MirBSD manpage: bsd.port.mk(5)

BSD.PORT.MK(5)               BSD Reference Manual               BSD.PORT.MK(5)


     bsd.port.mk - ports tree master Makefile fragment


     .include <bsd.port.mk>


     bsd.port.mk holds all the standard routines used by the ports tree. Some
     variables and targets are for its internal use only. The rest is docu-
     mented here.

     Other BSD variants, as well as older versions of bsd.port.mk, include
     other targets and variables. Conversion methods are outlined here.

     This is not quite complete; a few variables and targets are not yet docu-
     mented. Mostly because undocumented stuff has fuzzy semantics, and it
     hasn't been decided yet how to define it.


                   Print all dependencies for a port in order to build it, run
                   it, or both. The output is formatted as package specifica-
                   tion pairs, in a form suitable for tsort(1).

                   Print all dependencies a package depends upon for building,
                   running, or both, as a list of package names.

                   Print a list of first level package specifications a port
                   depends as build dependencies, library dependencies, or run

                   User convenience target that displays the result of
                   full-{build,run}-depends in a more readable way.

                   Most standard targets can be specialized according to a
                   given port's needs. If defined, the pre-* hook will be in-
                   voked before running the normal action; the do-* hook will
                   be invoked instead of the normal action; the post-* hook
                   will be invoked after the normal action. Specialization
                   hooks exist for build, configure, distpatch, extract, fake,
                   fetch, install, package, patch, regress. See individual
                   targets for exceptions.

     addsum        Complete the ${CHECKSUM_FILE} record of checksums with
                   files that have been added since makesum. Complain if any-
                   thing does not match.

     build, all    Default target. Build the port. Essentially invoke

                   env -i ${MAKE_ENV} ${MAKE_PROGRAM} ${MAKE_FLAGS} \
                           -f ${MAKE_FILE} ${ALL_TARGET}

                   Verify the ports mentioned in BUILD_DEPENDS, by checking
                   the corresponding packages are actually installed, and in-
                   stall the missing ports by recursing through the ports
                   tree. Invoked right after creating the working directory.

     checkpatch    Debugging version of the patch target that simulates invok-
                   ing patch(1).

     checksum      Check distribution archives and distribution patches con-
                   trol sum against the results recorded in ${CHECKSUM_FILE},
                   using the cryptographic signature utilities defined. Nor-
                   mally ${ALLFILES} are checksummed, unless IGNOREFILES is
                   set to a list of files to ignore. Invoking checksum with
                   REFETCH=true will try to fetch a version with the correct
                   checksum from the OpenBSD main archive site in the case of
                   a checksum mismatch. NO_CHECKSUM can be used to avoid all
                   checksumming steps.

     clean         Clean ports contents. By default, it will clean the work
                   directory. It can be invoked as mmake clean='[depends bulk
                   work fake flavours dist install sub package packages]'.

                   work      Clean work directory.

                   bulk      Clean bulk cookie.

                   depends   Recurse into dependencies.

                   flavours  Clean all work directories.

                   dist      Clean distribution files.

                   install   Uninstall package.

                   package   Remove package file (and copies in
                             ${CDROM_PACKAGES} and ${FTP_PACKAGES}).

                   readmes   Clean files generated through the readme targets
                             (html files).

                   sub       With install or package, clean subpackages as

                   packages  Short-hand for 'sub package'.

                   Short hand for mmake clean=depends.

     configure     Configure the port. Might be a void operation. Unless over-
                   ridden, configure creates the ${WRKBUILD} directory, runs
                   ${SCRIPTDIR}/configure if it exists, and runs whatever con-
                   figuration methods are recorded in CONFIGURE_STYLE.

     depends       Check all the port's dependencies, that is: build-depends,
                   lib-depends, run-depends, regress-depends.

     describe      Prints a one-line index entry of the port, suitable for

     distclean     Short-hand for mmake clean=dist.

     distpatch     Apply distribution patches only. See patch and PATCH_CASES
                   for details.

     extract       Extract the distribution files under ${WRKDIR} (but see
                   EXTRACT_ONLY). Refer to EXTRACT_CASES for a complete
                   description. Do not use pre-extract and do-extract hooks.

     fake          Do a fake port installation, that is, simulate the port in-
                   stallation under ${WRKINST}. There is no do-fake and
                   post-fake hooks. fake actually uses pre-fake, pre-install,
                   do-install and post-install. Described in a separate sec-
                   tion below.

     fetch         Fetch the distribution files and patchfiles, using
                   ${FETCH_CMD}. Each file of the DISTFILES and PATCHFILES
                   lists is retrieved, if necessary, from the list of sites in
                   MASTER_SITES. If a filename ends with a ':0' to ':9' exten-
                   sion, it will be retrieved from MASTER_SITES0 to
                   MASTER_SITES9 instead. The ports framework uses
                   ${DISTDIR}/${DIST_SUBDIR} (aliased to ${FULLDISTDIR}) to
                   cache the ports distribution files and patch files. Note
                   that this framework is also used by mirroring scripts,
                   which will also retrieve SUPDISTFILES, to fill with supple-
                   mentary distribution files which are not needed for every
                   configuration. See ALLFILES, CDROM_SITE, DISTDIR,
                   MASTER_SITES0, ..., MASTER_SITES9, PATCH_FILES,
                   SUPDISTFILES, REFETCH.

     install       Install the package after building. See the description of
                   THE FAKE FRAMEWORK for the non-intuitive details of the way
                   {pre,do,post}-install hooks are actually used by the ports

     lib-depends   Verify that the library dependencies a port needs are actu-
                   ally there, by checking the library specifications.

                   Verify that the LIB_DEPENDS hold all shared libraries used
                   for the port. See library-specs(7).

                   Check that PERMIT_PACKAGE_* settings match: if any depen-
                   dency has a more restrictive setting, warn about it. This
                   warning is advisory, because the automated license checking
                   cannot figure out which ports were used only for building
                   and did not taint the current port.

                   Create symbolic links in other directories that correspond
                   to the port's CATEGORIES. Note that this does not affect
                   bulk package building, since those links don't appear in
                   the upper-level Makefiles. See also unlink-categories.

     makesum       Create the ${CHECKSUM_FILE} list of recorded checksums by
                   running the cryptographic fingerprints (hashes) rmd160,
                   tiger, sha1, sha256 and md5 on ${ALLFILES} minus ${IGNORE-
                   FILES}. NO_CHECKSUM can be used to avoid all checksumming

                   Verify that makewhatis(8) can do a correct job with the
                   port's manpages.

     package       Build a port package (or packages in MULTI_PACKAGES cases)
                   from the fake installation. Involves creating packaging in-
                   formation from templates (see COMMENT, SED_PLIST,
                   SUBST_VARS among others) and invoking pkg_create(1) for
                   each package in the MULTI_PACKAGES list. If
                   ${PERMIT_PACKAGE_FTP} is set to 'Yes', copies built pack-
                   ages into ${FTP_PACKAGES}, using hard links if possible. If
                   ${PERMIT_PACKAGE_CDROM} is set to 'Yes', copies built pack-
                   ages into ${CDROM_PACKAGES}, using hard links if possible.

     patch         Apply distribution and OpenBSD specific patches. Because of
                   historical accident, patch does not follow the exact same
                   scheme other standard targets do. Namely, patch invokes
                   pre-patch (if defined), do-patch, and post-patch, but the
                   default do-patch target invokes distpatch directly. So, if
                   the do-patch target is overridden, it should still begin by
                   calling mmake distpatch, before applying OpenBSD specific
                   patches. Accordingly, the exact sequence of hooks is:
                   pre-patch, do-distpatch, post-distpatch, do-patch,
                   post-patch. If ${PATCHDIR} exists, the files described
                   under PATCH_LIST will be applied under WRKDIST.

     readmes       Create an html description of packages, including comments,
                   description, and dependencies.

     rebuild       Force rebuild of the port.

     regress       Run regression tests for the port. Essentially depend on a
                   correct build and invoke

                   env -i ${MAKE_ENV} ${MAKE_PROGRAM} ${REGRESS_FLAGS} \
                           -f ${MAKE_FILE} ${REGRESS_TARGET}

                   If a port needs some other ports installed to run regres-
                   sion tests, use REGRESS_DEPENDS. If a port needs special
                   configuration or build options to enable regression test-
                   ing, define a 'regress' FLAVOUR.

                   Verify packages needed for regression tests, using the same
                   scheme as build-depends. Only invoked when regression tests
                   are run, or explicitly through depends.

     reinstall     Force reinstallation of a port, by first cleaning the old

     repackage     For rebuilding of the packages of a port, by first removing
                   the old packages.

     run-depends   Verify the ports mentioned in RUN_DEPENDS, by checking the
                   corresponding packages are actually installed, and install
                   the missing ports by recursing through the ports tree. In-
                   voked right before installing the package.

     show          Invoked as mmake show=name, show the contents of ${name}.
                   Invoked as mmake show="name1 name2 ...", show the contents
                   of ${name1} ${name2} ..., one variable value per line.
                   Mostly used from recursive makes, or to know the contents
                   of another port's variables without guessing wrongly.

                   Remove symbolic links in other directories that correspond
                   to the port's CATEGORIES. See also link-categories.

                   Create or update patches for a port, using diff(1) between
                   file and file.orig, based on file.orig existence. In order
                   to generate a patch, the original file needs to be named
                   file.orig and file edited. After the target is invoked, the
                   patches are placed under the patches/ directory. It moves
                   existing patches from patch-file to patch-file.orig

     update-plist, plist
                   Update the packing lists for a port, using the fake instal-
                   lation and the existing packing lists. update-plist should
                   produce mostly correct PLIST, PFRAG.shared and
                   PFRAG.no-shared files, handling shared libraries, GNU
                   info(1) files, setuid files, and empty directories. It
                   moves existing files to PLIST.orig, PFRAG.shared.orig and
                   PFRAG.no-shared.orig. If the generated lists include files
                   and directories that shouldn't be included, comment these
                   like this:

                   @comment unwanted-file
                   @comment @dirrm unwanted-dir

                   Subsequent calls to update-plist will automatically recog-
                   nize and handle such lines correctly.

                   update-plist does not handle flavour situations yet, so


     These variables should not be modified by individual ports. You can add
     them to the command line, set them as (exported) environment variables,
     or put them into mmake.cfg(5) to tune various options.

     BATCH         Set to 'Yes' to avoid ports that require user-interaction
                   Use in conjunction with INTERACTIVE to simplify bulk-
                   package builds. (See IGNORE).

     BIN_PACKAGES  If set to 'Yes', the package target will trust a package
                   built in the repository to be up-to-date, and will not re-
                   build it if the work directory is absent. See also BULK,

     BULK          If set to 'Yes', successful package builds and installa-
                   tions will clean their working directories, after invoking
                   any targets mentioned in BULK_TARGETS. Can be set on a
                   per-${PKGPATH} basis. For instance, setting
                   BULK_misc/screen=No will override any BULK=Yes passed on
                   the command line. See BULK_COOKIES_DIR, BIN_PACKAGES,

                   Used to store cookies for successful bulk-package builds,
                   defaults to ${PORTSDIR}/Bulk.

                   Base location where packages suitable for a CDROM (see
                   PERMIT_PACKAGE_CDROM) will be placed (default:

     COPTS         Supplementary options appended to ${CFLAGS} for building.
                   Since most ports ignore the COPTS convention, they are ac-
                   tually told to use ${CFLAGS} ${COPTS} as CFLAGS.

     CXXOPTS       Supplementary options appended to ${CXXFLAGS} for building.

     ECHO_MSG      Used to display '===> Configuring for foo' and similar in-
                   formative messages. Override to turn off, for instance.

     FETCH_CMD     Command used to fetch distribution files for this port. De-
                   faults to ftp(1). Actually, this is "ftp -o". Can be used
                   to go through excessively paranoid firewalls.

                   Set to '' to copy distribution files off CDROM_SITE instead
                   of symlinking them.

     FTP_PACKAGES  Base location where packages suitable for ftp (see
                   PERMIT_PACKAGE_FTP) will be placed (default:

     INTERACTIVE   Set to 'Yes' to skip all non-interactive ports. Used in
                   conjunction with BATCH to simplify bulk-package builds.

     NO_CHECKSUM   Set to 'Yes' to avoid checksum, makesum, and addsum actions
                   entirely. Beware of the full implications of this mechan-
                   ism, namely that it disables entirely the basic authentica-
                   tion mechanisms of the ports tree.

     NO_DEPENDS    Don't verify build of dependencies. Do not use in any ports
                   Makefile. This is only meant as a user convenience when,
                   e.g., you just want to browse through a given port's source
                   and do not wish to trigger the build of dependencies.

     NO_IGNORE     If set to 'Yes', avoid ignoring a port for the usual rea-
                   sons. Use, for instance, for fetching all distribution
                   files, or for fixing a broken port. See also IGNORE.

     PKG_DBDIR     Path to package installation records. Defaults to

                   Location for packages built (default ${PORTSDIR}/Packages).

     REFETCH       If set to true, checksum will analyze ${CHECKSUM_FILE}, and
                   try retrieving files with the correct checksum off
                   ftp.openbsd.org, in the directory

                   A command which is run when a port build fails during a re-
                   cursive run, i.e. when running mmake in a subdirectory or
                   for a whole category. The default is to abort the build;
                   during bulk builds, the port name is written to a file in
                   ${PORTSDIR} called Failed, and the build is continued at
                   the next port.

     SUDO          If set to sudo(8) in mmake.cfg(5), the ports tree will only
                   invoke root's privileges for the parts that really require

     TEMPLATES     Base location for the templates used in the readmes target.

                   If set to 'Yes', dependency mechanisms will assume the da-
                   tabase of installed packages is correct. See also
                   BIN_PACKAGES, BULK.

     WARNINGS      If set to 'Yes', add CDIAGFLAGS to CFLAGS and CXXDIAGFLAGS
                   to CXXFLAGS.


     Note that some variables are marked as 'read-only', which means that they
     shouldn't ever be changed.

     show          Invoked as mmake show=name, show the contents of ${name}.
                   Invoked as mmake show="name1 name2 ...", show the contents
                   of ${name1} ${name2} ..., one variable value per line.

     ALLFILES      List of all files that need to be retrieved by fetch, with
                   master site selection extension removed. Read-only.

     ALL_TARGET    Target used to build software. Default is 'all'. Can be set
                   to empty, to yield a package's default target.

     ARCH          Current machine architecture (read-only).

     AUTOCONF      Location of the autoconf binary if needed. Defaults to au-
                   toconf (though mmake autoreconf might be more appropriate).

     AUTOCONF_DIR  Where to invoke autoconf if ${CONFIGURE_STYLE} includes au-
                   toconf. Defaults to ${WRKSRC}.

     AUTOCONF_NEW  For 'CONFIGURE_STYLE=autoconf', specify which version of
                   autoconf to use. 'no' selects the older version 2.13, 'yes'
                   selects the current version from the 2.5x series. If auto-
                   conf must be run manually, MODGNU_AUTOCONF_DEPS can be used
                   to specify what packages to depend upon.

                   Manually set the autoconf version to use. Please note that
                   this variable is deprecated in MirPorts, and AUTOCONF_NEW
                   (see above) should be used.

     AUTOGEN       For 'CONFIGURE_STYLE=autogen', set the name of the
                   autogen.sh file to call. The default is to use a standard
                   version from the MirPorts infrastructure.

     BROKEN        Define only for broken ports, set to reason the port is
                   broken. See also NO_IGNORE.

                   Macros passed to mmake and configure invocations. Set based
                   on corresponding INSTALL_* variables.

                   List of other ports the current port needs to build
                   correctly. Each item has the form
                   ...][:target]'. 'target' defaults to 'install' if it is not
                   specified. 'legacy' used to be a file to check. The ports
                   tree now uses 'pkgspec' instead, as a package that must be
                   installed prior to the build. 'directory' is set relative
                   to ${PORTSDIR}. 'subpackage' is an optional subpackage
                   name, to install instead of the default main package name.
                   'flavour ...' is a comma separated list of flavours. By de-
                   fault, the dependency will build the default flavour. Build
                   and lib dependencies are checked at the beginning of the
                   extract stage.

                   Build dependencies that are not the default package or
                   install target will be processed in a subdirectory of the
                   working directory, specifically, in ${WRKDIR}/directory.

     BULK_FLAGS    Flags to pass to build each target in BULK_TARGETS.

     BULK_TARGETS  Targets to run after each bulk package build before clean-
                   ing up the working directory. Empty defaults. Can be set on
                   a per-${PKGPATH} basis, e.g., BULK_TARGETS_${PKGPATH}=...

     BZIP2         Name of the bzip2 binary.

     B_R_DEPENDS   List of other ports the current port needs to build and run
                   correctly. The contents of this variable is internally sim-
                   ply added to the BUILD_DEPENDS and RUN_DEPENDS variables,
                   see there for reference.

     CATEGORIES    List of descriptive categories into which this port falls.
                   Mandatory. See link-categories, unlink-categories.

     CDIAGFLAGS    Flags appended to CFLAGS if WARNINGS is set.

     CDROM_SITE    Path to a local database that holds distribution files
                   (usually a CD-ROM or other similar media), used to retrieve
                   distribution files before going to the network. Defaults to
                   /cdrom/distfiles. Set to empty to avoid checking any path.
                   Distribution files are still copied or linked (see
                   FETCH_SYMLINK_DISFILES) into DISTDIR if they are found
                   under CDROM_SITE.

     CFLAGS        Default flags passed to the compiler for building. Many
                   ports ignore it. See also COPTS, CDIAGFLAGS.

                   Location for this port's checksums, used by addsum,
                   checksum, and makesum. Defaults to distinfo.

     CLEANDEPENDS  If set to 'Yes', 'mmake clean' will also clean dependen-
                   cies. Can be overridden on a per-${PKGPATH} basis, by set-
                   ting CLEANDEPENDS_${PKGPATH}.

     COMMENT       Comment used for the package, and in the INDEX.

     COMMENT-foo   Comment used for sub package foo in a multi-package set up.

                   Comment used for a flavoured package, if the non-flavoured
                   comment is inappropriate.

                   Comment used for a sub-, flavoured package.

     COMES_WITH    (deprecated) The first release where the port was made part
                   of the standard OpenBSD distribution. Normally not used in

                   Arguments to pass to configure script. Defaults are empty,
                   except for gnu-style configure, where prefix and sysconfdir
                   are set.

                   Basic environment passed to configure script (path and lib-
                   tool setup). gnu-style configure adds a lot more variables.

                   Set to name of script invoked by configure target, if ap-
                   propriate. Should be relative to ${WRKSRC}.

                   Set to --enable-shared or --disable-shared, depending on
                   whether the architecture supports shared libraries. Should
                   be appended to CONFIGURE_ARGS, for ports that build dynamic
                   libraries and whose configure script supports these op-

                   Set to style of configuration that needs to happen.

                   bmake     Run make obj as configure script and make depend
                             at pre-build time.

                   perl      Assume perl(1) ExtUtils::MakeMaker(3p) style.
                             This is the style used by most Perl modules with
                             a Makefile.PL.

                   p5        Same as perl, but does not create any targets,
                             just the variables.

                   modbuild  Perl modules using Module::Build(3), i.e. with a
                             Build.PL file.

                   gnu       Assume gnu configure style.

                   dest      Add this if the port does not handle DESTDIR
                             correctly, and needs to be configured to add
                             DESTDIR to prefixes (see also DESTDIRNAME).

                   old       Add this if the port is an older autoconf port
                             that does not recognise --sysconfdir.

                   autoconf  autoheader and autoconf needs to be rerun first
                             (implies gnu). Before running the two, the auto-
                             conf infrastructure is updated to MirLibtool.

                             (with autoconf) Do not run autoheader. Use this
                             for broken ports if autoheader aborts with an er-
                             ror message.

                   automake  automake may need to be rerun. Please note that
                             you still must do this manually. Otherwise, au-
                             tomake will be explicitly disabled.

                   autogen   Run autogen.sh before invoking configure. Normal-
                             ly, this script runs aclocal, automake,
                             autoheader, and autoconf. If AUTOGEN is not set,
                             an autogen.sh script from the MirPorts infras-
                             tructure is run.

                   imake     assume the port configures using X11 ports
                             Imakefile framework.

                   noman     (with imake) The port has no man pages the
                             Imakefile should try installing.

                   simple    There is a configure script, but it does not fit
                             the normal gnu configure conventions.

     CVS_DIST*     Enables an operation mode where the distfile is fetched
                   from CVS. The following variables can be set by the user:

                   CVS_DISTDATE  The value of the -D option to cvs checkout.
                                 Optional, but either this or CVS_DISTTAGS
                                 must be specified.

                   CVS_DISTFILE  The file name prefix. Optional (derived from
                                 CVS_DISTMODS), unless more than one module is
                                 checked out.

                   CVS_DISTMODS  Module(s) to check out, separated by whi-

                   CVS_DISTREPO  Repository to check out from, i.e. the value
                                 of the -d option to cvs. If it does not start
                                 with a colon, CVSREADONLYFS is set automati-
                                 cally, which is not compatible with the
                                 OpenBSD version of anoncvssh.

                   CVS_DISTTAGS  The value of the -r option to cvs checkout.
                                 Optional, but either this or CVS_DISTDATE
                                 must be specified.

                   For the full documentation for these variables, see

                   WRKDIST is set automatically to ${WRKDIR}/${CVS_DISTMODS}.
                   PKGNAME defaults to ${_CVS_DISTF:R}-${DASH_VER}.

     CXXDIAGFLAGS  Flags appended to CXXFLAGS if WARNINGS is set.

     CXXFLAGS      Default flags passed to the C++ compiler for building. Many
                   ports ignore it.

     DASH_VER      A numeric, decimal, value that is the last component of
                   ${PKGNAME} without any flavour or subpackage extensions.
                   This replaces the former "package patchlevel". Default is

     DEF_UMASK     Correct value of umask for the port to build and package
                   correctly. Tested against the actual umask at fake time.
                   Default is 022. Don't override.


     DESTDIRNAME   Name of variable to set to ${WRKINST} while faking. Usually
                   DESTDIR. To be used in the rare cases where a port heeds
                   DESTDIR in a few directories and needs to be configured
                   with 'gnu dest', so that those few directories do not get
                   in the way.

     DISTDIR       Directory where all ports distribution files and patchfiles
                   are stashed. Defaults to ${PORTSDIR}/Distfiles. Override if
                   distribution files are stored elsewhere. Always use
                   FULLDISTDIR to refer to ports' distribution files location,
                   as it takes an eventual DIST_SUBDIR into account.

     DISTFILES     The main port's distribution files (the actual software
                   source, except for binary-only ports). Will be retrieved
                   from the MASTER_SITES (see fetch), checksummed and extract-
                   ed (see checksum, extract). DISTFILES normally holds a list
                   of files, possibly with ':0' to ':9' appended to select a
                   different MASTER_SITES. See also SUPDISTFILES.

     DISTNAME      Name used to identify the port. See DISTFILES and PKGNAME.

     DISTORIG      Suffix used by distpatch to rename original files. Defaults
                   to .bak.orig. Distinct from .orig to avoid confusing

     DIST_SUBDIR   Optional subdirectory of ${DISTDIR} where the current
                   port's distribution files and patchfiles will be located.
                   See target fetch.

     EMUL          List of binary emulations (kernel personalities) the
                   software needs. Only necessary for binary-only software. If
                   the necessary binary emulation is turned off or not avail-
                   able, the port is ignored.

     ERRORS        List of errors found while parsing the port's Makefile.
                   Display the errors before making any target, and if any er-
                   ror starts with "Fatal:", do not make anything. For in-

                         .if !defined(COMMENT)
                         ERRORS+="Fatal: Missing comment"

                   In the normal extraction stage (when EXTRACT_ONLY is not
                   empty), this is the contents of a case statement, used to
                   extract files. Fragments are automatically appended to ex-
                   tract tar and zip archives, so that the default case is
                   equivalent to the following shell fragment:

                   set -e
                   cd ${WRKDIR}
                   for archive in ${EXTRACT_ONLY}
                       case $$archive in
                             unzip -q ${FULLDISTDIR}/$$archive -d ${WRKDIR};;
                             bzip2 -dc ${FULLDISTDIR}/$$archive | tar xf -;;
                             gzcat ${FULLDISTDIR}/$$archive | /bin/sh;;
                             /bin/sh ${FULLDISTDIR}/$$archive;;
                             tar xf ${FULLDISTDIR}/$$archive;;
                             gzip -dc ${FULLDISTDIR}/$$archive | tar xf -;;

     EXTRACT_ONLY  Set if not all ${DISTFILES} should be extracted at
                   do-extract stage. Default value is ${DISTFILES}.

     EXTRACT_SUFX  Used to set DISTFILES default value to
                   ${DISTNAME}${EXTRACT_SUFX}. Default value is .tar.gz.

     FAKE          Automatically set to 'Yes' for most ports (and all new
                   ports). Indicates that the port, using FAKE_FLAGS magic,
                   will properly fake installation into ${WRKINST}, to be
                   packaged and properly installed from the package. Set to
                   'No' in very rare cases, and during port creation.

     FAKE_FLAGS    Flags passed to ${MAKE_PROGRAM} on fake invocation. By de-
                   fault, ${DESTDIRNAME}=${WRKINST}.

     FAKE_TARGET   Target build by ${MAKE_PROGRAM} on fake invocation. De-
                   faults to ${INSTALL_TARGET}.

     FAKEOBJDIR    If non empty, used as a base for the fake area. The real
                   fake directory ${WRKINST} is created there. Can be set on a
                   per-${PKGPATH} basis. For instance, setting
                   FAKEOBJDIR_www/mozilla=/tmp/obj will affect only the mozil-
                   la port.

                   Some ports' distfiles cannot be fetched automatically for
                   licensing reasons. In this case, set FETCH_MANUALLY to a
                   list of strings that will be displayed, one per line, e.g.,

                   FETCH_MANUALLY= "You must fetch foo-1.0.tgz"
                   FETCH_MANUALLY+="from http://www.fubar.com/ manually,"
                   FETCH_MANUALLY+="after reading and agreeing to the license."
                   Automatically sets IS_INTERACTIVE if some distribution
                   files are missing.

     FILESDIR      Location of other files related to the current ports. (de-
                   fault: files.${ARCH} or files).

     FLAVOUR       The port's current options. Set by the user, and tested by
                   the port to activate wanted functionalities.

     FLAVOURS      List of all flavours keywords a port may match. Used to
                   sort FLAVOUR into a canonical order to build the package
                   name, or to select the packing-list, and as a quick validi-
                   ty check. See also PSEUDO_FLAVOURS.

     FLAVOUR_EXT   Canonical list of flavours being set for the current build,
                   dash-separated. See FULLPKGNAME.

     FULLPKGNAME   Full name of the main created package, taking flavours into
                   account. Defaults to ${PKGNAME}${FLAVOUR_EXT}.

                   Full package name for sub-package foo, if the default value
                   is not appropriate.

     FULLPKGPATH   Path to the current port's directory, relative to
                   ${PORTSDIR}, including flavours and subpackages. Read-only.

     GMAKE         Location of the gnu make binary, if needed. Defaults to

     HOMEPAGE      Set to a link to the homepage of the software, if applica-

     IGNOREFILES   Set to the list of files that cannot be checksummed. For
                   use by ports which fetch dynamically generated archives
                   that can't be checksummed. Avoid using IGNOREFILES whenever

     LIB_DEPENDS   Libraries this port depends upon. These are also always
                   build dependencies, and added to BUILD_DEPENDS automatical-
                   ly, if required. Each item has the form
                   ...][:target]'. Similar to BUILD_DEPENDS, except for
                   'lib_specs', which is a comma-separated list of 'lib_spec'
                   of the form: 'libname.[version.[subversion]]'. See
                   library-specs(7) for more details.

                   On architectures that use dynamic libraries, LIB_DEPENDS is
                   also used as a run-time dependency, and recorded in the
                   package as such.

     FULLDISTDIR   Complete path to directory where ${DISTFILES} and ${PATCH-
                   FILES} will be located, to be used in hand-crafted extrac-
                   tion targets (read-only).

     IGNORE        The port is ignored and ${IGNORE} is printed if defined.
                   Usually set to the reason the port is ignored. See also

                   If set to 'Yes', do not print anything when ignoring a

                   Macros to use to install a program, a script, data, or a
                   man page (or the corresponding directory), respectively.

                   Target invoked to install the software, during fake instal-
                   lation. Default is 'install'.

                   Set to 'Yes' if port needs human interaction to build. Usu-
                   ally implies NO_PACKAGE as well. Porters should strive to
                   minimize IS_INTERACTIVE ports, by using FLAVOURS for multi-
                   ple choice ports, and by postponing human intervention to
                   package installation time.

     LIBTOOL       Location of the libtool binary for ports that set
                   USE_LIBTOOL (default: ${LOCALBASE}/bin/libtool).

                   Arguments to pass to libtool. If USE_LIBTOOL is set, the
                   environment variable LIBTOOL is set to ${LIBTOOL}

     LOCALBASE     where other ports have already been installed (default:

     MAINTAINER    E-mail address with full name of the port's maintainer for
                   OpenBSD. For political reasons, this should NEVER be set in
                   MirPorts. When adding ports from OpenBSD, be sure to delete
                   this line. The MirPorts equivalent is called RESPONSIBLE.

     MAKE_ENV      Environment variables passed to make invocations. Sets at
                   DESTDIR, and the BSD_INSTALL_* macros.

     MAKE_FLAGS    Flags used for all make invocations, except for the fake
                   stage, which uses FAKE_FLAGS, and for the regress stage,
                   which uses REGRESS_FLAGS.

     MAKE_FILE     Name of the Makefile used for ports building. Defaults to
                   Makefile. Used after changing directory to ${WRKBUILD}.

     MAKE_PROGRAM  The make program that is used for building the port. Set to
                   ${MAKE} or ${GMAKE} depending on USE_GMAKE. Read-only.

     MASTER_SITES  List of primary location from which distribution files and
                   patchfiles are retrieved. See the fetch target for more de-
                   tails. See ports(7) for user configuration.

                   Supplementary locations from which distribution files and
                   patchfiles are retrieved.

     MCZ_FETCH     For _CVS_DISTF operation, i.e. if one of CVS_DISTREPO or
                   SVN_DISTPATH is set, control the way how these VCS dist-
                   files are fetched. This variable affects all distfiles,
                   i.e. _CVS_DISTF, _CVS_DISTF0, ..., _CVS_DISTF9.

                   Possible values are:

                   No    Directly fetch from the VCS and compress using

                         This is the default.

                   Yes   Fetch from the appropriate MASTER_SITES, which is in-
                         itialised to default to ${_MASTER_SITE_MIRBSD}.

                   LZMA  Append the suffix ".lzma" to the _CVS_DISTF, and
                         fetch it from the appropriate MASTER_SITES, which is
                         initialised to default to ${_MASTER_SITE_MIRBSD}.

                         Note that the distfile has to be recompressed manual-
                         ly by the master site administrator, and due to use
                         of a different compressor than the mpczar.z helper,
                         it is not guaranteed to be reproducible.

                   lz    Append the suffix ".lz" to the _CVS_DISTF, and fetch
                         it from the appropriate MASTER_SITES, which is ini-
                         tialised to default to ${_MASTER_SITE_MIRBSD}.

                         Note that the distfile has to be recompressed manual-
                         ly by the master site administrator, and due to use
                         of a different compressor than the mpczar.z helper,
                         it is not guaranteed to be reproducible.

                   xz    Append the suffix ".xz" to the _CVS_DISTF, and fetch
                         it from the appropriate MASTER_SITES, which is ini-
                         tialised to default to ${_MASTER_SITE_MIRBSD}.

                         Note that the distfile has to be recompressed manual-
                         ly by the master site administrator, and due to use
                         of a different compressor than the mpczar.z helper,
                         it is not guaranteed to be reproducible.

     MESSAGE       File recorded in the package and displayed during installa-
                   tion. Defaults to ${PKGDIR}/MESSAGE if this file exists.
                   Leave empty if no message is needed.

                   If a port uses more than one configure script, set this to
                   all directories that contain one. Copies config.guess to
                   the right places; if CONFIGURE_STYLE is autoconf, autoconf
                   is also called in the given directories, and so on for au-
                   togen, autoheader, MirLibtool conversion, etc.

                   Set this to the names of functions where the configure
                   script scans for types of its arguments, to prevent bogus
                   warnings such as:

                   conftest.c:141: error: conflicting types for 'recv'
                   /usr/include/sys/socket.h:451: error: previous declaration of 'recv' was here

                   These warnings are grepped from the config.log file in case
                   someone forgot to run our patched version of
                   ports/devel/autoconf/2.{13,61} on the script, which
                   prevents mis-not-detection of functions.

                   Set to the install(1) program to use to copy files for in-

                   Default: ${INSTALL} -c -o ${BINOWN} -g ${BINGRP}

     MOTIFLIB      Read-only. Correct incantation to link with motif.

     MTREE_FILE    mtree(8) specification to check when creating a PLIST with
                   the update-plist target. MTREE_FILE can hold a list of file
                   names, to which ${PORTSDIR}/infrastructure/db/fake.mtree is
                   always appended. These specifications are rooted at
                   ${WRKINST}, and are subject to SUBST_VARS substitution, to
                   ease ${PREFIX} independence. This feature is primarily in-
                   tended for large, interconnected ports, such as the kde
                   suite, where a base package sets up a large, extra directo-
                   ry hierarchy that would make the manual checking of packing
                   lists tedious.

                   Set to a list of package extensions for ports that create
                   multiple packages. See "Flavours and multi-packages" below.

                   List of architectures on which this port does not build.
                   See also ONLY_FOR_ARCHS.

     NO_BUILD      Port does not need any build stage.

     NO_REGRESS    Port does not have any regression tests.

                   Set to the list of platforms that do not support shared li-
                   braries. Use with NOT_FOR_ARCHS.

                   Set to 'Yes' if platform does not support shared libraries.
                   To be tested after including bsd.port.mk, if neither
                   PFRAG.shared nor CONFIGURE_SHARED are enough.

     NO_SYSTRACE   Port does not build with systrace enabled build targets.

                   List of architectures on which this port builds. Can hold
                   both processor-specific information (e.g., m68k), and more
                   specific model information (e.g., hp300).

     OPSYS         Always OpenBSD (read-only).

     OPSYS_VER     Revision number of OpenBSD (read-only).

     PACKAGING     Defined while building packages, read-only. See the
                   description of FLAVOURS AND MULTI_PACKAGES for a detailed

     PATCH         Command to use to apply all patches. Defaults to

     PATCHORIG     Suffix used by patch to rename original files, and
                   update-patches to re-generate ${PATCHDIR}/${PATCH_LIST} by
                   looking for files using this suffix. Defaults to .orig. For
                   a port that already contains .orig files in the ${DIST-
                   FILES}, set this to something else, such as .pat.orig. See
                   also distpatch, DISTORIG.

     PATCH_CASES   In the normal distpatch stage (when PATCHFILES is not emp-
                   ty), this is the contents of a case statement, used to ap-
                   ply distribution patches. Fragments are automatically ap-
                   pended to handle compressed patches, so that the default
                   case is equivalent to the following shell fragment:

                   set -e
                   cd ${FULLDISTDIR}
                   for patchfile in ${_PATCHFILES}
                       case $$patchfile in
                             bzip2 -dc $$patchfile | ${PATCH} ${PATCH_DIST_ARGS};;
                             gzcat $$patchfile | ${PATCH} ${PATCH_DIST_ARGS};;
                             ${PATCH} ${PATCH_DIST_ARGS} <$$patchfile;;

     PATCHDIR      Location for patches applied by patch target (default:
                   patches.${ARCH} or patches).

     PATCHFILES    Files to fetch from the master sites like DISTFILES, but
                   serving a different purpose, as they hold distribution
                   patches that will be applied at the patch stage. See also

     PATCH_ARGS    Full list of options used while applying port's patches.

                   Set to Yes by the checkpatch target. Don't touch unless the
                   default checkpatch target needs to be redefined. Ideally,
                   user-defined patch subtargets ought to test checkpatch. In
                   practice, they don't.

     PATCH_DEBUG   If set to 'Yes', the patch stage will output extra debug

                   Full list of options used while applying distribution

                   Patch option used to strip directory levels while applying
                   distribution patches. Defaults to -p0 .

     PATCH_LIST    Wildcard pattern of patches to select under ${PATCHDIR}
                   (default: patch-*). Note that filenames ending in .orig or
                   ~ are never applied. Note that PATCH_LIST can hold absolute
                   pathnames, for instance to share patches among similar

                   PATCH_LIST=${PORTSDIR}/x11/kde/libs2/patches/p-* patch-*

     PATCH_STRIP   Patch option used to strip directory levels while applying
                   port's patches. Defaults to -p0 .

     PKG_ARCH      Comma-separated list of architectures on which this package
                   may install. Defaults to ${MACHINE_ARCH},${ARCH}. Use * to
                   mean any arch.

     PKG_SUFX      Extension and format to choose for packages. Possible
                   values are:

                   .cgz   sv4cpio with CRC, compressed with gzip(1). Default
                          on all systems except OpenBSD.

                   .cxz   sv4cpio with CRC, compressed with LZMA2 (xz). Re-
                          quires xzdec to be installed to handle, xz and 800
                          MiB datasize ulimit to create (although, if less is
                          available, xz will degrade compression quality au-
                          tomatically), no automatic dependency.

                   .cpio  sv4cpio with CRC, uncompressed.

                   .tgz   ustar, compressed with gzip(1). Default on OpenBSD.

                   .tar   ustar, uncompressed.

                          ustar, compressed with gzip(1). Legacy use only,
                          will go away.

     PORTHOME      Setting of env variable HOME for most shell invocations.
                   Default will trip ports that try to write into $HOME while

     PORTPATH      Path used by most shell invocations. Don't override unless
                   really needed.

     PORTSDIR      Root of the ports tree (default: /usr/ports).

                   Path used by dependencies and bsd.port.subdir.mk to look up
                   package specifications. Defaults to

     PKGDIR        Location for packaging information (packing list, port
                   description, port short description). Default: pkg.${ARCH}
                   or pkg.

     PKGNAME       Name of the main created package. Default is
                   ${DISTNAME}-${DASH_VER} for the main package, and
                   ${DISTNAME}-${DASH_VER} for multi-package ports. This does
                   not take flavours into account. See FULLPKGNAME for that.
                   Defaults to ${_CVS_DISTF:R}-${DASH_VER} for CVS distfiles
                   and ${DIST_NAME}-${DIST_DATE}-${DASH_VER} for non-distfile

     PKGNAME-foo   Package name for sub-package foo, if the default value of
                   ${PKGNAME}${SUBPACKAGE} is not appropriate.

     PKGPATH       Path to the current port's directory, relative to
                   ${PORTSDIR}. Read-only.

     PREFIX        Base directory for the current port installation. Usually
                   ${LOCALBASE}, though some ports may elect a location under
                   /var, and some multi-package ports may install under
                   several locations.

                   Extra list of flavours that do not register in package
                   names, but are still used to control build logic, and e.g.,
                   working directory names. Its main use is for disabling part
                   of a multi-packages build, for instance:

                   FLAVOUR=no_gnome mmake package

                   Creation of a separate working directory is mandatory. If,
                   at a later time, a full build with all subpackages is re-
                   quired, all the work will need to be done again.

                   See BUILD_DEPENDS for specification. Regress dependencies
                   are only checked if the regress stage is invoked.

                   Flags to pass to ${MAKE_PROGRAM} to run the regression
                   tests. Defaults to ${MAKE_FLAGS}.

                   Set to 'Yes' if port needs human interaction to run its

                   Target to run regression tests. Defaults to 'regress', ex-
                   cept for 'perl' and 'gnu' CONFIGURE_STYLE, which default to
                   'test' and 'check' respectively.

     RESPONSIBLE   The name and e-mail address of the person maintaining the
                   port for MirPorts. The default is the miros-discuss list.

     RUN_DEPENDS   Specification of ports this port needs installed to be
                   functional. Same format as BUILD_DEPENDS. The corresponding
                   packages will be built at install stage, and pkg_add(1)
                   will take care of installing them.

     SED_PLIST     Pipeline of commands used to create the actual packing list
                   from the PLIST template (usually ${PKGDIR}/PLIST).
                   bsd.port.mk appends to it substitution commands correspond-
                   ing to the port's FLAVOUR and variables from SUBST_VARS.
                   ${SED_PLIST} is invoked as a pipeline after inserting
                   PFRAG.shared fragments.

     SCRIPTDIR     Location for scripts related to the current port (default:
                   scripts.${ARCH} or scripts).

     SVN_DIST*     Enables an operation mode where the distfile is fetched
                   from Subversion. The following variables can be set by the

                   SVN_DISTDIR   Name of the top-level directory to check out
                                 to. Optional (derived from the basename of
                                 SVN_DISTPATH). If this is only a dash ('-'),
                                 a single-file checkout is done.

                   SVN_DISTFILE  The file name prefix. Optional (derived from
                                 the basename of SVN_DISTDIR).

                   SVN_DISTPATH  Repository to check out from (full path).

                   SVN_DISTREV   Revision to check out.

                   For the full documentation for these variables, see

                   WRKDIST is set automatically to ${WRKDIR}/${SVN_DISTDIR}.
                   PKGNAME defaults to

     SUBPACKAGE    Set to the sub package suffix when building a package in a
                   multi-package port. Read-only. Used to test for dependen-
                   cies or to adjust the package name.

     SUBST_VARS    Make variables whole values get substituted to create the
                   actual package information. Always holds ARCH, FLAVOUR_EXT,
                   The special construct '${FLAVOURS}' can be used in the
                   packing-list to specify the current list of dash separated
                   flavours the port is compiled with (useful for cross-
                   dependencies in MULTI_PACKAGES). Add other variables as

     SUPDISTFILES  Supplementary files that need to be retrieved under some
                   specific circumstances. For instance, a port might need
                   architecture-specific files. SUPDISTFILES should hold a
                   list of all distribution files and patchfiles that are not
                   always needed, so that a mirror will be able to grab all
                   files, or that makesum will work. Having an overlap between
                   SUPDISTFILES and DISTFILES, PATCHFILES is admissible, and
                   in fact, expected, as it is much simpler to build an
                   error-free list of files to retrieve in that way. See the
                   xanim port for an example.

     SYSCONFDIR    Location for ports system configuration files. Defaults to
                   /etc, should never be set to /usr/local/etc.

                   Location of the systrace filter file which is the basis for
                   a port's actual systrace policy file. Defaults to

                   List of variables used in ${SYSTRACE_FILTER} that will be
                   substituted by their real value when creating the systrace
                   policy file. Always holds WRKOBJDIR, PORTSDIR, and DISTDIR.

     TAR           Name of the tar binary.

     UNZIP         Name of the unzip binary.

     USE_CXX       Set to 'Yes' if the port needs a C++ compiler to build. On
                   systems without a C++ compiler, this shows a fatal error.

     USE_GMAKE     Set to 'Yes' if gnu make (${GMAKE}) is needed for correct
                   behavior of this port.

     USE_LIBTOOL   Set to 'Yes' if libtool is required for correct behavior of
                   this port. Adds correct dependencies, and passes LIBTOOL
                   environment variable to scripts invocations.

     USE_MOTIF     Set to 'any' if port works with any version of motif;
                   'lesstif' if port requires lesstif to work; 'openmotif' if
                   ports requires openmotif to work. The 'any' setting creates
                   an extra flavour choice of 'lesstif'. See also MOTIFLIB

     USE_SYSTRACE  Set to 'Yes' to protect port building with systrace. Set by
                   the user, e.g. in /etc/mmake.cfg.

     USE_X11       Set to 'Yes' if port requires X11 to work.

     VMEM_WARNING  Set to 'Yes' if the port requires a lot of memory to com-
                   pile, and the user is likely to see a message like "virtual
                   memory exhausted" with the default process limits.

     WRKBUILD      Subdirectory of ${WRKDIR} where the actual build occurs.
                   Defaults to ${WRKSRC}.

     WRKDIR        Location where all port activity occurs. Apart from the ac-
                   tual port, may hold all kinds of cookies that checkpoint
                   the port's build. Read-only. Ports that need to know the
                   WRKDIR of another port must use cd that_port_dir && mmake
                   show=WRKDIR for this. Note that WRKDIR may be a symbolic

     WRKDIST       Subdirectory of ${WRKDIR} in which the distribution files
                   normally unpacks. Base for all patches (default:
                   ${WRKDIR}/${DISTNAME}). Note that WRKDIST may be a symbolic
                   link, if set to ${WRKDIR}.

     WRKSRC        Subdirectory of ${WRKDIR} where the actual source is. Base
                   for configuration (default: ${WRKDIST}) Note that WRKSRC
                   may be a symbolic link, if set to ${WRKDIR}.

     WRKPKG        Subdirectory of ${WRKBUILD} where package information gets
                   generated. Defaults to ${WKRBUILD}/pkg, do not override un-
                   less 'pkg' conflicts with the port's conventions.

     WRKINST       Subdirectory of ${WRKDIR} where port normally installs (see
                   fake target).

     WRKOBJDIR     If non empty, used as a base for the actual port working
                   directory. The real working directory ${WRKDIR} is created
                   there. Can be set on a per-${PKGPATH} basis. For instance,
                   setting WRKOBJDIR_www/mozilla=/tmp/obj will affect only the
                   mozilla port.

     X11BASE       Where X11 has been installed (default: /usr/X11R6).

     XMKMF         Invocation of xmkmf for CONFIGURE_STYLE=imake port. De-
                   faults to xmkmf -a -DPorts. The -DPorts is specific to
                   OpenBSD and is always appended.

     YACC          Name of yacc program to pass to gnu-configure, defaults to
                   yacc. (gnu-configure would always try to use bison other-
                   wise, which leads to unreproducible builds.) Set to bison
                   if needed.


                Common Makefile fragment for a set of ports, included automat-

                Default path to a CD-ROM (or other media) full of distribution

                Arch-dependent Makefile fragment, included automatically.

                cache of all distribution files.

     distinfo   Checksum file. Holds the output of cksum(1) with the algo-
                rithms rmd160, tiger, sha1, sha256 and md5 for the ports
                ${DISTFILES} and ${PATCHFILES}.

                cache of distribution files for a given port.

                Description for the port. Variables such as ${HOMEPAGE} and
                ${MAINTAINER} will be expanded (see SUBST_VARS). Multi-package
                ports will use DESCR${SUBPACKAGE}.

                Specification used for populating ${WRKINST} at the start of
                fake. Use pre-fake if this is incomplete.

                Default setup of ${CDROM_PACKAGES}.

                Default setup of ${FTP_PACKAGES}.

                Default setup of ${PKGREPOSITORY}.

                Default setup of ${BULK_COOKIES_DIR}.

                Extra directory used to store local ports before committing
                them. All depend targets will normally look there after the
                normal lookup fails. See PORTSDIR_PATH.

                List of additional port specific filters, included automati-


     cdrom-packages, ftp-packages
                   Links are now created during the package target.

     depends-list  Renamed into full-build-depends

                   Don't override. Set EXTRACT_ONLY to nothing and override
                   post-extract instead.

     fetch-all, fetch-list, mirror-distfiles
                   See mirroring-ports(7) for more efficient and flexible ways
                   to build mirrors.

     obj           Starting with OpenBSD 3.3, using WRKOBJDIR no longer
                   creates a symlink between the current directory and a sub-
                   directory of ${WRKOBJDIR}, so obj is no longer applicable.

                   Use print-build-depends and print-run-depends instead.

                   Renamed into print-build-depends

                   Renamed into



     CATn          List of formatted manpages, per section.

     CATPREFIX     Location for storing formatted manpages. Derived directly
                   from PREFIX.

     COMMENT       Used to be the name of the comment file for a package. It
                   now holds the comment itself. Some magic has been put in to
                   allow for a seamless transition.

     DESCR_SRC     From NetBSD. This is DESCR. OpenBSD does not give a specif-
                   ic name to the generated file. It is not recommended to try
                   to access them directly.

                   Was used to cobble together the normal extraction command,
                   as ${EXTRACT_CMD} ${EXTRACT_BEFORE_ARGS}
                   ${EXTRACT_AFTER_ARGS}. Use EXTRACT_CASES instead.

                   Likewise, use EXTRACT_CASES instead.

     EXTRACT_CMD   Likewise, use EXTRACT_CASES instead.

                   Set FETCH_CMD to point to a script that does any required
                   special treatment instead.

                   Used to specify dependencies that were needed to fetch
                   files. It is much easier to mirror locally weird distribu-
                   tion files.

                   Use CONFIGURE_STYLE instead.

                   Use CONFIGURE_STYLE instead.

     HAVE_MOTIF    Old user settings. No longer needed since OpenMotif is now

     MANn          List of unformatted manpages, per section.

     MANPREFIX     Location for storing unformatted manpages. Derived directly
                   from PREFIX.

     MASTERDIR     From FreeBSD. Used to organize a collection of ports that
                   share most files. OpenBSD uses a single port with flavours
                   or multi-packages to produce package variations instead.

                   Contents were used to replace '%SUBDIR%' in all
                   MASTER_SITES variables. Since '%SUBDIR%' almost always oc-
                   cur at the end of the directory, the simpler
                   ${VARIABLE:=subdir/} construct is now used instead
                   (taken from NetBSD).

     MD5_FILE      Use CHECKSUM_FILE instead.

                   determine which files can be mirrored instead. See

     NEED_VERSION  Used to set a requirement on a specific revision of
                   bsd.port.mk needed by a port. No longer needed as
                   bsd.port.mk should always be kept up-to-date.

     NO_CONFIGURE  If ${CONFIGURE_SCRIPT} does not exist, no automatic confi-
                   guration will be done anyway.

     NO_DESCRIBE   All ports should generate a description.

     NO_EXTRACT    Set EXTRACT_ONLY= instead.

                   Use CONFIGURE_STYLE instead.

     NO_MTREE      Starting with OpenBSD 2.7, the operating system installa-
                   tion script runs the /usr/local specification globally, in-
                   stead of embedding it in each package. So packages no
                   longer record an mtree(8) specification. Use an explicit
                   '@exec' command if needed.

     NO_PACKAGE    All ports should generate a package, preferably before in-

     NO_PATCH      The absence of a patches directory does the same. Use
                   PATCHDIR and PATCH_LIST if patches need to be changed

     NO_WRKDIR     All ports should have a working directory, as this is
                   necessary to store cookies and keep state.

     NO_WRKSUBDIR  The same functionality is obtained by setting
                   WRKDIST=${WRKDIR} .

                   Use CLEANDEPENDS instead.

                   FreeBSD ships with compressed man pages, and uses this
                   variable to control that behavior.

     OBJMACHINE    Starting with OpenBSD 3.3, setting WRKOBJDIR creates the
                   whole WRKDIR hierarchy under ${WRKOBJDIR}, so OBJMACHINE is
                   no longer useful.

     PACKAGES      Base location for packages built, renamed

     PATCH_SITES   PATCHFILES used to be retrieved from a separate site list.
                   For greater flexibility, all files are now retrieved from
                   MASTER_SITES, MASTER_SITES0, ..., MASTER_SITES9, using a
                   ':0' to ':9' extension to the file name, e.g.,




                   Set to 'Yes' if package or distribution files can be al-
                   lowed on ftp sites or cdrom without legal issues. Set to
                   reason not to otherwise. PERMIT_* lines in the Makefile
                   should be preceded with a comment explaining details about
                   licensing and patents issues the port may have. Porters
                   must be very thorough in their checks. In case of doubt,

     PLIST_SRC     From NetBSD. This is PLIST. OpenBSD does not give a specif-
                   ic name to the generated file. It is not recommended to try
                   to access them directly.

     PKGNAME       Used to refer to the full package name, has been superseded
                   by FULLPKGNAME-foo, for SUBPACKAGE -foo . PKGNAME now holds
                   the package name, not taking multi-packages or flavours
                   into account. Most ports are not concerned by this change.

     PLIST_SUBST   From NetBSD and FreeBSD. Use SUBST_VARS instead. OpenBSD
                   does not allow general substitutions of the form VAR=value,
                   but uses only a list of variables instead. Most package
                   files gets transformed, instead of only the packing list.

     RESTRICTED    Port has cryptographic issues. OpenBSD focuses on
                   PERMIT_PACKAGE_{FTP,CDROM} instead.

                   On OpenBSD this could be used to have different WRKBUILD
                   and WRKSRC, in the hope the port didn't write to its source
                   directory. While this way to build is recommended by the
                   GCC SC, it has proven to be the source of much trouble, so
                   it got removed in the MirPorts Framework.


     USE_BZIP2     The framework will automatically detect the presence of
                   .tar.bz2 files to extract.

     USE_COMPILER  Choose which compiler to use for the system. Possible
                   values are:

                   system  Default: use the system compiler mgcc, pgcc, or cc,
                           and pull _DEFCOPTS into the default CFLAGS.

                   gcc4.4  Build-depend on the GCC 4.4 port, lib-depend on its
                           RTL, and pull _DEFCOPTS into the default CFLAGS.

                   pcc     Override CC to pcc and CXX to false and pull
                           _DEFCOPTS_pcc into the default CFLAGS.

     USE_IMAKE     Use CONFIGURE_STYLE instead.

     USE_LZMA      The framework will automatically detect the presence of
                   .tar.lzma files to extract.

     USE_LZIP      The framework will automatically detect the presence of
                   .tar.lz files to extract.

     USE_XZ        The framework will automatically detect the presence of
                   .tar.xz files to extract.

     USE_ZIP       The framework will automatically detect the presence of
                   .zip files to extract.

     VARNAME       Use mmake show=name instead of mmake show VARNAME=name.


                Renamed to distinfo to match other BSD, and save directories.

                Identical functionality can be obtained through a
                {pre,do,post}-* target, invoking the script manually if neces-

                Use PFRAG.shared or PFRAG.no-shared instead. PLIST.noshared
                was too easy to forget when updating ports.

                Use PLIST directly. Until revision 1.295, bsd.port.mk did not
                substitute variables in the packing list unless this special
                form was used.

                Original location of bsd.port.mk. The current file lives under
                ${PORTSDIR}/infrastructure/mk/bsd.port.mk, whereas
                /usr/share/mk/bsd.port.mk is just a stub.

                The OpenBSD ports tree focuses on robustness, not on being
                portable to other operating systems. In any case, portability
                should not need to depend on operating system dependent

                Used by FreeBSD to marshall system configuration files. All
                OpenBSD system configuration files are located in /etc, or in
                a subdirectory of /etc.


     The fake target is used to install the port in a private directory first,
     ready for packaging by the package target, so that the real installation
     will use the package.

     Essentially, fake invokes a real install process after tweaking a few

     fake first creates a skeleton tree under ${WRKINST}, using the mtree(8)
     specification ${PORTSDIR}/infrastructure/db/fake.mtree.

     A pre-fake target may be used to complete that skeleton tree. For in-
     stance, a few ports may need supplementary stuff to be present (as it
     would be installed if the ports' dependencies were present).

     If {pre,do,post}-install overrides are present, they are used with some
     important changes: PREFIX is set to ${WRKINST}${PREFIX}, ${DESTDIRNAME}
     is set to ${WRKINST}, and TRUEPREFIX is set to ${PREFIX}. Essentially,
     old install targets work transparently, except for a need to change PRE-
     FIX to TRUEPREFIX for symbolic links and similar path lookups. Specific
     traditional post install work can be simply removed, as it will be taken
     care of by the package itself (for instance, ldconfig, or texinfo's

     If no do-install override is present, the port is installed using

       env -i ${MAKE_ENV}

     Note that this does set both PREFIX and ${DESTDIRNAME}. If a port's
     Makefile both heeds ${DESTDIRNAME}, and references PREFIX explicitly,
     FAKE_FLAGS may rectify the problem by setting PREFIX=${PREFIX} (which
     will do the right thing, since ${PREFIX} is a make(1) construct which
     will not be seen by the shell).

     ${FAKE_FLAGS} is used to set variables on make(1) command line, which
     will override the port Makefile contents. Thus, a port that mentions
     DESTDIR= does not need any patch to work with fake.


     Starting with OpenBSD 2.7, each port can generate several packages
     through two orthogonal mechanisms: FLAVOURS and MULTI_PACKAGES.

     If a port can be compiled with several options, set FLAVOURS to the list
     of possible options in the Makefile. When building the port, set
     FLAVOUR='option1 option2...' to build a specific flavour of the port. The
     Makefile should test the value of FLAVOUR as follows:

           .if ${FLAVOUR:L:Moption1}
           # what to do if option1
           .if ${FLAVOUR:L:Moption2}
           # what to do if option2

     bsd.port.mk takes care of a few details, such as generating a distinct
     work directory for each flavour, or adding a dash separated list of op-
     tions to the package name. The order in which FLAVOUR is specified does
     not matter: the generated list, called the canonical package extension,
     matches the ordering of FLAVOURS. Also, it is an error to specify an op-
     tion in FLAVOUR that does not appear in FLAVOURS.

     In recursive package building, flavours can be specified as a comma
     separated list after the package directory, e.g., SUBDIR+=vim,no_x11.

     Finally, packing information will use templates with the canonical pack-
     age extension if they are available: if FLAVOUR='option1 option2' and
     both COMMENT and COMMENT-option1-option2 are available,
     COMMENT-option1-option2 will be used.

     If a port can generate several useful packages, set MULTI_PACKAGES ac-
     cordingly. Each extension of a MULTI_PACKAGES name should start with a
     dash, so that they cannot be confused with FLAVOURS. In dependency check-
     ing and recursive builds, a subpackage can be specified after a comma,
     e.g., SUBDIR+=quake,-server. MULTI_PACKAGES only affects the actual pack-
     age building step (and the describe step, since a MULTI_PACKAGES port
     will produce several descriptions).

     If MULTI_PACKAGES is set, each element of MULTI_PACKAGES triggers a re-
     cursive mmake package, with SUBPACKAGE set to the right value, and PACK-
     AGING defined. For instance, if MULTI_PACKAGES=-lib -server, mmake pack-
     age will work as follows:

     •   Run env SUBPACKAGE= PACKAGING= mmake package,
     •   Run env SUBPACKAGE=-lib PACKAGING=-lib mmake package,
     •   Run env SUBPACKAGE=-server PACKAGING=-server mmake package,

     The port's Makefile can test the value of SUBPACKAGE to specialize pro-
     cessing for all sub packages. Note that SUBPACKAGE can also be set for
     dependency checking, so be careful to also test PACKAGING: the build
     stage is shared among all subpackages, and tests often only make sense
     during the packaging stage. All packing information is derived from tem-
     plates with SUBPACKAGE appended. In the preceding example, the packing-
     list template for pkgname-foo must be in PLIST-foo.


     Starting after OpenBSD 2.7 (around revision 1.300 of bsd.port.mk), all
     packing information is generated from templates in ${PKGDIR}.

     •   If not overridden by the user, determine which set of templates to
         use, depending on the current SUBPACKAGE and FLAVOUR information. Set
         ${PLIST}, ${DESCR}, ${COMMENT}, ${MESSAGE} accordingly.
     •   Detect the existence of
         cordingly, to use the generated files, and add dependencies to regen-
         erate the files if the templates change.
     •   Generate the actual DESCR, and if needed, MESSAGE, REQ, INSTALL,
         DEINSTALL from the templates in ${DESCR}, ${MESSAGE},
         ${PKGDIR}/DEINSTALL${SUBPACKAGE}, by substituting the variables in
         ${SUBST_VARS}, and by substituting ${FLAVOURS} with the canonical
         flavour extension for this port, e.g., if FLAVOURS=no_map gfx qt2, if
         FLAVOUR=gfx no_map, this is '-no_map-gfx'.
     •   Generate the actual PLIST from the template ${PLIST}, by inserting
         shared/no-shared fragments, applying a possible user-supplied pipe-
         line, merging other fragments, applying the same variable substitu-
         tions as other packing information, and finally handling dynamic li-
         braries macros.

     Note that ${COMMENT} is currently not substituted, to speed up describe

     To avoid substitution, variables can be escaped as follows: $\{PREFIX}

     Constructs such as the line %%SHARED%% or !%%SHARED%% in the packing-list
     template trigger the inclusion of the ${PKGDIR}/PFRAG.shared${SUBPACKAGE}
     or ${PKGDIR}/PFRAG.no-shared${SUBPACKAGE}.

     Similarly, if FLAVOURS lists flav1, then the line %%flav1%% (resp.
     !%%flav1%%) will trigger the inclusion of
     ${PKGDIR}/PFRAG.flav1${SUBPACKAGE} (resp.
     ${PKGDIR}/PFRAG.no-flav1${SUBPACKAGE}) in the packing-list. Fragments
     that cannot be handled by these simple rules can always be specified in a
     custom SED_PLIST.

     The constructs DYNLIBDIR(directory) and NEWDYNLIBDIR(directory) should be
     used in ${PKGDIR}/PFRAG.shared${SUBPACKAGE} to register directories that
     hold dynamic libraries (see ldconfig(8)). NEWDYNLIBDIR is meant for
     directories that will go away when the package is deleted. If possible,
     it should not be used, because users also have to edit rc.conf to add the
     directory. It is usually better to also let libraries be visible as a
     link under ${LOCALBASE}. Having a separate directory is enough to trick
     ld(1) into grabbing the right version. Note that libraries used only for
     dlopen(3) do not need NEWDYNLIBDIR.

     The special update-plist target does a fairly good job of automatically
     generating PLIST and PFRAG.shared fragments.

     In MULTI_PACKAGES mode, there must be separate COMMENT, DESCR, and PLIST
     templates for each SUBPACKAGE (and optional distinct MESSAGE, REQ, IN-
     STALL, DEINSTALL files in a similar way). This contrasts with the FLA-
     VOURS situation, where all these files will automatically default to the
     non-flavour version if there is no flavour-specific file around.


     ftp(1), make(1) or mmake(1), pkg_add(1), library-specs(7),


     The ports mechanism originally came from FreeBSD. A lot of additions were
     taken from NetBSD over the years.

     When the file grew too large, it was cleaned up to restore some of its
     speed and remove a lot of bugs.

     FLAVOURS, MULTI_PACKAGES and FAKE are OpenBSD improvements. MirLibtool
     and the autogen configure style are MirPorts additions.

MirBSD #10-current            September 4, 2020                             26

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