FILE(9) BSD Kernel Manual FILE(9)
file - an overview of file descriptor handling
#include <sys/file.h> #include <sys/filedesc.h> int falloc(struct proc *p, struct file **resultfp, int *resultfd); int fdrelease(struct proc *p, int fd); void FREF(struct file *fp); void FRELE(struct file *fp); struct file * fd_getfile(struct filedesc *fdp, int fd); int getvnode(struct filedesc *fdp, int fd, struct file **fpp); int getsock(struct filedesc *fdp, int fd, struct file **fpp);
These functions provide the interface for the UNIX file descriptors. File descriptors can be used to access vnodes (see vnode(9)), sockets (see socket(2)), pipes (see pipe(2)), kqueues (see kqueue(2)), and various special purpose communication endpoints. A new file descriptor is allocated with the function falloc() and freed with fdrelease(). falloc() and fdrelease() deal with allocating and free- ing slots in the file descriptor table, expanding the table when neces- sary and initializing the descriptor. It's possible to do those things in smaller steps, but it's not recommended to make complicated kernel APIs that require it. The files are extracted from the file descriptor table using the func- tions fd_getfile(), getvnode() and getsock(). fd_getfile() performs all necessary checks to see if the file descriptor number is within the range of file descriptor table, and if the descriptor is valid. getsock() and getvnode() are special cases that besides doing fd_getfile() also check if the descriptor is a vnode or socket, return the proper errno on error and increase the use count with FREF().
Since multiple processes can share the same file descriptor table, it's important that the file is not freed in one process while some other pro- cess is still accessing it. To solve that problem a special use count is kept with the functions FREF() and FRELE(). In most cases FREF() should be used on a file after it has been extracted from the file descriptor table and FRELE() should be called when the file won't be used anymore. There are cases when this isn't necessary, but since FREF() and FRELE() are cheap to use, there is no reason to risk introducing bugs by not us- ing them.
The majority of those functions are implemented in sys/kern/kern_descrip.c. The function prototypes and the macros are lo- cated in sys/sys/file.h and sys/sys/filedesc.h. MirOS BSD #10-current August 23, 2002 1
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