MirOS Manual: perlgpl(1)


PERLGPL(1)      Perl Programmers Reference Guide       PERLGPL(1)

NAME

     perlgpl - the GNU General Public License, version 2

SYNOPSIS

      You can refer to this document in Pod via "L<perlgpl>"
      Or you can see this document by entering "perldoc perlgpl"

DESCRIPTION

     This is "The GNU General Public License, version 2".  It's
     here so that modules, programs, etc., that want to declare
     this as their distribution license, can link to it.

     It is also one of the two licenses Perl allows itself to be
     redistributed and/or modified; for the other one, the Perl
     Artistic License, see the perlartistic.

GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE

                         GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
                            Version 2, June 1991

      Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
                               59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA
                               02111-1307, USA.
      Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
      of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.

                                 Preamble

     The licenses for most software are designed to take away
     your freedom to share and change it.  By contrast, the GNU
     General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom
     to share and change free software--to make sure the software
     is free for all its users.  This General Public License
     applies to most of the Free Software Foundation's software
     and to any other program whose authors commit to using it.
     (Some other Free Software Foundation software is covered by
     the GNU Library General Public License instead.)  You can
     apply it to your programs, too.

     When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom,
     not price.  Our General Public Licenses are designed to make
     sure that you have the freedom to distribute copies of free
     software (and charge for this service if you wish), that you
     receive source code or can get it if you want it, that you
     can change the software or use pieces of it in new free pro-
     grams; and that you know you can do these things.

     To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions that
     forbid anyone to deny you these rights or to ask you to
     surrender the rights. These restrictions translate to cer-
     tain responsibilities for you if you distribute copies of
     the software, or if you modify it.

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     For example, if you distribute copies of such a program,
     whether gratis or for a fee, you must give the recipients
     all the rights that you have.  You must make sure that they,
     too, receive or can get the source code.  And you must show
     them these terms so they know their rights.

     We protect your rights with two steps: (1) copyright the
     software, and (2) offer you this license which gives you
     legal permission to copy, distribute and/or modify the
     software.

     Also, for each author's protection and ours, we want to make
     certain that everyone understands that there is no warranty
     for this free software.  If the software is modified by
     someone else and passed on, we want its recipients to know
     that what they have is not the original, so that any prob-
     lems introduced by others will not reflect on the original
     authors' reputations.

     Finally, any free program is threatened constantly by
     software patents.  We wish to avoid the danger that redis-
     tributors of a free program will individually obtain patent
     licenses, in effect making the program proprietary.  To
     prevent this, we have made it clear that any patent must be
     licensed for everyone's free use or not licensed at all.

     The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution
     and modification follow.

     --

                         GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
        TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION

     0. This License applies to any program or other work which
     contains a notice placed by the copyright holder saying it
     may be distributed under the terms of this General Public
     License.  The "Program", below, refers to any such program
     or work, and a "work based on the Program" means either the
     Program or any derivative work under copyright law: that is
     to say, a work containing the Program or a portion of it,
     either verbatim or with modifications and/or translated into
     another language.  (Hereinafter, translation is included
     without limitation in the term "modification".)  Each licen-
     see is addressed as "you".

     Activities other than copying, distribution and modification
     are not covered by this License; they are outside its scope.
     The act of running the Program is not restricted, and the
     output from the Program is covered only if its contents con-
     stitute a work based on the Program (independent of having
     been made by running the Program). Whether that is true

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     depends on what the Program does.

     1. You may copy and distribute verbatim copies of the
     Program's source code as you receive it, in any medium, pro-
     vided that you conspicuously and appropriately publish on
     each copy an appropriate copyright notice and disclaimer of
     warranty; keep intact all the notices that refer to this
     License and to the absence of any warranty; and give any
     other recipients of the Program a copy of this License along
     with the Program.

     You may charge a fee for the physical act of transferring a
     copy, and you may at your option offer warranty protection
     in exchange for a fee.

     2. You may modify your copy or copies of the Program or any
     portion of it, thus forming a work based on the Program, and
     copy and distribute such modifications or work under the
     terms of Section 1 above, provided that you also meet all of
     these conditions:

         a) You must cause the modified files to carry prominent notices
         stating that you changed the files and the date of any change.

         b) You must cause any work that you distribute or publish, that in
         whole or in part contains or is derived from the Program or any
         part thereof, to be licensed as a whole at no charge to all third
         parties under the terms of this License.

         c) If the modified program normally reads commands interactively
         when run, you must cause it, when started running for such
         interactive use in the most ordinary way, to print or display an
         announcement including an appropriate copyright notice and a
         notice that there is no warranty (or else, saying that you provide
         a warranty) and that users may redistribute the program under
         these conditions, and telling the user how to view a copy of this
         License.  (Exception: if the Program itself is interactive but
         does not normally print such an announcement, your work based on
         the Program is not required to print an announcement.)

     --

     These requirements apply to the modified work as a whole.
     If identifiable sections of that work are not derived from
     the Program, and can be reasonably considered independent
     and separate works in themselves, then this License, and its
     terms, do not apply to those sections when you distribute
     them as separate works.  But when you distribute the same
     sections as part of a whole which is a work based on the
     Program, the distribution of the whole must be on the terms
     of this License, whose permissions for other licensees
     extend to the entire whole, and thus to each and every part

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     regardless of who wrote it.

     Thus, it is not the intent of this section to claim rights
     or contest your rights to work written entirely by you;
     rather, the intent is to exercise the right to control the
     distribution of derivative or collective works based on the
     Program.

     In addition, mere aggregation of another work not based on
     the Program with the Program (or with a work based on the
     Program) on a volume of a storage or distribution medium
     does not bring the other work under the scope of this
     License.

     3. You may copy and distribute the Program (or a work based
     on it, under Section 2) in object code or executable form
     under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above provided that you
     also do one of the following:

         a) Accompany it with the complete corresponding machine-readable
         source code, which must be distributed under the terms of Sections
         1 and 2 above on a medium customarily used for software interchange; or,

         b) Accompany it with a written offer, valid for at least three
         years, to give any third party, for a charge no more than your
         cost of physically performing source distribution, a complete
         machine-readable copy of the corresponding source code, to be
         distributed under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above on a medium
         customarily used for software interchange; or,

         c) Accompany it with the information you received as to the offer
         to distribute corresponding source code.  (This alternative is
         allowed only for noncommercial distribution and only if you
         received the program in object code or executable form with such
         an offer, in accord with Subsection b above.)

     The source code for a work means the preferred form of the
     work for making modifications to it.  For an executable
     work, complete source code means all the source code for all
     modules it contains, plus any associated interface defini-
     tion files, plus the scripts used to control compilation and
     installation of the executable.  However, as a special
     exception, the source code distributed need not include any-
     thing that is normally distributed (in either source or
     binary form) with the major components (compiler, kernel,
     and so on) of the operating system on which the executable
     runs, unless that component itself accompanies the execut-
     able.

     If distribution of executable or object code is made by
     offering access to copy from a designated place, then offer-
     ing equivalent access to copy the source code from the same

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     place counts as distribution of the source code, even though
     third parties are not compelled to copy the source along
     with the object code.

     --

     4. You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the
     Program except as expressly provided under this License.
     Any attempt otherwise to copy, modify, sublicense or distri-
     bute the Program is void, and will automatically terminate
     your rights under this License. However, parties who have
     received copies, or rights, from you under this License will
     not have their licenses terminated so long as such parties
     remain in full compliance.

     5. You are not required to accept this License, since you
     have not signed it.  However, nothing else grants you per-
     mission to modify or distribute the Program or its deriva-
     tive works.  These actions are prohibited by law if you do
     not accept this License.  Therefore, by modifying or distri-
     buting the Program (or any work based on the Program), you
     indicate your acceptance of this License to do so, and all
     its terms and conditions for copying, distributing or modi-
     fying the Program or works based on it.

     6. Each time you redistribute the Program (or any work based
     on the Program), the recipient automatically receives a
     license from the original licensor to copy, distribute or
     modify the Program subject to these terms and conditions.
     You may not impose any further restrictions on the reci-
     pients' exercise of the rights granted herein. You are not
     responsible for enforcing compliance by third parties to
     this License.

     7. If, as a consequence of a court judgment or allegation of
     patent infringement or for any other reason (not limited to
     patent issues), conditions are imposed on you (whether by
     court order, agreement or otherwise) that contradict the
     conditions of this License, they do not excuse you from the
     conditions of this License.  If you cannot distribute so as
     to satisfy simultaneously your obligations under this
     License and any other pertinent obligations, then as a
     consequence you may not distribute the Program at all.  For
     example, if a patent license would not permit royalty-free
     redistribution of the Program by all those who receive
     copies directly or indirectly through you, then the only way
     you could satisfy both it and this License would be to
     refrain entirely from distribution of the Program.

     If any portion of this section is held invalid or unenforce-
     able under any particular circumstance, the balance of the
     section is intended to apply and the section as a whole is

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     intended to apply in other circumstances.

     It is not the purpose of this section to induce you to
     infringe any patents or other property right claims or to
     contest validity of any such claims; this section has the
     sole purpose of protecting the integrity of the free
     software distribution system, which is implemented by public
     license practices.  Many people have made generous contribu-
     tions to the wide range of software distributed through that
     system in reliance on consistent application of that system;
     it is up to the author/donor to decide if he or she is wil-
     ling to distribute software through any other system and a
     licensee cannot impose that choice.

     This section is intended to make thoroughly clear what is
     believed to be a consequence of the rest of this License.

     --

     8. If the distribution and/or use of the Program is res-
     tricted in certain countries either by patents or by copy-
     righted interfaces, the original copyright holder who places
     the Program under this License may add an explicit geograph-
     ical distribution limitation excluding those countries, so
     that distribution is permitted only in or among countries
     not thus excluded.  In such case, this License incorporates
     the limitation as if written in the body of this License.

     9. The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or
     new versions of the General Public License from time to
     time.  Such new versions will be similar in spirit to the
     present version, but may differ in detail to address new
     problems or concerns.

     Each version is given a distinguishing version number.  If
     the Program specifies a version number of this License which
     applies to it and "any later version", you have the option
     of following the terms and conditions either of that version
     or of any later version published by the Free Software Foun-
     dation.  If the Program does not specify a version number of
     this License, you may choose any version ever published by
     the Free Software Foundation.

     10. If you wish to incorporate parts of the Program into
     other free programs whose distribution conditions are dif-
     ferent, write to the author to ask for permission.  For
     software which is copyrighted by the Free Software Founda-
     tion, write to the Free Software Foundation; we sometimes
     make exceptions for this.  Our decision will be guided by
     the two goals of preserving the free status of all deriva-
     tives of our free software and of promoting the sharing and
     reuse of software generally.

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                                 NO WARRANTY

     11. BECAUSE THE PROGRAM IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS
     NO WARRANTY FOR THE PROGRAM, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY
     APPLICABLE LAW.  EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE
     COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE PROGRAM
     "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR
     IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRAN-
     TIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PUR-
     POSE.  THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF
     THE PROGRAM IS WITH YOU.  SHOULD THE PROGRAM PROVE DEFEC-
     TIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR
     OR CORRECTION.

     12. IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED
     TO IN WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY
     WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE PROGRAM AS PERMITTED
     ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL,
     SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF
     THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM (INCLUDING BUT NOT
     LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR
     LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE
     PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER PROGRAMS), EVEN IF SUCH
     HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
     SUCH DAMAGES.

                          END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS

     --

             Appendix: How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs

     If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the
     greatest possible use to the public, the best way to achieve
     this is to make it free software which everyone can redis-
     tribute and change under these terms.

     To do so, attach the following notices to the program.  It
     is safest to attach them to the start of each source file to
     most effectively convey the exclusion of warranty; and each
     file should have at least the "copyright" line and a pointer
     to where the full notice is found.

         <one line to give the program's name and a brief idea of what it does.>
         Copyright (C) 19yy  <name of author>

         This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
         it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
         the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
         (at your option) any later version.

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         This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
         but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
         MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
         GNU General Public License for more details.

         You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
         along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
         Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.

     Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and
     paper mail.

     If the program is interactive, make it output a short notice
     like this when it starts in an interactive mode:

         Gnomovision version 69, Copyright (C) 19yy name of author
         Gnomovision comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type "show w".
         This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it
         under certain conditions; type "show c" for details.

     The hypothetical commands "show w" and "show c" should show
     the appropriate parts of the General Public License.  Of
     course, the commands you use may be called something other
     than "show w" and "show c"; they could even be mouse-clicks
     or menu items--whatever suits your program.

     You should also get your employer (if you work as a program-
     mer) or your school, if any, to sign a "copyright disclai-
     mer" for the program, if necessary.  Here is a sample; alter
     the names:

       Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in the program
       "Gnomovision" (which makes passes at compilers) written by James Hacker.

       <signature of Ty Coon>, 1 April 1989
       Ty Coon, President of Vice

     This General Public License does not permit incorporating
     your program into proprietary programs.  If your program is
     a subroutine library, you may consider it more useful to
     permit linking proprietary applications with the library.
     If this is what you want to do, use the GNU Library General
     Public License instead of this License.

     [End.]

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