MirOS Manual: XFree86(1)


XFree86(1)          UNIX Programmer's Manual           XFree86(1)

NAME

     XFree86 - X11R6 X server

SYNOPSIS

     XFree86 [:display] [option ...]

DESCRIPTION

     XFree86 is a full featured X server that was originally
     designed for UNIX and UNIX-like operating systems running on
     Intel x86 hardware.  It now runs on a wider range of
     hardware and OS platforms.

     This work was originally derived from X386 1.2 by Thomas
     Roell which was contributed to X11R5 by Snitily Graphics
     Consulting Service.  The XFree86 server architecture was
     redesigned for the 4.0 release, and it includes among many
     other things a loadable module system derived from code
     donated by Metro Link, Inc.  The current XFree86 release is
     compatible with X11R6.6.

PLATFORMS

     XFree86 operates under a wide range of operating systems and
     hardware platforms. The Intel x86 (IA32) architecture is the
     most widely supported hardware platform.  Other hardware
     platforms include Compaq Alpha, Intel IA64, SPARC and
     PowerPC.  The most widely supported operating systems are
     the free/OpenSource UNIX-like systems such as Linux,
     FreeBSD, NetBSD and OpenBSD.  Commercial UNIX operating sys-
     tems such as Solaris (x86) and UnixWare are also supported.
     Other supported operating systems include LynxOS, and GNU
     Hurd.  Darwin and Mac OS X are supported with the XDarwin(1)
     X server.  Win32/Cygwin is supported with the XWin X server.

NETWORK CONNECTIONS

     XFree86 supports connections made using the following reli-
     able byte-streams:

     Local
         On most platforms, the "Local" connection type is a
         UNIX-domain socket. On some System V platforms, the
         "local" connection types also include STREAMS pipes,
         named pipes, and some other mechanisms.

     TCP/IP
         XFree86 listens on port 6000+n, where n is the display
         number.  This connection type can be disabled with the
         -nolisten option (see the Xserver(1) man page for
         details).

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

     For operating systems that support local connections other
     than Unix Domain sockets (SVR3 and SVR4), there is a

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     compiled-in list specifying the order in which local connec-
     tions should be attempted.  This list can be overridden by
     the XLOCAL environment variable described below.  If the
     display name indicates a best-choice connection should be
     made (e.g. :0.0), each connection mechanism is tried until a
     connection succeeds or no more mechanisms are available.
     Note: for these OSs, the Unix Domain socket connection is
     treated differently from the other local connection types.
     To use it the connection must be made to unix:0.0.

     The XLOCAL environment variable should contain a list of one
     more more of the following:

             NAMED
             PTS
             SCO
             ISC

     which represent SVR4 Named Streams pipe, Old-style USL
     Streams pipe, SCO XSight Streams pipe, and ISC Streams pipe,
     respectively.  You can select a single mechanism (e.g.
     XLOCAL=NAMED), or an ordered list (e.g.
     XLOCAL="NAMED:PTS:SCO"). his variable overrides the
     compiled-in defaults.  For SVR4 it is recommended that NAMED
     be the first preference connection.  The default setting is
     PTS:NAMED:ISC:SCO.

     To globally override the compiled-in defaults, you should
     define (and export if using sh or ksh) XLOCAL globally.  If
     you use startx(1) or xinit(1), the definition should be at
     the top of your .xinitrc file.  If you use xdm(1), the
     definitions should be early on in the
     /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/xdm/Xsession script.

OPTIONS

     XFree86 supports several mechanisms for supplying/obtaining
     configuration and run-time parameters: command line options,
     environment variables, the XF86Config(5) configuration file,
     auto-detection, and fallback defaults.  When the same infor-
     mation is supplied in more than one way, the highest pre-
     cedence mechanism is used.  The list of mechanisms is
     ordered from highest precedence to lowest.  Note that not
     all parameters can be supplied via all methods.  The avail-
     able command line options and environment variables (and
     some defaults) are described here and in the Xserver(1)
     manual page.  Most configuration file parameters, with their
     defaults, are described in the XF86Config(5) manual page.
     Driver and module specific configuration parameters are
     described in the relevant driver or module manual page.

     Starting with version 4.4, XFree86 has support for generat-
     ing a usable configuration at run-time when no XF86Config(5)

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     configuration file is provided.  The initial version of this
     automatic configuration support is targeted at the most
     popular hardware and software platforms supported by
     XFree86. Some details about how this works can be found in
     the CONFIGURATION section below and in the getconfig(1)
     manual page.

     In addition to the normal server options described in the
     Xserver(1) manual page, XFree86 accepts the following com-
     mand line switches:

     vtXX    XX specifies the Virtual Terminal device number
             which XFree86 will use.  Without this option,
             XFree86 will pick the first available Virtual Termi-
             nal that it can locate.  This option applies only to
             platforms such as Linux, BSD, SVR3 and SVR4, that
             have virtual terminal support.

     -allowMouseOpenFail
             Allow the server to start up even if the mouse dev-
             ice can't be opened or initialised.  This is
             equivalent to the AllowMouseOpenFail XF86Config(5)
             file option.

     -allowNonLocalModInDev
             Allow changes to keyboard and mouse settings from
             non-local clients. By default, connections from
             non-local clients are not allowed to do this.  This
             is equivalent to the AllowNonLocalModInDev
             XF86Config(5) file option.

     -allowNonLocalXvidtune
             Make the VidMode extension available to remote
             clients.  This allows the xvidtune client to connect
             from another host.  This is equivalent to the
             AllowNonLocalXvidtune XF86Config(5) file option.  By
             default non-local connections are not allowed.

     -appendauto
             Append the automatic XFree86 server configuration
             data to an existing configuration file.  By default
             this is only done when an existing configuration
             file does not contain any ServerLayout sections or
             any Screen sections.  This can be useful for provid-
             ing configuration details for things not currently
             handled by the automatic configuration mechanism,
             such as input devices, font paths, etc.

     -autoconfig
             Use automatic XFree86 server configuration, even if
             a configuration file is available.  By default
             automatic configuration is only used when a

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             configuration file cannot be found.

     -bgamma value
             Set the blue gamma correction. value must be between
             0.1 and 10. The default is 1.0.  Not all drivers
             support this.  See also the -gamma, -rgamma, and
             -ggamma options.

     -bpp n  No longer supported.  Use -depth to set the color
             depth, and use -fbbpp if you really need to force a
             non-default framebuffer (hardware) pixel format.

     -configure
             When this option is specified, the XFree86 server
             loads all video driver modules, probes for available
             hardware, and writes out an initial XF86Config(5)
             file based on what was detected.  This option
             currently has some problems on some platforms, but
             in most cases it is a good way to bootstrap the con-
             figuration process.  This option is only available
             when the server is run as root (i.e, with real-uid
             0).

     -crt /dev/ttyXX
             SCO only.  This is the same as the vt option, and is
             provided for compatibility with the native SCO X
             server.

     -depth n
             Sets the default color depth.  Legal values are 1,
             4, 8, 15, 16, and 24.  Not all drivers support all
             values.

     -disableModInDev
             Disable dynamic modification of input device set-
             tings.  This is equivalent to the DisableModInDev
             XF86Config(5) file option.

     -disableVidMode
             Disable the the parts of the VidMode extension (used
             by the xvidtune client) that can be used to change
             the video modes.  This is equivalent to the Disa-
             bleVidModeExtension XF86Config(5) file option.

     -fbbpp n
             Sets the number of framebuffer bits per pixel.  You
             should only set this if you're sure it's necessary;
             normally the server can deduce the correct value
             from -depth above.  Useful if you want to run a
             depth 24 configuration with a 24 bpp framebuffer
             rather than the (possibly default) 32 bpp frame-
             buffer (or vice versa).  Legal values are 1, 8, 16,

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             24, 32.  Not all drivers support all values.

     -flipPixels
             Swap the default values for the black and white pix-
             els.

     -gamma value
             Set the gamma correction. value must be between 0.1
             and 10.  The default is 1.0.  This value is applied
             equally to the R, G and B values.  Those values can
             be set independently with the -rgamma, -bgamma, and
             -ggamma options.  Not all drivers support this.

     -ggamma value
             Set the green gamma correction. value must be
             between 0.1 and 10.  The default is 1.0.  Not all
             drivers support this.  See also the -gamma, -rgamma,
             and -bgamma options.

     -ignoreABI
             The XFree86 server checks the ABI revision levels of
             each module that it loads.  It will normally refuse
             to load modules with ABI revisions that are newer
             than the server's.  This is because such modules
             might use interfaces that the server does not have.
             When this option is specified, mismatches like this
             are downgraded from fatal errors to warnings.  This
             option should be used with care.

     -keepPriv
             Prevent the server from revoking its privileges.  If
             this option is not specified, the X server will
             change its uid and gid either to those of the user
             who started it or to the _x11 user and group if it
             was started by the super-user, after performing the
             initialisations that require super-user privileges.
             Only root can use this option.

     -keeptty
             Prevent the server from detaching its initial con-
             trolling terminal. This option is only useful when
             debugging the server.  Not all platforms support (or
             can use) this option.

     -keyboard keyboard-name
             Use the XF86Config(5) file InputDevice section
             called keyboard-name as the core keyboard.  This
             option is ignored when the ServerLayout section
             specifies a core keyboard.  In the absence of both a
             ServerLayout section and this option, the first
             relevant InputDevice section is used for the core
             keyboard.

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     -layout layout-name
             Use the XF86Config(5) file ServerLayout section
             called layout-name. By default the first ServerLay-
             out section is used.

     -logfile filename
             Use the file called filename as the XFree86 server
             log file.  The default log file is
             /var/log/XFree86.n.log on most platforms, where n is
             the display number of the XFree86 server.  The
             default may be in a different directory on some
             platforms. This option is only available when the
             server is run as root (i.e, with real-uid 0).

     -logverbose [n]
             Sets the verbosity level for information printed to
             the XFree86 server log file.  If the n value isn't
             supplied, each occurrence of this option increments
             the log file verbosity level.  When the n value is
             supplied, the log file verbosity level is set to
             that value. The default log file verbosity level is
             3.

     -modulepath searchpath
             Set the module search path to searchpath. searchpath
             is a comma separated list of directories to search
             for XFree86 server modules.  This option is only
             available when the server is run as root (i.e, with
             real-uid 0).

     -noappendauto
             Disable appending the automatic XFree86 server con-
             figuration to a partial static configuration.

     -nosilk Disable Silken Mouse support.

     -pixmap24
             Set the internal pixmap format for depth 24 pixmaps
             to 24 bits per pixel. The default is usually 32 bits
             per pixel.  There is normally little reason to use
             this option.  Some client applications don't like
             this pixmap format, even though it is a perfectly
             legal format.  This is equivalent to the Pixmap
             XF86Config(5) file option.

     -pixmap32
             Set the internal pixmap format for depth 24 pixmaps
             to 32 bits per pixel. This is usually the default.
             This is equivalent to the Pixmap XF86Config(5) file
             option.

     -pointer pointer-name

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             Use the XF86Config(5) file InputDevice section
             called pointer-name as the core pointer.  This
             option is ignored when the ServerLayout section
             specifies a core pointer.  In the absence of both a
             ServerLayout section and this option, the first
             relevant InputDevice section is used for the core
             pointer.

     -probeonly
             Causes the server to exit after the device probing
             stage.  The XF86Config(5) file is still used when
             this option is given, so information that can be
             auto-detected should be commented out.

     -quiet  Suppress most informational messages at startup.
             The verbosity level is set to zero.

     -rgamma value
             Set the red gamma correction. value must be between
             0.1 and 10.  The default is 1.0.  Not all drivers
             support this.  See also the -gamma, -bgamma, and
             -ggamma options.

     -scanpci
             When this option is specified, the XFree86 server
             scans the PCI bus, and prints out some information
             about each device that was detected.  See also
             scanpci(1) and pcitweak(1).

     -screen screen-name
             Use the XF86Config(5) file Screen section called
             screen-name. By default the screens referenced by
             the default ServerLayout section are used, or the
             first Screen section when there are no ServerLayout
             sections.

     -showconfig
             This is the same as the -version option, and is
             included for compatibility reasons.  It may be
             removed in a future release, so the -version option
             should be used instead.

     -weight nnn
             Set RGB weighting at 16 bpp.  The default is 565.
             This applies only to those drivers which support 16
             bpp.

     -verbose [n]
             Sets the verbosity level for information printed on
             stderr.  If the n value isn't supplied, each
             occurrence of this option increments the verbosity
             level.  When the n value is supplied, the verbosity

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             level is set to that value.  The default verbosity
             level is 0.

     -version
             Print out the server version, patchlevel, release
             date, the operating system/platform it was built on,
             and whether it includes module loader support.

     -xf86config file
             Read the server configuration from file. This option
             will work for any file when the server is run as
             root (i.e, with real-uid 0), or for files relative
             to a directory in the config search path for all
             other users.

KEYBOARD

     The XFree86 server is normally configured to recognize vari-
     ous special combinations of key presses that instruct the
     server to perform some action, rather than just sending the
     key press event to a client application.  The default XKEY-
     BOARD keymap defines the key combinations listed below. The
     server also has these key combinations builtin to its event
     handler for cases where the XKEYBOARD extension is not being
     used.  When using the XKEYBOARD extension, which key combi-
     nations perform which actions is completely configurable.

     For more information about when the builtin event handler is
     used to recognize the special key combinations, see the
     documentation on the HandleSpecialKeys option in the
     XF86Config(5) man page.

     The special combinations of key presses recognized directly
     by XFree86 are:

     Ctrl+Alt+Backspace
             Immediately kills the server -- no questions asked.
             This can be disabled with the DontZap XF86Config(5)
             file option.

     Ctrl+Alt+Keypad-Plus
             Change video mode to next one specified in the con-
             figuration file. This can be disabled with the
             DontZoom XF86Config(5) file option.

     Ctrl+Alt+Keypad-Minus
             Change video mode to previous one specified in the
             configuration file. This can be disabled with the
             DontZoom XF86Config(5) file option.

     Ctrl+Alt+Keypad-Multiply
             Not treated specially by default.  If the
             AllowClosedownGrabs XF86Config(5) file option is

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             specified, this key sequence kills clients with an
             active keyboard or mouse grab as well as killing any
             application that may have locked the server, nor-
             mally using the XGrabServer(3) Xlib function.

     Ctrl+Alt+Keypad-Divide
             Not treated specially by default.  If the AllowDeac-
             tivateGrabs XF86Config(5) file option is specified,
             this key sequence deactivates any active keyboard
             and mouse grabs.

     Ctrl+Alt+F1...F12
             For BSD and Linux systems with virtual terminal sup-
             port, these keystroke combinations are used to
             switch to virtual terminals 1 through 12, respec-
             tively.  This can be disabled with the DontVTSwitch
             XF86Config(5) file option.

CONFIGURATION

     XFree86 typically uses a configuration file called
     XF86Config for its initial setup. Refer to the XF86Config(5)
     manual page for information about the format of this file.

     Starting with version 4.4, XFree86 has a mechanism for
     automatically generating a built-in configuration at run-
     time when no XF86Config file is present.  The current ver-
     sion of this automatic configuration mechanism works in
     three ways.

     The first is via enhancements that have made many components
     of the XF86Config file optional.  This means that informa-
     tion that can be probed or reasonably deduced doesn't need
     to be specified explicitly, greatly reducing the amount of
     built-in configuration information that needs to be gen-
     erated at run-time.

     The second is to use an external utility called getconfig(1),
     when available, to use meta-configuration informa-
     tion to generate a suitable configuration for the primary
     video device.  The meta-configuration information can be
     updated to allow an existing installation to get the best
     out of new hardware or to work around bugs that are found
     post-release.

     The third is to have "safe" fallbacks for most configuration
     information. This maximises the likelihood that the XFree86
     server will start up in some usable configuration even when
     information about the specific hardware is not available.

     The automatic configuration support for XFree86 is work in
     progress. It is currently aimed at the most popular hardware
     and software platforms supported by XFree86.  Enhancements

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     are planned for future releases.

FILES

     The XFree86 server config file can be found in a range of
     locations.  These are documented fully in the XF86Config(5)
     manual page.  The most commonly used locations are shown
     here.

     /etc/X11/XF86Config           Server configuration file.

     /etc/X11/XF86Config-4         Server configuration file.

     /etc/XF86Config               Server configuration file.

     /usr/X11R6/etc/XF86Config     Server configuration file.

     /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/XF86Config Server configuration file.

     /var/log/XFree86.n.log        Server log file for display n.

     /usr/X11R6/bin/*              Client binaries.

     /usr/X11R6/include/*          Header files.

     /usr/X11R6/lib/*              Libraries.

     /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/*    Fonts.

     /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/rgb.txt    Color names to RGB mapping.

     /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/XErrorDB   Client error message database.

     /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/app-defaults/*
                                   Client resource specifica-
                                   tions.

     /usr/X11R6/man/man?/*         Manual pages.

     /etc/Xn.hosts                 Initial access control list
                                   for display n.

SEE ALSO

     X(7), Xserver(1), xdm(1), xinit(1), XF86Config(5),
     xf86config(1), xf86cfg(1), xvidtune(1), apm(4), ati(4),
     chips(4), cirrus(4), cyrix(4), fbdev(4), glide(4), glint(4),
     i128(4), i740(4), i810(4), imstt(4), mga(4), neomagic(4),
     nsc(4), nv(4), r128(4), rendition(4), s3virge(4), siliconmotion(4),
     sis(4), sunbw2(4), suncg14(4), suncg3(4),
     suncg6(4), sunffb(4), sunleo(4), suntcx(4), tdfx(4), tga(4),
     trident(4), tseng(4), v4l(4), vesa(4), vga(4), vmware(4),
     README <http://www.xfree86.org/current/README.html>,
     RELNOTES <http://www.xfree86.org/current/RELNOTES.html>,

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     README.mouse <http://www.xfree86.org/current/mouse.html>,
     README.DRI <http://www.xfree86.org/current/DRI.html>,
     Install <http://www.xfree86.org/current/Install.html>.

AUTHORS

     XFree86 has many contributors world wide.  The names of most
     of them can be found in the documentation, CHANGELOG files
     in the source tree, and in the actual source code.  The
     names of the contributors to the current release can be
     found in the release notes
     <http://www.xfree86.org/current/RELNOTES.html>.

     XFree86 was originally based on X386 1.2 by Thomas Roell,
     which was contributed to the then X Consortium's X11R5 dis-
     tribution by SGCS.

     The project that became XFree86 was originally founded in
     1992 by David Dawes, Glenn Lai, Jim Tsillas and David Wexel-
     blat.

     XFree86 was later integrated in the then X Consortium's
     X11R6 release by a group of dedicated XFree86 developers,
     including the following:

         Stuart Anderson, Doug Anson, Gertjan Akkerman, Mike
         Bernson, Robin Cutshaw, David Dawes, Marc Evans, Pascal
         Haible, Matthieu Herrb, Dirk Hohndel, David Holland,
         Alan Hourihane, Jeffrey Hsu, Glenn Lai, Ted Lemon, Rich
         Murphey, Hans Nasten, Mark Snitily, Randy Terbush, Jon
         Tombs, Kees Verstoep, Paul Vixie, Mark Weaver, David
         Wexelblat, Philip Wheatley, Thomas Wolfram, Orest
         Zborowski.

     Contributors to XFree86 4.4.0 include:

         Roi a Torkilsheyggi, Dave Airlie, Andrew Aitchison,
         Marco Antonio Alvarez, Alexandr Andreev, Jack Angel,
         Eric Anholt, Ani, Juuso berg, Sergey Babkin, Alexey Baj,
         Bang Jun-Young, Uberto Barbini, Kyle Bateman, Matthew W.
         S. Bell, Vano Beridze, Hiroyuki Bessho, Andrew Bevitt,
         Christian Biere, Martin Birgmeier, Jakub Bogusz, Le Hong
         Boi, Paul Bolle, Charl Botha, Stanislav Brabec, Eric
         Branlund, Rob Braun, Peter Breitenlohner, Michael
         Breuer, Kevin Brosius, Frederick Bruckman, Oswald Bud-
         denhagen, Nilgn Belma Bugner, Julian Cable, Yukun Chen,
         Ping Cheng, Juliusz Chroboczek, Fred Clift, Alan
         Coopersmith, Martin Costabel, Alan Cox, Michel Dnzer,
         David Dawes, Leif Delgass, Richard Dengler, John Dennis,
         Thomas Dickey, Randy Dunlap, Chris Edgington, Paul
         Eggert, Paul Elliott, Emmanuel, Visanu Euarchukiati,
         Mike Fabian, Rik Faith, Brian Feldman, Wu Jian Feng,

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         Kevin P. Fleming, Jose Fonseca, Hugues Fournier, Miguel
         Freitas, Quentin Garnier, Brre Gaup, Michael Geddes,
         Frank Giessler, Hansruedi Glauser, Wolfram Gloger, Alex-
         ander Gottwald, Guido Guenther, Ralf Habacker, Bruno
         Haible, Lindsay Haigh, John Harper, James Harris, Mike
         A. Harris, Bryan W. Headley, John Heasley, Thomas
         Hellstrm, Matthieu Herrb, Jonathan Hough, Alan
         Hourihane, Joel Ray Holveck, Harold L Hunt II, Ricardo
         Y. Igarashi, Mutsumi ISHIKAWA , Tsuyoshi ITO, Kean
         Johnston, Nicolas JOLY, Phil Jones, Roman Kagan, Theppi-
         tak Karoonboonyanan, Etsushi Kato, Koike Kazuhiko, Aidan
         Kehoe, Juergen Keil, Andreas Kies, Thomas Klausner,
         Mario Klebsch, Egmont Koblinger, Vlatko Kosturjak,
         Kusanagi Kouichi, Mel Kravitz, Peter Kunzmann, Nick
         Kurshev, Mashrab Kuvatov, Marc La France, Radics Laszlo,
         Zarick Lau, Nolan Leake, Michel Lespinasse, Noah Levitt,
         Dave Love, H.J. Lu, Lubos Lunak, Sven Luther, Torrey T.
         Lyons, Calum Mackay, Paul Mackerras, Roland Mainz, Kevin
         Martin, Michal Maruska, Kensuke Matsuzaki, maxim,
         Stephen McCamant, Ferris McCormick, Luke Mewburn, Nicho-
         las Miell, Robert Millan, Hisashi MIYASHITA, Gregory
         Mokhin, Patrik Montgomery, Joe Moss, Josselin Mouette,
         Frank Murphy, Reiko Nakajima, Paul Nasrat, Dan Nelson,
         Bastien Nocera, Alexandre Oliva, Hideki ONO, Peter
         Osterlund, Sergey V. Oudaltsov, Samus  Ciardhuin, Bob
         Paauwe, Paul Pacheco, Tom Pala, Ivan Pascal, T. M.
         Pederson, Earle F. Philhower III, Nils Philippsen,
         Manfred Pohler, Alexander Pohoyda, Alain Poirier, Arnaud
         Quette, Jim Radford, Dale Rahn, Lucas Correia Villa
         Real, Ren Rebe, Tyler Retzlaff, Sebastian Rittau, Tim
         Roberts, Alastair M. Robinson, Branden Robinson, Daniel
         Rock, Ian Romanick, Bernhard Rosenkraenzer, Mns Rullgrd,
         Andriy Rysin, Supphachoke Santiwichaya, Pablo Saratxaga,
         Matthias Scheler, Jens Schweikhardt, Danilo Segan, Shan-
         tonu Sen, Stas Sergeev, Jungshik Shin, Nikola Smolenski,
         Andreas Stenglein, Paul Stewart, Alexander Stohr, Alan
         Strohm, Will Styles, James Su, Mike Sulivan, Ville Syr-
         jala, Slava Sysoltsev, Akira TAGOH, Toshimitsu Tanaka,
         Akira Taniguchi, Owen Taylor, Neil Terry, Jonathan Tham-
         bidurai, John Tillman, Adam Tlalka, Linus Torvalds,
         Christian Tosta, Warren Turkal, Stephen J. Turnbull, Ted
         Unangst, Mike Urban, Simon Vallet, Thuraiappah
         Vaseeharan, Luc Verhaegen, Yann Vernier, Michail Vidias-
         sov, Sebastiano Vigna, Mark Vojkovich, Stephane Voltz,
         Boris Weissman, Keith Whitwell, Thomas Winischhofer,
         Eric Wittry, Kim Woelders, Roy Wood, Jason L. Wright,
         Joerg Wunsch, Chisato Yamauchi, Hui Yu.

     Contributors to XFree86 4.5.0 include:

         Szilveszter Adam, Tim Adye, Taneem Ahmed, Andrew
         Aitchison, Raoul Arranz, Zaeem Arshad, Dwayne Bailey,

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         Ilyas Bakirov, Denis Barbier, Kyle Bateman, J. Scott
         Berg, Thomas Biege, Dmitry Bolkhovityanov, H Merijn
         Brand, Peter Breitenlohner, Benjamin Burke, Dale L
         Busacker, busmanus, Julian Cable, Mike Castle, David M.
         Clay, Philip Clayton, Alan Coopersmith, Ricardo Cruz,
         Michel Dnzer, J. D. Darling, David Dawes, Michael Dawes,
         Rafael vila de Espndola, Rick De Laet, Josip Deanovic,
         Angelus Dei, Laurent Deniel, Thomas Dickey, Stefan
         Dirsch, Charles Dobson, DRI Project, Emmanuel Dreyfus,
         Boris Dusek, Georgina O. Economou, Egbert Eich, Bernd
         Ernesti, Chris Evans, Rik Faith, Adrian Fiechter,
         Matthew Fischer, FreeType Team, Terry R. Frienrichsen,
         Christopher Fynn, Hubert Gburzynski, Nicolas George,
         Frank Giessler, Fred Gleason, Dmitry Golubev, Alexander
         Gottwald, Herbert Graeber, Miroslav Halas, John Harper,
         Harshula, John Heasley, Matthieu Herrb, David Holl, Alex
         Holland, Peng Hongbo, Alan Hourihane, Harold L Hunt II,
         Alan Iwi, Timur Jamakeev, Paul Jarc, Kean Johnston,
         Nicolas Joly, Mark Kandianis, Kaleb Keithley, Chamath
         Keppitiyagama, Jung-uk Kim, Satoshi Kimura, Michael
         Knudsen, Vlatko Kosturjak, Alexei Kosut, Anton
         Kovalenko, Joachim Kuebart, Marc La France, David
         Laight, Zarick Lau, Pierre Lalet, Michael Lampe, Lanka
         Linux User Group, Nolan Leake, Werner Lemberg, Dejan
         Lesjak, Noah Levitt, Greg Lewis, Bernhard R Link, Jonas
         Lund, S. Lussos, Torrey T. Lyons, Roland Mainz, N Marci,
         Kevin Martin, Stephen McCamant, Mesa Developers, Luke
         Mewburn, Petr Mladek, Bram Moolenaar, Steve Murphy,
         Ishikawa MUTSUMI, Radu Octavian, Lee Olsen, Greg Parker,
         Ivan Pascal, Alexander E. Patrakov, Mike Pechkin, Sos
         Pter, Zvezdan Petkovic, Alexander Pohoyda, Xie Qian,
         Bill Randle, Adam J. Richter, Tim Roberts, Bernhard
         Rosenkraenzer, Andreas Rden, Steve Rumble, Oleg Safiul-
         lin, Ty Sarna, Leo Savernik, Barry Scott, Shantonu Sen,
         Yu Shao, Andreas Schwab, Matthias Scheler, Dan Shearer,
         Michael Shell, Paul Shupak, Alexander Stohr, Marius
         Strobl, Mikko Markus Torni, Jess Thrysoee, Izumi Tsut-
         sui, Tungsten Graphics, Ryan Underwood, Tristan Van Ber-
         kom, Michael van Elst, Phillip Vandry, Roman Vasylyev,
         Luc Verhaegen, Rodion Vshevtsov, Mark Vojkovich, Edi
         Werner, Keith Whitwell, Scot Wilcoxon, Dave Williss,
         Thomas Winischhofer, Kuang-che Wu, X-Oz Technologies,
         Chisato Yamauchi, Michael Yaroslavtsev, David Yerger, Su
         Yong, Hui Yu, Sagi Zeevi, Christian Zietz

     XFree86 source is available from the FTP server
     <ftp://ftp.XFree86.org/pub/XFree86/>, and from the XFree86
     CVS server <http://www.xfree86.org/cvs/>.  Documentation and
     other information can be found from the XFree86 web site
     <http://www.xfree86.org/>.

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LEGAL

     XFree86 is copyright software, provided under licenses that
     permit modification and redistribution in source and binary
     form without fee.  Portions of XFree86 are copyright by The
     XFree86 Project, Inc. and numerous authors and contributors
     from around the world.  Licensing information can be found
     at <http://www.xfree86.org/current/LICENSE.html>. Refer to
     the source code for specific copyright notices.

     XFree86(R) is a registered trademark of The XFree86 Project,
     Inc.

XFree86                   Version 4.5.0                        14

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