MirOS Manual: wb(4)

WB(4)                      BSD Programmer's Manual                       WB(4)

NAME

     wb - Winbond W89C840F Fast Ethernet driver

SYNOPSIS

     wb* at pci? dev ? function ?

DESCRIPTION

     The wb driver provides support for PCI Ethernet adapters and embedded
     controllers based on the Winbond W89C840F Fast Ethernet controller chip.
     This includes the Trendware TE100-PCIE and various other cheap boards.
     The 840F should not be confused with the 940F, which is an NE2000 clone
     and only supports 10Mbps speeds.

     The Winbond controller uses bus master DMA and is designed to be a DEC
     "tulip" work-alike. It differs from the standard DEC design in several
     ways: the control and status registers are spaced 4 bytes apart instead
     of 8, and the receive filter is programmed through registers rather than
     by downloading a special setup frame via the transmit DMA engine. Using
     an external PHY, the Winbond chip supports both 10 and 100Mbps speeds in
     either full or half duplex.

     The wb driver supports the following media types:

     autoselect   Enable autoselection of the media type and options. This is
                  only supported if the PHY chip attached to the Winbond con-
                  troller supports NWAY autonegotiation. The user can manually
                  override the autoselected mode by adding media options to
                  the appropriate hostname.if(5) file.

     10baseT      Set 10Mbps operation. The mediaopt option can also be used
                  to select either full-duplex or half-duplex modes.

     100baseTX    Set 100Mbps (Fast Ethernet) operation. The mediaopt option
                  can also be used to select either full-duplex or half-duplex
                  modes.

     The wb driver supports the following media options:

     full-duplex  Force full duplex operation.

     half-duplex  Force half duplex operation.

     Note that the 100baseTX media type is only available if supported by the
     adapter. For more information on configuring this device, see
     ifconfig(8).

DIAGNOSTICS

     wb%d: couldn't map memory  A fatal initialization error has occurred.

     wb%d: couldn't map interrupt  A fatal initialization error has occurred.

     wb%d: watchdog timeout  The device has stopped responding to the network,
     or there is a problem with the network connection (cable).

     wb%d: no memory for rx list  The driver failed to allocate an mbuf for
     the receiver ring.

     wb%d: no memory for tx list  The driver failed to allocate an mbuf for
     the transmitter ring when allocating a pad buffer or collapsing an mbuf
     chain into a cluster.

     wb%d: chip is in D3 power state -- setting to D0  This message applies
     only to adapters which support power management. Some operating systems
     place the controller in low power mode when shutting down, and some PCI
     BIOSes fail to bring the chip out of this state before configuring it.
     The controller loses all of its PCI configuration in the D3 state, so if
     the BIOS does not set it back to full power mode in time, it won't be
     able to configure it correctly. The driver tries to detect this condition
     and bring the adapter back to the D0 (full power) state, but this may not
     be enough to return the driver to a fully operational condition. If this
     message appears at boot time and the driver fails to attach the device as
     a network interface, a second warm boot will have to be performed to have
     the device properly configured.

     Note that this condition only occurs when warm booting from another
     operating system. If the system is powered down prior to booting OpenBSD,
     the card should be configured correctly.

SEE ALSO

     arp(4), ifmedia(4), intro(4), netintro(4), pci(4), hostname.if(5),
     ifconfig(8)

HISTORY

     The wb device driver first appeared in FreeBSD 3.0. OpenBSD support first
     appeared in OpenBSD 2.5.

AUTHORS

     The wb driver was written by Bill Paul <wpaul@ctr.columbia.edu>.

BUGS

     The Winbond chip seems to behave strangely in some cases when the link
     partner switches modes. If, for example, both sides are set to 10Mbps
     half-duplex, and the other end is changed to 100Mbps full-duplex, the
     Winbond's receiver suddenly starts writing trash all over the RX descrip-
     tors. The wb driver handles this by forcing a reset of both the controll-
     er chip and attached PHY. This is drastic, but it appears to be the only
     way to recover properly from this condition.

MirOS BSD #10-current          November 4, 1998                              1

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