HOSTNAME.IF(5) BSD Reference Manual HOSTNAME.IF(5)
hostname.if, bridgename.if - interface-specific configuration files
The hostname.* and bridgename.* files contain information regarding the configuration of each network interface. One file should exist for each interface that is to be configured, such as hostname.fxp0 or bridgename.bridge0. However, a configuration file is not needed for lo0. Note that multiple entries can be used per configuration file. Arguments containing either whitespace or single quote characters must be double quoted. For example: inet 10.0.0.1 255.255.255.0 10.0.0.255 description "Bob's uplink"
The following three hostname.* formats are valid for configuring network interfaces with static addresses: Regular IPv4 network setup: addr_family [alias] addr netmask broadcast_addr options dest dest_addr route [+n] options Regular IPv6 network setup: addr_family [alias] addr prefixlen options route [+n] options Other network setup: addr_family options A typical file contains only one line, but more extensive files are pos- sible, for example: inet 10.0.1.12 255.255.255.0 10.0.1.255 media 100baseTX description Uplink inet alias 10.0.1.13 255.255.255.255 10.0.1.13 inet alias 10.0.1.14 255.255.255.255 NONE inet alias 10.0.1.15 255.255.255.255 inet alias 10.0.1.16 0xffffffff inet6 alias fec0::1 64 inet6 alias fec0::2 64 anycast route add default 10.0.1.254 route +n add -inet6 default myrouter.mydomain.com # This is an example comment line. !wicontrol \$if -t 2 # Set to 2Mbps The above formats have the following field values: addr_family The address family of the interface, generally "inet" or "inet6". addr The optional address that belongs to the interface, such as 220.127.116.11 or fe80:2::1. It is also feasible to use a hostname as specified in /etc/hosts. It is recommended that an address be used instead of symbolic information, since the latter might activate resolver(3) library routines. If no address is specified, the netmask, broadcast_addr, dest, and dest_addr options are invalid and will be ig- nored. netmask The optional network mask for the interface, e.g., 255.255.255.0. If addr is specified but netmask is not, the classful mask based on addr is used. broadcast_addr The optional broadcast address for the interface, e.g., 18.104.22.168. The word "NONE" can also be specified in order to configure the broadcast address based on the netmask. The netmask option must be present in order to use this option. options Miscellaneous options to set on the interface, e.g., "media 100baseTX mediaopt full-duplex". Valid options for a par- ticular interface type can be found in ifconfig(8). When used, the netmask and broadcast_addr options must also be present. dest If the interface needs a destination address set, this is the literal text "dest". As shown in the example, this de- claration should start on a separate line. dest_addr The destination address to be set on the interface, such as 22.214.171.124. It is also feasible to use a hostname as specified in /etc/hosts. It is recommended that an address be used instead of symbolic information which might ac- tivate resolver(3) library routines. prefixlen The prefixlen number, or number of bits in the netmask, to be set on the interface, such as 64. route [+n] This command starts the route(8) command with -n, unless +n is given as second word, and the options as parameters. # Comments are allowed. Anything following a comment charac- ter is treated as a comment. !command-line Arbitrary shell commands can be executed using this direc- tive. Useful for doing interface specific configuration us- ing commands like wicontrol(8), setting up custom routes using route(8), or establishing tunnels using ifconfig(8). It is worth noting that "\$if" in a command line will be replaced by the interface name.
The following hostname.* formats are valid for configuring network inter- faces with dynamic addresses: A DHCP-configured network interface setup consists of dhcp options For example: dhcp media 100baseTX mediaopt full-duplex The above format has the following field values: dhcp The literal string "dhcp" if the interface is to be config- ured using DHCP. See dhclient(8) and dhclient.conf(5) for more details. options Miscellaneous options to set on the interface, e.g., "media 100baseTX mediaopt full-duplex". Valid options for a par- ticular interface type can be found in ifconfig(8). The OpenBSD installation script will create hostname.if with options of "NONE NONE NONE" when DHCP configuration is chosen. This is the same as specifying just "dhcp". IPv6 stateless address autoconfiguration: rtsol options The above format has the following field values: rtsol The literal string "rtsol" if the interface is to be con- figured using IPv6 stateless address autoconfiguration. This should be used on single interface hosts only, since the IPv6 specifications are silent about the behavior on multi-interface hosts. Also note that the kernel must be configured to accept IPv6 router advertisement, and config- ured as a host (ie. non-router). Add the following lines into sysctl.conf(5): net.inet6.ip6.forwarding=0 net.inet6.ip6.accept_rtadv=1 options Miscellaneous options to set on the interface, e.g., "media 100baseTX mediaopt full-duplex". Valid options for a par- ticular interface type can be found in ifconfig(8). ADDRESS-LESS CONFIGURATION A network interface that does not require an IP address (such as bridge(4) member interfaces and interfaces to be used with ppp(8) and pppoe(8)) consists of state options The above format has the following field values: state The administrative state in which to put the interface, ei- ther "up" or "down". options Miscellaneous options to set on the interface, e.g., "media 100baseTX mediaopt full-duplex". Valid options for a par- ticular interface type can be found in ifconfig(8).
The final file format only applies to bridgename.bridge* files. A bridge interface setup consists of brconfig-arguments brconfig-arguments ... For example: add fxp0 add ep1 -learn fxp0 # !ipsecadm flush # static fxp0 8:0:20:1e:2f:2b up # and finally enable it The options are as follows: brconfig-arguments brconfig(8) is called for each successive line. Comments starting with '#' and commands to be executed prefixed by '!' are permitted.
hosts(5), ancontrol(8), brconfig(8), dhcp(8), ifconfig(8), lmccontrol(8), netstart(8), rc(8), spppcontrol(8), wicontrol(8)
The file /etc/hostname.local is a shell script, no hostname.if(5) file. MirOS BSD #10-current September 2, 1999 3
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