_utf8_decode , sv_utf8_downgrade ,
         sv_utf8_encode , sv_utf8_upgrade , sv_utf8_upgrade_flags
         , sv_uv , sv_vcatpvf , sv_vcatpvfn , sv_vcatpvf_mg ,
         sv_vsetpvf , sv_vsetpvfn , sv_vsetpvf_mg

     Unicode Support
         bytes_from_utf8 , bytes_to_utf8 , ibcmp_utf8 ,
         is_utf8_char , is_utf8_string , is_utf8_string_loc ,

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          58

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         is_utf8_string_loclen , pv_uni_display , sv_cat_decode ,
         sv_recode_to_utf8 , sv_uni_display , to_utf8_case ,
         to_utf8_fold , to_utf8_lower , to_utf8_title ,
         to_utf8_upper , utf8n_to_uvchr , utf8n_to_uvuni ,
         utf8_distance , utf8_hop , utf8_length , utf8_to_bytes ,
         utf8_to_uvchr , utf8_to_uvuni , uvchr_to_utf8 ,
         uvuni_to_utf8_flags

     Variables created by "xsubpp" and "xsubpp" internal functions
         ax , CLASS , dAX , dAXMARK , dITEMS , dXSARGS , dXSI32 ,
         items , ix , newXSproto , RETVAL , ST , THIS , XS ,
         XS_VERSION , XS_VERSION_BOOTCHECK

     Warning and Dieing
         croak , warn

     AUTHORS
     SEE ALSO

     perlintern - autogenerated documentation of purely internal
     Perl functions

     DESCRIPTION
     CV reference counts and CvOUTSIDE
         CvWEAKOUTSIDE

     Functions in file pad.h
         CX_CURPAD_SAVE , CX_CURPAD_SV , PAD_BASE_SV ,
         PAD_CLONE_VARS , PAD_COMPNAME_FLAGS , PAD_COMPNAME_GEN ,
         PAD_COMPNAME_GEN_set , PAD_COMPNAME_OURSTASH ,
         PAD_COMPNAME_PV , PAD_COMPNAME_TYPE , PAD_DUP ,
         PAD_RESTORE_LOCAL , PAD_SAVE_LOCAL , PAD_SAVE_SETNULLPAD
         , PAD_SETSV , PAD_SET_CUR , PAD_SET_CUR_NOSAVE , PAD_SV
         , PAD_SVl , SAVECLEARSV , SAVECOMPPAD , SAVEPADSV

     Functions in file pp_ctl.c
         find_runcv

     Global Variables
         PL_DBsingle , PL_DBsub , PL_DBtrace , PL_dowarn ,
         PL_last_in_gv , PL_ofs_sv , PL_rs

     GV Functions
         is_gv_magical

     IO Functions
         start_glob

     Pad Data Structures
         CvPADLIST , cv_clone , cv_dump , do_dump_pad , intro_my
         , pad_add_anon , pad_add_name , pad_alloc ,
         pad_block_start , pad_check_dup , pad_findlex ,

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          59

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         pad_findmy , pad_fixup_inner_anons , pad_free ,
         pad_leavemy , pad_new , pad_push , pad_reset , pad_setsv
         , pad_swipe , pad_tidy , pad_undef

     Stack Manipulation Macros
         djSP , LVRET

     SV Manipulation Functions
         report_uninit , sv_add_arena , sv_clean_all ,
         sv_clean_objs , sv_free_arenas

     AUTHORS
     SEE ALSO

     perliol - C API for Perl's implementation of IO in Layers.

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         History and Background
         Basic Structure
         Layers vs Disciplines
         Data Structures
         Functions and Attributes
         Per-instance Data
         Layers in action.
         Per-instance flag bits
             PERLIO_F_EOF, PERLIO_F_CANWRITE,  PERLIO_F_CANREAD,
             PERLIO_F_ERROR, PERLIO_F_TRUNCATE, PERLIO_F_APPEND,
             PERLIO_F_CRLF, PERLIO_F_UTF8, PERLIO_F_UNBUF,
             PERLIO_F_WRBUF, PERLIO_F_RDBUF, PERLIO_F_LINEBUF,
             PERLIO_F_TEMP, PERLIO_F_OPEN, PERLIO_F_FASTGETS

         Methods in Detail
             fsize, name, size, kind, PERLIO_K_BUFFERED,
             PERLIO_K_RAW, PERLIO_K_CANCRLF, PERLIO_K_FASTGETS,
             PERLIO_K_MULTIARG, Pushed, Popped, Open, Binmode,
             Getarg, Fileno, Dup, Read, Write, Seek, Tell, Close,
             Flush, Fill, Eof, Error,    Clearerr, Setlinebuf,
             Get_base, Get_bufsiz, Get_ptr, Get_cnt, Set_ptrcnt

         Utilities
         Implementing PerlIO Layers
             C implementations, Perl implementations

         Core Layers
             "unix", "perlio", "stdio", "crlf", "mmap", "pend-
             ing", "raw", "utf8"

         Extension Layers
             ":encoding", ":scalar", ":via"

     TODO

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          60

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     perlapio - perl's IO abstraction interface.

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         1. USE_STDIO, 2. USE_SFIO, 3. USE_PERLIO,
         PerlIO_stdin(), PerlIO_stdout(), PerlIO_stderr(),
         PerlIO_open(path, mode), PerlIO_fdopen(fd,mode),
         PerlIO_reopen(path,mode,f), PerlIO_printf(f,fmt,...),
         PerlIO_vprintf(f,fmt,a), PerlIO_stdoutf(fmt,...),
         PerlIO_read(f,buf,count), PerlIO_write(f,buf,count),
         PerlIO_close(f), PerlIO_puts(f,s), PerlIO_putc(f,c),
         PerlIO_ungetc(f,c), PerlIO_getc(f), PerlIO_eof(f),
         PerlIO_error(f), PerlIO_fileno(f), PerlIO_clearerr(f),
         PerlIO_flush(f), PerlIO_seek(f,offset,whence),
         PerlIO_tell(f), PerlIO_getpos(f,p), PerlIO_setpos(f,p),
         PerlIO_rewind(f), PerlIO_tmpfile(), PerlIO_setlinebuf(f)

         Co-existence with stdio
             PerlIO_importFILE(f,mode),
             PerlIO_exportFILE(f,mode), PerlIO_releaseFILE(p,f),
             PerlIO_findFILE(f)

         "Fast gets" Functions
             PerlIO_fast_gets(f), PerlIO_has_cntptr(f),
             PerlIO_get_cnt(f), PerlIO_get_ptr(f),
             PerlIO_set_ptrcnt(f,p,c), PerlIO_canset_cnt(f),
             PerlIO_set_cnt(f,c), PerlIO_has_base(f),
             PerlIO_get_base(f), PerlIO_get_bufsiz(f)

         Other Functions
             PerlIO_apply_layers(f,mode,layers),
             PerlIO_binmode(f,ptype,imode,layers), '<' read, '>'
             write, '+' read/write, PerlIO_debug(fmt,...)

     perlhack - How to hack at the Perl internals

     DESCRIPTION
         Does concept match the general goals of Perl?, Where is
         the implementation?, Backwards compatibility, Could it
         be a module instead?, Is the feature generic enough?,
         Does it potentially introduce new bugs?, Does it pre-
         clude other desirable features?, Is the implementation
         robust?, Is the implementation generic enough to be
         portable?, Is the implementation tested?, Is there
         enough documentation?, Is there another way to do it?,
         Does it create too much work?, Patches speak louder than
         words

         Keeping in sync
             rsync'ing the source tree, Using rsync over the LAN,
             Using pushing over the NFS, rsync'ing the patches

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          61

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Why rsync the source tree
             It's easier to rsync the source tree, It's more
             reliable

         Why rsync the patches
             It's easier to rsync the patches, It's a good refer-
             ence, Finding a start point, Finding how to fix a
             bug, Finding the source of misbehaviour

         Working with the source
         Perlbug administration
         Submitting patches
             perlguts, perlxstut and perlxs, perlapi,
             Porting/pumpkin.pod, The perl5-porters FAQ

         Finding Your Way Around
             Core modules, Tests, Documentation, Configure,
             Interpreter

         Elements of the interpreter
             Startup, Parsing, Optimization, Running, Exception
             handing

         Internal Variable Types
         Op Trees
         Stacks
             Argument stack, Mark stack, Save stack

         Millions of Macros
         The .i Targets
         Poking at Perl
         Using a source-level debugger
             run [args], break function_name, break source.c:xxx,
             step, next, continue, finish, 'enter', print

         gdb macro support
         Dumping Perl Data Structures
         Patching
         Patching a core module
         Adding a new function to the core
         Writing a test
             t/base/, t/cmd/, t/comp/, t/io/, t/lib/, t/op/,
             t/pod/, t/run/, t/uni/, t/win32/, t/x2p, t/base
             t/comp, t/cmd t/run t/io t/op, t/lib ext lib

         Special Make Test Targets
             coretest, test.deparse, test.taintwarn, minitest,
             test.valgrind check.valgrind utest.valgrind
             ucheck.valgrind, test.third check.third utest.third
             ucheck.third, test.torture torturetest, utest ucheck
             test.utf8 check.utf8, minitest.utf16 test.utf16,
             test_harness, test-notty test_notty

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          62

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Running tests by hand
             -v, -torture, -re=PATTERN, -re LIST OF PATTERNS,
             PERL_CORE=1, PERL_DESTRUCT_LEVEL=2, PERL,
             PERL_SKIP_TTY_TEST

     EXTERNAL TOOLS FOR DEBUGGING PERL
         Rational Software's Purify
         Purify on Unix
             -Accflags=-DPURIFY, -Doptimize='-g', -Uusemymalloc,
             -Dusemultiplicity

         Purify on NT
             DEFINES, USE_MULTI = define, #PERL_MALLOC = define,
             CFG = Debug

         valgrind
         Compaq's/Digital's/HP's Third Degree
         PERL_DESTRUCT_LEVEL
         Profiling
         Gprof Profiling
             -a, -b, -e routine, -f routine, -s, -z

         GCC gcov Profiling
         Pixie Profiling
             -h, -l, -p[rocedures], -h[eavy], -i[nvocations],
             -l[ines], -testcoverage, -z[ero]

         Miscellaneous tricks
         CONCLUSION
             The Road goes ever on and on, down from the door
             where it began.

     AUTHOR

     perlbook - Perl book information

     DESCRIPTION

     perltodo - Perl TO-DO List

     DESCRIPTION
     The roadmap to 5.10
         Needed for a 5.9.4 release
         Needed for a 5.9.5 release
             Implement "_ prototype character", Implement "state
             variables"

         Needed for a 5.9.6 release
     Tasks that only need Perl knowledge
         common test code for timed bail out
         POD -> HTML conversion in the core still sucks
         Parallel testing

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          63

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Make Schwern poorer
         Improve the coverage of the core tests
         test B
         A decent benchmark
         fix tainting bugs
         Dual life everything
         Improving "threads::shared"
         POSIX memory footprint
     Tasks that need a little sysadmin-type knowledge
         Relocatable perl
         make HTML install work
         compressed man pages
         Add a code coverage target to the Makefile
         Make Config.pm cope with differences between build and
          installed perl
         make parallel builds work
         linker specification files
     Tasks that need a little C knowledge
         Make it clear from -v if this is the exact official release
         Tidy up global variables
         Ordering of "global" variables.
         bincompat functions
         am I hot or not?
         emulate the per-thread memory pool on Unix
         reduce duplication in sv_setsv_flags
     Tasks that need a knowledge of XS
         IPv6
         shrink "GV"s, "CV"s
         merge Perl_sv_2[inpu]v
         UTF8 caching code
         Implicit Latin 1 => Unicode translation
         autovivification
         Unicode in Filenames
         Unicode in %ENV
         use less 'memory'
         Re-
             implement ":unique" in a way that is actually thread-
             safe
         Make tainting consistent
         readpipe(LIST)
     Tasks that need a knowledge of the interpreter
         lexical pragmas
         Attach/detach debugger from running program
         Constant folding
         LVALUE functions for lists
         LVALUE functions in the debugger
         _ prototype character
         state variables
         @INC source filter to Filter::Simple
         regexp optimiser optional
         UNITCHECK
         optional optimizer

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          64

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         You WANT *how* many
         lexical aliases
         entersub XS vs Perl
         Self ties
         Optimize away @_
         What hooks would assertions need?
     Big projects
         make ithreads more robust
         iCOW
         (?{...}) closures in regexps
         A re-entrant regexp engine

     perldoc - Look up Perl documentation in Pod format.

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     OPTIONS
         -h, -v, -t, -u, -m module, -l, -F, -f perlfunc, -q
         perlfaq-search-regexp, -T, -d destination-filename, -o
         output-formatname, -M module-name, -w option:value or -w
         option, -X, PageName|ModuleName|ProgramName, -n some-
         formatter, -r, -i, -V

     SECURITY
     ENVIRONMENT
     AUTHOR

     perlhist - the Perl history records

     DESCRIPTION
     INTRODUCTION
     THE KEEPERS OF THE PUMPKIN
         PUMPKIN?
     THE RECORDS
         SELECTED RELEASE SIZES
         SELECTED PATCH SIZES
     THE KEEPERS OF THE RECORDS

     perldelta - what is new for perl v5.8.8

     DESCRIPTION
     Incompatible Changes
     Core Enhancements
     Modules and Pragmata
     Utility Changes
         "h2xs" enhancements
         "perlivp" enhancements
     New Documentation
     Performance Enhancements
     Installation and Configuration Improvements
     Selected Bug Fixes
         no warnings 'category' works correctly with -w

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          65

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Remove over-optimisation
         sprintf() fixes
         Debugger and Unicode slowdown
         Smaller fixes
     New or Changed Diagnostics
         Attempt to set length of freed array
         Non-string passed as bitmask
         Search pattern not terminated or ternary operator parsed as
          search pattern
     Changed Internals
     Platform Specific Problems
     Reporting Bugs
     SEE ALSO

     perl588delta, perldelta - what is new for perl v5.8.8

     DESCRIPTION
     Incompatible Changes
     Core Enhancements
     Modules and Pragmata
     Utility Changes
         "h2xs" enhancements
         "perlivp" enhancements
     New Documentation
     Performance Enhancements
     Installation and Configuration Improvements
     Selected Bug Fixes
         no warnings 'category' works correctly with -w
         Remove over-optimisation
         sprintf() fixes
         Debugger and Unicode slowdown
         Smaller fixes
     New or Changed Diagnostics
         Attempt to set length of freed array
         Non-string passed as bitmask
         Search pattern not terminated or ternary operator parsed as
          search pattern
     Changed Internals
     Platform Specific Problems
     Reporting Bugs
     SEE ALSO

     perl587delta, perldelta - what is new for perl v5.8.7

     DESCRIPTION
     Incompatible Changes
     Core Enhancements
         Unicode Character Database 4.1.0
         suidperl less insecure
         Optional site customization script
         "Config.pm" is now much smaller.
     Modules and Pragmata

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          66

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Utility Changes
         find2perl enhancements
     Performance Enhancements
     Installation and Configuration Improvements
     Selected Bug Fixes
     New or Changed Diagnostics
     Changed Internals
     Known Problems
     Platform Specific Problems
     Reporting Bugs
     SEE ALSO

     perl586delta - what is new for perl v5.8.6

     DESCRIPTION
     Incompatible Changes
     Core Enhancements
     Modules and Pragmata
     Utility Changes
     Performance Enhancements
     Selected Bug Fixes
     New or Changed Diagnostics
     Changed Internals
     New Tests
     Reporting Bugs
     SEE ALSO

     perl585delta - what is new for perl v5.8.5

     DESCRIPTION
     Incompatible Changes
     Core Enhancements
     Modules and Pragmata
     Utility Changes
         Perl's debugger
         h2ph
     Installation and Configuration Improvements
     Selected Bug Fixes
     New or Changed Diagnostics
     Changed Internals
     Known Problems
     Platform Specific Problems
     Reporting Bugs
     SEE ALSO

     perl584delta - what is new for perl v5.8.4

     DESCRIPTION
     Incompatible Changes
     Core Enhancements
         Malloc wrapping
         Unicode Character Database 4.0.1

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          67

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         suidperl less insecure
         format
     Modules and Pragmata
         Updated modules
             Attribute::Handlers, B, Benchmark, CGI, Carp, Cwd,
             Exporter, File::Find, IO, IPC::Open3,
             Local::Maketext, Math::BigFloat, Math::BigInt,
             Math::BigRat, MIME::Base64, ODBM_File, POSIX, Shell,
             Socket, Storable, Switch, Sys::Syslog,
             Term::ANSIColor, Time::HiRes, Unicode::UCD, Win32,
             base, open, threads, utf8

     Performance Enhancements
     Utility Changes
     Installation and Configuration Improvements
     Selected Bug Fixes
     New or Changed Diagnostics
     Changed Internals
     Future Directions
     Platform Specific Problems
     Reporting Bugs
     SEE ALSO

     perl583delta - what is new for perl v5.8.3

     DESCRIPTION
     Incompatible Changes
     Core Enhancements
     Modules and Pragmata
         CGI, Cwd, Digest, Digest::MD5, Encode, File::Spec, Find-
         Bin, List::Util, Math::BigInt, PodParser, Pod::Perldoc,
         POSIX, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Normalize,
         Test::Harness, threads::shared

     Utility Changes
     New Documentation
     Installation and Configuration Improvements
     Selected Bug Fixes
     New or Changed Diagnostics
     Changed Internals
     Configuration and Building
     Platform Specific Problems
     Known Problems
     Future Directions
     Obituary
     Reporting Bugs
     SEE ALSO

     perl582delta - what is new for perl v5.8.2

     DESCRIPTION
     Incompatible Changes

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          68

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Core Enhancements
         Hash Randomisation
         Threading
     Modules and Pragmata
         Updated Modules And Pragmata
             Devel::PPPort, Digest::MD5, I18N::LangTags, libnet,
             MIME::Base64, Pod::Perldoc, strict, Tie::Hash,
             Time::HiRes, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Normalize,
             UNIVERSAL

     Selected Bug Fixes
     Changed Internals
     Platform Specific Problems
     Future Directions
     Reporting Bugs
     SEE ALSO

     perl581delta - what is new for perl v5.8.1

     DESCRIPTION
     Incompatible Changes
         Hash Randomisation
         UTF-8 On Filehandles No Longer Activated By Locale
         Single-
             number v-strings are no longer v-strings before "=>"
         (Win32) The -C Switch Has Been Repurposed
         (Win32) The /d Switch Of cmd.exe
     Core Enhancements
         UTF-8 no longer default under UTF-8 locales
         Unsafe signals again available
         Tied Arrays with Negative Array Indices
         local ${$x}
         Unicode Character Database 4.0.0
         Deprecation Warnings
         Miscellaneous Enhancements
     Modules and Pragmata
         Updated Modules And Pragmata
             base, B::Bytecode, B::Concise, B::Deparse, Bench-
             mark, ByteLoader, bytes, CGI, charnames, CPAN,
             Data::Dumper, DB_File, Devel::PPPort, Digest::MD5,
             Encode, fields, libnet, Math::BigInt, MIME::Base64,
             NEXT, Net::Ping, PerlIO::scalar, podlators,
             Pod::LaTeX, PodParsers, Pod::Perldoc, Scalar::Util,
             Storable, strict, Term::ANSIcolor, Test::Harness,
             Test::More, Test::Simple, Text::Balanced,
             Time::HiRes, threads, threads::shared,
             Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Normalize,
             Win32::GetFolderPath, Win32::GetOSVersion

     Utility Changes
     New Documentation
     Installation and Configuration Improvements

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          69

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Platform-specific enhancements
     Selected Bug Fixes
         Closures, eval and lexicals
         Generic fixes
         Platform-specific fixes
     New or Changed Diagnostics
         Changed "A thread exited while %d threads were running"
         Removed "Attempt to clear a restricted hash"
         New "Illegal declaration of anonymous subroutine"
         Changed "Invalid range "%s" in transliteration operator"
         New "Missing control char name in \c"
         New "Newline in left-justified string for %s"
         New "Possible precedence problem on bitwise %c operator"
         New "Pseudo-hashes are deprecated"
         New "read() on %s filehandle %s"
         New "5.005 threads are deprecated"
         New "Tied variable freed while still in use"
         New "To%s: illegal mapping '%s'"
         New "Use of freed value in iteration"
     Changed Internals
     New Tests
     Known Problems
         Tied hashes in scalar context
         Net::Ping 450_service and 510_ping_udp failures
         B::C
     Platform Specific Problems
         EBCDIC Platforms
         Cygwin 1.5 problems
         HP-UX: HP cc warnings about sendfile and sendpath
         IRIX: t/uni/tr_7jis.t falsely failing
         Mac OS X: no usemymalloc
         Tru64: No threaded builds with GNU cc (gcc)
         Win32: sysopen, sysread, syswrite
     Future Directions
     Reporting Bugs
     SEE ALSO

     perl58delta - what is new for perl v5.8.0

     DESCRIPTION
     Highlights In 5.8.0
     Incompatible Changes
         Binary Incompatibility
         64-bit platforms and malloc
         AIX Dynaloading
         Attributes for "my" variables now handled at run-time
         Socket Extension Dynamic in VMS
         IEEE-format Floating Point Default on OpenVMS Alpha
         New Unicode Semantics (no more "use utf8", almost)
         New Unicode Properties
         REF(...) Instead Of SCALAR(...)
         pack/unpack D/F recycled

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          70

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         glob() now returns filenames in alphabetical order
         Deprecations
     Core Enhancements
         Unicode Overhaul
         PerlIO is Now The Default
         ithreads
         Restricted Hashes
         Safe Signals
         Understanding of Numbers
         Arrays now always interpolate into double-quoted strings
          [561]
         Miscellaneous Changes
     Modules and Pragmata
         New Modules and Pragmata
         Updated And Improved Modules and Pragmata
     Utility Changes
     New Documentation
     Performance Enhancements
     Installation and Configuration Improvements
         Generic Improvements
         New Or Improved Platforms
     Selected Bug Fixes
         Platform Specific Changes and Fixes
     New or Changed Diagnostics
     Changed Internals
     Security Vulnerability Closed [561]
     New Tests
     Known Problems
         The Compiler Suite Is Still Very Experimental
         Localising Tied Arrays and Hashes Is Broken
         Building Extensions Can Fail Because Of Largefiles
         Modifying $_ Inside for(..)
         mod_perl 1.26 Doesn't Build With Threaded Perl
         lib/ftmp-security tests warn 'system possibly insecure'
         libwww-perl (LWP) fails base/date #51
         PDL failing some tests
         Perl_get_sv
         Self-tying Problems
         ext/threads/t/libc
         Failure of Thread (5.005-style) tests
         Timing problems
         Tied/Magical Array/Hash Elements Do Not Autovivify
         Unicode in package/class and subroutine names does not work
     Platform Specific Problems
         AIX
         Alpha systems with old gccs fail several tests
         AmigaOS
         BeOS
         Cygwin "unable to remap"
         Cygwin ndbm tests fail on FAT
         DJGPP Failures
         FreeBSD built with ithreads coredumps reading large direc-

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          71

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

          tories
         FreeBSD Failing locale Test 117 For ISO 8859-15 Locales
         IRIX fails ext/List/Util/t/shuffle.t or Digest::MD5
         HP-UX lib/posix Subtest 9 Fails When LP64-Configured
         Linux with glibc 2.2.5 fails t/op/int subtest #6 with
          -Duse64bitint
         Linux With Sfio Fails op/misc Test 48
         Mac OS X
         Mac OS X dyld undefined symbols
         OS/2 Test Failures
         op/sprintf tests 91, 129, and 130
         SCO
         Solaris 2.5
         Solaris x86 Fails Tests With -Duse64bitint
         SUPER-UX (NEC SX)
         Term::ReadKey not working on Win32
         UNICOS/mk
         UTS
         VOS (Stratus)
         VMS
         Win32
         XML::Parser not working
         z/OS (OS/390)
         Unicode Support on EBCDIC Still Spotty
         Seen In Perl 5.7 But Gone Now
     Reporting Bugs
     SEE ALSO
     HISTORY

     perl573delta - what's new for perl v5.7.3

     DESCRIPTION
     Changes
     Reporting Bugs
     SEE ALSO
     HISTORY

     perl572delta - what's new for perl v5.7.2

     DESCRIPTION
     Security Vulnerability Closed
     Incompatible Changes
         64-bit platforms and malloc
         AIX Dynaloading
         Socket Extension Dynamic in VMS
         Different Definition of the Unicode Character Classes
          \p{In...}
         Deprecations
     Core Enhancements
     Modules and Pragmata
         New Modules and Distributions
         Updated And Improved Modules and Pragmata

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          72

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Utility Changes
     New Documentation
     Installation and Configuration Improvements
         New Or Improved Platforms
         Generic Improvements
     Selected Bug Fixes
         Platform Specific Changes and Fixes
     New or Changed Diagnostics
     Source Code Enhancements
         MAGIC constants
         Better commented code
         Regex pre-/post-compilation items matched up
         gcc -Wall
     New Tests
     Known Problems
         AIX
         Amiga Perl Invoking Mystery
         lib/ftmp-security tests warn 'system possibly insecure'
         Cygwin intermittent failures of lib/Memoize/t/expire_file 11
          and 12
         HP-UX lib/io_multihomed Fails When LP64-Configured
         HP-UX lib/posix Subtest 9 Fails When LP64-Configured
         Linux With Sfio Fails op/misc Test 48
         OS/390
         op/sprintf tests 129 and 130
         Failure of Thread tests
         UNICOS
         UTS
         VMS
         Win32
         Localising a Tied Variable Leaks Memory
         Self-tying of Arrays and Hashes Is Forbidden
         Variable Attributes are not Currently Usable for Tieing
         Building Extensions Can Fail Because Of Largefiles
         The Compiler Suite Is Still Experimental
         The Long Double Support is Still Experimental
     Reporting Bugs
     SEE ALSO
     HISTORY

     perl571delta - what's new for perl v5.7.1

     DESCRIPTION
     Security Vulnerability Closed
     Incompatible Changes
     Core Enhancements
         AUTOLOAD Is Now Lvaluable
         PerlIO is Now The Default
         Signals Are Now Safe
     Modules and Pragmata
         New Modules
         Updated And Improved Modules and Pragmata

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          73

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Performance Enhancements
     Utility Changes
     New Documentation
         perlclib
         perliol
         README.aix
         README.bs2000
         README.macos
         README.mpeix
         README.solaris
         README.vos
         Porting/repository.pod
     Installation and Configuration Improvements
         New Or Improved Platforms
         Generic Improvements
             d_cmsghdr, d_fcntl_can_lock, d_fsync, d_getitimer,
             d_getpagsz, d_msghdr_s, need_va_copy, d_readv,
             d_recvmsg, d_sendmsg, sig_size, d_sockatmark,
             d_strtoq, d_u32align, d_ualarm, d_usleep

     Selected Bug Fixes
         Platform Specific Changes and Fixes
     New or Changed Diagnostics
     Changed Internals
     New Tests
     Known Problems
         AIX vac 5.0.0.0 May Produce Buggy Code For Perl
         lib/ftmp-security tests warn 'system possibly insecure'
         lib/io_multihomed Fails In LP64-Configured HP-UX
         Test lib/posix Subtest 9 Fails In LP64-Configured HP-UX
         lib/b test 19
         Linux With Sfio Fails op/misc Test 48
         sigaction test 13 in VMS
         sprintf tests 129 and 130
         Failure of Thread tests
         Localising a Tied Variable Leaks Memory
         Self-tying of Arrays and Hashes Is Forbidden
         Building Extensions Can Fail Because Of Largefiles
         The Compiler Suite Is Still Experimental
     Reporting Bugs
     SEE ALSO
     HISTORY

     perl570delta - what's new for perl v5.7.0

     DESCRIPTION
     Security Vulnerability Closed
     Incompatible Changes
     Core Enhancements
     Modules and Pragmata
         New Modules
         Updated And Improved Modules and Pragmata

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          74

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Utility Changes
     New Documentation
     Performance Enhancements
     Installation and Configuration Improvements
         Generic Improvements
     Selected Bug Fixes
         Platform Specific Changes and Fixes
     New or Changed Diagnostics
     Changed Internals
     Known Problems
         Unicode Support Still Far From Perfect
         EBCDIC Still A Lost Platform
         Building Extensions Can Fail Because Of Largefiles
         ftmp-security tests warn 'system possibly insecure'
         Test lib/posix Subtest 9 Fails In LP64-Configured HP-UX
         Long Doubles Still Don't Work In Solaris
         Linux With Sfio Fails op/misc Test 48
         Storable tests fail in some platforms
         Threads Are Still Experimental
         The Compiler Suite Is Still Experimental
     Reporting Bugs
     SEE ALSO
     HISTORY

     perl561delta - what's new for perl v5.6.x

     DESCRIPTION
     Summary of changes between 5.6.0 and 5.6.1
         Security Issues
         Core bug fixes
             "UNIVERSAL::isa()", Memory leaks, Numeric conver-
             sions, qw(a\\b), caller(), Bugs in regular expres-
             sions, "slurp" mode, Autovivification of symbolic
             references to special variables, Lexical warnings,
             Spurious warnings and errors, glob(), Tainting,
             sort(), #line directives, Subroutine prototypes,
             map(), Debugger, PERL5OPT, chop(), Unicode support,
             64-bit support, Compiler, Lvalue subroutines,
             IO::Socket, File::Find, xsubpp, "no Module;", Tests

         Core features
         Configuration issues
         Documentation
         Bundled modules
             B::Concise, File::Temp, Pod::LaTeX,
             Pod::Text::Overstrike, CGI, CPAN, Class::Struct,
             DB_File, Devel::Peek, File::Find, Getopt::Long,
             IO::Poll, IPC::Open3, Math::BigFloat, Math::Complex,
             Net::Ping, Opcode, Pod::Parser, Pod::Text,
             SDBM_File, Sys::Syslog, Tie::RefHash,
             Tie::SubstrHash

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          75

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Platform-specific improvements
             NCR MP-RAS, NonStop-UX

     Core Enhancements
         Interpreter cloning, threads, and concurrency
         Lexically scoped warning categories
         Unicode and UTF-8 support
         Support for interpolating named characters
         "our" declarations
         Support for strings represented as a vector of ordinals
         Improved Perl version numbering system
         New syntax for declaring subroutine attributes
         File and directory handles can be autovivified
         open() with more than two arguments
         64-bit support
         Large file support
         Long doubles
         "more bits"
         Enhanced support for sort() subroutines
         "sort $coderef @foo" allowed
         File globbing implemented internally
         Support for CHECK blocks
         POSIX character class syntax [: :] supported
         Better pseudo-random number generator
         Improved "qw//" operator
         Better worst-case behavior of hashes
         pack() format 'Z' supported
         pack() format modifier '!' supported
         pack() and unpack() support counted strings
         Comments in pack() templates
         Weak references
         Binary numbers supported
         Lvalue subroutines
         Some arrows may be omitted in calls through references
         Boolean assignment operators are legal lvalues
         exists() is supported on subroutine names
         exists() and delete() are supported on array elements
         Pseudo-hashes work better
         Automatic flushing of output buffers
         Better diagnostics on meaningless filehandle operations
         Where possible, buffered data discarded from duped input
          filehandle
         eof() has the same old magic as <>
         binmode() can be used to set :crlf and :raw modes
         "-T" filetest recognizes UTF-8 encoded files as "text"
         system(), backticks and pipe open now reflect exec() failure
         Improved diagnostics
         Diagnostics follow STDERR
         More consistent close-on-exec behavior
         syswrite() ease-of-use
         Better syntax checks on parenthesized unary operators
         Bit operators support full native integer width

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          76

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Improved security features
         More functional bareword prototype (*)
         "require" and "do" may be overridden
         $^X variables may now have names longer than one character
         New variable $^C reflects "-c" switch
         New variable $^V contains Perl version as a string
         Optional Y2K warnings
         Arrays now always interpolate into double-quoted strings
         @- and @+ provide starting/ending offsets of regex submatches
     Modules and Pragmata
         Modules
             attributes, B, Benchmark, ByteLoader, constant,
             charnames, Data::Dumper, DB, DB_File, Devel::DProf,
             Devel::Peek, Dumpvalue, DynaLoader, English, Env,
             Fcntl, File::Compare, File::Find, File::Glob,
             File::Spec, File::Spec::Functions, Getopt::Long, IO,
             JPL, lib, Math::BigInt, Math::Complex, Math::Trig,
             Pod::Parser, Pod::InputObjects, Pod::Checker, pod-
             checker, Pod::ParseUtils, Pod::Find, Pod::Select,
             podselect, Pod::Usage, pod2usage, Pod::Text and
             Pod::Man, SDBM_File, Sys::Syslog, Sys::Hostname,
             Term::ANSIColor, Time::Local, Win32, XSLoader, DBM
             Filters

         Pragmata
     Utility Changes
         dprofpp
         find2perl
         h2xs
         perlcc
         perldoc
         The Perl Debugger
     Improved Documentation
         perlapi.pod, perlboot.pod, perlcompile.pod,
         perldbmfilter.pod, perldebug.pod, perldebguts.pod,
         perlfork.pod, perlfilter.pod, perlhack.pod,
         perlintern.pod, perllexwarn.pod, perlnumber.pod,
         perlopentut.pod, perlreftut.pod, perltootc.pod,
         perltodo.pod, perlunicode.pod

     Performance enhancements
         Simple sort() using { $a <=> $b } and the like are optimized
         Optimized assignments to lexical variables
         Faster subroutine calls
         delete(), each(), values() and hash iteration are faster
     Installation and Configuration Improvements
         -Dusethreads means something different
         New Configure flags
         Threadedness and 64-bitness now more daring
         Long Doubles
         -Dusemorebits
         -Duselargefiles

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          77

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         installusrbinperl
         SOCKS support
         "-A" flag
         Enhanced Installation Directories
         gcc automatically tried if 'cc' does not seem to be working
     Platform specific changes
         Supported platforms
         DOS
         OS390 (OpenEdition MVS)
         VMS
         Win32
     Significant bug fixes
         <HANDLE> on empty files
         "eval '...'" improvements
         All compilation errors are true errors
         Implicitly closed filehandles are safer
         Behavior of list slices is more consistent
         "(\$)" prototype and $foo{a}
         "goto &sub" and AUTOLOAD
         "-bareword" allowed under "use integer"
         Failures in DESTROY()
         Locale bugs fixed
         Memory leaks
         Spurious subroutine stubs after failed subroutine calls
         Taint failures under "-U"
         END blocks and the "-c" switch
         Potential to leak DATA filehandles
     New or Changed Diagnostics
         "%s" variable %s masks earlier declaration in same %s,
         "my sub" not yet implemented, "our" variable %s rede-
         clared, '!' allowed only after types %s, / cannot take a
         count, / must be followed by a, A or Z, / must be fol-
         lowed by a*, A* or Z*, / must follow a numeric type,
         /%s/: Unrecognized escape \\%c passed through, /%s/:
         Unrecognized escape \\%c in character class passed
         through, /%s/ should probably be written as "%s", %s()
         called too early to check prototype, %s argument is not
         a HASH or ARRAY element, %s argument is not a HASH or
         ARRAY element or slice, %s argument is not a subroutine
         name, %s package attribute may clash with future
         reserved word: %s, (in cleanup) %s, <> should be quotes,
         Attempt to join self, Bad evalled substitution pattern,
         Bad realloc() ignored, Bareword found in conditional,
         Binary number > 0b11111111111111111111111111111111
         non-portable, Bit vector size > 32 non-portable, Buffer
         overflow in prime_env_iter: %s, Can't check filesystem
         of script "%s", Can't declare class for non-scalar %s in
         "%s", Can't declare %s in "%s", Can't ignore signal
         CHLD, forcing to default, Can't modify non-lvalue sub-
         routine call, Can't read CRTL environ, Can't remove %s:
         %s, skipping file, Can't return %s from lvalue subrou-
         tine, Can't weaken a nonreference, Character class

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          78

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         [:%s:] unknown, Character class syntax [%s] belongs
         inside character classes, Constant is not %s reference,
         constant(%s): %s, CORE::%s is not a keyword,
         defined(@array) is deprecated, defined(%hash) is depre-
         cated, Did not produce a valid header, (Did you mean
         "local" instead of "our"?), Document contains no data,
         entering effective %s failed, false [] range "%s" in
         regexp, Filehandle %s opened only for output, flock() on
         closed filehandle %s, Global symbol "%s" requires expli-
         cit package name, Hexadecimal number > 0xffffffff
         non-portable, Ill-formed CRTL environ value "%s", Ill-
         formed message in prime_env_iter: |%s|, Illegal binary
         digit %s, Illegal binary digit %s ignored, Illegal
         number of bits in vec, Integer overflow in %s number,
         Invalid %s attribute: %s, Invalid %s attributes: %s,
         invalid [] range "%s" in regexp, Invalid separator char-
         acter %s in attribute list, Invalid separator character
         %s in subroutine attribute list, leaving effective %s
         failed, Lvalue subs returning %s not implemented yet,
         Method %s not permitted, Missing %sbrace%s on \N{},
         Missing command in piped open, Missing name in "my sub",
         No %s specified for -%c, No package name allowed for
         variable %s in "our", No space allowed after -%c, no UTC
         offset information; assuming local time is UTC, Octal
         number > 037777777777 non-portable, panic: del_backref,
         panic: kid popen errno read, panic: magic_killbackrefs,
         Parentheses missing around "%s" list, Possible unin-
         tended interpolation of %s in string, Possible Y2K bug:
         %s, pragma "attrs" is deprecated, use "sub NAME : ATTRS"
         instead, Premature end of script headers, Repeat count
         in pack overflows, Repeat count in unpack overflows,
         realloc() of freed memory ignored, Reference is already
         weak, setpgrp can't take arguments, Strange *+?{} on
         zero-length expression, switching effective %s is not
         implemented, This Perl can't reset CRTL environ elements
         (%s), This Perl can't set CRTL environ elements (%s=%s),
         Too late to run %s block, Unknown open() mode '%s', Unk-
         nown process %x sent message to prime_env_iter: %s,
         Unrecognized escape \\%c passed through, Unterminated
         attribute parameter in attribute list, Unterminated
         attribute list, Unterminated attribute parameter in sub-
         routine attribute list, Unterminated subroutine attri-
         bute list, Value of CLI symbol "%s" too long, Version
         number must be a constant number

     New tests
     Incompatible Changes
         Perl Source Incompatibilities
             CHECK is a new keyword, Treatment of list slices of
             undef has changed, Format of $English::PERL_VERSION
             is different, Literals of the form 1.2.3 parse dif-
             ferently, Possibly changed pseudo-random number

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          79

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

             generator, Hashing function for hash keys has
             changed, "undef" fails on read only values, Close-
             on-exec bit may be set on pipe and socket handles,
             Writing "$$1" to mean "${$}1" is unsupported,
             delete(), each(), values() and "\(%h)",
             vec(EXPR,OFFSET,BITS) enforces powers-of-two BITS,
             Text of some diagnostic output has changed, "%@" has
             been removed, Parenthesized not() behaves like a
             list operator, Semantics of bareword prototype "(*)"
             have changed, Semantics of bit operators may have
             changed on 64-bit platforms, More builtins taint
             their results

         C Source Incompatibilities
             "PERL_POLLUTE", "PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT",
             "PERL_POLLUTE_MALLOC"

         Compatible C Source API Changes
             "PATCHLEVEL" is now "PERL_VERSION"

         Binary Incompatibilities
     Known Problems
         Localizing a tied hash element may leak memory
         Known test failures
         EBCDIC platforms not fully supported
         UNICOS/mk CC failures during Configure run
         Arrow operator and arrays
         Experimental features
             Threads, Unicode, 64-bit support, Lvalue subrou-
             tines, Weak references, The pseudo-hash data type,
             The Compiler suite, Internal implementation of file
             globbing, The DB module, The regular expression code
             constructs:

     Obsolete Diagnostics
         Character class syntax [: :] is reserved for future
         extensions, Ill-formed logical name |%s| in
         prime_env_iter, In string, @%s now must be written as
         \@%s, Probable precedence problem on %s, regexp too big,
         Use of "$$<digit>" to mean "${$}<digit>" is deprecated

     Reporting Bugs
     SEE ALSO
     HISTORY

     perl56delta - what's new for perl v5.6.0

     DESCRIPTION
     Core Enhancements
         Interpreter cloning, threads, and concurrency
         Lexically scoped warning categories
         Unicode and UTF-8 support

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          80

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Support for interpolating named characters
         "our" declarations
         Support for strings represented as a vector of ordinals
         Improved Perl version numbering system
         New syntax for declaring subroutine attributes
         File and directory handles can be autovivified
         open() with more than two arguments
         64-bit support
         Large file support
         Long doubles
         "more bits"
         Enhanced support for sort() subroutines
         "sort $coderef @foo" allowed
         File globbing implemented internally
         Support for CHECK blocks
         POSIX character class syntax [: :] supported
         Better pseudo-random number generator
         Improved "qw//" operator
         Better worst-case behavior of hashes
         pack() format 'Z' supported
         pack() format modifier '!' supported
         pack() and unpack() support counted strings
         Comments in pack() templates
         Weak references
         Binary numbers supported
         Lvalue subroutines
         Some arrows may be omitted in calls through references
         Boolean assignment operators are legal lvalues
         exists() is supported on subroutine names
         exists() and delete() are supported on array elements
         Pseudo-hashes work better
         Automatic flushing of output buffers
         Better diagnostics on meaningless filehandle operations
         Where possible, buffered data discarded from duped input
          filehandle
         eof() has the same old magic as <>
         binmode() can be used to set :crlf and :raw modes
         "-T" filetest recognizes UTF-8 encoded files as "text"
         system(), backticks and pipe open now reflect exec() failure
         Improved diagnostics
         Diagnostics follow STDERR
         More consistent close-on-exec behavior
         syswrite() ease-of-use
         Better syntax checks on parenthesized unary operators
         Bit operators support full native integer width
         Improved security features
         More functional bareword prototype (*)
         "require" and "do" may be overridden
         $^X variables may now have names longer than one character
         New variable $^C reflects "-c" switch
         New variable $^V contains Perl version as a string
         Optional Y2K warnings

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          81

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Arrays now always interpolate into double-quoted strings
         @- and @+ provide starting/ending offsets of regex matches
     Modules and Pragmata
         Modules
             attributes, B, Benchmark, ByteLoader, constant,
             charnames, Data::Dumper, DB, DB_File, Devel::DProf,
             Devel::Peek, Dumpvalue, DynaLoader, English, Env,
             Fcntl, File::Compare, File::Find, File::Glob,
             File::Spec, File::Spec::Functions, Getopt::Long, IO,
             JPL, lib, Math::BigInt, Math::Complex, Math::Trig,
             Pod::Parser, Pod::InputObjects, Pod::Checker, pod-
             checker, Pod::ParseUtils, Pod::Find, Pod::Select,
             podselect, Pod::Usage, pod2usage, Pod::Text and
             Pod::Man, SDBM_File, Sys::Syslog, Sys::Hostname,
             Term::ANSIColor, Time::Local, Win32, XSLoader, DBM
             Filters

         Pragmata
     Utility Changes
         dprofpp
         find2perl
         h2xs
         perlcc
         perldoc
         The Perl Debugger
     Improved Documentation
         perlapi.pod, perlboot.pod, perlcompile.pod,
         perldbmfilter.pod, perldebug.pod, perldebguts.pod,
         perlfork.pod, perlfilter.pod, perlhack.pod,
         perlintern.pod, perllexwarn.pod, perlnumber.pod,
         perlopentut.pod, perlreftut.pod, perltootc.pod,
         perltodo.pod, perlunicode.pod

     Performance enhancements
         Simple sort() using { $a <=> $b } and the like are optimized
         Optimized assignments to lexical variables
         Faster subroutine calls
         delete(), each(), values() and hash iteration are faster
     Installation and Configuration Improvements
         -Dusethreads means something different
         New Configure flags
         Threadedness and 64-bitness now more daring
         Long Doubles
         -Dusemorebits
         -Duselargefiles
         installusrbinperl
         SOCKS support
         "-A" flag
         Enhanced Installation Directories
     Platform specific changes
         Supported platforms
         DOS

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          82

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         OS390 (OpenEdition MVS)
         VMS
         Win32
     Significant bug fixes
         <HANDLE> on empty files
         "eval '...'" improvements
         All compilation errors are true errors
         Implicitly closed filehandles are safer
         Behavior of list slices is more consistent
         "(\$)" prototype and $foo{a}
         "goto &sub" and AUTOLOAD
         "-bareword" allowed under "use integer"
         Failures in DESTROY()
         Locale bugs fixed
         Memory leaks
         Spurious subroutine stubs after failed subroutine calls
         Taint failures under "-U"
         END blocks and the "-c" switch
         Potential to leak DATA filehandles
     New or Changed Diagnostics
         "%s" variable %s masks earlier declaration in same %s,
         "my sub" not yet implemented, "our" variable %s rede-
         clared, '!' allowed only after types %s, / cannot take a
         count, / must be followed by a, A or Z, / must be fol-
         lowed by a*, A* or Z*, / must follow a numeric type,
         /%s/: Unrecognized escape \\%c passed through, /%s/:
         Unrecognized escape \\%c in character class passed
         through, /%s/ should probably be written as "%s", %s()
         called too early to check prototype, %s argument is not
         a HASH or ARRAY element, %s argument is not a HASH or
         ARRAY element or slice, %s argument is not a subroutine
         name, %s package attribute may clash with future
         reserved word: %s, (in cleanup) %s, <> should be quotes,
         Attempt to join self, Bad evalled substitution pattern,
         Bad realloc() ignored, Bareword found in conditional,
         Binary number > 0b11111111111111111111111111111111
         non-portable, Bit vector size > 32 non-portable, Buffer
         overflow in prime_env_iter: %s, Can't check filesystem
         of script "%s", Can't declare class for non-scalar %s in
         "%s", Can't declare %s in "%s", Can't ignore signal
         CHLD, forcing to default, Can't modify non-lvalue sub-
         routine call, Can't read CRTL environ, Can't remove %s:
         %s, skipping file, Can't return %s from lvalue subrou-
         tine, Can't weaken a nonreference, Character class
         [:%s:] unknown, Character class syntax [%s] belongs
         inside character classes, Constant is not %s reference,
         constant(%s): %s, CORE::%s is not a keyword,
         defined(@array) is deprecated, defined(%hash) is depre-
         cated, Did not produce a valid header, (Did you mean
         "local" instead of "our"?), Document contains no data,
         entering effective %s failed, false [] range "%s" in
         regexp, Filehandle %s opened only for output, flock() on

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          83

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         closed filehandle %s, Global symbol "%s" requires expli-
         cit package name, Hexadecimal number > 0xffffffff
         non-portable, Ill-formed CRTL environ value "%s", Ill-
         formed message in prime_env_iter: |%s|, Illegal binary
         digit %s, Illegal binary digit %s ignored, Illegal
         number of bits in vec, Integer overflow in %s number,
         Invalid %s attribute: %s, Invalid %s attributes: %s,
         invalid [] range "%s" in regexp, Invalid separator char-
         acter %s in attribute list, Invalid separator character
         %s in subroutine attribute list, leaving effective %s
         failed, Lvalue subs returning %s not implemented yet,
         Method %s not permitted, Missing %sbrace%s on \N{},
         Missing command in piped open, Missing name in "my sub",
         No %s specified for -%c, No package name allowed for
         variable %s in "our", No space allowed after -%c, no UTC
         offset information; assuming local time is UTC, Octal
         number > 037777777777 non-portable, panic: del_backref,
         panic: kid popen errno read, panic: magic_killbackrefs,
         Parentheses missing around "%s" list, Possible unin-
         tended interpolation of %s in string, Possible Y2K bug:
         %s, pragma "attrs" is deprecated, use "sub NAME : ATTRS"
         instead, Premature end of script headers, Repeat count
         in pack overflows, Repeat count in unpack overflows,
         realloc() of freed memory ignored, Reference is already
         weak, setpgrp can't take arguments, Strange *+?{} on
         zero-length expression, switching effective %s is not
         implemented, This Perl can't reset CRTL environ elements
         (%s), This Perl can't set CRTL environ elements (%s=%s),
         Too late to run %s block, Unknown open() mode '%s', Unk-
         nown process %x sent message to prime_env_iter: %s,
         Unrecognized escape \\%c passed through, Unterminated
         attribute parameter in attribute list, Unterminated
         attribute list, Unterminated attribute parameter in sub-
         routine attribute list, Unterminated subroutine attri-
         bute list, Value of CLI symbol "%s" too long, Version
         number must be a constant number

     New tests
     Incompatible Changes
         Perl Source Incompatibilities
             CHECK is a new keyword, Treatment of list slices of
             undef has changed, Format of $English::PERL_VERSION
             is different, Literals of the form 1.2.3 parse dif-
             ferently, Possibly changed pseudo-random number gen-
             erator, Hashing function for hash keys has changed,
             "undef" fails on read only values, Close-on-exec bit
             may be set on pipe and socket handles, Writing "$$1"
             to mean "${$}1" is unsupported, delete(), each(),
             values() and "\(%h)", vec(EXPR,OFFSET,BITS) enforces
             powers-of-two BITS, Text of some diagnostic output
             has changed, "%@" has been removed, Parenthesized
             not() behaves like a list operator, Semantics of

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          84

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

             bareword prototype "(*)" have changed, Semantics of
             bit operators may have changed on 64-bit platforms,
             More builtins taint their results

         C Source Incompatibilities
             "PERL_POLLUTE", "PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT",
             "PERL_POLLUTE_MALLOC"

         Compatible C Source API Changes
             "PATCHLEVEL" is now "PERL_VERSION"

         Binary Incompatibilities
     Known Problems
         Thread test failures
         EBCDIC platforms not supported
         In 64-bit HP-UX the lib/io_multihomed test may hang
         NEXTSTEP 3.3 POSIX test failure
         Tru64 (aka Digital UNIX, aka DEC OSF/1) lib/sdbm test failure
          with gcc
         UNICOS/mk CC failures during Configure run
         Arrow operator and arrays
         Experimental features
             Threads, Unicode, 64-bit support, Lvalue subrou-
             tines, Weak references, The pseudo-hash data type,
             The Compiler suite, Internal implementation of file
             globbing, The DB module, The regular expression code
             constructs:

     Obsolete Diagnostics
         Character class syntax [: :] is reserved for future
         extensions, Ill-formed logical name |%s| in
         prime_env_iter, In string, @%s now must be written as
         \@%s, Probable precedence problem on %s, regexp too big,
         Use of "$$<digit>" to mean "${$}<digit>" is deprecated

     Reporting Bugs
     SEE ALSO
     HISTORY

     perl5005delta - what's new for perl5.005

     DESCRIPTION
     About the new versioning system
     Incompatible Changes
         WARNING:  This version is not binary compatible with Perl
          5.004.
         Default installation structure has changed
         Perl Source Compatibility
         C Source Compatibility
         Binary Compatibility
         Security fixes may affect compatibility
         Relaxed new mandatory warnings introduced in 5.004

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          85

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Licensing
     Core Changes
         Threads
         Compiler
         Regular Expressions
             Many new and improved optimizations, Many bug fixes,
             New regular expression constructs, New operator for
             precompiled regular expressions, Other improvements,
             Incompatible changes

         Improved malloc()
         Quicksort is internally implemented
         Reliable signals
         Reliable stack pointers
         More generous treatment of carriage returns
         Memory leaks
         Better support for multiple interpreters
         Behavior of local() on array and hash elements is now well-
          defined
         "%!" is transparently tied to the Errno module
         Pseudo-hashes are supported
         "EXPR foreach EXPR" is supported
         Keywords can be globally overridden
         $^E is meaningful on Win32
         "foreach (1..1000000)" optimized
         "Foo::" can be used as implicitly quoted package name
         "exists $Foo::{Bar::}" tests existence of a package
         Better locale support
         Experimental support for 64-bit platforms
         prototype() returns useful results on builtins
         Extended support for exception handling
         Re-
      blessing in DESTROY() supported for chaining DESTROY()
          methods
         All "printf" format conversions are handled internally
         New "INIT" keyword
         New "lock" keyword
         New "qr//" operator
         "our" is now a reserved word
         Tied arrays are now fully supported
         Tied handles support is better
         4th argument to substr
         Negative LENGTH argument to splice
         Magic lvalues are now more magical
         <> now reads in records
     Supported Platforms
         New Platforms
         Changes in existing support
     Modules and Pragmata
         New Modules
             B, Data::Dumper, Dumpvalue, Errno, File::Spec,
             ExtUtils::Installed, ExtUtils::Packlist, Fatal,

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          86

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

             IPC::SysV, Test, Tie::Array, Tie::Handle, Thread,
             attrs, fields, re

         Changes in existing modules
             Benchmark, Carp, CGI, Fcntl, Math::Complex,
             Math::Trig, POSIX, DB_File, MakeMaker, CPAN, Cwd

     Utility Changes
     Documentation Changes
     New Diagnostics
         Ambiguous call resolved as CORE::%s(), qualify as such
         or use &, Bad index while coercing array into hash,
         Bareword "%s" refers to nonexistent package, Can't call
         method "%s" on an undefined value, Can't check filesys-
         tem of script "%s" for nosuid, Can't coerce array into
         hash, Can't goto subroutine from an eval-string, Can't
         localize pseudo-hash element, Can't use %%! because
         Errno.pm is not available, Cannot find an opnumber for
         "%s", Character class syntax [. .] is reserved for
         future extensions, Character class syntax [: :] is
         reserved for future extensions, Character class syntax
         [= =] is reserved for future extensions, %s: Eval-group
         in insecure regular expression, %s: Eval-group not
         allowed, use re 'eval', %s: Eval-group not allowed at
         run time, Explicit blessing to '' (assuming package
         main), Illegal hex digit ignored, No such array field,
         No such field "%s" in variable %s of type %s, Out of
         memory during ridiculously large request, Range iterator
         outside integer range, Recursive inheritance detected
         while looking for method '%s' %s, Reference found where
         even-sized list expected, Undefined value assigned to
         typeglob, Use of reserved word "%s" is deprecated, perl:
         warning: Setting locale failed

     Obsolete Diagnostics
         Can't mktemp(), Can't write to temp file for -e: %s,
         Cannot open temporary file, regexp too big

     Configuration Changes
     BUGS
     SEE ALSO
     HISTORY

     perl5004delta - what's new for perl5.004

     DESCRIPTION
     Supported Environments
     Core Changes
         List assignment to %ENV works
         Change to "Can't locate Foo.pm in @INC" error
         Compilation option: Binary compatibility with 5.003
         $PERL5OPT environment variable

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          87

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Limitations on -M, -m, and -T options
         More precise warnings
         Deprecated: Inherited "AUTOLOAD" for non-methods
         Previously deprecated %OVERLOAD is no longer usable
         Subroutine arguments created only when they're modified
         Group vector changeable with $)
         Fixed parsing of $$<digit>, &$<digit>, etc.
         Fixed localization of $<digit>, $&, etc.
         No resetting of $. on implicit close
         "wantarray" may return undef
         "eval EXPR" determines value of EXPR in scalar context
         Changes to tainting checks
             No glob() or <*>, No spawning if tainted $CDPATH,
             $ENV, $BASH_ENV, No spawning if tainted $TERM
             doesn't look like a terminal name

         New Opcode module and revised Safe module
         Embedding improvements
         Internal change: FileHandle class based on IO::* classes
         Internal change: PerlIO abstraction interface
         New and changed syntax
             $coderef->(PARAMS)

         New and changed builtin constants
             __PACKAGE__

         New and changed builtin variables
             $^E, $^H, $^M

         New and changed builtin functions
             delete on slices, flock, printf and sprintf, keys as
             an lvalue, my() in Control Structures, pack() and
             unpack(), sysseek(), use VERSION, use Module VERSION
             LIST, prototype(FUNCTION), srand, $_ as Default,
             "m//gc" does not reset search position on failure,
             "m//x" ignores whitespace before ?*+{}, nested
             "sub{}" closures work now, formats work right on
             changing lexicals

         New builtin methods
             isa(CLASS), can(METHOD), VERSION( [NEED] )

         TIEHANDLE now supported
             TIEHANDLE classname, LIST, PRINT this, LIST, PRINTF
             this, LIST, READ this LIST, READLINE this, GETC
             this, DESTROY this

         Malloc enhancements
             -DPERL_EMERGENCY_SBRK, -DPACK_MALLOC,
             -DTWO_POT_OPTIMIZE

         Miscellaneous efficiency enhancements

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          88

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Support for More Operating Systems
         Win32
         Plan 9
         QNX
         AmigaOS
     Pragmata
         use autouse MODULE => qw(sub1 sub2 sub3), use blib, use
         blib 'dir', use constant NAME => VALUE, use locale, use
         ops, use vmsish

     Modules
         Required Updates
         Installation directories
         Module information summary
         Fcntl
         IO
         Math::Complex
         Math::Trig
         DB_File
         Net::Ping
         Object-oriented overrides for builtin operators
     Utility Changes
         pod2html
             Sends converted HTML to standard output

         xsubpp
             "void" XSUBs now default to returning nothing

     C Language API Changes
         "gv_fetchmethod" and "perl_call_sv", "perl_eval_pv",
         Extended API for manipulating hashes

     Documentation Changes
         perldelta, perlfaq, perllocale, perltoot, perlapio,
         perlmodlib, perldebug, perlsec

     New Diagnostics
         "my" variable %s masks earlier declaration in same
         scope, %s argument is not a HASH element or slice, Allo-
         cation too large: %lx, Allocation too large, Applying %s
         to %s will act on scalar(%s), Attempt to free nonex-
         istent shared string, Attempt to use reference as lvalue
         in substr, Bareword "%s" refers to nonexistent package,
         Can't redefine active sort subroutine %s, Can't use
         bareword ("%s") as %s ref while "strict refs" in use,
         Cannot resolve method `%s' overloading `%s' in package
         `%s', Constant subroutine %s redefined, Constant subrou-
         tine %s undefined, Copy method did not return a refer-
         ence, Died, Exiting pseudo-block via %s, Identifier too
         long, Illegal character %s (carriage return), Illegal
         switch in PERL5OPT: %s, Integer overflow in hex number,
         Integer overflow in octal number, internal error: glob

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          89

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         failed, Invalid conversion in %s: "%s", Invalid type in
         pack: '%s', Invalid type in unpack: '%s', Name "%s::%s"
         used only once: possible typo, Null picture in formline,
         Offset outside string, Out of memory!, Out of memory
         during request for %s, panic: frexp, Possible attempt to
         put comments in qw() list, Possible attempt to separate
         words with commas, Scalar value @%s{%s} better written
         as $%s{%s}, Stub found while resolving method `%s' over-
         loading `%s' in %s, Too late for "-T" option, untie
         attempted while %d inner references still exist,
         Unrecognized character %s, Unsupported function fork,
         Use of "$$<digit>" to mean "${$}<digit>" is deprecated,
         Value of %s can be "0"; test with defined(), Variable
         "%s" may be unavailable, Variable "%s" will not stay
         shared, Warning: something's wrong, Ill-formed logical
         name |%s| in prime_env_iter, Got an error from DosAlloc-
         Mem, Malformed PERLLIB_PREFIX, PERL_SH_DIR too long,
         Process terminated by SIG%s

     BUGS
     SEE ALSO
     HISTORY

     perlartistic - the Perl Artistic License

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     The "Artistic License"
         Preamble
         Definitions
             "Package", "Standard Version", "Copyright Holder",
             "You", "Reasonable copying fee", "Freely Available"

         Conditions
             a), b), c), d), a), b), c), d)

     perlgpl - the GNU General Public License, version 2

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE

     perlaix, README.aix - Perl version 5 on IBM Unix (AIX) sys-
     tems

     DESCRIPTION
         Compiling Perl 5 on AIX
         OS level
         Building Dynamic Extensions on AIX
         The IBM ANSI C Compiler
         The usenm option
         Using GNU's gcc for building perl

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          90

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Using Large Files with Perl
         Threaded Perl
         64-bit Perl
         AIX 4.2 and extensions using C++ with statics
     AUTHOR
     DATE

     perlamiga - Perl under Amiga OS

     NOTE
     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Prerequisites for Compiling Perl on AmigaOS
             Unix emulation for AmigaOS: ixemul.library, Version
             of Amiga OS

         Starting Perl programs under AmigaOS
         Shortcomings of Perl under AmigaOS
     INSTALLATION
     Accessing documentation
         Manpages for Perl on AmigaOS
         Perl HTML Documentation on AmigaOS
         Perl GNU Info Files on AmigaOS
         Perl LaTeX Documentation on AmigaOS
     BUILDING PERL ON AMIGAOS
         Build Prerequisites for Perl on AmigaOS
         Getting the Perl Source for AmigaOS
         Making Perl on AmigaOS
         Testing Perl on AmigaOS
         Installing the built Perl on AmigaOS
     PERL 5.8.0 BROKEN IN AMIGAOS
     AUTHORS
     SEE ALSO

     perlapollo, README.apollo - Perl version 5 on Apollo
     DomainOS

     DESCRIPTION
     AUTHOR

     perlbeos, README.beos - Perl version 5.8+ on BeOS

     DESCRIPTION
     BUILD AND INSTALL
         Requirements
         Configure
         Build
         Install
     KNOWN PROBLEMS
     CONTACT

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          91

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     perlbs2000, README.BS2000 - building and installing Perl for
     BS2000.

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         gzip on BS2000
         bison on BS2000
         Unpacking Perl Distribution on BS2000
         Compiling Perl on BS2000
         Testing Perl on BS2000
         Installing Perl on BS2000
         Using Perl in the Posix-Shell of BS2000
         Using Perl in "native" BS2000
         Floating point anomalies on BS2000
         Using PerlIO and different encodings on ASCII and EBCDIC par-
          titions
     AUTHORS
     SEE ALSO
         Mailing list
     HISTORY

     perlcygwin, README.cygwin - Perl for Cygwin

     SYNOPSIS
     PREREQUISITES FOR COMPILING PERL ON CYGWIN
         Cygwin = GNU+Cygnus+Windows (Don't leave UNIX without it)
         Cygwin Configuration
             "PATH", nroff, Permissions

     CONFIGURE PERL ON CYGWIN
         Stripping Perl Binaries on Cygwin
         Optional Libraries for Perl on Cygwin
             "-lcrypt", "-lgdbm" ("use GDBM_File"), "-ldb" ("use
             DB_File"), "-lcygipc" ("use IPC::SysV"), "-lutil"

         Configure-time Options for Perl on Cygwin
             "-Uusedl", "-Uusemymalloc", "-Uuseperlio",
             "-Dusemultiplicity", "-Duse64bitint", "-Duselongdou-
             ble", "-Dusethreads", "-Duselargefiles", "-Dmksym-
             links"

         Suspicious Warnings on Cygwin
             dlsym(), Win9x and "d_eofnblk",
             Compiler/Preprocessor defines

     MAKE ON CYGWIN
         Errors on Cygwin
         ld2 on Cygwin
     TEST ON CYGWIN
         File Permissions on Cygwin
         NDBM_File and ODBM_File do not work on FAT filesystems
         "fork()" failures in io_* tests

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          92

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Specific features of the Cygwin port
         Script Portability on Cygwin
             Pathnames, Text/Binary, PerlIO, .exe, cygwin vs.
             windows process ids, "chown()", Miscellaneous

         Prebuilt methods:
             "Cwd::cwd", "Cygwin::pid_to_winpid",
             "Cygwin::winpid_to_pid"

     INSTALL PERL ON CYGWIN
     MANIFEST ON CYGWIN
         Documentation, Build, Configure, Make, Install, Tests,
         Compiled Perl Source, Compiled Module Source, Perl
         Modules/Scripts

     BUGS ON CYGWIN
     AUTHORS
     HISTORY

     perldgux - Perl under DG/UX.

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     BUILDING PERL ON DG/UX
         Non-threaded Perl on DG/UX
         Threaded Perl on DG/UX
         Testing Perl on DG/UX
         Installing the built perl on DG/UX
     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     perlepoc, README.epoc - Perl for EPOC

     SYNOPSIS
     INTRODUCTION
     INSTALLING PERL ON EPOC
     STARTING PERL ON EPOC
         Editors on Epoc
         Features of Perl on Epoc
         Restrictions of Perl on Epoc
         Compiling Perl 5 on the EPOC cross compiling environment
     SUPPORT STATUS OF PERL ON EPOC
     AUTHOR
     LAST UPDATE

     perlfreebsd, README.freebsd - Perl version 5 on FreeBSD sys-
     tems

     DESCRIPTION
         FreeBSD core dumps from readdir_r with ithreads
         $^X doesn't always contain a full path in FreeBSD
         Perl will no longer be part of "base FreeBSD"

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          93

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     AUTHOR

     perlhpux, README.hpux - Perl version 5 on Hewlett-Packard
     Unix (HP-UX) systems

     DESCRIPTION
         Using perl as shipped with HP-UX
         Using perl from HP's porting centre
         Compiling Perl 5 on HP-UX
         PA-RISC
         Portability Between PA-RISC Versions
         PA-RISC 1.0
         PA-RISC 1.1
         PA-RISC 2.0
         Itanium Processor Family and HP-UX
         Itanium & Itanium 2
         Building Dynamic Extensions on HP-UX
         The HP ANSI C Compiler
         The GNU C Compiler
         Using Large Files with Perl on HP-UX
         Threaded Perl on HP-UX
         64-bit Perl on HP-UX
         Oracle on HP-UX
         GDBM and Threads on HP-UX
         NFS filesystems and utime(2) on HP-UX
         perl -P and // and HP-UX
         HP-UX Kernel Parameters (maxdsiz) for Compiling Perl
     nss_delete core dump from op/pwent or op/grent
     AUTHOR
     DATE

     perlhurd, README.hurd - Perl version 5 on Hurd

     DESCRIPTION
         Known Problems with Perl on Hurd
     AUTHOR

     perlirix, README.irix - Perl version 5 on Irix systems

     DESCRIPTION
         Building 32-bit Perl in Irix
         Building 64-bit Perl in Irix
         About Compiler Versions of Irix
         Linker Problems in Irix
         Malloc in Irix
         Building with threads in Irix
         Irix 5.3
     AUTHOR

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          94

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     perllinux, README.linux - Perl version 5 on Linux systems

     DESCRIPTION
         Experimental Support for Sun Studio Compilers for Linux OS
     AUTHOR

     perlmachten, README.machten - Perl version 5 on Power
     MachTen systems

     DESCRIPTION
         Perl version 5.8.x and greater not supported
         Compiling Perl 5.6.x on MachTen
         Failures during "make test" on MachTen
             op/lexassign.t, pragma/warnings.t

         Building external modules on MachTen
     AUTHOR
     DATE

     perlmacos, README.macos - Perl under Mac OS (Classic)

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     AUTHOR
     DATE

     perlmacosx, README.macosx - Perl under Mac OS X

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Installation Prefix
         SDK support
         Universal Binary support
         libperl and Prebinding
         Updating Apple's Perl
         Known problems
         MacPerl
         Carbon
         Cocoa
     Starting From Scratch
     AUTHOR
     DATE

     perlmint, README.mint - Perl version 5 on Atari MiNT

     DESCRIPTION
     Known problems with Perl on MiNT
     AUTHOR

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          95

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     perlmpeix, README.mpeix - Perl/iX for HP e3000 MPE

     SYNOPSIS
     NOTE
     Binary distribution from HP
     What's New in Perl for MPE/iX
     Welcome to Perl/iX
     System Requirements for Perl/iX
     How to Obtain Perl/iX
     Perl/iX Distribution Contents Highlights
         README, INSTALL, LIBSHP3K, PERL, .cpan/, lib/, man/,
         public_html/feedback.cgi, src/perl-5.6.0-mpe

     How to Compile Perl/iX
          4,  6

     Getting Started with Perl/iX
     MPE/iX Implementation Considerations
     Known Perl/iX Bugs Under Investigation
     Perl/iX To-Do List
     Perl/iX Change History
     AUTHOR

     perlnetware - Perl for NetWare

     DESCRIPTION
     BUILD
         Tools & SDK
         Setup
             SetNWBld.bat, Buildtype.bat

         Make
         Interpreter
         Extensions
     INSTALL
     BUILD NEW EXTENSIONS
     ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
     AUTHORS
     DATE

     perlopenbsd, README.openbsd - Perl version 5 on OpenBSD sys-
     tems

     DESCRIPTION
         OpenBSD core dumps from getprotobyname_r and getservbyname_r
          with ithreads
     AUTHOR

     perlos2 - Perl under OS/2, DOS, Win0.3*, Win0.95 and WinNT.

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          96

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Target
         Other OSes
         Prerequisites
             EMX, RSX, HPFS, pdksh

         Starting Perl programs under OS/2 (and DOS and...)
         Starting OS/2 (and DOS) programs under Perl
     Frequently asked questions
         "It does not work"
         I cannot run external programs
         I cannot embed perl into my program, or use perl.dll from my
          program.
             Is your program EMX-compiled with "-Zmt -Zcrtdll"?,
             Did you use ExtUtils::Embed?

         `` and pipe-"open" do not work under DOS.
         Cannot start "find.exe "pattern" file"
     INSTALLATION
         Automatic binary installation
             "PERL_BADLANG", "PERL_BADFREE", Config.pm

         Manual binary installation
             Perl VIO and PM executables (dynamically linked),
             Perl_ VIO executable (statically linked), Execut-
             ables for Perl utilities, Main Perl library, Addi-
             tional Perl modules, Tools to compile Perl modules,
             Manpages for Perl and utilities, Manpages for Perl
             modules, Source for Perl documentation, Perl manual
             in .INF format, Pdksh

         Warning
     Accessing documentation
         OS/2 .INF file
         Plain text
         Manpages
         HTML
         GNU "info" files
         PDF files
         "LaTeX" docs
     BUILD
         The short story
         Prerequisites
         Getting perl source
         Application of the patches
         Hand-editing
         Making
         Testing
             A lot of "bad free", Process terminated by
             SIGTERM/SIGINT, op/fs.t, op/stat.t

         Installing the built perl
         "a.out"-style build

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          97

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Building a binary distribution
     Building custom .EXE files
         Making executables with a custom collection of statically
          loaded extensions
         Making executables with a custom search-paths
     Build FAQ
         Some "/" became "\" in pdksh.
         'errno' - unresolved external
         Problems with tr or sed
         Some problem (forget which ;-)
         Library ... not found
         Segfault in make
         op/sprintf test failure
     Specific (mis)features of OS/2 port
         "setpriority", "getpriority"
         "system()"
         "extproc" on the first line
         Additional modules:
         Prebuilt methods:
             "File::Copy::syscopy", "DynaLoader::mod2fname",
             "Cwd::current_drive()",
              "Cwd::sys_chdir(name)",  "Cwd::change_drive(name)",
             "Cwd::sys_is_absolute(name)", "Cwd::sys_is_rooted(name)",
             "Cwd::sys_is_relative(name)", "Cwd::sys_cwd(name)",
             "Cwd::sys_abspath(name, dir)",
             "Cwd::extLibpath([type])", "Cwd::extLibpath_set(
             path [, type ] )",
             "OS2::Error(do_harderror,do_exception)",
             "OS2::Errors2Drive(drive)", OS2::SysInfo(),
             OS2::BootDrive(), "OS2::MorphPM(serve)",
             "OS2::UnMorphPM(serve)",
             "OS2::Serve_Messages(force)",
             "OS2::Process_Messages(force [, cnt])",
             "OS2::_control87(new,mask)", OS2::get_control87(),
             "OS2::set_control87_em(new=MCW_EM,mask=MCW_EM)",
             "OS2::DLLname([how [, \&xsub]])"

         Prebuilt variables:
             $OS2::emx_rev, $OS2::emx_env, $OS2::os_ver,
             $OS2::is_aout, $OS2::can_fork, $OS2::nsyserror

         Misfeatures
         Modifications
             "popen", "tmpnam", "tmpfile", "ctermid", "stat",
             "mkdir", "rmdir", "flock"

         Identifying DLLs
         Centralized management of resources
             "HAB", "HMQ", Treating errors reported by OS/2 API,
             "CheckOSError(expr)", "CheckWinError(expr)",
             "SaveWinError(expr)",
             "SaveCroakWinError(expr,die,name1,name2)",

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          98

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

             "WinError_2_Perl_rc", "FillWinError",
             "FillOSError(rc)", Loading DLLs and ordinals in DLLs

     Perl flavors
         perl.exe
         perl_.exe
         perl__.exe
         perl___.exe
         Why strange names?
         Why dynamic linking?
         Why chimera build?
     ENVIRONMENT
         "PERLLIB_PREFIX"
         "PERL_BADLANG"
         "PERL_BADFREE"
         "PERL_SH_DIR"
         "USE_PERL_FLOCK"
         "TMP" or "TEMP"
     Evolution
         Text-mode filehandles
         Priorities
         DLL name mangling: pre 5.6.2
         DLL name mangling: 5.6.2 and beyond
             Global DLLs, specific DLLs, "BEGINLIBPATH" and
             "ENDLIBPATH", . from "LIBPATH"

         DLL forwarder generation
         Threading
         Calls to external programs
         Memory allocation
         Threads
             "COND_WAIT", os2.c

     BUGS
     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     perlos390, README.os390 - building and installing Perl for
     OS/390 and z/OS

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Tools
         Unpacking Perl distribution on OS/390
         Setup and utilities for Perl on OS/390
         Configure Perl on OS/390
         Build, Test, Install Perl on OS/390
         Build Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
         Testing Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
         Installation Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
         Usage Hints for Perl on OS/390
         Floating Point Anomalies with Perl on OS/390

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                          99

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Modules and Extensions for Perl on OS/390
     AUTHORS
     SEE ALSO
         Mailing list for Perl on OS/390
     HISTORY

     perlos400, README.os400 - Perl version 5 on OS/400

     DESCRIPTION
         Compiling Perl for OS/400 PASE
         Installing Perl in OS/400 PASE
         Using Perl in OS/400 PASE
         Known Problems
         Perl on ILE
     AUTHORS

     perlplan9 - Plan 9-specific documentation for Perl

     DESCRIPTION
         Invoking Perl
         What's in Plan 9 Perl
         What's not in Plan 9 Perl
         Perl5 Functions not currently supported in Plan 9 Perl
         Signals in Plan 9 Perl
     COMPILING AND INSTALLING PERL ON PLAN 9
         Installing Perl Documentation on Plan 9
     BUGS
     Revision date
     AUTHOR

     perlqnx, README.qnx - Perl version 5 on QNX

     DESCRIPTION
         Required Software for Compiling Perl on QNX4
             /bin/sh, ar, nm, cpp, make

         Outstanding Issues with Perl on QNX4
         QNX auxiliary files
             qnx/ar, qnx/cpp

         Outstanding issues with perl under QNX6
     AUTHOR

     perlsolaris, README.solaris - Perl version 5 on Solaris sys-
     tems

     DESCRIPTION
         Solaris Version Numbers.
     RESOURCES
         Solaris FAQ, Precompiled Binaries, Solaris Documentation

     SETTING UP

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         100

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         File Extraction Problems on Solaris.
         Compiler and Related Tools on Solaris.
         Environment for Compiling perl on Solaris
     RUN CONFIGURE.
         64-bit perl on Solaris.
         Threads in perl on Solaris.
         Malloc Issues with perl on Solaris.
     MAKE PROBLEMS.
         Dynamic Loading Problems With GNU as and GNU ld,
         ld.so.1: ./perl: fatal: relocation error:, dlopen: stub
         interception failed, #error "No DATAMODEL_NATIVE speci-
         fied", sh: ar: not found

     MAKE TEST
         op/stat.t test 4 in Solaris
         nss_delete core dump from op/pwent or op/grent
     PREBUILT BINARIES OF PERL FOR SOLARIS.
     RUNTIME ISSUES FOR PERL ON SOLARIS.
         Limits on Numbers of Open Files on Solaris.
     SOLARIS-SPECIFIC MODULES.
     SOLARIS-SPECIFIC PROBLEMS WITH MODULES.
         Proc::ProcessTable on Solaris
         BSD::Resource on Solaris
         Net::SSLeay on Solaris
     SunOS 4.x
     AUTHOR

     perltru64, README.tru64 - Perl version 5 on Tru64 (formerly
     known as Digital UNIX formerly known as DEC OSF/1) systems

     DESCRIPTION
         Compiling Perl 5 on Tru64
         Using Large Files with Perl on Tru64
         Threaded Perl on Tru64
         Long Doubles on Tru64
         DB_File tests failing on Tru64
         64-bit Perl on Tru64
         Warnings about floating-
      point overflow when compiling Perl on     Tru64
     Testing Perl on Tru64
     ext/ODBM_File/odbm Test Failing With Static Builds
     Perl Fails Because Of Unresolved Symbol sockatmark
     AUTHOR

     perluts - Perl under UTS

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     BUILDING PERL ON UTS
     Installing the built perl on UTS
     AUTHOR

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         101

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     perlvmesa, README.vmesa - building and installing Perl for
     VM/ESA.

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Unpacking Perl Distribution on VM/ESA
         Setup Perl and utilities on VM/ESA
         Configure Perl on VM/ESA
         Testing Anomalies of Perl on VM/ESA
         Usage Hints for Perl on VM/ESA
     AUTHORS
     SEE ALSO
         Mailing list for Perl on VM/ESA

     perlvms - VMS-specific documentation for Perl

     DESCRIPTION
     Installation
     Organization of Perl Images
         Core Images
         Perl Extensions
         Installing static extensions
         Installing dynamic extensions
     File specifications
         Syntax
         Wildcard expansion
         Pipes
     PERL5LIB and PERLLIB
     Command line
         I/O redirection and backgrounding
         Command line switches
             -i, -S, -u

     Perl functions
         File tests, backticks, binmode FILEHANDLE, crypt PLAIN-
         TEXT, USER, dump, exec LIST, fork, getpwent, getpwnam,
         getpwuid, gmtime, kill, qx//, select (system call), stat
         EXPR, system LIST, time, times, unlink LIST, utime LIST,
         waitpid PID,FLAGS

     Perl variables
         %ENV, CRTL_ENV, CLISYM_[LOCAL], Any other string, $!,
         $^E, $?, $|

     Standard modules with VMS-specific differences
         SDBM_File
     Revision date
     AUTHOR

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         102

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     perlvos, README.vos - Perl for Stratus VOS

     SYNOPSIS
         Multiple methods to build perl for VOS
         Stratus POSIX Support
     INSTALLING PERL IN VOS
         Compiling Perl 5 on VOS
         Installing Perl 5 on VOS
     USING PERL IN VOS
         Unimplemented Features of Perl on VOS
         Restrictions of Perl on VOS
         Handling of underflow and overflow
     TEST STATUS
     SUPPORT STATUS
     AUTHOR
     LAST UPDATE

PRAGMA DOCUMENTATION

     attrs - set/get attributes of a subroutine (deprecated)

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         method, locked

     re - Perl pragma to alter regular expression behaviour

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     threadshared::shared, threads::shared - Perl extension for
     sharing data structures between threads

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     EXPORT
     FUNCTIONS
         share VARIABLE, lock VARIABLE, cond_wait VARIABLE,
         cond_wait CONDVAR, LOCKVAR, cond_timedwait VARIABLE,
         ABS_TIMEOUT, cond_timedwait CONDVAR, ABS_TIMEOUT,
         LOCKVAR, cond_signal VARIABLE, cond_broadcast VARIABLE

     NOTES
     BUGS
     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     threads - Perl extension allowing use of interpreter based
     threads from perl

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         $thread = threads->create(function, LIST),

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         103

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         $thread->join, $thread->detach, threads->self,
         $thread->tid, threads->object( tid ), threads->yield();,
         threads->list();, async BLOCK;

     WARNINGS
         A thread exited while %d other threads were still run-
         ning

     TODO
     BUGS
         Parent-Child threads, tid is I32, Returning objects,
         Creating threads inside BEGIN blocks, PERL_OLD_SIGNALS
         are not threadsafe, will not be

     AUTHOR and COPYRIGHT
     SEE ALSO

     attributes - get/set subroutine or variable attributes

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Built-in Attributes
             locked, method, lvalue

         Available Subroutines
             get, reftype

         Package-specific Attribute Handling
             FETCH_type_ATTRIBUTES, MODIFY_type_ATTRIBUTES

         Syntax of Attribute Lists
     EXPORTS
         Default exports
         Available exports
         Export tags defined
     EXAMPLES
     SEE ALSO

     autouse - postpone load of modules until a function is used

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     WARNING
     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     base - Establish IS-A relationship with base classes at com-
     pile time

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     DIAGNOSTICS

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         104

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Base class package "%s" is empty

     HISTORY
     CAVEATS
     SEE ALSO

     bigint - Transparent BigInteger support for Perl

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Options
             a or accuracy, p or precision, t or trace, l or lib,
             v or version

         Math Library
         Internal Format
         Sign
         Methods
         Caveat
     MODULES USED
     EXAMPLES
     LICENSE
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHORS

     bignum - Transparent BigNumber support for Perl

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Options
             a or accuracy, p or precision, t or trace, l or lib,
             v or version

         Methods
         Caveat
             inf(), NaN(), upgrade()

         MATH LIBRARY
         INTERNAL FORMAT
         SIGN
     MODULES USED
     EXAMPLES
     LICENSE
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHORS

     bigrat - Transparent BigNumber/BigRational support for Perl

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Modules Used
         Math Library

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         105

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Sign
         Methods
         Cavaet
         Options
             a or accuracy, p or precision, t or trace, l or lib,
             v or version

     EXAMPLES
                 perl -Mbigrat -le 'print sqrt(33)'
                 perl -Mbigrat -le 'print 2*255'
                 perl -Mbigrat -le 'print 4.5+2*255'
                 perl -Mbigrat -le 'print 3/7 + 5/7 + 8/3'
                 perl -Mbigrat -le 'print 12->is_odd()';

     LICENSE
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHORS

     blib - Use MakeMaker's uninstalled version of a package

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     BUGS
     AUTHOR

     bytes - Perl pragma to force byte semantics rather than
     character semantics

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     LIMITATIONS
     SEE ALSO

     charnames - define character names for "\N{named}" string
     literal escapes

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     CUSTOM TRANSLATORS
     CUSTOM ALIASES
         Anonymous hashes
         Alias file
         Alias shortcut
     charnames::viacode(code)
     charnames::vianame(name)
     ALIASES
     ILLEGAL CHARACTERS
     BUGS

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         106

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     constant - Perl pragma to declare constants

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     NOTES
         List constants
         Defining multiple constants at once
         Magic constants
     TECHNICAL NOTES
     BUGS
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT

     diagnostics, splain - produce verbose warning diagnostics

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         The "diagnostics" Pragma
         The splain Program
     EXAMPLES
     INTERNALS
     BUGS
     AUTHOR

     fields - compile-time class fields

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         new, phash

     SEE ALSO

     filetest - Perl pragma to control the filetest permission
     operators

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         subpragma access

     if - "use" a Perl module if a condition holds

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     BUGS
     AUTHOR

     integer - Perl pragma to use integer arithmetic instead of
     floating point

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         107

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     less - perl pragma to request less of something from the
     compiler

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     locale - Perl pragma to use and avoid POSIX locales for
     built-in operations

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     open - perl pragma to set default PerlIO layers for input
     and output

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     NONPERLIO FUNCTIONALITY
     IMPLEMENTATION DETAILS
     SEE ALSO

     overload - Package for overloading Perl operations

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Declaration of overloaded functions
         Calling Conventions for Binary Operations
             FALSE, TRUE, "undef"

         Calling Conventions for Unary Operations
         Calling Conventions for Mutators
             "++" and "--", "x=" and other assignment versions

         Overloadable Operations
             Arithmetic operations, Comparison operations, Bit
             operations, Increment and decrement, Transcendental
             functions, Boolean, string and numeric conversion,
             Iteration, Dereferencing, Special

         Inheritance and overloading
             Strings as values of "use overload" directive, Over-
             loading of an operation is inherited by derived
             classes

     SPECIAL SYMBOLS FOR "use overload"
         Last Resort
         Fallback
             "undef", TRUE, defined, but FALSE

         Copy Constructor
             Example

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         108

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     MAGIC AUTOGENERATION
         Assignment forms of arithmetic operations, Conversion
         operations, Increment and decrement, "abs($a)", Unary
         minus, Negation, Concatenation, Comparison operations,
         Iterator, Dereferencing, Copy operator

     Losing overloading
     Run-time Overloading
     Public functions
         overload::StrVal(arg), overload::Overloaded(arg),
         overload::Method(obj,op)

     Overloading constants
         integer, float, binary, q, qr

     IMPLEMENTATION
     Metaphor clash
     Cookbook
         Two-face scalars
         Two-face references
         Symbolic calculator
         Really symbolic calculator
     AUTHOR
     DIAGNOSTICS
         Odd number of arguments for overload::constant, `%s' is
         not an overloadable type, `%s' is not a code reference

     BUGS

     sigtrap - Perl pragma to enable simple signal handling

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     OPTIONS
         SIGNAL HANDLERS
             stack-trace, die, handler your-handler

         SIGNAL LISTS
             normal-signals, error-signals, old-interface-signals

         OTHER
             untrapped, any, signal, number

     EXAMPLES

     sort - perl pragma to control sort() behaviour

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     CAVEATS

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         109

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     strict - Perl pragma to restrict unsafe constructs

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         "strict refs", "strict vars", "strict subs"

     HISTORY

     subs - Perl pragma to predeclare sub names

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     utf8 - Perl pragma to enable/disable UTF-8 (or UTF-EBCDIC)
     in source code

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Utility functions
             $num_octets = utf8::upgrade($string), $success =
             utf8::downgrade($string[, FAIL_OK]),
             utf8::encode($string), utf8::decode($string), $flag
             = utf8::is_utf8(STRING), $flag = utf8::valid(STRING)

     BUGS
     SEE ALSO

     vars - Perl pragma to predeclare global variable names
     (obsolete)

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     vmsish - Perl pragma to control VMS-specific language
     features

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         "vmsish status", "vmsish exit", "vmsish time", "vmsish
         hushed"

     warnings - Perl pragma to control optional warnings

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         use warnings::register, warnings::enabled(),
         warnings::enabled($category),
         warnings::enabled($object), warnings::warn($message),
         warnings::warn($category, $message),
         warnings::warn($object, $message),
         warnings::warnif($message), warnings::warnif($category,
         $message), warnings::warnif($object, $message)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         110

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     warnings::register - warnings import function

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

MODULE DOCUMENTATION

     AnyDBM_File - provide framework for multiple DBMs

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         DBM Comparisons
             [0], [1], [2], [3]

     SEE ALSO

     Attribute::Handlers - Simpler definition of attribute
     handlers

     VERSION
     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         [0], [1], [2], [3], [4], [5]

         Typed lexicals
         Type-specific attribute handlers
         Non-interpretive attribute handlers
         Phase-specific attribute handlers
         Attributes as "tie" interfaces
     EXAMPLES
     DIAGNOSTICS
         "Bad attribute type: ATTR(%s)", "Attribute handler %s
         doesn't handle %s attributes", "Declaration of %s attri-
         bute in package %s may clash with future reserved word",
         "Can't have two ATTR specifiers on one subroutine",
         "Can't autotie a %s", "Internal error: %s symbol went
         missing", "Won't be able to apply END handler"

     AUTHOR
     BUGS
     COPYRIGHT

     AutoLoader - load subroutines only on demand

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Subroutine Stubs
         Using AutoLoader's AUTOLOAD Subroutine
         Overriding AutoLoader's AUTOLOAD Subroutine
         Package Lexicals
         Not Using AutoLoader
         AutoLoader vs. SelfLoader
     CAVEATS

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         111

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     SEE ALSO

     AutoSplit - split a package for autoloading

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         $keep, $check, $modtime

         Multiple packages
     DIAGNOSTICS

     B - The Perl Compiler

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     OVERVIEW
     Utility Functions
         Functions Returning "B::SV", "B::AV", "B::HV", and "B::CV"
          objects
             sv_undef, sv_yes, sv_no, svref_2object(SVREF),
             amagic_generation, init_av, check_av, begin_av,
             end_av, comppadlist, regex_padav, main_cv

         Functions for Examining the Symbol Table
             walksymtable(SYMREF, METHOD, RECURSE, PREFIX)

         Functions Returning "B::OP" objects or for walking op trees
             main_root, main_start, walkoptree(OP, METHOD),
             walkoptree_debug(DEBUG)

         Miscellaneous Utility Functions
             ppname(OPNUM), hash(STR), cast_I32(I), minus_c,
             cstring(STR), perlstring(STR), class(OBJ),
             threadsv_names

     OVERVIEW OF CLASSES
         SV-RELATED CLASSES
         B::SV Methods
             REFCNT, FLAGS, object_2svref

         B::IV Methods
             IV, IVX, UVX, int_value, needs64bits, packiv

         B::NV Methods
             NV, NVX

         B::RV Methods
             RV

         B::PV Methods
             PV, RV, PVX

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         112

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         B::PVMG Methods
             MAGIC, SvSTASH

         B::MAGIC Methods
             MOREMAGIC, precomp, PRIVATE, TYPE, FLAGS, OBJ, PTR,
             REGEX

         B::PVLV Methods
             TARGOFF, TARGLEN, TYPE, TARG

         B::BM Methods
             USEFUL, PREVIOUS, RARE, TABLE

         B::GV Methods
             is_empty, NAME, SAFENAME, STASH, SV, IO, FORM, AV,
             HV, EGV, CV, CVGEN, LINE, FILE, FILEGV, GvREFCNT,
             FLAGS

         B::IO Methods
             LINES, PAGE, PAGE_LEN, LINES_LEFT, TOP_NAME, TOP_GV,
             FMT_NAME, FMT_GV, BOTTOM_NAME, BOTTOM_GV, SUBPRO-
             CESS, IoTYPE, IoFLAGS, IsSTD

         B::AV Methods
             FILL, MAX, OFF, ARRAY, ARRAYelt, AvFLAGS

         B::CV Methods
             STASH, START, ROOT, GV, FILE, DEPTH, PADLIST, OUT-
             SIDE, OUTSIDE_SEQ, XSUB, XSUBANY, CvFLAGS, const_sv

         B::HV Methods
             FILL, MAX, KEYS, RITER, NAME, PMROOT, ARRAY

         OP-RELATED CLASSES
         B::OP Methods
             next, sibling, name, ppaddr, desc, targ, type, opt,
             static, flags, private, spare

         B::UNOP METHOD
             first

         B::BINOP METHOD
             last

         B::LOGOP METHOD
             other

         B::LISTOP METHOD
             children

         B::PMOP Methods
             pmreplroot, pmreplstart, pmnext, pmregexp, pmflags,

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         113

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

             pmdynflags, pmpermflags, precomp, pmoffset

         B::SVOP METHOD
             sv, gv

         B::PADOP METHOD
             padix

         B::PVOP METHOD
             pv

         B::LOOP Methods
             redoop, nextop, lastop

         B::COP Methods
             label, stash, stashpv, file, cop_seq, arybase, line,
             warnings, io

     AUTHOR

     B::Asmdata - Autogenerated data about Perl ops, used to gen-
     erate bytecode

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         %insn_data, @insn_name, @optype, @specialsv_name

     AUTHOR

     B::Assembler - Assemble Perl bytecode

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     AUTHORS

     B::Bblock - Walk basic blocks

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Functions
             find_leaders

     AUTHOR

     B::Bytecode - Perl compiler's bytecode backend

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     EXAMPLE
     OPTIONS
         -b, -H, -k, -ooutfile, -s

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         114

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     KNOWN BUGS
     NOTICE
     AUTHORS

     B::C - Perl compiler's C backend

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     OPTIONS
         -ofilename, -v, --, -uPackname, -D, -Do, -Dc, -DA, -DC,
         -DM, -f, -fcog, -fsave-data, -fppaddr, -fwarn-sv,
         -fuse-script-name, -fsave-sig-hash, -On, -O0, -O1, -O2,
         -llimit

     EXAMPLES
     BUGS
     AUTHOR

     B::CC - Perl compiler's optimized C translation backend

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     OPTIONS
         -ofilename, -v, --, -uPackname, -mModulename, -D, -Dr,
         -DO, -Ds, -Dp, -Dq, -Dl, -Dt, -f,
         -ffreetmps-each-bblock, -ffreetmps-each-loop,
         -fomit-taint, -On

     EXAMPLES
     BUGS
     DIFFERENCES
         Loops
         Context of ".."
         Arithmetic
         Deprecated features
     AUTHOR

     B::Concise - Walk Perl syntax tree, printing concise info
     about ops

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     EXAMPLE
     OPTIONS
         Options for Opcode Ordering
             -basic, -exec, -tree

         Options for Line-Style
             -concise, -terse, -linenoise, -debug, -env

         Options for tree-specific formatting
             -compact, -loose, -vt, -ascii

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         115

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Options controlling sequence numbering
             -basen, -bigendian, -littleendian

         Other options
             -main, -nomain, -nobanner, -banner, -banneris =>
             subref

         Option Stickiness
     ABBREVIATIONS
         OP class abbreviations
         OP flags abbreviations
     FORMATTING SPECIFICATIONS
         Special Patterns
             (x(exec_text;basic_text)x), (*(text)*),
             (*(text1;text2)*), (?(text1#varText2)?), ~

         # Variables
             #var, #varN, #Var, #addr, #arg, #class, #classsym,
             #coplabel, #exname, #extarg, #firstaddr, #flags,
             #flagval, #hyphseq, #label, #lastaddr, #name, #NAME,
             #next, #nextaddr, #noise, #private, #privval, #seq,
             #seqnum, #opt, #static, #sibaddr, #svaddr, #svclass,
             #svval, #targ, #targarg, #targarglife, #typenum

     Using B::Concise outside of the O framework
         Example: Altering Concise Renderings
         set_style()
         set_style_standard($name)
         add_style()
         add_callback()
         Running B::Concise::compile()
         B::Concise::reset_sequence()
         Errors
     AUTHOR

     B::Debug - Walk Perl syntax tree, printing debug info about
     ops

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     AUTHOR

     B::Deparse - Perl compiler backend to produce perl code

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     OPTIONS
         -d, -fFILE, -l, -p, -P, -q, -sLETTERS, C, iNUMBER, T,
         vSTRING., -xLEVEL

     USING B::Deparse AS A MODULE
         Synopsis

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         116

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Description
         new
         ambient_pragmas
             strict, $[, bytes, utf8, integer, re, warnings,
             hint_bits, warning_bits

         coderef2text
     BUGS
     AUTHOR

     B::Disassembler - Disassemble Perl bytecode

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     AUTHOR

     B::Lint - Perl lint

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     OPTIONS AND LINT CHECKS
         context, implicit-read and implicit-write, bare-subs,
         dollar-underscore, private-names, undefined-subs,
         regexp-variables, all, none

     NON LINT-CHECK OPTIONS
         -u Package

     BUGS
     AUTHOR

     B::O, O - Generic interface to Perl Compiler backends

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     CONVENTIONS
     IMPLEMENTATION
     BUGS
     AUTHOR

     B::Showlex - Show lexical variables used in functions or
     files

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     EXAMPLES
         OPTIONS
     SEE ALSO
     TODO
     AUTHOR

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         117

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     B::Stackobj - Helper module for CC backend

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     AUTHOR

     B::Stash - show what stashes are loaded

     B::Terse - Walk Perl syntax tree, printing terse info about
     ops

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     AUTHOR

     B::Xref - Generates cross reference reports for Perl pro-
     grams

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     OPTIONS
         "-oFILENAME", "-r", "-d", "-D[tO]"

     BUGS
     AUTHOR

     Benchmark - benchmark running times of Perl code

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Methods
             new, debug, iters

         Standard Exports
             timeit(COUNT, CODE), timethis ( COUNT, CODE, [
             TITLE, [ STYLE ]] ), timethese ( COUNT, CODEHASHREF,
             [ STYLE ] ), timediff ( T1, T2 ), timestr (
             TIMEDIFF, [ STYLE, [ FORMAT ] ] )

         Optional Exports
             clearcache ( COUNT ), clearallcache ( ), cmpthese (
             COUNT, CODEHASHREF, [ STYLE ] ), cmpthese (
             RESULTSHASHREF, [ STYLE ] ), countit(TIME, CODE),
             disablecache ( ), enablecache ( ), timesum ( T1, T2
             )

         :hireswallclock
     NOTES
     EXAMPLES
     INHERITANCE
     CAVEATS
     SEE ALSO

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         118

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     AUTHORS
     MODIFICATION HISTORY

     ByteLoader - load byte compiled perl code

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     CGI - Simple Common Gateway Interface Class

     SYNOPSIS
     ABSTRACT
     DESCRIPTION
         PROGRAMMING STYLE
         CALLING CGI.PM ROUTINES
         CREATING A NEW QUERY OBJECT (OBJECT-ORIENTED STYLE):
         CREATING A NEW QUERY OBJECT FROM AN INPUT FILE
         FETCHING A LIST OF KEYWORDS FROM THE QUERY:
         FETCHING THE NAMES OF ALL THE PARAMETERS PASSED TO YOUR
          SCRIPT:
         FETCHING THE VALUE OR VALUES OF A SINGLE NAMED PARAMETER:
         SETTING THE VALUE(S) OF A NAMED PARAMETER:
         APPENDING ADDITIONAL VALUES TO A NAMED PARAMETER:
         IMPORTING ALL PARAMETERS INTO A NAMESPACE:
         DELETING A PARAMETER COMPLETELY:
         DELETING ALL PARAMETERS:
         HANDLING NON-URLENCODED ARGUMENTS
         DIRECT ACCESS TO THE PARAMETER LIST:
         FETCHING THE PARAMETER LIST AS A HASH:
         SAVING THE STATE OF THE SCRIPT TO A FILE:
         RETRIEVING CGI ERRORS
         USING THE FUNCTION-ORIENTED INTERFACE
             :cgi, :form, :html2, :html3, :html4, :netscape,
             :html, :standard, :all

         PRAGMAS
             -any, -compile, -nosticky, -tabindex,
             -no_undef_params, -no_xhtml, -nph, -newstyle_urls,
             -oldstyle_urls, -autoload, -no_debug, -debug,
             -private_tempfiles

         SPECIAL FORMS FOR IMPORTING HTML-TAG FUNCTIONS
             1. start_table() (generates a <table> tag), 2.
             end_table() (generates a </table> tag), 3.
             start_ul() (generates a <ul> tag), 4. end_ul() (gen-
             erates a </ul> tag)

     GENERATING DYNAMIC DOCUMENTS
         CREATING A STANDARD HTTP HEADER:
         GENERATING A REDIRECTION HEADER

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         119

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         CREATING THE HTML DOCUMENT HEADER
             Parameters:, 4, 5, 6..

         ENDING THE HTML DOCUMENT:
         CREATING A SELF-
      REFERENCING URL THAT PRESERVES STATE INFORMA-     TION:
         OBTAINING THE SCRIPT'S URL
             -absolute, -relative, -full, -path (-path_info),
             -query (-query_string), -base, -rewrite

         MIXING POST AND URL PARAMETERS
     CREATING STANDARD HTML ELEMENTS:
         PROVIDING ARGUMENTS TO HTML SHORTCUTS
         THE DISTRIBUTIVE PROPERTY OF HTML SHORTCUTS
         HTML SHORTCUTS AND LIST INTERPOLATION
         NON-STANDARD HTML SHORTCUTS
         AUTOESCAPING HTML
             $escaped_string = escapeHTML("unescaped string");,
             $charset = charset([$charset]);, $flag =
             autoEscape([$flag]);

         PRETTY-PRINTING HTML
     CREATING FILL-OUT FORMS:
         CREATING AN ISINDEX TAG
         STARTING AND ENDING A FORM
             application/x-www-form-urlencoded,
             multipart/form-data

         FORM ELEMENTS
             -name, -value, -values, -tabindex, -id, -override,
             -onChange, -onFocus, -onBlur, -onMouseOver,
             -onMouseOut, -onSelect

         CREATING A TEXT FIELD
             Parameters

         CREATING A BIG TEXT FIELD
         CREATING A PASSWORD FIELD
         CREATING A FILE UPLOAD FIELD
             Parameters

         CREATING A POPUP MENU
         CREATING AN OPTION GROUP
         CREATING A SCROLLING LIST
             Parameters:

         CREATING A GROUP OF RELATED CHECKBOXES
             Parameters:

         CREATING A STANDALONE CHECKBOX
             Parameters:

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         120

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         CREATING A RADIO BUTTON GROUP
             Parameters:

         CREATING A SUBMIT BUTTON
             Parameters:

         CREATING A RESET BUTTON
         CREATING A DEFAULT BUTTON
         CREATING A HIDDEN FIELD
             Parameters:

         CREATING A CLICKABLE IMAGE BUTTON
             Parameters:, 3. The third option (-align, optional)
             is an alignment type, and may be TOP, BOTTOM or MID-
             DLE

         CREATING A JAVASCRIPT ACTION BUTTON
     HTTP COOKIES
         1. an expiration time, 2. a domain, 3. a path, 4. a
         "secure" flag, -name, -value, -path, -domain, -expires,
         -secure

     WORKING WITH FRAMES
         1. Create a <Frameset> document, 2. Specify the destina-
         tion for the document in the HTTP header, 3. Specify the
         destination for the document in the <form> tag

     SUPPORT FOR JAVASCRIPT
         onLoad, onUnload, onSubmit, onClick, onChange, onFocus,
         onBlur, onSelect, onMouseOver, onMouseOut

     LIMITED SUPPORT FOR CASCADING STYLE SHEETS
     DEBUGGING
         DUMPING OUT ALL THE NAME/VALUE PAIRS
     FETCHING ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
         Accept(), raw_cookie(), user_agent(), path_info(),
         path_translated(), remote_host(), script_name() Return
         the script name as a partial URL, for self-refering
         scripts, referer(), auth_type (), server_name (),
         virtual_host (), server_port (), virtual_port (),
         server_software (), remote_user (), user_name (),
         request_method(), content_type(), http(), https()

     USING NPH SCRIPTS
         In the use statement, By calling the nph() method:, By
         using -nph parameters

     Server Push
         multipart_init(), multipart_start(), multipart_end(),
         multipart_final()

     Avoiding Denial of Service Attacks

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         121

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         $CGI::POST_MAX, $CGI::DISABLE_UPLOADS, 1. On a script-
         by-script basis, 2. Globally for all scripts

     COMPATIBILITY WITH CGI-LIB.PL
     AUTHOR INFORMATION
     CREDITS
         Matt Heffron (heffron@falstaff.css.beckman.com), James
         Taylor (james.taylor@srs.gov), Scott Anguish
         <sanguish@digifix.com>, Mike Jewell
         (mlj3u@virginia.edu), Timothy Shimmin
         (tes@kbs.citri.edu.au), Joergen Haegg (jh@axis.se),
         Laurent Delfosse (delfosse@delfosse.com), Richard
         Resnick (applepi1@aol.com), Craig Bishop
         (csb@barwonwater.vic.gov.au), Tony Curtis
         (tc@vcpc.univie.ac.at), Tim Bunce (Tim.Bunce@ig.co.uk),
         Tom Christiansen (tchrist@convex.com), Andreas Koenig
         (k@franz.ww.TU-Berlin.DE), Tim MacKenzie
         (Tim.MacKenzie@fulcrum.com.au), Kevin B. Hendricks
         (kbhend@dogwood.tyler.wm.edu), Stephen Dahmen
         (joyfire@inxpress.net), Ed Jordan (ed@fidalgo.net),
         David Alan Pisoni (david@cnation.com), Doug MacEachern
         (dougm@opengroup.org), Robin Houston
         (robin@oneworld.org), ...and many many more..

     A COMPLETE EXAMPLE OF A SIMPLE FORM-BASED SCRIPT
     BUGS
     SEE ALSO

     CGI::Apache - Backward compatibility module for CGI.pm

     SYNOPSIS
     ABSTRACT
     DESCRIPTION
     AUTHOR INFORMATION
     BUGS
     SEE ALSO

     CGI::Carp, CGI::Carp - CGI routines for writing to the HTTPD
     (or other) error log

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     REDIRECTING ERROR MESSAGES
     MAKING PERL ERRORS APPEAR IN THE BROWSER WINDOW
         Changing the default message
     MAKING WARNINGS APPEAR AS HTML COMMENTS
     OVERRIDING THE NAME OF THE PROGRAM
     AUTHORS
     SEE ALSO

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         122

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     CGI::Cookie - Interface to Netscape Cookies

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     USING CGI::Cookie
         1. expiration date, 2. domain, 3. path, 4. secure flag

         Creating New Cookies
         Sending the Cookie to the Browser
         Recovering Previous Cookies
         Manipulating Cookies
             name(), value(), domain(), path(), expires()

     AUTHOR INFORMATION
     BUGS
     SEE ALSO

     CGI::Fast - CGI Interface for Fast CGI

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     OTHER PIECES OF THE PUZZLE
     WRITING FASTCGI PERL SCRIPTS
     INSTALLING FASTCGI SCRIPTS
     USING FASTCGI SCRIPTS AS CGI SCRIPTS
     EXTERNAL FASTCGI SERVER INVOCATION
         FCGI_SOCKET_PATH, FCGI_LISTEN_QUEUE

     CAVEATS
     AUTHOR INFORMATION
     BUGS
     SEE ALSO

     CGI::Pretty - module to produce nicely formatted HTML code

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Tags that won't be formatted
         Customizing the Indenting
     BUGS
     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     CGI::Push - Simple Interface to Server Push

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     USING CGI::Push
         -next_page, -last_page, -type, -delay, -cookie, -target,
         -expires, -nph

         Heterogeneous Pages

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         123

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Changing the Page Delay on the Fly
     INSTALLING CGI::Push SCRIPTS
     AUTHOR INFORMATION
     BUGS
     SEE ALSO

     CGI::Switch - Backward compatibility module for defunct
     CGI::Switch

     SYNOPSIS
     ABSTRACT
     DESCRIPTION
     AUTHOR INFORMATION
     BUGS
     SEE ALSO

     CGI::Util - Internal utilities used by CGI module

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     AUTHOR INFORMATION
     SEE ALSO

     CPAN - query, download and build perl modules from CPAN
     sites

     SYNOPSIS
     STATUS
     DESCRIPTION
         Interactive Mode
             Searching for authors, bundles, distribution files
             and modules, make, test, install, clean modules or
             distributions, get, readme, look module or distribu-
             tion, ls author, Signals

         CPAN::Shell
         autobundle
         recompile
         The four "CPAN::*" Classes: Author, Bundle, Module, Distribu-
          tion
         Programmer's interface
             expand($type,@things), expandany(@things), Program-
             ming Examples

         Methods in the other Classes
             CPAN::Author::as_glimpse(),
             CPAN::Author::as_string(), CPAN::Author::email(),
             CPAN::Author::fullname(), CPAN::Author::name(),
             CPAN::Bundle::as_glimpse(),
             CPAN::Bundle::as_string(), CPAN::Bundle::clean(),
             CPAN::Bundle::contains(),
             CPAN::Bundle::force($method,@args),

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         124

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

             CPAN::Bundle::get(), CPAN::Bundle::inst_file(),
             CPAN::Bundle::inst_version(),
             CPAN::Bundle::uptodate(), CPAN::Bundle::install(),
             CPAN::Bundle::make(), CPAN::Bundle::readme(),
             CPAN::Bundle::test(),
             CPAN::Distribution::as_glimpse(),
             CPAN::Distribution::as_string(),
             CPAN::Distribution::clean(),
             CPAN::Distribution::containsmods(),
             CPAN::Distribution::cvs_import(),
             CPAN::Distribution::dir(),
             CPAN::Distribution::force($method,@args),
             CPAN::Distribution::get(),
             CPAN::Distribution::install(),
             CPAN::Distribution::isa_perl(),
             CPAN::Distribution::look(),
             CPAN::Distribution::make(),
             CPAN::Distribution::prereq_pm(),
             CPAN::Distribution::readme(),
             CPAN::Distribution::test(),
             CPAN::Distribution::uptodate(),
             CPAN::Index::force_reload(), CPAN::Index::reload(),
             CPAN::InfoObj::dump(), CPAN::Module::as_glimpse(),
             CPAN::Module::as_string(), CPAN::Module::clean(),
             CPAN::Module::cpan_file(),
             CPAN::Module::cpan_version(),
             CPAN::Module::cvs_import(),
             CPAN::Module::description(),
             CPAN::Module::force($method,@args),
             CPAN::Module::get(), CPAN::Module::inst_file(),
             CPAN::Module::inst_version(),
             CPAN::Module::install(), CPAN::Module::look(),
             CPAN::Module::make(),
             CPAN::Module::manpage_headline(),
             CPAN::Module::readme(), CPAN::Module::test(),
             CPAN::Module::uptodate(), CPAN::Module::userid()

         Cache Manager
         Bundles
         Prerequisites
         Finding packages and VERSION
         Debugging
         Floppy, Zip, Offline Mode
     CONFIGURATION
         "o conf <scalar option>", "o conf <scalar option>
         <value>", "o conf <list option>", "o conf <list option>
         [shift|pop]", "o conf <list option>
         [unshift|push|splice] <list>"

         Note on urllist parameter's format
         urllist parameter has CD-ROM support
     SECURITY

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         125

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     EXPORT
     POPULATE AN INSTALLATION WITH LOTS OF MODULES
     WORKING WITH CPAN.pm BEHIND FIREWALLS
         Three basic types of firewalls
             http firewall, ftp firewall, One way visibility,
             SOCKS, IP Masquerade

         Configuring lynx or ncftp for going through a firewall
     FAQ 1), 2), 3), 4), 5), 6), 7), 8), 9), 10)

     BUGS
     AUTHOR
     TRANSLATIONS
     SEE ALSO

     CPAN::FirstTime - Utility for CPAN::Config file Initializa-
     tion

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     CPANox, CPAN::Nox - Wrapper around CPAN.pm without using any
     XS module

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     SEE ALSO

     Carp, carp    - warn of errors (from perspective of caller)

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Forcing a Stack Trace
     GLOBAL VARIABLES
         $Carp::CarpLevel
         $Carp::MaxEvalLen
         $Carp::MaxArgLen
         $Carp::MaxArgNums
         $Carp::Verbose
     BUGS

     Carp::Heavy - heavy machinery, no user serviceable parts
     inside

     Class::ISA -- report the search path for a class's ISA tree

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     FUNCTIONS
         the function Class::ISA::super_path($CLASS), the func-
         tion Class::ISA::self_and_super_path($CLASS), the func-
         tion Class::ISA::self_and_super_versions($CLASS)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         126

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     CAUTIONARY NOTES
     COPYRIGHT
     AUTHOR

     Class::Struct - declare struct-like datatypes as Perl
     classes

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         The "struct()" function
         Class Creation at Compile Time
         Element Types and Accessor Methods
             Scalar ('$' or '*$'), Array ('@' or '*@'), Hash ('%'
             or '*%'), Class ('Class_Name' or '*Class_Name')

         Initializing with "new"
     EXAMPLES
         Example 1, Example 2, Example 3

     Author and Modification History

     Cwd - get pathname of current working directory

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         getcwd and friends
             getcwd, cwd, fastcwd, fastgetcwd, getdcwd

         abs_path and friends
             abs_path, realpath, fast_abs_path

         $ENV{PWD}
     NOTES
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT
     SEE ALSO

     DB - programmatic interface to the Perl debugging API
     (draft, subject to change)

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Global Variables
              $DB::sub,  %DB::sub,  $DB::single,  $DB::signal,  $DB::trace,  @DB::args,
             @DB::dbline,  %DB::dbline,  $DB::package,  $DB::filename,  $DB::subname,
             $DB::lineno

         API Methods
             CLIENT->register(), CLIENT->evalcode(STRING),
             CLIENT->skippkg('D::hide'), CLIENT->run(),
             CLIENT->step(), CLIENT->next(), CLIENT->done()

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         127

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Client Callback Methods
             CLIENT->init(), CLIENT->prestop([STRING]),
             CLIENT->stop(), CLIENT->idle(),
             CLIENT->poststop([STRING]),
             CLIENT->evalcode(STRING), CLIENT->cleanup(),
             CLIENT->output(LIST)

     BUGS
     AUTHOR

     DBM_Filter -- Filter DBM keys/values

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     What is a DBM Filter?
         So what's new?
     METHODS
         $db->Filter_Push()
         $db->Filter_Key_Push()
         $db->Filter_Value_Push()
             Filter_Push, Filter_Key_Push, Filter_Value_Push

         $db->Filter_Pop()
         $db->Filtered()
     Writing a Filter
         Immediate Filters
         Canned Filters
             "name", params

     Filters Included
         utf8, encode, compress, int32, null

     NOTES
         Maintain Round Trip Integrity
         Don't mix filtered & non-
      filtered data in the same database     file.
     EXAMPLE
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR

     DBM_Filter::compress -- compression DBM Filter

     SYNOPSIS
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR

     DBM_Filter::encode -- character encoding DBM Filter

     SYNOPSIS
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         128

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     DBM_Filter::int32 -- 32 bit integer DBM Filter

     SYNOPSIS
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR

     DBM_Filter::null -- DBM Filter to force null termination

     SYNOPSIS
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR

     DBM_Filter::utf8 -- UTF-8 DBM Filter

     SYNOPSIS
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR

     DB_File - Perl5 access to Berkeley DB version 1.x

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         DB_HASH, DB_BTREE, DB_RECNO

         Using DB_File with Berkeley DB version 2 or greater
         Interface to Berkeley DB
         Opening a Berkeley DB Database File
         Default Parameters
         In Memory Databases
     DB_HASH
         A Simple Example
     DB_BTREE
         Changing the BTREE sort order
         Handling Duplicate Keys
         The get_dup() Method
         The find_dup() Method
         The del_dup() Method
         Matching Partial Keys
     DB_RECNO
         The 'bval' Option
         A Simple Example
         Extra RECNO Methods
             $X->push(list) ;, $value = $X->pop ;, $X->shift,
             $X->unshift(list) ;, $X->length, $X->splice(offset,
             length, elements);

         Another Example
     THE API INTERFACE
         $status = $X->get($key, $value [, $flags]) ;, $status =
         $X->put($key, $value [, $flags]) ;, $status =
         $X->del($key [, $flags]) ;, $status = $X->fd ;, $status
         = $X->seq($key, $value, $flags) ;, $status =

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         129

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         $X->sync([$flags]) ;

     DBM FILTERS
         filter_store_key, filter_store_value, filter_fetch_key,
         filter_fetch_value

         The Filter
         An Example -- the NULL termination problem.
         Another Example -- Key is a C int.
     HINTS AND TIPS
         Locking: The Trouble with fd
         Safe ways to lock a database
             Tie::DB_Lock, Tie::DB_LockFile, DB_File::Lock

         Sharing Databases With C Applications
         The untie() Gotcha
     COMMON QUESTIONS
         Why is there Perl source in my database?
         How do I store complex data structures with DB_File?
         What does "Invalid Argument" mean?
         What does "Bareword 'DB_File' not allowed" mean?
     REFERENCES
     HISTORY
     BUGS
     AVAILABILITY
     COPYRIGHT
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR

     Data::Dumper - stringified perl data structures, suitable
     for both printing and "eval"

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Methods
             PACKAGE->new(ARRAYREF [, ARRAYREF]), $OBJ->Dump  or
             PACKAGE->Dump(ARRAYREF [, ARRAYREF]),
             $OBJ->Seen([HASHREF]), $OBJ->Values([ARRAYREF]),
             $OBJ->Names([ARRAYREF]), $OBJ->Reset

         Functions
             Dumper(LIST)

         Configuration Variables or Methods
         Exports
             Dumper

     EXAMPLES
     BUGS
         NOTE
     AUTHOR
     VERSION

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         130

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     SEE ALSO

     Devel::DProf - a Perl code profiler

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     PROFILE FORMAT
     AUTOLOAD
     ENVIRONMENT
     BUGS
     SEE ALSO

     Devel::PPPort - Perl/Pollution/Portability

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Why use ppport.h?
         How to use ppport.h
         Running ppport.h
     FUNCTIONS
         WriteFile
     COMPATIBILITY
         Provided Perl compatibility API
         Perl API not supported by ppport.h
             perl 5.9.3, perl 5.9.2, perl 5.9.1, perl 5.9.0, perl
             5.8.3, perl 5.8.1, perl 5.8.0, perl 5.7.3, perl
             5.7.2, perl 5.7.1, perl 5.6.1, perl 5.6.0, perl
             5.005_03, perl 5.005, perl 5.004_05, perl 5.004

     BUGS
     AUTHORS
     COPYRIGHT
     SEE ALSO

     Devel::Peek - A data debugging tool for the XS programmer

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Runtime debugging
         Memory footprint debugging
     EXAMPLES
         A simple scalar string
         A simple scalar number
         A simple scalar with an extra reference
         A reference to a simple scalar
         A reference to an array
         A reference to a hash
         Dumping a large array or hash
         A reference to an SV which holds a C pointer
         A reference to a subroutine
     EXPORTS
     BUGS

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         131

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     Devel::SelfStubber - generate stubs for a SelfLoading module

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     Digest - Modules that calculate message digests

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         binary, hex, base64

     OO INTERFACE
         $ctx = Digest->XXX($arg,...), $ctx = Digest->new(XXX =>
         $arg,...), $ctx = Digest::XXX->new($arg,...), $other_ctx
         = $ctx->clone, $ctx->reset, $ctx->add( $data, ... ),
         $ctx->addfile( $io_handle ), $ctx->add_bits( $data,
         $nbits ), $ctx->add_bits( $bitstring ), $ctx->digest,
         $ctx->hexdigest, $ctx->b64digest

     Digest speed
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR

     Digest::MD5 - Perl interface to the MD5 Algorithm

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     FUNCTIONS
         md5($data,...), md5_hex($data,...),
         md5_base64($data,...)

     METHODS
         $md5 = Digest::MD5->new, $md5->reset, $md5->clone,
         $md5->add($data,...), $md5->addfile($io_handle),
         $md5->add_bits($data, $nbits),
         $md5->add_bits($bitstring), $md5->digest,
         $md5->hexdigest, $md5->b64digest

     EXAMPLES
     SEE ALSO
     COPYRIGHT
     AUTHORS

     Digest::base - Digest base class

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     SEE ALSO

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         132

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Digest::file - Calculate digests of files

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         digest_file( $file, $algorithm, [$arg,...] ),
         digest_file_hex( $file, $algorithm, [$arg,...] ),
         digest_file_base64( $file, $algorithm, [$arg,...] )

     SEE ALSO

     DirHandle - supply object methods for directory handles

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     NOTES

     Dumpvalue - provides screen dump of Perl data.

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Creation
             "arrayDepth", "hashDepth", "compactDump", "veryCom-
             pact", "globPrint", "dumpDBFiles", "dumpPackages",
             "dumpReused", "tick", "quoteHighBit", "printUndef",
             "usageOnly", unctrl, subdump, bareStringify,
             quoteHighBit, stopDbSignal

         Methods
             dumpValue, dumpValues, stringify, dumpvars,
             set_quote, set_unctrl, compactDump, veryCompact,
             set, get

     Encode - character encodings

     SYNOPSIS
         Table of Contents
     DESCRIPTION
         TERMINOLOGY
     PERL ENCODING API
         $octets  = encode(ENCODING, $string [, CHECK]), $string
         = decode(ENCODING, $octets [, CHECK]), [$length =]
         from_to($octets, FROM_ENC, TO_ENC [, CHECK]), $octets =
         encode_utf8($string);, $string = decode_utf8($octets [,
         CHECK]);

         Listing available encodings
         Defining Aliases
     Encoding via PerlIO
     Handling Malformed Data
         NOTE: Not all encoding support this feature, CHECK =
         Encode::FB_DEFAULT ( == 0), CHECK = Encode::FB_CROAK (
         == 1), CHECK = Encode::FB_QUIET, CHECK =

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         133

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Encode::FB_WARN, perlqq mode (CHECK =
         Encode::FB_PERLQQ), HTML charref mode (CHECK =
         Encode::FB_HTMLCREF), XML charref mode (CHECK =
         Encode::FB_XMLCREF), The bitmask

         coderef for CHECK
     Defining Encodings
     The UTF-8 flag
         Goal #1:, Goal #2:, Goal #3:, Goal #4:

         Messing with Perl's Internals
             is_utf8(STRING [, CHECK]), _utf8_on(STRING),
             _utf8_off(STRING)

     UTF-8 vs. utf8
     SEE ALSO
     MAINTAINER

     Encode::Byte - Single Byte Encodings

     SYNOPSIS
     ABSTRACT
     DESCRIPTION
     SEE ALSO

     Encode::CN - China-based Chinese Encodings

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     NOTES
     BUGS
     SEE ALSO

     Encode::EBCDIC - EBCDIC Encodings

     SYNOPSIS
     ABSTRACT
     DESCRIPTION
     SEE ALSO

     Encode::JP - Japanese Encodings

     SYNOPSIS
     ABSTRACT
     DESCRIPTION
     Note on ISO-2022-JP(-1)?
     BUGS
     SEE ALSO

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         134

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Encode::KR - Korean Encodings

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     BUGS
     SEE ALSO

     Encode::Symbol - Symbol Encodings

     SYNOPSIS
     ABSTRACT
     DESCRIPTION
     SEE ALSO

     Encode::TW - Taiwan-based Chinese Encodings

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     NOTES
     BUGS
     SEE ALSO

     Encode::Unicode -- Various Unicode Transformation Formats

     SYNOPSIS
     ABSTRACT
         <http://www.unicode.org/glossary/> says:, Quick Refer-
         ence

     Size, Endianness, and BOM
         by size
         by endianness
             BOM as integer when fetched in network byte order

     Surrogate Pairs
     Error Checking
     SEE ALSO

     Encode::lib::Encode::Alias, Encode::Alias - alias defini-
     tions to encodings

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         As a simple string, As a qr// compiled regular expres-
         sion, e.g.:, As a code reference, e.g.:

         Alias overloading
     SEE ALSO

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         135

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Encode::lib::Encode::CJKConstants, Encode::CJKConstants.pm
     -- Internally used by Encode::??::ISO_2022_*

     Encode::lib::Encode::CN::HZ, Encode::CN::HZ -- internally
     used by Encode::CN

     Encode::lib::Encode::Config, Encode::Config -- internally
     used by Encode

     Encode::lib::Encode::Encoding, Encode::Encoding - Encode
     Implementation Base Class

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Methods you should implement
             ->encode($string [,$check]), ->decode($octets
             [,$check]), ->cat_decode($destination, $octets,
             $offset, $terminator [,$check])

         Other methods defined in Encode::Encodings
             ->name, ->renew, ->renewed, ->perlio_ok(),
             ->needs_lines()

         Example: Encode::ROT13
     Why the heck Encode API is different?
         Compiled Encodings
     SEE ALSO
         Scheme 1, Scheme 2, Other Schemes

     Encode::lib::Encode::Guess, Encode::Guess -- Guesses encod-
     ing from data

     SYNOPSIS
     ABSTRACT
     DESCRIPTION
         Encode::Guess->set_suspects,
         Encode::Guess->add_suspects, Encode::decode("Guess"
         ...), Encode::Guess->guess($data), guess_encoding($data,
         [, list of suspects])

     CAVEATS
     TO DO
     SEE ALSO

     Encode::lib::Encode::JP::H2Z, Encode::JP::H2Z -- internally
     used by Encode::JP::2022_JP*

     Encode::lib::Encode::JP::JIS7, Encode::JP::JIS7 -- inter-
     nally used by Encode::JP

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         136

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Encode::lib::Encode::KR::2022_KR, Encode::KR::2022_KR --
     internally used by Encode::KR

     Encode::lib::Encode::MIME::Header, Encode::MIME::Header --
     MIME 'B' and 'Q' header encoding

     SYNOPSIS
     ABSTRACT
     DESCRIPTION
     BUGS
     SEE ALSO

     Encode::lib::Encode::PerlIO, Encode::PerlIO -- a detailed
     document on Encode and PerlIO

     Overview
     How does it work?
     Line Buffering
         How can I tell whether my encoding fully supports PerlIO ?
     SEE ALSO

     Encode::lib::Encode::Supported, Encode::Supported -- Encod-
     ings supported by Encode

     DESCRIPTION
         Encoding Names
     Supported Encodings
         Built-in Encodings
         Encode::Unicode -- other Unicode encodings
         Encode::Byte -- Extended ASCII
             ISO-8859 and corresponding vendor mappings, KOI8 -
             De Facto Standard for the Cyrillic world, gsm0338 -
             Hentai Latin 1

         CJK: Chinese, Japanese, Korean (Multibyte)
             Encode::CN -- Continental China, Encode::JP --
             Japan, Encode::KR -- Korea, Encode::TW -- Taiwan,
             Encode::HanExtra -- More Chinese via CPAN,
             Encode::JIS2K -- JIS X 0213 encodings via CPAN

         Miscellaneous encodings
             Encode::EBCDIC, Encode::Symbols,
             Encode::MIME::Header, Encode::Guess

     Unsupported encodings
           ISO-2022-JP-2 [RFC1554], ISO-2022-CN [RFC1922], Various HP-UX encodings,
         Cyrillic encoding ISO-IR-111, ISO-8859-8-1 [Hebrew], ISIRI 3342, Iran
         System, ISIRI 2900 [Farsi], Thai encoding TCVN, Vietnamese encodings VPS,
         Various Mac encodings, (Mac) Indic encodings

     Encoding vs. Charset -- terminology
     Encoding Classification (by Anton Tagunov and Dan Kogai)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         137

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Microsoft-related naming mess
             KS_C_5601-1987, GB2312, Big5, Shift_JIS

     Glossary
         character repertoire, coded character set (CCS), charac-
         ter encoding scheme (CES), charset (in MIME context),
         EUC, ISO-2022, UCS, UCS-2, Unicode, UTF, UTF-16

     See Also
     References
         ECMA, ECMA-035 (eq "ISO-2022"), IANA, Assigned Charset
         Names by IANA, ISO, RFC, UC, Unicode Glossary

         Other Notable Sites
             czyborra.com, CJK.inf, Jungshik Shin's Hangul FAQ,
             debian.org: "Introduction to i18n"

         Offline sources
             "CJKV Information Processing" by Ken Lunde

     Encode::lib::Encode::Unicode::UTF7, Encode::Unicode::UTF7 --
     UTF-7 encoding

     SYNOPSIS
     ABSTRACT
     In Practice
     SEE ALSO

     Encode::lib::Encoder, Encode::Encoder -- Object Oriented
     Encoder

     SYNOPSIS
     ABSTRACT
     Description
         Predefined Methods
             $e = Encode::Encoder->new([$data, $encoding]);,
             encoder(), $e->data([$data]),
             $e->encoding([$encoding]), $e->bytes([$encoding])

         Example: base64 transcoder
         Operator Overloading
     SEE ALSO

     Encodencoding, encoding - allows you to write your script in
     non-ascii or non-utf8

     SYNOPSIS
     ABSTRACT
         Literal Conversions
         PerlIO layers for "STD(IN|OUT)"
         Implicit upgrading for byte strings
     FEATURES THAT REQUIRE 5.8.1

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         138

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         "NON-EUC" doublebyte encodings, tr//, DATA pseudo-
         filehandle

     USAGE
         use encoding [ENCNAME] ;, use encoding ENCNAME [ STDIN
         => ENCNAME_IN ...] ;, use encoding ENCNAME Filter=>1;,
         no encoding;

     The Filter Option
         Filter-related changes at Encode version 1.87
     CAVEATS
         NOT SCOPED
         DO NOT MIX MULTIPLE ENCODINGS
         tr/// with ranges
             Legend of characters above

     EXAMPLE - Greekperl
     KNOWN PROBLEMS
         literals in regex that are longer than 127 bytes,
         EBCDIC, format

         The Logic of :locale
     HISTORY
     SEE ALSO

     English - use nice English (or awk) names for ugly punctua-
     tion variables

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     PERFORMANCE

     Env - perl module that imports environment variables as
     scalars or arrays

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     LIMITATIONS
     AUTHOR

     Exporter - Implements default import method for modules

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         How to Export
         Selecting What To Export
         How to Import
             "use ModuleName;", "use ModuleName ();", "use Modu-
             leName qw(...);"

     Advanced features
         Specialised Import Lists

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         139

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Exporting without using Exporter's import method
         Exporting without inheriting from Exporter
         Module Version Checking
         Managing Unknown Symbols
         Tag Handling Utility Functions
         Generating combined tags
         "AUTOLOAD"ed Constants

     Exporter::Heavy - Exporter guts

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     ExtUtils::Command - utilities to replace common UNIX com-
     mands in Makefiles etc.

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     cat

     eqtime

     rm_rf

     rm_f

     touch

     mv

     cp

     chmod

     mkpath

     test_f

     dos2unix

     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR

     ExtUtils::Command::MM - Commands for the MM's to use in
     Makefiles

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         test_harness

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         140

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     pod2man

     warn_if_old_packlist

     perllocal_install

     uninstall

     ExtUtils::Constant - generate XS code to import C header
     constants

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     USAGE
         IV, UV, NV, PV, PVN, SV, YES, NO, UNDEF

     FUNCTIONS

     constant_types

     XS_constant PACKAGE, TYPES, SUBNAME, C_SUBNAME

     autoload PACKAGE, VERSION, AUTOLOADER

     WriteMakefileSnippet

     WriteConstants ATTRIBUTE => VALUE [, ...], NAME,
     DEFAULT_TYPE, BREAKOUT_AT, NAMES, C_FILE, XS_FILE, SUBNAME,
     C_SUBNAME

     AUTHOR

     ExtUtils::Constant::Base - base class for ExtUtils::Constant
     objects

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     USAGE

     header

     memEQ_clause args_hashref

     dump_names arg_hashref, ITEM..

     assign arg_hashref, VALUE..

     return_clause arg_hashref, ITEM

     switch_clause arg_hashref, NAMELEN, ITEMHASH, ITEM..

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         141

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     params WHAT

     dogfood arg_hashref, ITEM..

     C_constant arg_hashref, ITEM.., name, type, value, macro,
     default, pre, post, def_pre, def_post, utf8, weight

     BUGS
     AUTHOR

     ExtUtils::Constant::Utils - helper functions for
     ExtUtils::Constant

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     USAGE
         C_stringify NAME

     perl_stringify NAME

     AUTHOR

     ExtUtils::Constant::XS, ExtUtils::Constant::Base - base
     class for ExtUtils::Constant objects

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     BUGS
     AUTHOR

     ExtUtils::Embed - Utilities for embedding Perl in C/C++
     applications

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     @EXPORT
     FUNCTIONS
         xsinit(), Examples, ldopts(), Examples, perl_inc(),
         ccflags(), ccdlflags(), ccopts(), xsi_header(),
         xsi_protos(@modules), xsi_body(@modules)

     EXAMPLES
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR

     ExtUtils::Install - install files from here to there

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Functions
             install

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         142

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     install_default DISCOURAGED

     uninstall

     pm_to_blib

     _autosplit

     ENVIRONMENT
         PERL_INSTALL_ROOT

     AUTHOR
     LICENSE

     ExtUtils::Installed - Inventory management of installed
     modules

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     USAGE
     FUNCTIONS
         new(), modules(), files(), directories(),
         directory_tree(), validate(), packlist(), version()

     EXAMPLE
     AUTHOR

     ExtUtils::Liblist - determine libraries to use and how to
     use them

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         For static extensions, For dynamic extensions at
         build/link time, For dynamic extensions at load time

         EXTRALIBS
         LDLOADLIBS and LD_RUN_PATH
         BSLOADLIBS
     PORTABILITY
         VMS implementation
         Win32 implementation
     SEE ALSO

     ExtUtils::MM - OS adjusted ExtUtils::MakeMaker subclass

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     ExtUtils::MM_AIX - AIX specific subclass of
     ExtUtils::MM_Unix

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         143

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Overridden methods
     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     ExtUtils::MM_Any - Platform-agnostic MM methods

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     METHODS
         Cross-platform helper methods
     Targets
     Init methods
     Tools
     File::Spec wrappers
     Misc
     AUTHOR

     ExtUtils::MM_BeOS - methods to override UN*X behaviour in
     ExtUtils::MakeMaker

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     os_flavor

     init_linker

     ExtUtils::MM_Cygwin - methods to override UN*X behaviour in
     ExtUtils::MakeMaker

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         os_flavor

     cflags

     replace_manpage_separator

     init_linker

     ExtUtils::MM_DOS - DOS specific subclass of
     ExtUtils::MM_Unix

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Overridden methods
             os_flavor

     replace_manpage_separator

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         144

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     ExtUtils::MM_MacOS - once produced Makefiles for MacOS Clas-
     sic

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     ExtUtils::MM_NW5 - methods to override UN*X behaviour in
     ExtUtils::MakeMaker

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     os_flavor

     init_platform, platform_constants

     const_cccmd

     static_lib

     dynamic_lib

     ExtUtils::MM_OS2 - methods to override UN*X behaviour in
     ExtUtils::MakeMaker

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     METHODS
         init_dist

     init_linker

     os_flavor

     ExtUtils::MM_QNX - QNX specific subclass of
     ExtUtils::MM_Unix

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Overridden methods
     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     ExtUtils::MM_UWIN - U/WIN specific subclass of
     ExtUtils::MM_Unix

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Overridden methods

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         145

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

             os_flavor

     replace_manpage_separator

     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     ExtUtils::MM_Unix - methods used by ExtUtils::MakeMaker

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     METHODS
     Methods
         os_flavor

     c_o (o)

     cflags (o)

     const_cccmd (o)

     const_config (o)

     const_loadlibs (o)

     constants (o)

     depend (o)

     init_DEST

     init_dist

     dist (o)

     dist_basics (o)

     dist_ci (o)

     dist_core (o)

     dist_target

     tardist_target

     zipdist_target

     tarfile_target

     zipfile_target

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         146

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     uutardist_target

     shdist_target

     dlsyms (o)

     dynamic_bs (o)

     dynamic_lib (o)

     exescan

     extliblist

     find_perl

     fixin

     force (o)

     guess_name

     has_link_code

     init_dirscan

     init_DIRFILESEP

     init_main

     init_others

     init_linker

     init_lib2arch

     init_PERL

     init_platform, platform_constants

     init_PERM

     init_xs

     install (o)

     installbin (o)

     linkext (o)

     lsdir

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         147

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     macro (o)

     makeaperl (o)

     makefile (o)

     maybe_command

     needs_linking (o)

     nicetext

     parse_abstract

     parse_version

     pasthru (o)

     perl_script

     perldepend (o)

     perm_rw (o)

     perm_rwx (o)

     pm_to_blib

     post_constants (o)

     post_initialize (o)

     postamble (o)

     ppd

     prefixify

     processPL (o)

     quote_paren

     replace_manpage_separator

     cd

     oneliner

     quote_literal

     escape_newlines

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         148

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     max_exec_len

     static (o)

     static_lib (o)

     staticmake (o)

     subdir_x (o)

     subdirs (o)

     test (o)

     test_via_harness (override)

     test_via_script (override)

     tools_other (o)

     tool_xsubpp (o)

     all_target

     top_targets (o)

     writedoc

     xs_c (o)

     xs_cpp (o)

     xs_o (o)

     SEE ALSO

     ExtUtils::MM_VMS - methods to override UN*X behaviour in
     ExtUtils::MakeMaker

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Methods always loaded
             wraplist

     Methods
         guess_name (override)

     find_perl (override)

     maybe_command (override)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         149

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     pasthru (override)

     pm_to_blib (override)

     perl_script (override)

     replace_manpage_separator

     init_DEST

     init_DIRFILESEP

     init_main (override)

     init_others (override)

     init_platform (override)

     platform_constants

     init_VERSION (override)

     constants (override)

     special_targets

     cflags (override)

     const_cccmd (override)

     tools_other (override)

     init_dist (override)

     c_o (override)

     xs_c (override)

     xs_o (override)

     dlsyms (override)

     dynamic_lib (override)

     static_lib (override)

     extra_clean_files

     zipfile_target, tarfile_target, shdist_target

     install (override)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         150

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     perldepend (override)

     makeaperl (override)

     nicetext (override)

     prefixify (override)

     cd

     oneliner

     echo

     quote_literal

     escape_newlines

     max_exec_len

     init_linker

     eliminate_macros

     fixpath

     os_flavor

     AUTHOR

     ExtUtils::MM_VOS - VOS specific subclass of
     ExtUtils::MM_Unix

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Overridden methods
     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     ExtUtils::MM_Win32 - methods to override UN*X behaviour in
     ExtUtils::MakeMaker

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     Overridden methods
         dlsyms

     replace_manpage_separator

     maybe_command

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         151

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     init_DIRFILESEP

     init_others

     init_platform, platform_constants

     special_targets

     static_lib

     dynamic_lib

     extra_clean_files

     init_linker

     perl_script

     xs_o

     pasthru

     oneliner

     cd

     max_exec_len

     os_flavor

     ExtUtils::MM_Win95 - method to customize MakeMaker for Win9X

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Overriden methods
             xs_c

     xs_cpp

     xs_o

     max_exec_len

     os_flavor

     AUTHOR

     ExtUtils::MY - ExtUtils::MakeMaker subclass for customiza-
     tion

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         152

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     ExtUtils::MakeMaker - Create a module Makefile

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         How To Write A Makefile.PL
         Default Makefile Behaviour
         make test
         make testdb
         make install
         PREFIX and LIB attribute
         AFS users
         Static Linking of a new Perl Binary
         Determination of Perl Library and Installation Locations
         Which architecture dependent directory?
         Using Attributes and Parameters
             ABSTRACT, ABSTRACT_FROM, AUTHOR, BINARY_LOCATION, C,
             CCFLAGS, CONFIG, CONFIGURE, DEFINE, DESTDIR, DIR,
             DISTNAME, DISTVNAME, DL_FUNCS, DL_VARS, EXCLUDE_EXT,
             EXE_FILES, FIRST_MAKEFILE, FULLPERL, FULLPERLRUN,
             FULLPERLRUNINST, FUNCLIST, H, IMPORTS, INC,
             INCLUDE_EXT, INSTALLARCHLIB, INSTALLBIN,
             INSTALLDIRS, INSTALLMAN1DIR, INSTALLMAN3DIR,
             INSTALLPRIVLIB, INSTALLSCRIPT, INSTALLSITEARCH,
             INSTALLSITEBIN, INSTALLSITELIB, INSTALLSITEMAN1DIR,
             INSTALLSITEMAN3DIR, INSTALLVENDORARCH, INSTALLVEN-
             DORBIN, INSTALLVENDORLIB, INSTALLVENDORMAN1DIR,
             INSTALLVENDORMAN3DIR, INST_ARCHLIB, INST_BIN,
             INST_LIB, INST_MAN1DIR, INST_MAN3DIR, INST_SCRIPT,
             LD, LDDLFLAGS, LDFROM, LIB, LIBPERL_A, LIBS, LINK-
             TYPE, MAKEAPERL, MAKEFILE_OLD, MAN1PODS, MAN3PODS,
             MAP_TARGET, MYEXTLIB, NAME, NEEDS_LINKING, NOECHO,
             NORECURS, NO_META, NO_VC, OBJECT, OPTIMIZE, PERL,
             PERL_CORE, PERLMAINCC, PERL_ARCHLIB, PERL_LIB,
             PERL_MALLOC_OK, PERLPREFIX, PERLRUN, PERLRUNINST,
             PERL_SRC, PERM_RW, PERM_RWX, PL_FILES, PM, PMLIB-
             DIRS, PM_FILTER, POLLUTE, PPM_INSTALL_EXEC,
             PPM_INSTALL_SCRIPT, PREFIX, PREREQ_FATAL, PREREQ_PM,
             PREREQ_PRINT, PRINT_PREREQ, SITEPREFIX, SIGN, SKIP,
             TYPEMAPS, VENDORPREFIX, VERBINST, VERSION,
             VERSION_FROM, VERSION_SYM, XS, XSOPT, XSPROTOARG,
             XS_VERSION

         Additional lowercase attributes
             clean, depend, dist, dynamic_lib, linkext, macro,
             postamble, realclean, test, tool_autosplit

         Overriding MakeMaker Methods
         The End Of Cargo Cult Programming
             "MAN3PODS => ' '"

         Hintsfile support
         Distribution Support

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         153

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

                make distcheck,    make skipcheck,    make distclean,    make manifest,
               make distdir,   make disttest,    make tardist,    make dist,    make
             uutardist,    make shdist,    make zipdist,    make ci

         Module Meta-Data
         Disabling an extension
         Other Handy Functions
             prompt

     ENVIRONMENT
         PERL_MM_OPT, PERL_MM_USE_DEFAULT, PERL_CORE

     SEE ALSO
     AUTHORS
     LICENSE

     ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Config - Wrapper around Config.pm

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     ExtUtils::MakeMaker::FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions About
     MakeMaker

     DESCRIPTION
         Module Installation
             How do I keep from installing man pages?, How do I
             use a module without installing it?

         Philosophy and History
             Why not just use <insert other build config tool
             here>?, What is Module::Build and how does it relate
             to MakeMaker?, pure perl.   no make, no shell com-
             mands, easier to customize, cleaner internals, less
             cruft

         Module Writing
             How do I keep my $VERSION up to date without reset-
             ting it manually?, What's this META.yml thing and
             how did it get in my MANIFEST?!

         XS  How to I prevent "object version X.XX does not match
             bootstrap parameter Y.YY" errors?, How do I make two
             or more XS files coexist in the same directory?

     PATCHING
     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         154

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Tutorial - Writing a module with Mak-
     eMaker

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         The Mantra
         The Layout
             Makefile.PL, MANIFEST, lib/, t/, Changes, README,
             INSTALL, MANIFEST.SKIP, bin/

     SEE ALSO

     ExtUtils::MakeMaker::bytes - Version-agnostic bytes.pm

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     ExtUtils::MakeMaker::vmsish - Platform-agnostic vmsish.pm

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     ExtUtils::Manifest - utilities to write and check a MANIFEST
     file

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Functions
             mkmanifest

     manifind

     manicheck

     filecheck

     fullcheck

     skipcheck

     maniread

     manicopy

     maniadd

     MANIFEST
     MANIFEST.SKIP
     EXPORT_OK
     GLOBAL VARIABLES
     DIAGNOSTICS
         "Not in MANIFEST:" file, "Skipping" file, "No such

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         155

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         file:" file, "MANIFEST:" $!, "Added to MANIFEST:" file

     ENVIRONMENT
         PERL_MM_MANIFEST_DEBUG

     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR

     ExtUtils::Mkbootstrap - make a bootstrap file for use by
     DynaLoader

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     ExtUtils::Mksymlists - write linker options files for
     dynamic extension

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         DLBASE, DL_FUNCS, DL_VARS, FILE, FUNCLIST, IMPORTS, NAME

     AUTHOR
     REVISION

     ExtUtils::Packlist - manage .packlist files

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     USAGE
     FUNCTIONS
         new(), read(), write(), validate(), packlist_file()

     EXAMPLE
     AUTHOR

     ExtUtils::testlib - add blib/* directories to @INC

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     Fatal - replace functions with equivalents which succeed or
     die

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     AUTHOR

     Fcntl - load the C Fcntl.h defines

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     NOTE

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         156

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     EXPORTED SYMBOLS

     File::Basename - Parse file paths into directory, filename
     and suffix.

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     "fileparse"

     "basename"

     "dirname"

     "fileparse_set_fstype"

     SEE ALSO

     File::CheckTree, validate - run many filetest checks on a
     tree

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     AUTHOR
     HISTORY

     File::Compare - Compare files or filehandles

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     RETURN
     AUTHOR

     File::Copy - Copy files or filehandles

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Special behaviour if "syscopy" is defined (OS/2, VMS and
          Win32)
             rmscopy($from,$to[,$date_flag])

     RETURN
     NOTES
     AUTHOR

     File::DosGlob - DOS like globbing and then some

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     NOTES
     EXPORTS (by request only)
     BUGS

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         157

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     AUTHOR
     HISTORY
     SEE ALSO

     File::Find - Traverse a directory tree.

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         find, finddepth

         %options
             "wanted", "bydepth", "preprocess", "postprocess",
             "follow", "follow_fast", "follow_skip",
             "dangling_symlinks", "no_chdir", "untaint",
             "untaint_pattern", "untaint_skip"

         The wanted function
             $File::Find::dir is the current directory name,, $_
             is the current filename within that directory,
             $File::Find::name is the complete pathname to the
             file

     WARNINGS
     CAVEAT
         $dont_use_nlink, symlinks

     NOTES
     BUGS AND CAVEATS
     HISTORY

     File::Glob - Perl extension for BSD glob routine

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         META CHARACTERS
         POSIX FLAGS
             "GLOB_ERR", "GLOB_LIMIT", "GLOB_MARK",
             "GLOB_NOCASE", "GLOB_NOCHECK", "GLOB_NOSORT",
             "GLOB_BRACE", "GLOB_NOMAGIC", "GLOB_QUOTE",
             "GLOB_TILDE", "GLOB_CSH", "GLOB_ALPHASORT"

     DIAGNOSTICS
         "GLOB_NOSPACE", "GLOB_ABEND"

     NOTES
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR

     File::Path - create or remove directory trees

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         158

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     DIAGNOSTICS
     AUTHORS

     File::Spec - portably perform operations on file names

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     METHODS
         canonpath, catdir, catfile, curdir, devnull, rootdir,
         tmpdir, updir, no_upwards, case_tolerant,
         file_name_is_absolute, path, join, splitpath, splitdir,
         catpath(), abs2rel, rel2abs()

     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT

     File::Spec::Cygwin - methods for Cygwin file specs

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     canonpath

     file_name_is_absolute

     tmpdir (override)

     COPYRIGHT

     File::Spec::Epoc - methods for Epoc file specs

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     canonpath()

     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT
     SEE ALSO

     File::Spec::Functions - portably perform operations on file
     names

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Exports
     COPYRIGHT
     SEE ALSO

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         159

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     File::Spec::Mac - File::Spec for Mac OS (Classic)

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     METHODS
         canonpath

     catdir()

     catfile

     curdir

     devnull

     rootdir

     tmpdir

     updir

     file_name_is_absolute

     path

     splitpath

     splitdir

     catpath

     abs2rel

     rel2abs

     AUTHORS
     COPYRIGHT
     SEE ALSO

     File::Spec::OS2 - methods for OS/2 file specs

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         tmpdir, splitpath

     COPYRIGHT

     File::Spec::Unix - File::Spec for Unix, base for other
     File::Spec modules

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         160

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     METHODS
         canonpath()

     catdir()

     catfile

     curdir

     devnull

     rootdir

     tmpdir

     updir

     no_upwards

     case_tolerant

     file_name_is_absolute

     path

     join

     splitpath

     splitdir

     catpath()

     abs2rel

     rel2abs()

     COPYRIGHT
     SEE ALSO

     File::Spec::VMS - methods for VMS file specs

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         canonpath (override)

     catdir (override)

     catfile (override)

     curdir (override)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         161

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     devnull (override)

     rootdir (override)

     tmpdir (override)

     updir (override)

     case_tolerant (override)

     path (override)

     file_name_is_absolute (override)

     splitpath (override)

     splitdir (override)

     catpath (override)

     abs2rel (override)

     rel2abs (override)

     COPYRIGHT
     SEE ALSO

     File::Spec::Win32 - methods for Win32 file specs

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         devnull

     tmpdir

     catfile

     canonpath

     splitpath

     splitdir

     catpath

     Note For File::Spec::Win32 Maintainers
     COPYRIGHT
     SEE ALSO

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         162

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     File::Temp - return name and handle of a temporary file
     safely

     PORTABILITY
     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     OBJECT-ORIENTED INTERFACE
         new

     filename

     unlink_on_destroy

     DESTROY

     FUNCTIONS
         tempfile

     tempdir

     MKTEMP FUNCTIONS
         mkstemp

     mkstemps

     mkdtemp

     mktemp

     POSIX FUNCTIONS
         tmpnam

     tmpfile

     ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONS
         tempnam

     UTILITY FUNCTIONS
         unlink0

     cmpstat

     unlink1

     cleanup

     PACKAGE VARIABLES
         safe_level, STANDARD, MEDIUM, HIGH

     TopSystemUID

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         163

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     $KEEP_ALL, $DEBUG

     WARNING
         Temporary files and NFS
         Forking
         BINMODE
     HISTORY
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR

     File::stat - by-name interface to Perl's built-in stat()
     functions

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     BUGS
     NOTE
     AUTHOR

     FileCache - keep more files open than the system permits

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         cacheout EXPR, cacheout MODE, EXPR

     CAVEATS
     BUGS

     FileHandle - supply object methods for filehandles

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         $fh->print, $fh->printf, $fh->getline, $fh->getlines

     SEE ALSO

     Filter::Simple - Simplified source filtering

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         The Problem
         A Solution
         Disabling or changing <no> behaviour
         All-in-one interface
         Filtering only specific components of source code
             "code", "code_no_comments", "executable",
             "executable_no_comments", "quotelike", "string",
             "regex", "all"

         Filtering only the code parts of source code
             Most source code ceases to be grammatically correct
             when it is broken up into the pieces between string

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         164

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

             literals and regexes. So the 'code' and
             'code_no_comments' component filter behave slightly
             differently from the other partial filters described
             in the previous section.

         Using Filter::Simple with an explicit "import" subroutine
         Using Filter::Simple and Exporter together
         How it works
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT

     Filter::Util::Call - Perl Source Filter Utility Module

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         use Filter::Util::Call
         import()
         filter() and anonymous sub
             $_, $status, filter_read and filter_read_exact,
             filter_del

     EXAMPLES
         Example 1: A simple filter.
         Example 2: Using the context
         Example 3: Using the context within the filter
         Example 4: Using filter_del
     Filter::Simple
     AUTHOR
     DATE

     FindBin - Locate directory of original perl script

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     EXPORTABLE VARIABLES
     KNOWN ISSUES
     KNOWN BUGS
     AUTHORS
     COPYRIGHT

     GDBM_File - Perl5 access to the gdbm library.

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     AVAILABILITY
     BUGS
     SEE ALSO

     Getopt::Long - Extended processing of command line options

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         165

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Command Line Options, an Introduction
     Getting Started with Getopt::Long
         Simple options
         A little bit less simple options
         Mixing command line option with other arguments
         Options with values
         Options with multiple values
         Options with hash values
         User-defined subroutines to handle options
         Options with multiple names
         Case and abbreviations
         Summary of Option Specifications
             !, +, s, i, o, f, : type [ desttype ], : number [
             desttype ], : + [ desttype ]

     Advanced Possibilities
         Object oriented interface
         Thread Safety
         Documentation and help texts
         Storing option values in a hash
         Bundling
         The lonesome dash
         Argument callback
     Configuring Getopt::Long
         default, posix_default, auto_abbrev, getopt_compat,
         gnu_compat, gnu_getopt, require_order, permute, bundling
         (default: disabled), bundling_override (default: dis-
         abled), ignore_case  (default: enabled),
         ignore_case_always (default: disabled), auto_version
         (default:disabled), auto_help (default:disabled),
         pass_through (default: disabled), prefix,
         prefix_pattern, long_prefix_pattern, debug (default:
         disabled)

     Exportable Methods
         VersionMessage, "-message", "-msg", "-exitval", "-out-
         put", HelpMessage

     Return values and Errors
     Legacy
         Default destinations
         Alternative option starters
         Configuration variables
     Trouble Shooting
         GetOptions does not return a false result when an option is
          not supplied
         GetOptions does not split the command line correctly
         Undefined subroutine &main::GetOptions called
         How do I put a "-?" option into a Getopt::Long?
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMER

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         166

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Getopt::Std, getopt, getopts - Process single-character
     switches with switch clustering

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     "--help" and "--version"

     Hash::Util - A selection of general-utility hash subroutines

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Restricted hashes
             lock_keys, unlock_keys

     lock_value, unlock_value

     lock_hash, unlock_hash

     hash_seed

     CAVEATS
     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     I18N::Collate - compare 8-bit scalar data according to the
     current locale

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     I18N::LangTags - functions for dealing with RFC3066-style
     language tags

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     the function is_language_tag($lang1)

     the function extract_language_tags($whatever)

     the function same_language_tag($lang1, $lang2)

     the function similarity_language_tag($lang1, $lang2)

     the function is_dialect_of($lang1, $lang2)

     the function super_languages($lang1)

     the function locale2language_tag($locale_identifier)

     the function encode_language_tag($lang1)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         167

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     the function alternate_language_tags($lang1)

     the function @langs = panic_languages(@accept_languages)

     the function implicate_supers( ...languages... ), the func-
     tion implicate_supers_strictly( ...languages... )

     ABOUT LOWERCASING
     ABOUT UNICODE PLAINTEXT LANGUAGE TAGS
     SEE ALSO
     COPYRIGHT
     AUTHOR

     I18N::LangTags::Detect - detect the user's language prefer-
     ences

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     FUNCTIONS
     ENVIRONMENT
     SEE ALSO
     COPYRIGHT
     AUTHOR

     I18N::LangTags::List -- tags and names for human languages

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     ABOUT LANGUAGE TAGS
     LIST OF LANGUAGES
         {ab} : Abkhazian, {ace} : Achinese, {ach} : Acoli, {ada}
         : Adangme, {ady} : Adyghe, {aa} : Afar, {afh} :
         Afrihili, {af} : Afrikaans, [{afa} : Afro-Asiatic
         (Other)], {ak} : Akan, {akk} : Akkadian, {sq} :
         Albanian, {ale} : Aleut, [{alg} : Algonquian languages],
         [{tut} : Altaic (Other)], {am} : Amharic, {i-ami} : Ami,
         [{apa} : Apache languages], {ar} : Arabic, {arc} : Ara-
         maic, {arp} : Arapaho, {arn} : Araucanian, {arw} :
         Arawak, {hy} : Armenian, {an} : Aragonese, [{art} :
         Artificial (Other)], {ast} : Asturian, {as} : Assamese,
         [{ath} : Athapascan languages], [{aus} : Australian
         languages], [{map} : Austronesian (Other)], {av} :
         Avaric, {ae} : Avestan, {awa} : Awadhi, {ay} : Aymara,
         {az} : Azerbaijani, {ban} : Balinese, [{bat} : Baltic
         (Other)], {bal} : Baluchi, {bm} : Bambara, [{bai} : Bam-
         ileke languages], {bad} : Banda, [{bnt} : Bantu
         (Other)], {bas} : Basa, {ba} : Bashkir, {eu} : Basque,
         {btk} : Batak (Indonesia), {bej} : Beja, {be} : Belaru-
         sian, {bem} : Bemba, {bn} : Bengali, [{ber} : Berber
         (Other)], {bho} : Bhojpuri, {bh} : Bihari, {bik} :
         Bikol, {bin} : Bini, {bi} : Bislama, {bs} : Bosnian,
         {bra} : Braj, {br} : Breton, {bug} : Buginese, {bg} :

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         168

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Bulgarian, {i-bnn} : Bunun, {bua} : Buriat, {my} : Bur-
         mese, {cad} : Caddo, {car} : Carib, {ca} : Catalan,
         [{cau} : Caucasian (Other)], {ceb} : Cebuano, [{cel} :
         Celtic (Other)], [{cai} : Central American Indian
         (Other)], {chg} : Chagatai, [{cmc} : Chamic languages],
         {ch} : Chamorro, {ce} : Chechen, {chr} : Cherokee, {chy}
         : Cheyenne, {chb} : Chibcha, {ny} : Chichewa, {zh} :
         Chinese, {chn} : Chinook Jargon, {chp} : Chipewyan,
         {cho} : Choctaw, {cu} : Church Slavic, {chk} : Chuukese,
         {cv} : Chuvash, {cop} : Coptic, {kw} : Cornish, {co} :
         Corsican, {cr} : Cree, {mus} : Creek, [{cpe} : English-
         based Creoles and pidgins (Other)], [{cpf} : French-
         based Creoles and pidgins (Other)], [{cpp} :
         Portuguese-based Creoles and pidgins (Other)], [{crp} :
         Creoles and pidgins (Other)], {hr} : Croatian, [{cus} :
         Cushitic (Other)], {cs} : Czech, {dak} : Dakota, {da} :
         Danish, {dar} : Dargwa, {day} : Dayak, {i-default} :
         Default (Fallthru) Language, {del} : Delaware, {din} :
         Dinka, {dv} : Divehi, {doi} : Dogri, {dgr} : Dogrib,
         [{dra} : Dravidian (Other)], {dua} : Duala, {nl} :
         Dutch, {dum} : Middle Dutch (ca.1050-1350), {dyu} :
         Dyula, {dz} : Dzongkha, {efi} : Efik, {egy} : Ancient
         Egyptian, {eka} : Ekajuk, {elx} : Elamite, {en} :
         English, {enm} : Old English (1100-1500), {ang} : Old
         English (ca.450-1100), {i-enochian} : Enochian (Artifi-
         cial), {myv} : Erzya, {eo} : Esperanto, {et} : Estonian,
         {ee} : Ewe, {ewo} : Ewondo, {fan} : Fang, {fat} : Fanti,
         {fo} : Faroese, {fj} : Fijian, {fi} : Finnish, [{fiu} :
         Finno-Ugrian (Other)], {fon} : Fon, {fr} : French, {frm}
         : Middle French (ca.1400-1600), {fro} : Old French
         (842-ca.1400), {fy} : Frisian, {fur} : Friulian, {ff} :
         Fulah, {gaa} : Ga, {gd} : Scots Gaelic, {gl} : Gallegan,
         {lg} : Ganda, {gay} : Gayo, {gba} : Gbaya, {gez} : Geez,
         {ka} : Georgian, {de} : German, {gmh} : Middle High Ger-
         man (ca.1050-1500), {goh} : Old High German
         (ca.750-1050), [{gem} : Germanic (Other)], {gil} : Gil-
         bertese, {gon} : Gondi, {gor} : Gorontalo, {got} :
         Gothic, {grb} : Grebo, {grc} : Ancient Greek, {el} :
         Modern Greek, {gn} : Guarani, {gu} : Gujarati, {gwi} :
         Gwich'in, {hai} : Haida, {ht} : Haitian, {ha} : Hausa,
         {haw} : Hawaiian, {he} : Hebrew, {hz} : Herero, {hil} :
         Hiligaynon, {him} : Himachali, {hi} : Hindi, {ho} : Hiri
         Motu, {hit} : Hittite, {hmn} : Hmong, {hu} : Hungarian,
         {hup} : Hupa, {iba} : Iban, {is} : Icelandic, {io} :
         Ido, {ig} : Igbo, {ijo} : Ijo, {ilo} : Iloko, [{inc} :
         Indic (Other)], [{ine} : Indo-European (Other)], {id} :
         Indonesian, {inh} : Ingush, {ia} : Interlingua (Interna-
         tional Auxiliary Language Association), {ie} : Inter-
         lingue, {iu} : Inuktitut, {ik} : Inupiaq, [{ira} :
         Iranian (Other)], {ga} : Irish, {mga} : Middle Irish
         (900-1200), {sga} : Old Irish (to 900), [{iro} : Iro-
         quoian languages], {it} : Italian, {ja} : Japanese, {jv}

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         169

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         : Javanese, {jrb} : Judeo-Arabic, {jpr} : Judeo-Persian,
         {kbd} : Kabardian, {kab} : Kabyle, {kac} : Kachin, {kl}
         : Kalaallisut, {xal} : Kalmyk, {kam} : Kamba, {kn} :
         Kannada, {kr} : Kanuri, {krc} : Karachay-Balkar, {kaa} :
         Kara-Kalpak, {kar} : Karen, {ks} : Kashmiri, {csb} :
         Kashubian, {kaw} : Kawi, {kk} : Kazakh, {kha} : Khasi,
         {km} : Khmer, [{khi} : Khoisan (Other)], {kho} : Kho-
         tanese, {ki} : Kikuyu, {kmb} : Kimbundu, {rw} :
         Kinyarwanda, {ky} : Kirghiz, {i-klingon} : Klingon, {kv}
         : Komi, {kg} : Kongo, {kok} : Konkani, {ko} : Korean,
         {kos} : Kosraean, {kpe} : Kpelle, {kro} : Kru, {kj} :
         Kuanyama, {kum} : Kumyk, {ku} : Kurdish, {kru} : Kurukh,
         {kut} : Kutenai, {lad} : Ladino, {lah} : Lahnda, {lam} :
         Lamba, {lo} : Lao, {la} : Latin, {lv} : Latvian, {lb} :
         Letzeburgesch, {lez} : Lezghian, {li} : Limburgish, {ln}
         : Lingala, {lt} : Lithuanian, {nds} : Low German,
         {art-lojban} : Lojban (Artificial), {loz} : Lozi, {lu} :
         Luba-Katanga, {lua} : Luba-Lulua, {lui} : Luiseno, {lun}
         : Lunda, {luo} : Luo (Kenya and Tanzania), {lus} :
         Lushai, {mk} : Macedonian, {mad} : Madurese, {mag} :
         Magahi, {mai} : Maithili, {mak} : Makasar, {mg} :
         Malagasy, {ms} : Malay, {ml} : Malayalam, {mt} : Mal-
         tese, {mnc} : Manchu, {mdr} : Mandar, {man} : Mandingo,
         {mni} : Manipuri, [{mno} : Manobo languages], {gv} :
         Manx, {mi} : Maori, {mr} : Marathi, {chm} : Mari, {mh} :
         Marshall, {mwr} : Marwari, {mas} : Masai, [{myn} : Mayan
         languages], {men} : Mende, {mic} : Micmac, {min} :
         Minangkabau, {i-mingo} : Mingo, [{mis} : Miscellaneous
         languages], {moh} : Mohawk, {mdf} : Moksha, {mo} : Mol-
         davian, [{mkh} : Mon-Khmer (Other)], {lol} : Mongo, {mn}
         : Mongolian, {mos} : Mossi, [{mul} : Multiple
         languages], [{mun} : Munda languages], {nah} : Nahuatl,
         {nap} : Neapolitan, {na} : Nauru, {nv} : Navajo, {nd} :
         North Ndebele, {nr} : South Ndebele, {ng} : Ndonga, {ne}
         : Nepali, {new} : Newari, {nia} : Nias, [{nic} : Niger-
         Kordofanian (Other)], [{ssa} : Nilo-Saharan (Other)],
         {niu} : Niuean, {nog} : Nogai, {non} : Old Norse, [{nai}
         : North American Indian], {no} : Norwegian, {nb} :
         Norwegian Bokmal, {nn} : Norwegian Nynorsk, [{nub} :
         Nubian languages], {nym} : Nyamwezi, {nyn} : Nyankole,
         {nyo} : Nyoro, {nzi} : Nzima, {oc} : Occitan (post
         1500), {oj} : Ojibwa, {or} : Oriya, {om} : Oromo, {osa}
         : Osage, {os} : Ossetian; Ossetic, [{oto} : Otomian
         languages], {pal} : Pahlavi, {i-pwn} : Paiwan, {pau} :
         Palauan, {pi} : Pali, {pam} : Pampanga, {pag} : Pan-
         gasinan, {pa} : Panjabi, {pap} : Papiamento, [{paa} :
         Papuan (Other)], {fa} : Persian, {peo} : Old Persian
         (ca.600-400 B.C.), [{phi} : Philippine (Other)], {phn} :
         Phoenician, {pon} : Pohnpeian, {pl} : Polish, {pt} :
         Portuguese, [{pra} : Prakrit languages], {pro} : Old
         Provencal (to 1500), {ps} : Pushto, {qu} : Quechua, {rm}
         : Raeto-Romance, {raj} : Rajasthani, {rap} : Rapanui,

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         170

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         {rar} : Rarotongan, [{qaa - qtz} : Reserved for local
         use.], [{roa} : Romance (Other)], {ro} : Romanian, {rom}
         : Romany, {rn} : Rundi, {ru} : Russian, [{sal} : Sal-
         ishan languages], {sam} : Samaritan Aramaic, {se} :
         Northern Sami, {sma} : Southern Sami, {smn} : Inari
         Sami, {smj} : Lule Sami, {sms} : Skolt Sami, [{smi} :
         Sami languages (Other)], {sm} : Samoan, {sad} : Sandawe,
         {sg} : Sango, {sa} : Sanskrit, {sat} : Santali, {sc} :
         Sardinian, {sas} : Sasak, {sco} : Scots, {sel} : Selkup,
         [{sem} : Semitic (Other)], {sr} : Serbian, {srr} :
         Serer, {shn} : Shan, {sn} : Shona, {sid} : Sidamo,
         {sgn-...} : Sign Languages, {bla} : Siksika, {sd} : Sin-
         dhi, {si} : Sinhalese, [{sit} : Sino-Tibetan (Other)],
         [{sio} : Siouan languages], {den} : Slave (Athapascan),
         [{sla} : Slavic (Other)], {sk} : Slovak, {sl} : Slo-
         venian, {sog} : Sogdian, {so} : Somali, {son} : Songhai,
         {snk} : Soninke, {wen} : Sorbian languages, {nso} :
         Northern Sotho, {st} : Southern Sotho, [{sai} : South
         American Indian (Other)], {es} : Spanish, {suk} :
         Sukuma, {sux} : Sumerian, {su} : Sundanese, {sus} :
         Susu, {sw} : Swahili, {ss} : Swati, {sv} : Swedish,
         {syr} : Syriac, {tl} : Tagalog, {ty} : Tahitian, [{tai}
         : Tai (Other)], {tg} : Tajik, {tmh} : Tamashek, {ta} :
         Tamil, {i-tao} : Tao, {tt} : Tatar, {i-tay} : Tayal,
         {te} : Telugu, {ter} : Tereno, {tet} : Tetum, {th} :
         Thai, {bo} : Tibetan, {tig} : Tigre, {ti} : Tigrinya,
         {tem} : Timne, {tiv} : Tiv, {tli} : Tlingit, {tpi} : Tok
         Pisin, {tkl} : Tokelau, {tog} : Tonga (Nyasa), {to} :
         Tonga (Tonga Islands), {tsi} : Tsimshian, {ts} : Tsonga,
         {i-tsu} : Tsou, {tn} : Tswana, {tum} : Tumbuka, [{tup} :
         Tupi languages], {tr} : Turkish, {ota} : Ottoman Turkish
         (1500-1928), {crh} : Crimean Turkish, {tk} : Turkmen,
         {tvl} : Tuvalu, {tyv} : Tuvinian, {tw} : Twi, {udm} :
         Udmurt, {uga} : Ugaritic, {ug} : Uighur, {uk} :
         Ukrainian, {umb} : Umbundu, {und} : Undetermined, {ur} :
         Urdu, {uz} : Uzbek, {vai} : Vai, {ve} : Venda, {vi} :
         Vietnamese, {vo} : Volapuk, {vot} : Votic, [{wak} :
         Wakashan languages], {wa} : Walloon, {wal} : Walamo,
         {war} : Waray, {was} : Washo, {cy} : Welsh, {wo} :
         Wolof, {x-...} : Unregistered (Semi-Private Use), {xh} :
         Xhosa, {sah} : Yakut, {yao} : Yao, {yap} : Yapese, {ii}
         : Sichuan Yi, {yi} : Yiddish, {yo} : Yoruba, [{ypk} :
         Yupik languages], {znd} : Zande, [{zap} : Zapotec],
         {zen} : Zenaga, {za} : Zhuang, {zu} : Zulu, {zun} : Zuni

     SEE ALSO
     COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMER
     AUTHOR

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         171

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     I18N::Langinfo - query locale information

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         EXPORT
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

     IO - load various IO modules

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     DEPRECATED

     IO::lib::IO::Dir, IO::Dir - supply object methods for direc-
     tory handles

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         new ( [ DIRNAME ] ), open ( DIRNAME ), read (), seek (
         POS ), tell (), rewind (), close (), tie %hash,
         'IO::Dir', DIRNAME [, OPTIONS ]

     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT

     IO::lib::IO::File, IO::File - supply object methods for
     filehandles

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     CONSTRUCTOR
         new ( FILENAME [,MODE [,PERMS]] ), new_tmpfile

     METHODS
         open( FILENAME [,MODE [,PERMS]] ), open( FILENAME,
         IOLAYERS ), binmode( [LAYER] )

     NOTE
     SEE ALSO
     HISTORY

     IO::lib::IO::Handle, IO::Handle - supply object methods for
     I/O handles

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     CONSTRUCTOR
         new (), new_from_fd ( FD, MODE )

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         172

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     METHODS
         $io->fdopen ( FD, MODE ), $io->opened, $io->getline,
         $io->getlines, $io->ungetc ( ORD ), $io->write ( BUF,
         LEN [, OFFSET ] ), $io->error, $io->clearerr, $io->sync,
         $io->flush, $io->printflush ( ARGS ), $io->blocking ( [
         BOOL ] ), $io->untaint

     NOTE
     SEE ALSO
     BUGS
     HISTORY

     IO::lib::IO::Pipe, IO::Pipe - supply object methods for
     pipes

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     CONSTRUCTOR
         new ( [READER, WRITER] )

     METHODS
         reader ([ARGS]), writer ([ARGS]), handles ()

     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT

     IO::lib::IO::Poll, IO::Poll - Object interface to system
     poll call

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     METHODS
         mask ( IO [, EVENT_MASK ] ), poll ( [ TIMEOUT ] ),
         events ( IO ), remove ( IO ), handles( [ EVENT_MASK ] )

     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT

     IO::lib::IO::Seekable, IO::Seekable - supply seek based
     methods for I/O objects

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         $io->getpos, $io->setpos, $io->seek ( POS, WHENCE ),
         WHENCE=0 (SEEK_SET), WHENCE=1 (SEEK_CUR), WHENCE=2
         (SEEK_END), $io->sysseek( POS, WHENCE ), $io->tell

     SEE ALSO
     HISTORY

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         173

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     IO::lib::IO::Select, IO::Select - OO interface to the select
     system call

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     CONSTRUCTOR
         new ( [ HANDLES ] )

     METHODS
         add ( HANDLES ), remove ( HANDLES ), exists ( HANDLE ),
         handles, can_read ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), can_write ( [ TIMEOUT
         ] ), has_exception ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), count (), bits(),
         select ( READ, WRITE, EXCEPTION [, TIMEOUT ] )

     EXAMPLE
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT

     IO::lib::IO::Socket, IO::Socket - Object interface to socket
     communications

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     CONSTRUCTOR
         new ( [ARGS] )

     METHODS
         accept([PKG]), socketpair(DOMAIN, TYPE, PROTOCOL),
         atmark, connected, protocol, sockdomain, sockopt(OPT [,
         VAL]), socktype, timeout([VAL])

     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT

     IO::lib::IO::Socket::INET, IO::Socket::INET - Object inter-
     face for AF_INET domain sockets

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     CONSTRUCTOR
         new ( [ARGS] )

         METHODS
             sockaddr (), sockport (), sockhost (), peeraddr (),
             peerport (), peerhost ()

     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         174

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     IO::lib::IO::Socket::UNIX, IO::Socket::UNIX - Object inter-
     face for AF_UNIX domain sockets

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     CONSTRUCTOR
         new ( [ARGS] )

     METHODS
         hostpath(), peerpath()

     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT

     IPC::Open2, open2 - open a process for both reading and
     writing

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     WARNING
     SEE ALSO

     IPC::Open3, open3 - open a process for reading, writing, and
     error handling

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     WARNING

     IPC::SysV - SysV IPC constants

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         ftok( PATH, ID )

     SEE ALSO
     AUTHORS
     COPYRIGHT

     IPC::SysV::Msg, IPC::Msg - SysV Msg IPC object class

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     METHODS
         new ( KEY , FLAGS ), id, rcv ( BUF, LEN [, TYPE [, FLAGS
         ]] ), remove, set ( STAT ), set ( NAME => VALUE [, NAME
         => VALUE ...] ), snd ( TYPE, MSG [, FLAGS ] ), stat

     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         175

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     IPC::SysV::Semaphore, IPC::Semaphore - SysV Semaphore IPC
     object class

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     METHODS
         new ( KEY , NSEMS , FLAGS ), getall, getncnt ( SEM ),
         getpid ( SEM ), getval ( SEM ), getzcnt ( SEM ), id, op
         ( OPLIST ), remove, set ( STAT ), set ( NAME => VALUE [,
         NAME => VALUE ...] ), setall ( VALUES ), setval ( N ,
         VALUE ), stat

     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT

     List::Utilib::List::Util, List::Util - A selection of
     general-utility list subroutines

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         first BLOCK LIST, max LIST, maxstr LIST, min LIST,
         minstr LIST, reduce BLOCK LIST, shuffle LIST, sum LIST

     KNOWN BUGS
     SUGGESTED ADDITIONS
     COPYRIGHT

     List::Utilib::Scalar::Util, Scalar::Util - A selection of
     general-utility scalar subroutines

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         blessed EXPR, dualvar NUM, STRING, isvstring EXPR,
         isweak EXPR, looks_like_number EXPR, openhandle FH,
         refaddr EXPR, reftype EXPR, set_prototype CODEREF, PRO-
         TOTYPE, tainted EXPR, weaken REF

     KNOWN BUGS
     COPYRIGHT
     BLATANT PLUG

     Locale::Constants - constants for Locale codes

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     KNOWN BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
     SEE ALSO
         Locale::Language, Locale::Country, Locale::Script,
         Locale::Currency

     AUTHOR

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         176

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     COPYRIGHT

     Locale::Country - ISO codes for country identification (ISO
     3166)

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         alpha-2, alpha-3, numeric

     CONVERSION ROUTINES
         code2country( CODE, [ CODESET ] ), country2code( STRING,
         [ CODESET ] ), country_code2code( CODE, CODESET, CODESET
         )

     QUERY ROUTINES
         "all_country_codes( [ CODESET ] )", "all_country_names(
         [ CODESET ] )"

     SEMI-PRIVATE ROUTINES
         alias_code
         rename_country
     EXAMPLES
     DOMAIN NAMES
     KNOWN BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
     SEE ALSO
         Locale::Language, Locale::Script, Locale::Currency,
         Locale::SubCountry, ISO 3166-1,
         http://www.iso.org/iso/en/prods-services/iso3166ma/index.html,
         http://www.egt.ie/standards/iso3166/iso3166-1-en.html,
         http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/docs/app-d-1.html

     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT

     Locale::Currency - ISO three letter codes for currency iden-
     tification (ISO 4217)

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         XTS, XXX

     CONVERSION ROUTINES
         code2currency(), currency2code()

     QUERY ROUTINES
         "all_currency_codes()", "all_currency_names()"

     EXAMPLES
     KNOWN BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
     SEE ALSO
         Locale::Country, Locale::Script, ISO 4217:1995,
         http://www.bsi-global.com/iso4217currency

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         177

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT

     Locale::Language - ISO two letter codes for language iden-
     tification (ISO 639)

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     CONVERSION ROUTINES
         code2language(), language2code()

     QUERY ROUTINES
         "all_language_codes()", "all_language_names()"

     EXAMPLES
     KNOWN BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
     SEE ALSO
         Locale::Country, Locale::Script, Locale::Currency, ISO
         639:1988 (E/F),
         http://lcweb.loc.gov/standards/iso639-2/langhome.html

     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT

     Locale::Maketext - framework for localization

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     QUICK OVERVIEW
     METHODS
         Construction Methods
         The "maketext" Method
             $lh->fail_with or $lh->fail_with(PARAM),
             $lh->failure_handler_auto

         Utility Methods
             $language->quant($number, $singular),
             $language->quant($number, $singular, $plural),
             $language->quant($number, $singular, $plural, $nega-
             tive), $language->numf($number),
             $language->sprintf($format, @items),
             $language->language_tag(), $language->encoding()

         Language Handle Attributes and Internals
     LANGUAGE CLASS HIERARCHIES
     ENTRIES IN EACH LEXICON
     BRACKET NOTATION
     AUTO LEXICONS
     CONTROLLING LOOKUP FAILURE
     HOW TO USE MAKETEXT
     SEE ALSO
     COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMER

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         178

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     AUTHOR

     Locale::Maketext::TPJ13 -- article about software localiza-
     tion

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     Localization and Perl: gettext breaks, Maketext fixes
         A Localization Horror Story: It Could Happen To You
         The Linguistic View
         Breaking gettext
         Replacing gettext
         Buzzwords: Abstraction and Encapsulation
         Buzzword: Isomorphism
         Buzzword: Inheritance
         Buzzword: Concision
         The Devil in the Details
         The Proof in the Pudding: Localizing Web Sites
         References

     Locale::Script - ISO codes for script identification (ISO
     15924)

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         alpha-2, alpha-3, numeric

         SPECIAL CODES
     CONVERSION ROUTINES
         code2script( CODE, [ CODESET ] ), script2code( STRING, [
         CODESET ] ), script_code2code( CODE, CODESET, CODESET )

     QUERY ROUTINES
         "all_script_codes ( [ CODESET ] )", "all_script_names (
         [ CODESET ] )"

     EXAMPLES
     KNOWN BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
     SEE ALSO
         Locale::Language, Locale::Currency, Locale::Country, ISO
         15924, http://www.evertype.com/standards/iso15924/

     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT

     MIME::Base64 - Encoding and decoding of base64 strings

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         encode_base64($str), encode_base64($str, $eol);,
         decode_base64($str)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         179

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     DIAGNOSTICS
         Premature end of base64 data, Premature padding of
         base64 data, Wide character in subroutine entry

     EXAMPLES
     COPYRIGHT
     SEE ALSO

     MIME::Base64::QuotedPrint, MIME::QuotedPrint - Encoding and
     decoding of quoted-printable strings

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         encode_qp($str), encode_qp($str, $eol), encode_qp($str,
         $eol, $binmode), decode_qp($str);

     COPYRIGHT
     SEE ALSO

     Math::BigFloat - Arbitrary size floating point math package

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Canonical notation
         Output
         "mantissa()", "exponent()" and "parts()"
         Accuracy vs. Precision
         Rounding
             ffround ( +$scale ), ffround ( -$scale ), ffround (
             0 ), fround  ( +$scale ), fround  ( -$scale ) and
             fround ( 0 )

     METHODS
         accuracy
         precision()
     Autocreating constants
         Math library
         Using Math::BigInt::Lite
     BUGS
     CAVEATS
         stringify, bstr(), bdiv, Modifying and =, bpow, preci-
         sion() vs. accuracy()

     SEE ALSO
     LICENSE
     AUTHORS

     Math::BigInt - Arbitrary size integer/float math package

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Input, Output

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         180

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     METHODS
         config
         accuracy
         precision
         brsft
         new
         bnan
         bzero
         binf
         bone
         is_one()/is_zero()/is_nan()/is_inf()
         is_pos()/is_neg()
                     $x->is_pos();                   # true if > 0
                     $x->is_neg();                   # true if < 0

         is_odd()/is_even()/is_int()
         bcmp
         bacmp
         sign
         digit
         bneg
         babs
         bnorm
         bnot
         binc
         bdec
         badd
         bsub
         bmul
         bdiv
         bmod
         bmodinv
         bmodpow
         bpow
         blsft
         brsft
         band
         bior
         bxor
         bnot
         bsqrt
         bfac
         round
         bround
         bfround
         bfloor
         bceil
         bgcd
         blcm
         exponent
         mantissa
         parts

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         181

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         copy
         as_int
         bsstr
         as_hex
         as_bin
     ACCURACY and PRECISION
         Precision P
         Accuracy A
         Fallback F
         Rounding mode R
             'trunc', 'even', 'odd', '+inf', '-inf', 'zero', Pre-
             cision, Accuracy (significant digits),
             Setting/Accessing, Creating numbers, Usage, Pre-
             cedence, Overriding globals, Local settings, Round-
             ing, Default values, Remarks

     Infinity and Not a Number
         oct()/hex(), log(-inf), exp(), cos(), sin(), atan2()

     INTERNALS
         MATH LIBRARY
         SIGN
         mantissa(), exponent() and parts()
     EXAMPLES
           use Math::BigInt;

     Autocreating constants
     PERFORMANCE
         Alternative math libraries
         SUBCLASSING
     Subclassing Math::BigInt
     UPGRADING
         Auto-upgrade
             bsqrt(), div(), blog()

     BUGS
         broot() does not work, Out of Memory!, Fails to load
         Calc on Perl prior 5.6.0

     CAVEATS
         bstr(), bsstr() and 'cmp', int(), length, bdiv, infinity
         handling, Modifying and =, bpow, Overloading -$x, Mixing
         different object types, bsqrt(), brsft()

     LICENSE
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHORS

     Math::BigInt::Calc - Pure Perl module to support
     Math::BigInt

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         182

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     STORAGE
     METHODS
     WRAP YOUR OWN
     LICENSE
         This program is free software; you may redistribute it
         and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

     AUTHORS
     SEE ALSO

     Math::BigInt::CalcEmu - Emulate low-level math with BigInt
     code

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     METHODS
         __emu_bxor
         __emu_band
         __emu_bior
     LICENSE
         This program is free software; you may redistribute it
         and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

     AUTHORS
     SEE ALSO

     Math::BigRat - Arbitrary big rational numbers

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         MATH LIBRARY
     METHODS
         new()
         numerator()
         denominator()
                     $d = $x->denominator();

         parts()
         as_int()
         as_hex()
         as_bin()
         bfac()
         blog()
         bround()/round()/bfround()
         bmod()
         is_one()
         is_zero()
         is_pos()
         is_neg()
         is_int()

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         183

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         is_odd()
         is_even()
         bceil()
         bfloor()
                     $x->bfloor();

         bsqrt()
                     $x->bsqrt();

         config
     BUGS
         inf handling (partial), NaN handling (partial), rounding
         (not implemented except for bceil/bfloor), $x ** $y
         where $y is not an integer, bmod(), blog(), bmodinv()
         and bmodpow() (partial)

     LICENSE
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHORS

     Math::Complex - complex numbers and associated mathematical
     functions

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     OPERATIONS
     CREATION
     DISPLAYING
         CHANGED IN PERL 5.6
     USAGE
     ERRORS DUE TO DIVISION BY ZERO OR LOGARITHM OF ZERO
     ERRORS DUE TO INDIGESTIBLE ARGUMENTS
     BUGS
     AUTHORS

     Math::Trig - trigonometric functions

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
         tan

         ERRORS DUE TO DIVISION BY ZERO
         SIMPLE (REAL) ARGUMENTS, COMPLEX RESULTS
     PLANE ANGLE CONVERSIONS
     RADIAL COORDINATE CONVERSIONS
         COORDINATE SYSTEMS
         3-D ANGLE CONVERSIONS
             cartesian_to_cylindrical, cartesian_to_spherical,
             cylindrical_to_cartesian, cylindrical_to_spherical,
             spherical_to_cartesian, spherical_to_cylindrical

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         184

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     GREAT CIRCLE DISTANCES AND DIRECTIONS
     EXAMPLES
         CAVEAT FOR GREAT CIRCLE FORMULAS
     BUGS
     AUTHORS

     Memoize - Make functions faster by trading space for time

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     DETAILS
     OPTIONS
         INSTALL
         NORMALIZER
         "SCALAR_CACHE", "LIST_CACHE"
             "MEMORY", "HASH", "TIE", "FAULT", "MERGE"

     OTHER FACILITIES
         "unmemoize"
         "flush_cache"
     CAVEATS
     PERSISTENT CACHE SUPPORT
     EXPIRATION SUPPORT
     BUGS
     MAILING LIST
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
     THANK YOU

     Memoize::AnyDBM_File - glue to provide EXISTS for
     AnyDBM_File for Storable use

     DESCRIPTION

     Memoize::Expire - Plug-in module for automatic expiration of
     memoized values

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     INTERFACE
          TIEHASH,  EXISTS,  STORE

     ALTERNATIVES
     CAVEATS
     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     Memoize::ExpireFile - test for Memoize expiration semantics

     DESCRIPTION

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         185

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Memoize::ExpireTest - test for Memoize expiration semantics

     DESCRIPTION

     Memoize::NDBM_File - glue to provide EXISTS for NDBM_File
     for Storable use

     DESCRIPTION

     Memoize::SDBM_File - glue to provide EXISTS for SDBM_File
     for Storable use

     DESCRIPTION

     Memoize::Storable - store Memoized data in Storable database

     DESCRIPTION

     NDBM_File - Tied access to ndbm files

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         "O_RDONLY", "O_WRONLY", "O_RDWR"

     DIAGNOSTICS
         "ndbm store returned -1, errno 22, key "..." at ..."
     BUGS AND WARNINGS

     NEXT - Provide a pseudo-class NEXT (et al) that allows
     method redispatch

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Enforcing redispatch
         Avoiding repetitions
         Invoking all versions of a method with a single call
         Using "EVERY" methods
     AUTHOR
     BUGS AND IRRITATIONS
     COPYRIGHT

     Net::Cmd - Network Command class (as used by FTP, SMTP etc)

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     USER METHODS
         debug ( VALUE ), message (), code (), ok (), status (),
         datasend ( DATA ), dataend ()

     CLASS METHODS
         debug_print ( DIR, TEXT ), debug_text ( TEXT ), command
         ( CMD [, ARGS, ... ]), unsupported (), response (),

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         186

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         parse_response ( TEXT ), getline (), ungetline ( TEXT ),
         rawdatasend ( DATA ), read_until_dot (), tied_fh ()

     EXPORTS
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT

     Net::Config - Local configuration data for libnet

     SYNOPSYS
     DESCRIPTION
     METHODS
         requires_firewall HOST

     NetConfig VALUES
         nntp_hosts, snpp_hosts, pop3_hosts, smtp_hosts,
         ph_hosts, daytime_hosts, time_hosts, inet_domain,
         ftp_firewall, ftp_firewall_type, ftp_ext_passive,
         ftp_int_pasive, local_netmask, test_hosts, test_exists

     Net::Domain - Attempt to evaluate the current host's inter-
     net name and domain

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         hostfqdn (), hostname (), hostdomain ()

     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT

     Net::FTP - FTP Client class

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     OVERVIEW
     CONSTRUCTOR
         new ([ HOST ] [, OPTIONS ])

     METHODS
         login ([LOGIN [,PASSWORD [, ACCOUNT] ] ]), authorize (
         [AUTH [, RESP]]), site (ARGS), ascii, binary, rename (
         OLDNAME, NEWNAME ), delete ( FILENAME ), cwd ( [ DIR ]
         ), cdup (), pwd (), restart ( WHERE ), rmdir ( DIR [,
         RECURSE ]), mkdir ( DIR [, RECURSE ]), alloc ( SIZE [,
         RECORD_SIZE] ), ls ( [ DIR ] ), dir ( [ DIR ] ), get (
         REMOTE_FILE [, LOCAL_FILE [, WHERE]] ), put ( LOCAL_FILE
         [, REMOTE_FILE ] ), put_unique ( LOCAL_FILE [,
         REMOTE_FILE ] ), append ( LOCAL_FILE [, REMOTE_FILE ] ),
         unique_name (), mdtm ( FILE ), size ( FILE ), supported
         ( CMD ), hash ( [FILEHANDLE_GLOB_REF],[
         BYTES_PER_HASH_MARK] ), nlst ( [ DIR ] ), list ( [ DIR ]
         ), retr ( FILE ), stor ( FILE ), stou ( FILE ), appe (

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         187

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         FILE ), port ( [ PORT ] ), pasv (), pasv_xfer (
         SRC_FILE, DEST_SERVER [, DEST_FILE ] ), pasv_xfer_unique
         ( SRC_FILE, DEST_SERVER [, DEST_FILE ] ), pasv_wait (
         NON_PASV_SERVER ), abort (), quit ()

         Methods for the adventurous
             quot (CMD [,ARGS])

     THE dataconn CLASS
         read ( BUFFER, SIZE [, TIMEOUT ] ), write ( BUFFER, SIZE
         [, TIMEOUT ] ), bytes_read (), abort (), close ()

     UNIMPLEMENTED
         SMNT, HELP, MODE, SYST, STAT, STRU, REIN

     REPORTING BUGS
     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO
     USE EXAMPLES
         http://www.csh.rit.edu/~adam/Progs/

     CREDITS
     COPYRIGHT

     Net::NNTP - NNTP Client class

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     CONSTRUCTOR
         new ( [ HOST ] [, OPTIONS ])

     METHODS
         article ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ], [FH] ), body ( [
         MSGID|MSGNUM ], [FH] ), head ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ], [FH] ),
         articlefh ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ] ), bodyfh ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM
         ] ), headfh ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ] ), nntpstat ( [
         MSGID|MSGNUM ] ), group ( [ GROUP ] ), ihave ( MSGID [,
         MESSAGE ]), last (), date (), postok (), authinfo (
         USER, PASS ), list (), newgroups ( SINCE [, DISTRIBU-
         TIONS ]), newnews ( SINCE [, GROUPS [, DISTRIBUTIONS
         ]]), next (), post ( [ MESSAGE ] ), postfh (), slave (),
         quit ()

         Extension methods
             newsgroups ( [ PATTERN ] ), distributions (), sub-
             scriptions (), overview_fmt (), active_times (),
             active ( [ PATTERN ] ), xgtitle ( PATTERN ), xhdr (
             HEADER, MESSAGE-SPEC ), xover ( MESSAGE-SPEC ),
             xpath ( MESSAGE-ID ), xpat ( HEADER, PATTERN,
             MESSAGE-SPEC), xrover, listgroup ( [ GROUP ] ),
             reader

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         188

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     UNSUPPORTED
     DEFINITIONS
         MESSAGE-SPEC, PATTERN, Examples, "[^]-]", *bdc,
         "[0-9a-zA-Z]", "a??d"

     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT

     Net::POP3 - Post Office Protocol 3 Client class (RFC1939)

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     CONSTRUCTOR
         new ( [ HOST ] [, OPTIONS ] 0

     METHODS
         auth ( USERNAME, PASSWORD ), user ( USER ), pass ( PASS
         ), login ( [ USER [, PASS ]] ), apop ( [ USER [, PASS ]]
         ), banner (), capa (),  capabilities (), top ( MSGNUM [,
         NUMLINES ] ), list ( [ MSGNUM ] ), get ( MSGNUM [, FH ]
         ), getfh ( MSGNUM ), last (), popstat (), ping ( USER ),
         uidl ( [ MSGNUM ] ), delete ( MSGNUM ), reset (), quit
         ()

     NOTES
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT

     Net::Ping - check a remote host for reachability

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Functions
             Net::Ping->new([$proto [, $def_timeout [, $bytes [,
             $device [, $tos ]]]]]);, $p->ping($host [,
             $timeout]);, $p->source_verify( { 0 | 1 } );,
             $p->service_check( { 0 | 1 } );,
             $p->tcp_service_check( { 0 | 1 } );, $p->hires( { 0
             | 1 } );, $p->bind($local_addr);, $p->open($host);,
             $p->ack( [ $host ] );, $p->nack( $failed_ack_host
             );, $p->close();, pingecho($host [, $timeout]);

     NOTES
     INSTALL
     BUGS
     AUTHORS
     COPYRIGHT

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         189

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Net::SMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Client

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     EXAMPLES
     CONSTRUCTOR
         new ( [ HOST ] [, OPTIONS ] )

     METHODS
         banner (), domain (), hello ( DOMAIN ), host (), etrn (
         DOMAIN ), auth ( USERNAME, PASSWORD ), mail ( ADDRESS [,
         OPTIONS] ), send ( ADDRESS ), send_or_mail ( ADDRESS ),
         send_and_mail ( ADDRESS ), reset (), recipient ( ADDRESS
         [, ADDRESS, [...]] [, OPTIONS ] ), to ( ADDRESS [,
         ADDRESS [...]] ), cc ( ADDRESS [, ADDRESS [...]] ), bcc
         ( ADDRESS [, ADDRESS [...]] ), data ( [ DATA ] ), expand
         ( ADDRESS ), verify ( ADDRESS ), help ( [ $subject ] ),
         quit ()

     ADDRESSES
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT

     Net::Time - time and daytime network client interface

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         inet_time ( [HOST [, PROTOCOL [, TIMEOUT]]]),
         inet_daytime ( [HOST [, PROTOCOL [, TIMEOUT]]])

     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT

     Net::hostent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in
     gethost*() functions

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     EXAMPLES
     NOTE
     AUTHOR

     Net::libnetFAQ, libnetFAQ - libnet Frequently Asked Ques-
     tions

     DESCRIPTION
         Where to get this document
         How to contribute to this document
     Author and Copyright Information
         Disclaimer
     Obtaining and installing libnet

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         190

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         What is libnet ?
         Which version of perl do I need ?
         What other modules do I need ?
         What machines support libnet ?
         Where can I get the latest libnet release
     Using Net::FTP
         How do I download files from an FTP server ?
         How do I transfer files in binary mode ?
         How can I get the size of a file on a remote FTP server ?
         How can I get the modification time of a file on a remote FTP
          server ?
         How can I change the permissions of a file on a remote server
          ?
         Can I do a reget operation like the ftp command ?
         How do I get a directory listing from an FTP server ?
         Changing directory to "" does not fail ?
         I am behind a SOCKS firewall, but the Firewall option does
          not work ?
         I am behind an FTP proxy firewall, but cannot access machines
          outside ?
         My ftp proxy firewall does not listen on port 21
         Is it possible to change the file permissions of a file on an
          FTP server ?
         I have seen scripts call a method message, but cannot find it
          documented ?
         Why does Net::FTP not implement mput and mget methods
     Using Net::SMTP
         Why can't the part of an Email address after the @ be used as
          the hostname ?
         Why does Net::SMTP not do DNS MX lookups ?
         The verify method always returns true ?
     Debugging scripts
         How can I debug my scripts that use Net::* modules ?
     AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

     Net::netent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getnet*()
     functions

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     EXAMPLES
     NOTE
     AUTHOR

     Net::protoent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in get-
     proto*() functions

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     NOTE
     AUTHOR

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         191

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Net::servent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in get-
     serv*() functions

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     EXAMPLES
     NOTE
     AUTHOR

     Netrc, Net::Netrc - OO interface to users netrc file

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     THE .netrc FILE
         machine name, default, login name, password string,
         account string, macdef name

     CONSTRUCTOR
         lookup ( MACHINE [, LOGIN ])

     METHODS
         login (), password (), account (), lpa ()

     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO
     COPYRIGHT

     ODBM_File - Tied access to odbm files

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         "O_RDONLY", "O_WRONLY", "O_RDWR"

     DIAGNOSTICS
         "odbm store returned -1, errno 22, key "..." at ..."
     BUGS AND WARNINGS

     Opcode - Disable named opcodes when compiling perl code

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     NOTE
     WARNING
     Operator Names and Operator Lists
         an operator name (opname), an operator tag name (optag),
         a negated opname or optag, an operator set (opset)

     Opcode Functions
         opcodes, opset (OP, ...), opset_to_ops (OPSET),
         opset_to_hex (OPSET), full_opset, empty_opset,
         invert_opset (OPSET), verify_opset (OPSET, ...),
         define_optag (OPTAG, OPSET), opmask_add (OPSET), opmask,

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         192

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         opdesc (OP, ...), opdump (PAT)

     Manipulating Opsets
     TO DO (maybe)
     Predefined Opcode Tags
         :base_core, :base_mem, :base_loop, :base_io, :base_orig,
         :base_math, :base_thread, :default, :filesys_read,
         :sys_db, :browse, :filesys_open, :filesys_write, :sub-
         process, :ownprocess, :others, :still_to_be_decided,
         :dangerous

     SEE ALSO
     AUTHORS

     Opcode::Safe, Safe - Compile and execute code in restricted
     compartments

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         a new namespace, an operator mask

     WARNING
         RECENT CHANGES
         Methods in class Safe
             permit (OP, ...), permit_only (OP, ...), deny (OP,
             ...), deny_only (OP, ...), trap (OP, ...), untrap
             (OP, ...), share (NAME, ...), share_from (PACKAGE,
             ARRAYREF), varglob (VARNAME), reval (STRING), rdo
             (FILENAME), root (NAMESPACE), mask (MASK)

         Some Safety Issues
             Memory, CPU, Snooping, Signals, State Changes

         AUTHOR

     Opcode::ops, ops - Perl pragma to restrict unsafe operations
     when compiling

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     SEE ALSO

     POSIX - Perl interface to IEEE Std 1003.1

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     NOTE
     CAVEATS
     FUNCTIONS
         _exit, abort, abs, access, acos, alarm, asctime, asin,
         assert, atan, atan2, atexit, atof, atoi, atol, bsearch,
         calloc, ceil, chdir, chmod, chown, clearerr, clock,

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         193

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         close, closedir, cos, cosh, creat, ctermid, ctime,
         cuserid, difftime, div, dup, dup2, errno, execl, execle,
         execlp, execv, execve, execvp, exit, exp, fabs, fclose,
         fcntl, fdopen, feof, ferror, fflush, fgetc, fgetpos,
         fgets, fileno, floor, fmod, fopen, fork, fpathconf,
         fprintf, fputc, fputs, fread, free, freopen, frexp,
         fscanf, fseek, fsetpos, fstat, fsync, ftell, fwrite,
         getc, getchar, getcwd, getegid, getenv, geteuid, getgid,
         getgrgid, getgrnam, getgroups, getlogin, getpgrp, get-
         pid, getppid, getpwnam, getpwuid, gets, getuid, gmtime,
         isalnum, isalpha, isatty, iscntrl, isdigit, isgraph,
         islower, isprint, ispunct, isspace, isupper, isxdigit,
         kill, labs, ldexp, ldiv, link, localeconv, localtime,
         log, log10, longjmp, lseek, malloc, mblen, mbstowcs,
         mbtowc, memchr, memcmp, memcpy, memmove, memset, mkdir,
         mkfifo, mktime, modf, nice, offsetof, open, opendir,
         pathconf, pause, perror, pipe, pow, printf, putc,
         putchar, puts, qsort, raise, rand, read, readdir, real-
         loc, remove, rename, rewind, rewinddir, rmdir, scanf,
         setgid, setjmp, setlocale, setpgid, setsid, setuid,
         sigaction, siglongjmp, sigpending, sigprocmask, sig-
         setjmp, sigsuspend, sin, sinh, sleep, sprintf, sqrt,
         srand, sscanf, stat, strcat, strchr, strcmp, strcoll,
         strcpy, strcspn, strerror, strftime, strlen, strncat,
         strncmp, strncpy, strpbrk, strrchr, strspn, strstr,
         strtod, strtok, strtol, strtoul, strxfrm, sysconf, sys-
         tem, tan, tanh, tcdrain, tcflow, tcflush, tcgetpgrp,
         tcsendbreak, tcsetpgrp, time, times, tmpfile, tmpnam,
         tolower, toupper, ttyname, tzname, tzset, umask, uname,
         ungetc, unlink, utime, vfprintf, vprintf, vsprintf,
         wait, waitpid, wcstombs, wctomb, write

     CLASSES
         POSIX::SigAction
             new, handler, mask, flags, safe

         POSIX::SigSet
             new, addset, delset, emptyset, fillset, ismember

         POSIX::Termios
             new, getattr, getcc, getcflag, getiflag, getispeed,
             getlflag, getoflag, getospeed, setattr, setcc,
             setcflag, setiflag, setispeed, setlflag, setoflag,
             setospeed, Baud rate values, Terminal interface
             values, c_cc field values, c_cflag field values,
             c_iflag field values, c_lflag field values, c_oflag
             field values

     PATHNAME CONSTANTS
         Constants

     POSIX CONSTANTS

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         194

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Constants

     SYSTEM CONFIGURATION
         Constants

     ERRNO
         Constants

     FCNTL
         Constants

     FLOAT
         Constants

     LIMITS
         Constants

     LOCALE
         Constants

     MATH
         Constants

     SIGNAL
         Constants

     STAT
         Constants, Macros

     STDLIB
         Constants

     STDIO
         Constants

     TIME
         Constants

     UNISTD
         Constants

     WAIT
         Constants, WNOHANG, WUNTRACED, Macros, WIFEXITED, WEX-
         ITSTATUS, WIFSIGNALED, WTERMSIG, WIFSTOPPED, WSTOPSIG

     PerlIO - On demand loader for PerlIO layers and root of Per-
     lIO::* name space

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         :unix, :stdio, :perlio, :crlf, :mmap, :utf8, :bytes,
         :raw, :pop, :win32

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         195

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Custom Layers
             :encoding, :via

         Alternatives to raw
         Defaults and how to override them
         Querying the layers of filehandles
     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     PerlIO::encoding - encoding layer

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     SEE ALSO

     PerlIO::scalar - in-memory IO, scalar IO

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     IMPLEMENTATION NOTE

     PerlIO::via - Helper class for PerlIO layers implemented in
     perl

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     EXPECTED METHODS
         $class->PUSHED([$mode[,$fh]]), $obj->POPPED([$fh]),
         $obj->UTF8($bellowFlag,[$fh]),
         $obj->OPEN($path,$mode[,$fh]), $obj->BINMODE([,$fh]),
         $obj->FDOPEN($fd[,$fh]),
         $obj->SYSOPEN($path,$imode,$perm,[,$fh]),
         $obj->FILENO($fh), $obj->READ($buffer,$len,$fh),
         $obj->WRITE($buffer,$fh), $obj->FILL($fh),
         $obj->CLOSE($fh), $obj->SEEK($posn,$whence,$fh),
         $obj->TELL($fh), $obj->UNREAD($buffer,$fh),
         $obj->FLUSH($fh), $obj->SETLINEBUF($fh),
         $obj->CLEARERR($fh), $obj->ERROR($fh), $obj->EOF($fh)

     EXAMPLES
         Example - a Hexadecimal Handle

     PerlIO::via::QuotedPrint - PerlIO layer for quoted-printable
     strings

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     REQUIRED MODULES
     SEE ALSO
     ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
     COPYRIGHT

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         196

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Pod::Checker, podchecker() - check pod documents for syntax
     errors

     SYNOPSIS
     OPTIONS/ARGUMENTS
         podchecker()
             -warnings => val

     DESCRIPTION
     DIAGNOSTICS
         Errors
             empty =headn, =over on line N without closing =back,
             =item without previous =over, =back without previous
             =over, No argument for =begin, =end without =begin,
             Nested =begin's, =for without formatter specifica-
             tion, unresolved internal link NAME, Unknown command
             "CMD", Unknown interior-sequence "SEQ", nested com-
             mands CMD<...CMD<...>...>, garbled entity STRING,
             Entity number out of range, malformed link L<>,
             nonempty Z<>, empty X<>, Spurious text after =pod /
             =cut, Spurious character(s) after =back

         Warnings
             multiple occurrence of link target name, line con-
             taining nothing but whitespace in paragraph, file
             does not start with =head, previous =item has no
             contents, preceding non-item paragraph(s), =item
             type mismatch (one vs. two), N unescaped "<>" in
             paragraph, Unknown entity, No items in =over, No
             argument for =item, empty section in previous para-
             graph, Verbatim paragraph in NAME section, =headn
             without preceding higher level

         Hyperlinks
             ignoring leading/trailing whitespace in link, (sec-
             tion) in '$page' deprecated, alternative text/node
             '%s' contains non-escaped | or /

     RETURN VALUE
     EXAMPLES
     INTERFACE

     "Pod::Checker->new( %options )"

     "$checker->poderror( @args )", "$checker->poderror( {%opts},
     @args )"

     "$checker->num_errors()"

     "$checker->num_warnings()"

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         197

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     "$checker->name()"

     "$checker->node()"

     "$checker->idx()"

     "$checker->hyperlink()"

     AUTHOR

     Pod::Find - find POD documents in directory trees

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     "pod_find( { %opts } , @directories )"
         "-verbose => 1", "-perl => 1", "-script => 1", "-inc =>
         1"

     "simplify_name( $str )"
     "pod_where( { %opts }, $pod )"
         "-inc => 1", "-dirs => [ $dir1, $dir2, ... ]", "-verbose
         => 1"

     "contains_pod( $file , $verbose )"
     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     Pod::Html - module to convert pod files to HTML

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     ARGUMENTS
         backlink, cachedir, css, flush, header, help, hidden-
         dirs, htmldir, htmlroot, index, infile, libpods,
         netscape, outfile, podpath, podroot, quiet, recurse,
         title, verbose

     EXAMPLE
     ENVIRONMENT
     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO
     COPYRIGHT

     Pod::InputObjects - objects representing POD input para-
     graphs, commands, etc.

     SYNOPSIS
     REQUIRES
     EXPORTS
     DESCRIPTION
         package Pod::InputSource, package Pod::Paragraph, pack-
         age Pod::InteriorSequence, package Pod::ParseTree

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         198

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Pod::InputSource
     new()
     name()
     handle()
     was_cutting()
     Pod::Paragraph
     Pod::Paragraph->new()
     $pod_para->cmd_name()
     $pod_para->text()
     $pod_para->raw_text()
     $pod_para->cmd_prefix()
     $pod_para->cmd_separator()
     $pod_para->parse_tree()
     $pod_para->file_line()
     Pod::InteriorSequence
     Pod::InteriorSequence->new()
     $pod_seq->cmd_name()
     $pod_seq->prepend()
     $pod_seq->append()
     $pod_seq->nested()
     $pod_seq->raw_text()
     $pod_seq->left_delimiter()
     $pod_seq->right_delimiter()
     $pod_seq->parse_tree()
     $pod_seq->file_line()
     Pod::InteriorSequence::DESTROY()
     Pod::ParseTree
     Pod::ParseTree->new()
     $ptree->top()
     $ptree->children()
     $ptree->prepend()
     $ptree->append()
     $ptree->raw_text()
     Pod::ParseTree::DESTROY()
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR

     Pod::LaTeX - Convert Pod data to formatted Latex

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     OBJECT METHODS
         "initialize"

     Data Accessors
         AddPreamble

     AddPostamble

     Head1Level

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         199

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Label

     LevelNoNum

     MakeIndex

     ReplaceNAMEwithSection

     StartWithNewPage

     TableOfContents

     UniqueLabels

     UserPreamble

     UserPostamble

     Lists

     Subclassed methods

     begin_pod

     end_pod

     command

     verbatim

     textblock

     interior_sequence

     List Methods
         begin_list

     end_list

     add_item

     Methods for headings
         head

     Internal methods
         _output

     _replace_special_chars

     _replace_special_chars_late

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         200

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     _create_label

     _create_index

     _clean_latex_commands

     _split_delimited

     NOTES
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHORS
     COPYRIGHT
     REVISION

     Pod::Man - Convert POD data to formatted *roff input

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         center, date, fixed, fixedbold, fixeditalic, fixedboldi-
         talic, name, quotes, release, section

     DIAGNOSTICS
         roff font should be 1 or 2 chars, not "%s", Invalid link
         %s, Invalid quote specification "%s", %s:%d: Unknown
         command paragraph "%s", %s:%d: Unknown escape E<%s>,
         %s:%d: Unknown formatting code %s, %s:%d: Unmatched
         =back

     BUGS
     CAVEATS
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

     Pod::ParseLink - Parse an L<> formatting code in POD text

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

     Pod::ParseUtils - helpers for POD parsing and conversion

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     Pod::List
         Pod::List->new()

     $list->file()

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         201

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     $list->start()

     $list->indent()

     $list->type()

     $list->rx()

     $list->item()

     $list->parent()

     $list->tag()

     Pod::Hyperlink
         Pod::Hyperlink->new()

     $link->parse($string)

     $link->markup($string)

     $link->text()

     $link->warning()

     $link->file(), $link->line()

     $link->page()

     $link->node()

     $link->alttext()

     $link->type()

     $link->link()

     Pod::Cache
         Pod::Cache->new()

     $cache->item()

     $cache->find_page($name)

     Pod::Cache::Item
         Pod::Cache::Item->new()

     $cacheitem->page()

     $cacheitem->description()

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         202

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     $cacheitem->path()

     $cacheitem->file()

     $cacheitem->nodes()

     $cacheitem->find_node($name)

     $cacheitem->idx()

     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     Pod::Parser - base class for creating POD filters and trans-
     lators

     SYNOPSIS
     REQUIRES
     EXPORTS
     DESCRIPTION
     QUICK OVERVIEW
     PARSING OPTIONS
         -want_nonPODs (default: unset), -process_cut_cmd
         (default: unset), -warnings (default: unset)

     RECOMMENDED SUBROUTINE/METHOD OVERRIDES
     command()
         $cmd, $text, $line_num, $pod_para

     verbatim()
         $text, $line_num, $pod_para

     textblock()
         $text, $line_num, $pod_para

     interior_sequence()
     OPTIONAL SUBROUTINE/METHOD OVERRIDES
     new()
     initialize()
     begin_pod()
     begin_input()
     end_input()
     end_pod()
     preprocess_line()
     preprocess_paragraph()
     METHODS FOR PARSING AND PROCESSING
     parse_text()
         -expand_seq => code-ref|method-name, -expand_text =>
         code-ref|method-name, -expand_ptree => code-ref|method-
         name

     interpolate()

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         203

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     parse_paragraph()
     parse_from_filehandle()
     parse_from_file()
     ACCESSOR METHODS
     errorsub()
     cutting()
     parseopts()
     output_file()
     output_handle()
     input_file()
     input_handle()
     input_streams()
     top_stream()
     PRIVATE METHODS AND DATA
     _push_input_stream()
     _pop_input_stream()
     TREE-BASED PARSING
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR

     Pod::Perldoc::ToChecker - let Perldoc check Pod for errors

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     SEE ALSO
     COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
     AUTHOR

     Pod::Perldoc::ToMan - let Perldoc render Pod as man pages

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     CAVEAT
     SEE ALSO
     COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
     AUTHOR

     Pod::Perldoc::ToNroff - let Perldoc convert Pod to nroff

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     CAVEAT
     SEE ALSO
     COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
     AUTHOR

     Pod::Perldoc::ToPod - let Perldoc render Pod as ... Pod!

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     SEE ALSO
     COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         204

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     AUTHOR

     Pod::Perldoc::ToRtf - let Perldoc render Pod as RTF

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     SEE ALSO
     COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
     AUTHOR

     Pod::Perldoc::ToText - let Perldoc render Pod as plaintext

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     CAVEAT
     SEE ALSO
     COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
     AUTHOR

     Pod::Perldoc::ToTk - let Perldoc use Tk::Pod to render Pod

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR

     Pod::Perldoc::ToXml - let Perldoc render Pod as XML

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     SEE ALSO
     COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
     AUTHOR

     Pod::PlainText - Convert POD data to formatted ASCII text

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         alt, indent, loose, sentence, width

     DIAGNOSTICS
         Bizarre space in item, Can't open %s for reading: %s,
         Unknown escape: %s, Unknown sequence: %s, Unmatched
         =back

     RESTRICTIONS
     NOTES
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         205

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Pod::Plainer - Perl extension for converting Pod to old
     style Pod.

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         EXPORT
     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     Pod::Select, podselect() - extract selected sections of POD
     from input

     SYNOPSIS
     REQUIRES
     EXPORTS
     DESCRIPTION
     SECTION SPECIFICATIONS
     RANGE SPECIFICATIONS
     OBJECT METHODS
     curr_headings()
     select()
     add_selection()
     clear_selections()
     match_section()
     is_selected()
     EXPORTED FUNCTIONS
     podselect()
         -output, -sections, -ranges

     PRIVATE METHODS AND DATA
     _compile_section_spec()
     $self->{_SECTION_HEADINGS}
     $self->{_SELECTED_SECTIONS}
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR

     Pod::Text - Convert POD data to formatted ASCII text

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         alt, code, indent, loose, margin, quotes, sentence,
         width

     DIAGNOSTICS
         Bizarre space in item, Item called without tag, Can't
         open %s for reading: %s, Invalid quote specification
         "%s", %s:%d: Unknown command paragraph: %s, %s:%d: Unk-
         nown escape: %s, %s:%d: Unknown formatting code: %s,
         %s:%d: Unmatched =back

     RESTRICTIONS
     NOTES

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         206

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

     Pod::Text::Color - Convert POD data to formatted color ASCII
     text

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     BUGS
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

     Pod::Text::Overstrike - Convert POD data to formatted over-
     strike text

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     BUGS
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

     Pod::Text::Termcap - Convert POD data to ASCII text with
     format escapes

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     NOTES
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR
     COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

     Pod::Usage, pod2usage() - print a usage message from embed-
     ded pod documentation

     SYNOPSIS
     ARGUMENTS
         "-message", "-msg", "-exitval", "-verbose", "-section",
         "-output", "-input", "-pathlist", "-noperldoc"

     DESCRIPTION
     EXAMPLES
         Recommended Use
     CAVEATS
     AUTHOR
     ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         207

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     SDBM_File - Tied access to sdbm files

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         "O_RDONLY", "O_WRONLY", "O_RDWR"

     DIAGNOSTICS
         "sdbm store returned -1, errno 22, key "..." at ..."
     BUGS AND WARNINGS

     Search::Dict, look - search for key in dictionary file

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     SelectSaver - save and restore selected file handle

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     SelfLoader - load functions only on demand

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         The __DATA__ token
         SelfLoader autoloading
         Autoloading and package lexicals
         SelfLoader and AutoLoader
         __DATA__, __END__, and the FOOBAR::DATA filehandle.
         Classes and inherited methods.
     Multiple packages and fully qualified subroutine names

     Shell - run shell commands transparently within perl

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Caveats
         Escaping Magic Characters
         Configuration
     BUGS
     AUTHOR

     Socket, sockaddr_in, sockaddr_un, inet_aton, inet_ntoa -
     load the C socket.h defines and structure manipulators

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         inet_aton HOSTNAME, inet_ntoa IP_ADDRESS, INADDR_ANY,
         INADDR_BROADCAST, INADDR_LOOPBACK, INADDR_NONE,
         sockaddr_family SOCKADDR, sockaddr_in PORT, ADDRESS,
         sockaddr_in SOCKADDR_IN, pack_sockaddr_in PORT,
         IP_ADDRESS, unpack_sockaddr_in SOCKADDR_IN, sockaddr_un

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         208

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         PATHNAME, sockaddr_un SOCKADDR_UN, pack_sockaddr_un
         PATH, unpack_sockaddr_un SOCKADDR_UN

     Storable - persistence for Perl data structures

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     MEMORY STORE
     ADVISORY LOCKING
     SPEED
     CANONICAL REPRESENTATION
     CODE REFERENCES
     FORWARD COMPATIBILITY
         utf8 data, restricted hashes, files from future versions
         of Storable

     ERROR REPORTING
     WIZARDS ONLY
         Hooks
             "STORABLE_freeze" obj, cloning, "STORABLE_thaw" obj,
             cloning, serialized, .., "STORABLE_attach" class,
             cloning, serialized

         Predicates
             "Storable::last_op_in_netorder",
             "Storable::is_storing", "Storable::is_retrieving"

         Recursion
         Deep Cloning
     Storable magic
     EXAMPLES
     WARNING
     BUGS
         64 bit data in perl 5.6.0 and 5.6.1
     CREDITS
     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     Switch - A switch statement for Perl

     VERSION
     SYNOPSIS
     BACKGROUND
     DESCRIPTION
         Allowing fall-through
         Automating fall-through
         Alternative syntax
         Higher-order Operations
     DEPENDENCIES
     AUTHOR
     BUGS
     LIMITATIONS

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         209

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     COPYRIGHT

     Symbol - manipulate Perl symbols and their names

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     BUGS

     Sys::Hostname - Try every conceivable way to get hostname

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     AUTHOR

     Syslog::Syslog, Sys::Syslog - Perl interface to the UNIX
     syslog(3) calls

     VERSION
     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     EXPORTS
     FUNCTIONS
         openlog($ident, $logopt, $facility), syslog($priority,
         $message), syslog($priority, $format, @args), Note,
         setlogmask($mask_priority), setlogsock($sock_type),
         setlogsock($sock_type, $stream_location) (added in
         5.004_02), closelog()

     EXAMPLES
     CONSTANTS
         Facilities
         Levels
     DIAGNOSTICS
         Invalid argument passed to setlogsock, no connection to
         syslog available, stream passed to setlogsock, but %s is
         not writable, stream passed to setlogsock, but could not
         find any device, tcp passed to setlogsock, but tcp ser-
         vice unavailable, syslog: expecting argument %s, syslog:
         invalid level/facility: %s, syslog: too many levels
         given: %s, syslog: too many facilities given: %s, sys-
         log: level must be given, udp passed to setlogsock, but
         udp service unavailable, unix passed to setlogsock, but
         path not available

     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR
     BUGS
     SUPPORT
         AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation, CPAN Ratings,
         RT: CPAN's request tracker, Search CPAN

     LICENSE

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         210

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Term::ANSIColor - Color screen output using ANSI escape
     sequences

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     DIAGNOSTICS
         Bad escape sequence %s, Bareword "%s" not allowed while
         "strict subs" in use, Invalid attribute name %s, Name
         "%s" used only once: possible typo, No comma allowed
         after filehandle, No name for escape sequence %s

     ENVIRONMENT
         ANSI_COLORS_DISABLED

     RESTRICTIONS
     NOTES
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHORS
     COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

     Term::Cap - Perl termcap interface

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         METHODS

     Tgetent, OSPEED, TERM

     Tpad, $string, $cnt, $FH

     Tputs, $cap, $cnt, $FH

     Tgoto, $cap, $col, $row, $FH

     Trequire

     EXAMPLES
     COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     Term::Complete - Perl word completion module

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         <tab>, ^D, ^U, <del>, <bs>

     DIAGNOSTICS
     BUGS
     AUTHOR

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         211

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Term::ReadLine - Perl interface to various "readline" pack-
     ages. If no real package is found, substitutes stubs instead
     of basic functions.

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     Minimal set of supported functions
         "ReadLine", "new", "readline", "addhistory", "IN",
         "OUT", "MinLine", "findConsole", Attribs, "Features"

     Additional supported functions
         "tkRunning", "ornaments", "newTTY"

     EXPORTS
     ENVIRONMENT
     CAVEATS

     Test - provides a simple framework for writing test scripts

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     QUICK START GUIDE
         Functions
             "plan(...)", "tests => number", "todo => [1,5,14]",
             "onfail => sub { ... }", "onfail => \&some_sub"

     _to_value

     "ok(...)"

     "skip(skip_if_true, args...)"

     TEST TYPES
         NORMAL TESTS, SKIPPED TESTS, TODO TESTS

     ONFAIL
     BUGS and CAVEATS
     ENVIRONMENT
     NOTE
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHOR

     Test::Builder - Backend for building test libraries

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Construction
             new

     create

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         212

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     reset

     Setting up tests
         exported_to

     plan

     expected_tests

     no_plan

     has_plan

     skip_all

     Running tests
         ok

     is_eq, is_num

     isnt_eq, isnt_num

     like, unlike

     maybe_regex

     cmp_ok

     BAIL_OUT

     skip

     todo_skip

     skip_rest

     Test style
         level

     use_numbers

     no_diag, no_ending, no_header

     Output
         diag

     _print

     _print_diag

     output, failure_output, todo_output

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         213

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Test Status and Info
         current_test

     summary

     details

     todo

     caller

     _sanity_check

     _whoa

     _my_exit

     EXIT CODES
     THREADS
     EXAMPLES
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHORS
     COPYRIGHT

     Test::Builder::Module - Base class for test modules

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Importing
     Builder

     Test::Builder::Tester - test testsuites that have been built
     with Test::Builder

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     Methods
         test_out, test_err

     test_fail

     test_diag

     test_test, title (synonym 'name', 'label'), skip_out,
     skip_err

     line_num

     color

     BUGS
     AUTHOR

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         214

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     NOTES
     SEE ALSO

     Test::Builder::Tester::Color - turn on colour in
     Test::Builder::Tester

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     AUTHOR
     BUGS
     SEE ALSO

     Test::Harness - Run Perl standard test scripts with statis-
     tics

     VERSION
     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Taint mode
         Configuration variables.
             $Test::Harness::Verbose, $Test::Harness::switches,
             $Test::Harness::Timer

         Failure
             Failed Test, Stat, Wstat, Total, Fail, Failed, List
             of Failed

         Functions
             runtests

     _all_ok

     _globdir

     _run_all_tests

     _mk_leader

     _leader_width

     EXPORT
     DIAGNOSTICS
         "All tests successful.\nFiles=%d,  Tests=%d, %s",
         "FAILED tests %s\n\tFailed %d/%d tests, %.2f%% okay.",
         "Test returned status %d (wstat %d)", "Failed 1 test,
         %.2f%% okay. %s", "Failed %d/%d tests, %.2f%% okay. %s",
         "FAILED--Further testing stopped: %s"

     ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES THAT TEST::HARNESS SETS
         "HARNESS_ACTIVE", "HARNESS_VERSION"

     ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES THAT AFFECT TEST::HARNESS

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         215

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         "HARNESS_COLUMNS", "HARNESS_COMPILE_TEST",
         "HARNESS_DEBUG", "HARNESS_FILELEAK_IN_DIR",
         "HARNESS_IGNORE_EXITCODE", "HARNESS_NOTTY",
         "HARNESS_PERL", "HARNESS_PERL_SWITCHES",
         "HARNESS_VERBOSE"

     EXAMPLE
     SEE ALSO
     TODO
     BUGS
     AUTHORS
     COPYRIGHT

     Test::Harness::Assert - simple assert

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     FUNCTIONS
         "assert()"
     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     Test::Harness::Iterator - Internal Test::Harness Iterator

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         new()
         next()

     Test::Harness::Point - object for tracking a single test
     point

     SYNOPSIS
     CONSTRUCTION
         new()
     from_test_line( $line )
     ACCESSORS
         ok, number

     Test::Harness::Straps - detailed analysis of test results

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     CONSTRUCTION
         new()
     $strap->_init
     ANALYSIS
         $strap->analyze( $name, \@output_lines )
     $strap->analyze_fh( $name, $test_filehandle )
     $strap->analyze_file( $test_file )
     $strap->_command_line( $file )
     $strap->_command()

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         216

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     $strap->_switches( $file )
     $strap->_cleaned_switches( @switches_from_user )
     $strap->_INC2PERL5LIB
     $strap->_filtered_INC()
     $strap->_restore_PERL5LIB()
     Parsing
         "_is_diagnostic"
     "_is_header"
     "_is_bail_out"
     "_reset_file_state"
     Results
     EXAMPLES
     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO

     Test::Harness::TAP - Documentation for the TAP format

     SYNOPSIS
     TODO
     THE TAP FORMAT
     HARNESS BEHAVIOR
     TESTS LINES AND THE PLAN
         The plan
         The test line
             "ok" or "not ok", Test number, Description, Direc-
             tive, ok/not ok (required), Test number (recom-
             mended), Description (recommended), Directive (only
             when necessary)

     DIRECTIVES
         TODO tests
         Skipping tests
     OTHER LINES
         Bail out!
         Diagnostics
         Anything else
     EXAMPLES
         Common with explanation
         Unknown amount and failures
         Giving up
         Skipping a few
         Skipping everything
         Got spare tuits?
         Creative liberties
     AUTHORS
     ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
     COPYRIGHT

     Test::More - yet another framework for writing test scripts

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         217

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         I love it when a plan comes together
     Test names
     I'm ok, you're not ok.
         ok

     is, isnt

     like

     unlike

     cmp_ok

     can_ok

     isa_ok

     pass, fail

     Module tests
         use_ok

     require_ok

     Complex data structures
         is_deeply

     Diagnostics
         diag

     Conditional tests
         SKIP: BLOCK

     TODO: BLOCK, todo_skip

     When do I use SKIP vs. TODO?

     Test control
         BAIL_OUT

     Discouraged comparison functions
         eq_array

     eq_hash

     eq_set

     Extending and Embedding Test::More
         builder

     EXIT CODES
     CAVEATS and NOTES

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         218

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Backwards compatibility, Overloaded objects, Threads,
         Test::Harness upgrade

     HISTORY
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHORS
     BUGS
     COPYRIGHT

     Test::Simple - Basic utilities for writing tests.

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         ok

     EXAMPLE
     CAVEATS
     NOTES
     HISTORY
     SEE ALSO
         Test::More, Test, Test::Unit, Test::Inline, SelfTest,
         Test::Harness

     AUTHORS
     COPYRIGHT

     Test::Tutorial - A tutorial about writing really basic tests

     DESCRIPTION
         Nuts and bolts of testing.
         Where to start?
         Names
         Test the manual
         Sometimes the tests are wrong
         Testing lots of values
         Informative names
         Skipping tests
         Todo tests
         Testing with taint mode.
     FOOTNOTES
     AUTHORS
     COPYRIGHT

     Text::Abbrev, abbrev - create an abbreviation table from a
     list

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     EXAMPLE

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         219

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Text::Balanced - Extract delimited text sequences from
     strings.

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         General behaviour in list contexts
             [0], [1], [2]

         General behaviour in scalar and void contexts
         A note about prefixes
         "extract_delimited"
         "extract_bracketed"
         "extract_variable"
             [0], [1], [2]

         "extract_tagged"
             "reject => $listref", "ignore => $listref", "fail =>
             $str", [0], [1], [2], [3], [4], [5]

         "gen_extract_tagged"
         "extract_quotelike"
             [0], [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8], [9],
             [10]

         "extract_quotelike" and "here documents"
             [0], [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7..10]

         "extract_codeblock"
         "extract_multiple"
         "gen_delimited_pat"
     DIAGNOSTICS
          C<Did not find a suitable bracket: "%s">,  C<Did not find prefix: /%s/>,
         C<Did not find opening bracket after prefix: "%s">,  C<No quotelike
         operator found after prefix: "%s">,  C<Unmatched closing bracket: "%c">,
         C<Unmatched opening bracket(s): "%s">, C<Unmatched embedded quote (%s)>,
         C<Did not find closing delimiter to match '%s'>,  C<Mismatched closing
         bracket: expected "%c" but found "%s">,  C<No block delimiter found after
         quotelike "%s">, C<Did not find leading dereferencer>, C<Bad identifier
         after dereferencer>, C<Did not find expected opening bracket at %s>,
         C<Improperly nested codeblock at %s>,  C<Missing second block for quotelike
         "%s">, C<No match found for opening bracket>, C<Did not find opening tag:
         /%s/>, C<Unable to construct closing tag to match: /%s/>, C<Found invalid
         nested tag: %s>, C<Found unbalanced nested tag: %s>, C<Did not find closing
         tag>

     AUTHOR
     BUGS AND IRRITATIONS
     COPYRIGHT

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         220

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Text::ParseWords - parse text into an array of tokens or
     array of arrays

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     EXAMPLES
     AUTHORS

     Text::Soundex - Implementation of the Soundex Algorithm as
     Described by Knuth

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     EXAMPLES
     LIMITATIONS
     AUTHOR

     Text::Tabs -- expand and unexpand tabs per the unix
     expand(1) and unexpand(1)

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     BUGS
     LICENSE

     Text::Wrap - line wrapping to form simple paragraphs

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     OVERRIDES
     EXAMPLE
     LICENSE

     Thread - manipulate threads in Perl (for old code only)

     CAVEAT
     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     FUNCTIONS
         $thread = Thread->new(\&start_sub), $thread =
         Thread->new(\&start_sub, LIST), lock VARIABLE, async
         BLOCK;, Thread->self, cond_wait VARIABLE, cond_signal
         VARIABLE, cond_broadcast VARIABLE, yield

     METHODS
         join, eval, detach, equal, tid, flags, done

     LIMITATIONS
     SEE ALSO

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         221

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Thread::Queue - thread-safe queues

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     FUNCTIONS AND METHODS
         new, enqueue LIST, dequeue, dequeue_nb, pending

     SEE ALSO

     Thread::Semaphore - thread-safe semaphores

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     FUNCTIONS AND METHODS
         new, new NUMBER, down, down NUMBER, up, up NUMBER

     Thread::Signal - Start a thread which runs signal handlers
     reliably (for old code)

     CAVEAT
     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     BUGS

     Thread::Specific - thread-specific keys

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION

     Tie::Array - base class for tied arrays

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         TIEARRAY classname, LIST, STORE this, index, value,
         FETCH this, index, FETCHSIZE this, STORESIZE this,
         count, EXTEND this, count, EXISTS this, key, DELETE
         this, key, CLEAR this, DESTROY this, PUSH this, LIST,
         POP this, SHIFT this, UNSHIFT this, LIST, SPLICE this,
         offset, length, LIST

     CAVEATS
     AUTHOR

     Tie::File - Access the lines of a disk file via a Perl array

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         "recsep"
         "autochomp"
         "mode"
         "memory"
         "dw_size"

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         222

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         Option Format
     Public Methods
         "flock"
         "autochomp"
         "defer", "flush", "discard", and "autodefer"
         "offset"
     Tying to an already-opened filehandle
     Deferred Writing
         Autodeferring
     CONCURRENT ACCESS TO FILES
     CAVEATS
     SUBCLASSING
     WHAT ABOUT "DB_File"?
     AUTHOR
     LICENSE
     WARRANTY
     THANKS
     TODO

     Tie::Handle, Tie::StdHandle  - base class definitions for
     tied handles

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         TIEHANDLE classname, LIST, WRITE this, scalar, length,
         offset, PRINT this, LIST, PRINTF this, format, LIST,
         READ this, scalar, length, offset, READLINE this, GETC
         this, CLOSE this, OPEN this, filename, BINMODE this, EOF
         this, TELL this, SEEK this, offset, whence, DESTROY this

     MORE INFORMATION
     COMPATIBILITY

     Tie::Hash, Tie::StdHash, Tie::ExtraHash - base class defini-
     tions for tied hashes

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         TIEHASH classname, LIST, STORE this, key, value, FETCH
         this, key, FIRSTKEY this, NEXTKEY this, lastkey, EXISTS
         this, key, DELETE this, key, CLEAR this, SCALAR this

     Inheriting from Tie::StdHash
     Inheriting from Tie::ExtraHash
     "SCALAR", "UNTIE" and "DESTROY"
     MORE INFORMATION

     Tie::Memoize - add data to hash when needed

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     Inheriting from Tie::Memoize

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         223

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     EXAMPLE
     BUGS
     AUTHOR

     Tie::RefHash - use references as hash keys

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     EXAMPLE
     AUTHOR
     VERSION
     SEE ALSO

     Tie::Scalar, Tie::StdScalar - base class definitions for
     tied scalars

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         TIESCALAR classname, LIST, FETCH this, STORE this,
         value, DESTROY this

     MORE INFORMATION

     Tie::SubstrHash - Fixed-table-size, fixed-key-length hashing

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     CAVEATS

     Time::HiRes - High resolution alarm, sleep, gettimeofday,
     interval timers

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         gettimeofday (), usleep ( $useconds ), nanosleep (
         $nanoseconds ), ualarm ( $useconds [, $interval_useconds
         ] ), tv_interval, time (), sleep ( $floating_seconds ),
         alarm ( $floating_seconds [, $interval_floating_seconds
         ] ), setitimer ( $which, $floating_seconds [,
         $interval_floating_seconds ] ), getitimer ( $which ),
         clock_gettime ( $which ), clock_getres ( $which ),
         clock_nanosleep ( $which, $seconds, $flags = 0), clock()

     EXAMPLES
     C API
     DIAGNOSTICS
         negative time not invented yet
         internal error: useconds < 0 (unsigned ... signed ...)
     CAVEATS
     SEE ALSO
     AUTHORS
     COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         224

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     Time::Local - efficiently compute time from local and GMT
     time

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Ambiguous Local Times (DST)
         Non-Existent Local Times (DST)
         Negative Epoch Values
     IMPLEMENTATION
     BUGS
     SUPPORT
     AUTHOR

     Time::gmtime - by-name interface to Perl's built-in gmtime()
     function

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     NOTE
     AUTHOR

     Time::localtime - by-name interface to Perl's built-in
     localtime() function

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     NOTE
     AUTHOR

     Time::tm - internal object used by Time::gmtime and
     Time::localtime

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     AUTHOR

     UNIVERSAL - base class for ALL classes (blessed references)

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         "$obj->isa( TYPE )", "CLASS->isa( TYPE )", "isa( VAL,
         TYPE )", "TYPE", $obj, "CLASS", "VAL", "$obj->can(
         METHOD )", "CLASS->can( METHOD )", "can( VAL, METHOD )",
         "VERSION ( [ REQUIRE ] )"

     EXPORTS

     Unicode::Collate - Unicode Collation Algorithm

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Constructor and Tailoring

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         225

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

             UCA_Version, alternate, backwards, entry,
             hangul_terminator, ignoreChar, ignoreName,
             katakana_before_hiragana, level, normalization,
             overrideCJK, overrideHangul, preprocess, rearrange,
             table, undefChar, undefName, upper_before_lower,
             variable

         Methods for Collation
             "@sorted = $Collator->sort(@not_sorted)", "$result =
             $Collator->cmp($a, $b)", "$result =
             $Collator->eq($a, $b)", "$result = $Collator->ne($a,
             $b)", "$result = $Collator->lt($a, $b)", "$result =
             $Collator->le($a, $b)", "$result = $Collator->gt($a,
             $b)", "$result = $Collator->ge($a, $b)", "$sortKey =
             $Collator->getSortKey($string)", "$sortKeyForm =
             $Collator->viewSortKey($string)"

         Methods for Searching
             "$position = $Collator->index($string, $substring[,
             $position])", "($position, $length) =
             $Collator->index($string, $substring[, $position])",
             "$match_ref = $Collator->match($string, $sub-
             string)", "($match)   = $Collator->match($string,
             $substring)", "@match = $Collator->gmatch($string,
             $substring)", "$count = $Collator->subst($string,
             $substring, $replacement)", "$count =
             $Collator->gsubst($string, $substring, $replace-
             ment)"

         Other Methods
             "%old_tailoring =
             $Collator->change(%new_tailoring)", "$version =
             $Collator->version()", "UCA_Version()",
             "Base_Unicode_Version()"

     EXPORT
     INSTALL
     CAVEATS
         Normalization, Conformance Test

     AUTHOR, COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
     SEE ALSO
         Unicode Collation Algorithm - UTS #10, The Default
         Unicode Collation Element Table (DUCET), The conformance
         test for the UCA, Hangul Syllable Type, Unicode Normali-
         zation Forms - UAX #15

     Unicode::Normalize - Unicode Normalization Forms

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         Normalization Forms

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         226

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

             "$NFD_string = NFD($string)", "$NFC_string =
             NFC($string)", "$NFKD_string = NFKD($string)",
             "$NFKC_string = NFKC($string)", "$FCD_string =
             FCD($string)", "$FCC_string = FCC($string)",
             "$normalized_string = normalize($form_name,
             $string)"

         Decomposition and Composition
             "$decomposed_string = decompose($string)",
             "$decomposed_string = decompose($string, $useCompat-
             Mapping)", "$reordered_string  = reorder($string)",
             "$composed_string    = compose($string)"

         Quick Check
             "$result = checkNFD($string)", "$result =
             checkNFC($string)", "$result = checkNFKD($string)",
             "$result = checkNFKC($string)", "$result =
             checkFCD($string)", "$result = checkFCC($string)",
             "$result = check($form_name, $string)"

         Character Data
             "$canonical_decomposed = getCanon($codepoint)",
             "$compatibility_decomposed = getCompat($codepoint)",
             "$codepoint_composite =
             getComposite($codepoint_here, $codepoint_next)",
             "$combining_class = getCombinClass($codepoint)",
             "$is_exclusion = isExclusion($codepoint)",
             "$is_singleton = isSingleton($codepoint)",
             "$is_non_starter_decomposition =
             isNonStDecomp($codepoint)",
             "$may_be_composed_with_prev_char =
             isComp2nd($codepoint)"

     EXPORT
     CAVEATS
         Perl's version vs. Unicode version, Correction of decom-
         position mapping, Revised definition of canonical compo-
         sition

     AUTHOR
     SEE ALSO
         http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr15/,
         http://www.unicode.org/Public/UNIDATA/DerivedNormalizationProps.txt,
         http://www.unicode.org/Public/UNIDATA/NormalizationCorrections.txt,
         http://www.unicode.org/review/pr-29.html,
         http://www.unicode.org/notes/tn5/

     Unicode::UCD - Unicode character database

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     charinfo

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         227

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     charblock
     charscript
     charblocks
     charscripts
     Blocks versus Scripts
     Matching Scripts and Blocks
     Code Point Arguments
     charinrange
     compexcl
     casefold
     casespec
     namedseq()
     Unicode::UCD::UnicodeVersion
     Implementation Note
     BUGS
     AUTHOR

     User::grent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getgr*()
     functions

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
     NOTE
     AUTHOR

     User::pwent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getpw*()
     functions

     SYNOPSIS
     DESCRIPTION
         System Specifics
     NOTE
     AUTHOR
     HISTORY
         March 18th, 2000

AUXILIARY DOCUMENTATION

     Here should be listed all the extra programs' documentation,
     but they don't all have manual pages yet:

         a2p
         c2ph
         dprofpp
         h2ph
         h2xs
         perlbug
         perldoc
         pl2pm
         pod2html
         pod2man
         s2p
         splain

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         228

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

         xsubpp

AUTHOR

     Larry Wall <larry@wall.org>, with the help of oodles of
     other folks.

SEE ALSO

     This is a list of all known Perl manpages in MirOS:

     *   AnyDBM_File(3p)

     *   Attribute::Handlers(3p)

     *   AutoLoader(3p)

     *   AutoSplit(3p)

     *   B(3p)

     *   B::Asmdata(3p)

     *   B::Assembler(3p)

     *   B::Bblock(3p)

     *   B::Bytecode(3p)

     *   B::C(3p)

     *   B::CC(3p)

     *   B::Concise(3p)

     *   B::Debug(3p)

     *   B::Deparse(3p)

     *   B::Disassembler(3p)

     *   B::Lint(3p)

     *   B::Showlex(3p)

     *   B::Stackobj(3p)

     *   B::Stash(3p)

     *   B::Terse(3p)

     *   B::Xref(3p)

     *   Benchmark(3p)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         229

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     *   ByteLoader(3p)

     *   CGI(3p)

     *   CGI::Apache(3p)

     *   CGI::Carp(3p)

     *   CGI::Cookie(3p)

     *   CGI::Fast(3p)

     *   CGI::Pretty(3p)

     *   CGI::Push(3p)

     *   CGI::Switch(3p)

     *   CGI::Util(3p)

     *   CPAN(3p)

     *   CPAN::FirstTime(3p)

     *   CPAN::Nox(3p)

     *   Carp(3p)

     *   Carp::Heavy(3p)

     *   Class::ISA(3p)

     *   Class::Struct(3p)

     *   Config(3p)

     *   Cwd(3p)

     *   DB(3p)

     *   DBM_Filter(3p)

     *   DBM_Filter::compress(3p)

     *   DBM_Filter::encode(3p)

     *   DBM_Filter::int32(3p)

     *   DBM_Filter::null(3p)

     *   DBM_Filter::utf8(3p)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         230

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     *   DB_File(3p)

     *   Data::Dumper(3p)

     *   Devel::DProf(3p)

     *   Devel::PPPort(3p)

     *   Devel::Peek(3p)

     *   Devel::SelfStubber(3p)

     *   Digest(3p)

     *   Digest::MD5(3p)

     *   Digest::base(3p)

     *   Digest::file(3p)

     *   DirHandle(3p)

     *   Dumpvalue(3p)

     *   DynaLoader(3p)

     *   Encode(3p)

     *   Encode::Alias(3p)

     *   Encode::Byte(3p)

     *   Encode::CJKConstants(3p)

     *   Encode::CN(3p)

     *   Encode::CN::HZ(3p)

     *   Encode::Config(3p)

     *   Encode::EBCDIC(3p)

     *   Encode::Encoder(3p)

     *   Encode::Encoding(3p)

     *   Encode::Guess(3p)

     *   Encode::JP(3p)

     *   Encode::JP::H2Z(3p)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         231

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     *   Encode::JP::JIS7(3p)

     *   Encode::KR(3p)

     *   Encode::KR::2022_KR(3p)

     *   Encode::MIME::Header(3p)

     *   Encode::PerlIO(3p)

     *   Encode::Supported(3p)

     *   Encode::Symbol(3p)

     *   Encode::TW(3p)

     *   Encode::Unicode(3p)

     *   Encode::Unicode::UTF7(3p)

     *   English(3p)

     *   Env(3p)

     *   Errno(3p)

     *   Exporter(3p)

     *   Exporter::Heavy(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::Command(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::Command::MM(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::Constant(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::Constant::Base(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::Constant::Utils(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::Constant::XS(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::Embed(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::Install(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::Installed(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::Liblist(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::MM(3p)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         232

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     *   ExtUtils::MM_AIX(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::MM_Any(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::MM_BeOS(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::MM_Cygwin(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::MM_DOS(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::MM_MacOS(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::MM_NW5(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::MM_OS2(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::MM_QNX(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::MM_UWIN(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::MM_Unix(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::MM_VMS(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::MM_VOS(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::MM_Win32(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::MM_Win95(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::MY(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::MakeMaker(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Config(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::MakeMaker::FAQ(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Tutorial(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::MakeMaker::bytes(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::MakeMaker::vmsish(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::Manifest(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::Miniperl(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::Mkbootstrap(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::Mksymlists(3p)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         233

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     *   ExtUtils::Packlist(3p)

     *   ExtUtils::testlib(3p)

     *   Fatal(3p)

     *   Fcntl(3p)

     *   File::Basename(3p)

     *   File::CheckTree(3p)

     *   File::Compare(3p)

     *   File::Copy(3p)

     *   File::DosGlob(3p)

     *   File::Find(3p)

     *   File::Glob(3p)

     *   File::Path(3p)

     *   File::Spec(3p)

     *   File::Spec::Cygwin(3p)

     *   File::Spec::Epoc(3p)

     *   File::Spec::Functions(3p)

     *   File::Spec::Mac(3p)

     *   File::Spec::OS2(3p)

     *   File::Spec::Unix(3p)

     *   File::Spec::VMS(3p)

     *   File::Spec::Win32(3p)

     *   File::Temp(3p)

     *   File::stat(3p)

     *   FileCache(3p)

     *   FileHandle(3p)

     *   Filter::Simple(3p)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         234

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     *   Filter::Util::Call(3p)

     *   FindBin(3p)

     *   Getopt::Long(3p)

     *   Getopt::Std(3p)

     *   Hash::Util(3p)

     *   I18N::Collate(3p)

     *   I18N::LangTags(3p)

     *   I18N::LangTags::Detect(3p)

     *   I18N::LangTags::List(3p)

     *   I18N::Langinfo(3p)

     *   IO(3p)

     *   IO::Dir(3p)

     *   IO::File(3p)

     *   IO::Handle(3p)

     *   IO::Pipe(3p)

     *   IO::Poll(3p)

     *   IO::Seekable(3p)

     *   IO::Select(3p)

     *   IO::Socket(3p)

     *   IO::Socket::INET(3p)

     *   IO::Socket::UNIX(3p)

     *   IPC::Msg(3p)

     *   IPC::Open2(3p)

     *   IPC::Open3(3p)

     *   IPC::Semaphore(3p)

     *   IPC::SysV(3p)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         235

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     *   List::Util(3p)

     *   Locale::Constants(3p)

     *   Locale::Country(3p)

     *   Locale::Currency(3p)

     *   Locale::Language(3p)

     *   Locale::Maketext(3p)

     *   Locale::Maketext::TPJ13(3p)

     *   Locale::Script(3p)

     *   MIME::Base64(3p)

     *   MIME::QuotedPrint(3p)

     *   Math::BigFloat(3p)

     *   Math::BigInt(3p)

     *   Math::BigInt::Calc(3p)

     *   Math::BigInt::CalcEmu(3p)

     *   Math::BigRat(3p)

     *   Math::Complex(3p)

     *   Math::Trig(3p)

     *   Memoize(3p)

     *   Memoize::AnyDBM_File(3p)

     *   Memoize::Expire(3p)

     *   Memoize::ExpireFile(3p)

     *   Memoize::ExpireTest(3p)

     *   Memoize::NDBM_File(3p)

     *   Memoize::SDBM_File(3p)

     *   Memoize::Storable(3p)

     *   NDBM_File(3p)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         236

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     *   NEXT(3p)

     *   Net::Cmd(3p)

     *   Net::Config(3p)

     *   Net::Domain(3p)

     *   Net::FTP(3p)

     *   Net::NNTP(3p)

     *   Net::Netrc(3p)

     *   Net::POP3(3p)

     *   Net::Ping(3p)

     *   Net::SMTP(3p)

     *   Net::Time(3p)

     *   Net::hostent(3p)

     *   Net::libnetFAQ(3p)

     *   Net::netent(3p)

     *   Net::protoent(3p)

     *   Net::servent(3p)

     *   O(3p)

     *   ODBM_File(3p)

     *   Opcode(3p)

     *   POSIX(3p)

     *   PerlIO(3p)

     *   PerlIO::encoding(3p)

     *   PerlIO::scalar(3p)

     *   PerlIO::via(3p)

     *   PerlIO::via::QuotedPrint(3p)

     *   Pod::Checker(3p)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         237

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     *   Pod::Find(3p)

     *   Pod::Html(3p)

     *   Pod::InputObjects(3p)

     *   Pod::LaTeX(3p)

     *   Pod::Man(3p)

     *   Pod::ParseLink(3p)

     *   Pod::ParseUtils(3p)

     *   Pod::Parser(3p)

     *   Pod::Perldoc::ToChecker(3p)

     *   Pod::Perldoc::ToMan(3p)

     *   Pod::Perldoc::ToNroff(3p)

     *   Pod::Perldoc::ToPod(3p)

     *   Pod::Perldoc::ToRtf(3p)

     *   Pod::Perldoc::ToText(3p)

     *   Pod::Perldoc::ToTk(3p)

     *   Pod::Perldoc::ToXml(3p)

     *   Pod::PlainText(3p)

     *   Pod::Plainer(3p)

     *   Pod::Select(3p)

     *   Pod::Text(3p)

     *   Pod::Text::Color(3p)

     *   Pod::Text::Overstrike(3p)

     *   Pod::Text::Termcap(3p)

     *   Pod::Usage(3p)

     *   SDBM_File(3p)

     *   Safe(3p)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         238

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     *   Scalar::Util(3p)

     *   Search::Dict(3p)

     *   SelectSaver(3p)

     *   SelfLoader(3p)

     *   Shell(3p)

     *   Socket(3p)

     *   Storable(3p)

     *   Switch(3p)

     *   Symbol(3p)

     *   Sys::Hostname(3p)

     *   Sys::Syslog(3p)

     *   Term::ANSIColor(3p)

     *   Term::Cap(3p)

     *   Term::Complete(3p)

     *   Term::ReadLine(3p)

     *   Test(3p)

     *   Test::Builder(3p)

     *   Test::Builder::Module(3p)

     *   Test::Builder::Tester(3p)

     *   Test::Builder::Tester::Color(3p)

     *   Test::Harness(3p)

     *   Test::Harness::Assert(3p)

     *   Test::Harness::Iterator(3p)

     *   Test::Harness::Point(3p)

     *   Test::Harness::Straps(3p)

     *   Test::Harness::TAP(3p)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         239

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     *   Test::More(3p)

     *   Test::Simple(3p)

     *   Test::Tutorial(3p)

     *   Text::Abbrev(3p)

     *   Text::Balanced(3p)

     *   Text::ParseWords(3p)

     *   Text::Soundex(3p)

     *   Text::Tabs(3p)

     *   Text::Wrap(3p)

     *   Thread(3p)

     *   Thread::Queue(3p)

     *   Thread::Semaphore(3p)

     *   Tie::Array(3p)

     *   Tie::File(3p)

     *   Tie::Handle(3p)

     *   Tie::Hash(3p)

     *   Tie::Memoize(3p)

     *   Tie::RefHash(3p)

     *   Tie::Scalar(3p)

     *   Tie::SubstrHash(3p)

     *   Time::HiRes(3p)

     *   Time::Local(3p)

     *   Time::gmtime(3p)

     *   Time::localtime(3p)

     *   Time::tm(3p)

     *   UNIVERSAL(3p)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         240

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     *   Unicode::Collate(3p)

     *   Unicode::Normalize(3p)

     *   Unicode::UCD(3p)

     *   User::grent(3p)

     *   User::pwent(3p)

     *   XS::APItest(3p)

     *   XS::Typemap(3p)

     *   XSLoader(3p)

     *   a2p(1)

     *   attributes(3p)

     *   attrs(3p)

     *   autouse(3p)

     *   base(3p)

     *   basename(3p)

     *   bigint(3p)

     *   bignum(3p)

     *   bigrat(3p)

     *   blib(3p)

     *   bytes(3p)

     *   c2ph(1)

     *   charnames(3p)

     *   constant(3p)

     *   cpan(1)

     *   diagnostics(3p)

     *   dirname(3p)

     *   dprofpp(1)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         241

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     *   enc2xs(1)

     *   encoding(3p)

     *   fields(3p)

     *   fileparse(3p)

     *   filetest(3p)

     *   find2perl(1)

     *   getopt(3p)

     *   getopts(3p)

     *   h2ph(1)

     *   h2xs(1)

     *   if(3p)

     *   integer(3p)

     *   less(3p)

     *   lib(3p)

     *   libnetcfg(1)

     *   locale(3p)

     *   open(3p)

     *   ops(3p)

     *   overload(3p)

     *   perl(1)

     *   perl5004delta(1)

     *   perl5005delta(1)

     *   perl561delta(1)

     *   perl56delta(1)

     *   perl570delta(1)

     *   perl571delta(1)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         242

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     *   perl572delta(1)

     *   perl573delta(1)

     *   perl581delta(1)

     *   perl582delta(1)

     *   perl583delta(1)

     *   perl584delta(1)

     *   perl585delta(1)

     *   perl586delta(1)

     *   perl587delta(1)

     *   perl588delta(1)

     *   perl58delta(1)

     *   perlapi(1)

     *   perlapio(1)

     *   perlartistic(1)

     *   perlbook(1)

     *   perlboot(1)

     *   perlbot(1)

     *   perlbug(1)

     *   perlcall(1)

     *   perlcc(1)

     *   perlcheat(1)

     *   perlclib(1)

     *   perlcn(1)

     *   perlcompile(1)

     *   perldata(1)

     *   perldbmfilter(1)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         243

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     *   perldebguts(1)

     *   perldebtut(1)

     *   perldebug(1)

     *   perldiag(1)

     *   perldoc(1)

     *   perldsc(1)

     *   perlembed(1)

     *   perlfaq(1)

     *   perlfaq1(1)

     *   perlfaq2(1)

     *   perlfaq3(1)

     *   perlfaq4(1)

     *   perlfaq5(1)

     *   perlfaq6(1)

     *   perlfaq7(1)

     *   perlfaq8(1)

     *   perlfaq9(1)

     *   perlfilter(1)

     *   perlfork(1)

     *   perlform(1)

     *   perlfunc(1)

     *   perlglossary(1)

     *   perlgpl(1)

     *   perlguts(1)

     *   perlhack(1)

     *   perlhist(1)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         244

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     *   perlintern(1)

     *   perlintro(1)

     *   perliol(1)

     *   perlipc(1)

     *   perlivp(1)

     *   perljp(1)

     *   perlko(1)

     *   perllexwarn(1)

     *   perllocale(1)

     *   perllol(1)

     *   perlmod(1)

     *   perlmodinstall(1)

     *   perlmodlib(1)

     *   perlmodstyle(1)

     *   perlnewmod(1)

     *   perlnumber(1)

     *   perlobj(1)

     *   perlop(1)

     *   perlopentut(1)

     *   perlothrtut(1)

     *   perlpacktut(1)

     *   perlpod(1)

     *   perlpodspec(1)

     *   perlport(1)

     *   perlre(1)

     *   perlref(1)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         245

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     *   perlreftut(1)

     *   perlrequick(1)

     *   perlreref(1)

     *   perlretut(1)

     *   perlrun(1)

     *   perlsec(1)

     *   perlstyle(1)

     *   perlsub(1)

     *   perlsyn(1)

     *   perlthrtut(1)

     *   perltie(1)

     *   perltoc(1)

     *   perltodo(1)

     *   perltooc(1)

     *   perltoot(1)

     *   perltrap(1)

     *   perltw(1)

     *   perlunicode(1)

     *   perluniintro(1)

     *   perlutil(1)

     *   perlvar(1)

     *   perlxs(1)

     *   perlxstut(1)

     *   piconv(1)

     *   pl2pm(1)

     *   pod2html(1)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         246

PERLTOC2(1)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC2(1)

     *   pod2latex(1)

     *   pod2man(1)

     *   pod2text(1)

     *   pod2usage(1)

     *   podchecker(1)

     *   podselect(1)

     *   prove(1)

     *   psed(1)

     *   pstruct(1)

     *   re(3p)

     *   s2p(1)

     *   sigtrap(3p)

     *   sort(3p)

     *   splain(1)

     *   strict(3p)

     *   subs(3p)

     *   threads(3p)

     *   threads::shared(3p)

     *   utf8(3p)

     *   vars(3p)

     *   vmsish(3p)

     *   warnings(3p)

     *   warnings::register(3p)

     *   xsubpp(1)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                         247

Generated on 2014-07-04 21:17:45 by $MirOS: src/scripts/roff2htm,v 1.79 2014/02/10 00:36:11 tg Exp $

These manual pages and other documentation are copyrighted by their respective writers; their source is available at our CVSweb, AnonCVS, and other mirrors. The rest is Copyright © 2002‒2014 The MirOS Project, Germany.
This product includes material provided by Thorsten Glaser.

This manual page’s HTML representation is supposed to be valid XHTML/1.1; if not, please send a bug report – diffs preferred.