MirOS Manual: fork1(9)

FORK1(9)                      BSD Kernel Manual                       FORK1(9)


     fork1 - create a new process


     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <sys/proc.h>

     fork1(struct proc *p1, int exitsig, int flags, void *stack,
             size_t stacksize, void (*func)(void *), void *arg,
             register_t *retval);


     fork1() creates a new process out of p1, which should be the current pro-
     cess. This function is used primarily to implement the fork(2), rfork(2),
     vfork(2) system calls, as well as the kthread_create(9) function.

     The flags argument is used to control the behavior of the fork and is
     created by a bitwise-OR of the following values:

     FORK_FORK        The call is done by the fork(2) system call. Used only
                      for statistics.

     FORK_VFORK       The call is done by the vfork(2) system call. Used only
                      for statistics.

     FORK_RFORK       The call is done by the rfork(2) system call. Used only
                      for statistics.

     FORK_PPWAIT      Suspend the parent process until the child is terminated
                      (by calling _exit(2) or abnormally), or makes a call to

     FORK_SHAREFILES  Let the child share the file descriptor table with the
                      parent through fdshare(9). The default behavior is to
                      copy the table through fdcopy(9).

     FORK_CLEANFILES  The child starts with a clean file descriptor table
                      created by fdinit(9).

     FORK_NOZOMBIE    The child will be dissociated from the parent and will
                      not leave a status for the parent to collect. See

     FORK_SHAREVM     The child will share the parent's address space. The de-
                      fault behavior is that the child gets a copy-on-write
                      copy of the address space.

     If stack is not NULL, the area starting at stack of extent stacksize will
     be used for the child's stack, instead of cloning the parent's stack.

     If retval is not NULL, it will hold the following values after successful
     completion of the fork operation:

     retval[0]  This will contain the pid of the child process.

     retval[1]  In the parent process, this will contain the value 0. In the
                child process, this will contain 1.

     The signal exitsig is sent to the parent p1 on exit of the new process.

     If func is not NULL, the new process will begin execution by calling this
     function. It defaults to child_return, which returns to userland.

     If arg is not NULL, it is the argument to the previous function. It de-
     faults to a pointer to the new process.


     Upon successful completion of the fork operation, fork1() returns 0. Oth-
     erwise, the following error values are returned:

     [EAGAIN]  The limit on the total number of system processes would be ex-

     [EAGAIN]  The limit RLIMIT_NPROC on the total number of processes under
               execution by this user id would be exceeded.


     execve(2), fork(2), rfork(2), vfork(2), kthread_create(9), pfind(9),
     psignal(9), uvm_fork(9)


     The fork1 function semantics are specific to OpenBSD. Other BSD systems
     have different semantics.

     The system never uses fork1() with a non-null stack, so that feature is
     not even tested.

MirOS BSD #10-current          January 6, 1998                               1

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