KTRACE(9) BSD Kernel Manual KTRACE(9)
ktrcsw, ktremul, ktrgenio, ktrnamei, ktrpsig, ktrsyscall, ktrsysret, KTRPOINT - process tracing kernel interface
#include <sys/param.h> #include <sys/proc.h> #include <sys/ktrace.h> KTRPOINT(struct proc *p, int type); void ktrcsw(struct proc *p, int out, int user); void ktremul(struct proc *p, char *emul); void ktrgenio(struct proc *p, int fd, enum uio_rw rw, struct iovec *iov, int len, int error); void ktrnamei(struct proc *p, char *path); void ktrpsig(struct proc *p, int sig, sig_t action, int mask, int code, siginfo_t *si); void ktrsyscall(struct proc *p, register_t code, size_t argsize, register_t args); void ktrsysret(struct proc *p, register_t code, int error, register_t retval);
This interface is meant for kernel subsystems and machine dependent code to inform the user about the events occurring to the process should trac- ing of such be enabled using the ktrace(2) system call. Each of the func- tions (except for KTRPOINT) is meant for a particular type of event and is described below. The KTRPOINT() macro should be used before calling any of the other trac- ing functions to verify that tracing for that particular type of events has been enabled. Possible values for the type argument are a mask of the KTRFAC_ values described in ktrace(2). ktrcsw() is called during the context switching. The user argument is a boolean value specifying whether the process has been put into a waiting state (true) or placed onto a running queue (false). Furthermore the user argument indicates whether a voluntary (false) or an involuntary (true) switching has happened. ktremul() should be called every time emulation for the execution en- vironment is changed and thus the name of which is given in the name ar- gument. ktrgenio() should be called for each generic input/output transaction that is described by the fd file descriptor, rw transaction type (consult sys/sys/uio.h for the enum uio_rw definition), iov input/output data vec- tor, len size of the iov vector, and, lastly, error status of the tran- saction. ktrnamei() should be called every time a namei(9) operation is performed over the path name. ktrpsig() should be called for each signal sig posted for the traced pro- cess. The action taken is one of SIG_DFL, SIG_IGN, or SIG_ERR as described in the sigaction(2) document. mask is the current traced pro- cess' signal mask. Signal-specific code and siginfo_t structure as described in <sys/siginfo.h> are given in the code and si arguments respectively. ktrsyscall() should be called for each system call number code executed with arguments in args of total count of argsize. ktrsysret() should be called for a return from each system call number code and error number of error as described in errno(2) and a return value in retval that is syscall dependent.
The process tracing facility is implemented in sys/kern/kern_ktrace.c.
errno(2), ktrace(2), syscall(2), namei(9), syscall(9)
The process tracing facility first appeared in 4.4BSD. The ktrace section manual page appeared in OpenBSD 3.4. MirOS BSD #10-current July 21, 2003 1
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