cvs(5) UNIX Programmer's Manual cvs(5)
cvs - Concurrent Versions System support files
This documentation may no longer be up to date. Please con- sult the Cederqvist (CVS Manual) as specified in cvs(1).
$CVSROOT/CVSROOT/commitinfo,v $CVSROOT/CVSROOT/cvsignore,v $CVSROOT/CVSROOT/cvswrappers,v $CVSROOT/CVSROOT/editinfo,v $CVSROOT/CVSROOT/history $CVSROOT/CVSROOT/loginfo,v $CVSROOT/CVSROOT/modules,v $CVSROOT/CVSROOT/rcsinfo,v $CVSROOT/CVSROOT/taginfo,v
cvs is a system for providing source control to hierarchical collections of source directories. Commands and procedures for using cvs are described in cvs(1). cvs manages source repositories, the directories containing master copies of the revision-controlled files, by copying particular revisions of the files to (and modifications back from) developers' private working directories. In terms of file structure, each individual source repository is an im- mediate subdirectory of $CVSROOT. The files described here are supporting files; they do not have to exist for cvs to operate, but they allow you to make cvs operation more flexible. You can use the `modules' file to define symbolic names for collections of source maintained with cvs. If there is no `modules' file, developers must specify complete path names (absolute, or relative to $CVSROOT) for the files they wish to manage with cvs commands. You can use the `commitinfo' file to define programs to exe- cute whenever `cvs commit' is about to execute. These pro- grams are used for ``pre-commit'' checking to verify that MirOS BSD #10-current 12 February 1992 1 cvs(5) UNIX Programmer's Manual cvs(5) the modified, added, and removed files are really ready to be committed. Some uses for this check might be to turn off a portion (or all) of the source repository from a particu- lar person or group. Or, perhaps, to verify that the changed files conform to the site's standards for coding practice. You can use the `cvswrappers' file to record cvs wrapper commands to be used when checking files into and out of the repository. Wrappers allow the file or directory to be pro- cessed on the way in and out of CVS. The intended uses are many, one possible use would be to reformat a C file before the file is checked in, so all of the code in the repository looks the same. You can use the `loginfo' file to define programs to execute after any commit, which writes a log entry for changes in the repository. These logging programs might be used to ap- pend the log message to a file. Or send the log message through electronic mail to a group of developers. Or, perhaps, post the log message to a particular newsgroup. You can use the `taginfo' file to define programs to execute after any tagorrtag operation. These programs might be used to append a message to a file listing the new tag name and the programmer who created it, or send mail to a group of developers, or, perhaps, post a message to a particular newsgroup. You can use the `rcsinfo' file to define forms for log mes- sages. You can use the `editinfo' file to define a program to exe- cute for editing/validating `cvs commit' log entries. This is most useful when used with a `rcsinfo' forms specifica- tion, as it can verify that the proper fields of the form have been filled in by the user committing the change. You can use the `cvsignore' file to specify the default list of files to ignore during update. You can use the `history' file to record the cvs commands that affect the repository. The creation of this file en- ables history logging.
modules The `modules' file records your definitions of names for collections of source code. cvs will use these de- finitions if you use cvs to check in a file with the right format to `$CVSROOT/CVSROOT/modules,v'. The `modules' file may contain blank lines and comments MirOS BSD #10-current 12 February 1992 2 cvs(5) UNIX Programmer's Manual cvs(5) (lines beginning with `#') as well as module defini- tions. Long lines can be continued on the next line by specifying a backslash (``\'') as the last character on the line. A module definition is a single line of the `modules' file, in either of two formats. In both cases, mname represents the symbolic module name, and the remainder of the line is its definition. mname -a aliases... This represents the simplest way of defining a module mname. The `-a' flags the definition as a simple alias: cvs will treat any use of mname (as a command argument) as if the list of names aliases had been specified in- stead. aliases may contain either other module names or paths. When you use paths in aliases, `cvs checkout' creates all intermediate directories in the working directory, just as if the path had been speci- fied explicitly in the cvs arguments. mname [ options ] dir [ files... ] [ &module... ] In the simplest case, this form of module definition reduces to `mname dir'. This defines all the files in directory dir as module mname. dir is a relative path (from $CVSROOT) to a directory of source in one of the source repositories. In this case, on checkout, a sin- gle directory called mname is created as a working directory; no intermediate directory levels are used by default, even if dir was a path involving several directory levels. By explicitly specifying files in the module definition after dir, you can select particular files from direc- tory dir. The sample definition for modules is an ex- ample of a module defined with a single file from a particular directory. Here is another example: m4test unsupported/gnu/m4 foreach.m4 forloop.m4 With this definition, executing `cvs checkout m4test' will create a single working directory `m4test' con- taining the two files listed, which both come from a common directory several levels deep in the cvs source repository. A module definition can refer to other modules by in- cluding `&module' in its definition. checkout creates a subdirectory for each such module, in your working directory. New in cvs 1.3; avoid this feature if sharing module MirOS BSD #10-current 12 February 1992 3 cvs(5) UNIX Programmer's Manual cvs(5) definitions with older versions of cvs. Finally, you can use one or more of the following op- tions in module definitions: `-d name', to name the working directory something oth- er than the module name. New in cvs 1.3; avoid this feature if sharing module definitions with older versions of cvs. `-i prog' allows you to specify a program prog to run whenever files in a module are committed. prog runs with a single argument, the full pathname of the af- fected directory in a source repository. The `commi- tinfo', `loginfo', and `editinfo' files provide other ways to call a program on commit. `-o prog' allows you to specify a program prog to run whenever files in a module are checked out. prog runs with a single argument, the module name. `-e prog' allows you to specify a program prog to run whenever files in a module are exported. prog runs with a single argument, the module name. `-t prog' allows you to specify a program prog to run whenever files in a module are tagged. prog runs with two arguments: the module name and the symbolic tag specified to rtag. `-u prog' allows you to specify a program prog to run whenever `cvs update' is executed from the top-level directory of the checked-out module. prog runs with a single argument, the full path to the source repository for this module. commitinfo, loginfo, rcsinfo, editinfo These files all specify programs to call at different points in the `cvs commit' process. They have a common structure. Each line is a pair of fields: a regular ex- pression, separated by whitespace from a filename or command-line template. Whenever one of the regular ex- pression matches a directory name in the repository, the rest of the line is used. If the line begins with a # character, the entire line is considered a comment and is ignored. Whitespace between the fields is also ignored. For `loginfo', the rest of the line is a command-line template to execute. The templates can include not only a program name, but whatever list of arguments you wish. If you write `%s' somewhere on the argument MirOS BSD #10-current 12 February 1992 4 cvs(5) UNIX Programmer's Manual cvs(5) list, cvs supplies, at that point, the list of files affected by the commit. The first entry in the list is the relative path within the source repository where the change is being made. The remaining arguments list the files that are being modified, added, or removed by this commit invocation. For `taginfo', the rest of the line is a command-line template to execute. The arguments passed to the com- mand are, in order, the tagname , operation (i.e. add for `tag', mov for `tag -F', and del for `tag -d`), re- pository , and any remaining are pairs of filename re- vision . A non-zero exit of the filter program will cause the tag to be aborted. For `commitinfo', the rest of the line is a command- line template to execute. The template can include not only a program name, but whatever list of arguments you wish. The full path to the current source repository is appended to the template, followed by the file names of any files involved in the commit (added, removed, and modified files). For `rcsinfo', the rest of the line is the full path to a file that should be loaded into the log message tem- plate. For `editinfo', the rest of the line is a command-line template to execute. The template can include not only a program name, but whatever list of arguments you wish. The full path to the current log message template file is appended to the template. You can use one of two special strings instead of a regular expression: `ALL' specifies a command line tem- plate that must always be executed, and `DEFAULT' specifies a command line template to use if no regular expression is a match. The `commitinfo' file contains commands to execute be- fore any other commit activity, to allow you to check any conditions that must be satisfied before commit can proceed. The rest of the commit will execute only if all selected commands from this file exit with exit status 0. The `rcsinfo' file allows you to specify log templates for the commit logging session; you can use this to provide a form to edit when filling out the commit log. The field after the regular expression, in this file, contains filenames (of files containing the logging forms) rather than command templates. MirOS BSD #10-current 12 February 1992 5 cvs(5) UNIX Programmer's Manual cvs(5) The `editinfo' file allows you to execute a script be- fore the commit starts, but after the log information is recorded. These "edit" scripts can verify informa- tion recorded in the log file. If the edit script ex- its with a non-zero exit status, the commit is aborted. The `loginfo' file contains commands to execute at the end of a commit. The text specified as a commit log message is piped through the command; typical uses in- clude sending mail, filing an article in a newsgroup, or appending to a central file. cvsignore, .cvsignore The default list of files (or sh(1) file name patterns) to ignore during `cvs update'. At startup time, cvs loads the compiled in default list of file name pat- terns (see cvs(1)). Then the per-repository list in- cluded in $CVSROOT/CVSROOT/cvsignore is loaded, if it exists. Then the per-user list is loaded from `$HOME/.cvsignore'. Finally, as cvs traverses through your directories, it will load any per-directory `.cvsignore' files whenever it finds one. These per- directory files are only valid for exactly the directo- ry that contains them, not for any sub-directories. history Create this file in $CVSROOT/CVSROOT to enable history logging (see the description of `cvs history').
Copyright (C) 1992 Cygnus Support, Brian Berliner, and Jeff Polk Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this manual provided the copyright notice and this per- mission notice are preserved on all copies. Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified ver- sions of this manual under the conditions for verbatim copy- ing, provided that the entire resulting derived work is dis- tributed under the terms of a permission notice identical to this one. Permission is granted to copy and distribute translations of this manual into another language, under the above condi- tions for modified versions, except that this permission no- tice may be included in translations approved by the Free Software Foundation instead of in the original English. MirOS BSD #10-current 12 February 1992 6
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