MirOS Manual: cpp(1)

CPP(1)                       BSD Reference Manual                       CPP(1)


     cpp - C preprocessor


     cpp [-CdMtVv] [-D macro[=value]] [-I path] [-i file] [-S path] [-U macro]
         [infile | -] [outfile]


     The cpp utility is a macro preprocessor used by the pcc(1) compiler and
     the X(7) Windowing System. It is used to include header files, expand
     macro definitions, and perform conditional compilation.

     The infile (input file) argument is optional. If not provided or the file
     name is "-" (dash), cpp reads its initial file from standard input. The
     outfile (output file) argument is also optional. It writes by default to
     standard output.

     The options are as follows:

     -?      Show command line usage for cpp.

     -C      Do not discard comments.

     -D macro[=value]
             Fake a definition at the beginning by using "#define
             macro=value". If value is not set on the command line, then de-
             fine it as 1.

     -dM     Print list of "#define" statements to standard output for all de-
             fined macros other than builtin macros (see below). The normal
             results of preprocessing are not output.

     -I path
             Add path to the list of directories containing needed header
             files. This may be used to override system include directories
             (see -S option). -I may be specified multiple times.

     -i file
             Include a file at the beginning by using "#include file".

     -M      Generate dependencies for make(1).

     -P      Inhibit generation of line markers. This is sometimes useful when
             running the preprocessor on something other than C code.

     -S path
             Add path to the list of system directories containing needed
             header files. The -S option may be specified multiple times.
             Note: cpp does not have a default include directory defined.

     -t      Traditional cpp syntax. Do not define the __TIME__, __DATE__,
             __STDC__, and __STDC_VERSION__ macros.

     -U macro
             Undefine a macro at the beginning by using "#undef macro".

     -V      Verbose debugging output. -V can be repeated for further details.

     -v      Display version.

  Builtin Macros
     A few macros are interpreted inside the cpp program:

     __DATE__          Expands to the date in abbreviated month, day, and year
                       format from ctime(3) in quotes.

     __FILE__          Expands to the name of the current input file in
                       quotes. When read from standard input, it expands to

     __LINE__          Expands to the line number of the current line contain-
                       ing the macro.

     __STDC__          Expands to the constant 1. This means the compiler con-
                       forms to ISO/IEC 9899:1990 ("ISO C90") (also known as
                       "ANSI C" or "C89").

     __STDC_VERSION__  Expands to "199901L" which indicates that cpp supports
                       ISO/IEC 9899:1999 ("ISO C99").

     __TIME__          Expands to the time in hour, minutes, and seconds from
                       ctime(3) in quotes.

     Also see the -t option.


     The cpp utility exits with one of the following values:

     0       Successfully finished.

     1       An error occurred.


     as(1), ccom(1), pcc(1)


     The cpp command comes from the original Portable C Compiler by S. C.
     Johnson, written in the late 70's. The code originates from the V6
     preprocessor with some additions from V7 cpp and ANSI / C99 support.

     A lot of the PCC code was rewritten by Anders Magnusson.

     This product includes software developed or owned by Caldera Internation-
     al, Inc.

MirOS BSD #10-current         November 18, 2008                              1

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