FD(4) BSD Programmer's Manual FD(4)
fd, stdin, stdout, stderr - file descriptor files
The files /dev/fd/0 through /dev/fd/# refer to file descriptors which can be accessed through the file system. If the file descriptor is open and the mode the file is being opened with is a subset of the mode of the ex- isting descriptor, the call: fd = open("/dev/fd/0", mode); and the call: fd = fcntl(0, F_DUPFD, 0); are equivalent. Opening the files /dev/stdin, /dev/stdout, and /dev/stderr is equivalent to the following calls: fd = fcntl(STDIN_FILENO, F_DUPFD, 0); fd = fcntl(STDOUT_FILENO, F_DUPFD, 0); fd = fcntl(STDERR_FILENO, F_DUPFD, 0); Flags to the open(2) call other than O_RDONLY, O_WRONLY, and O_RDWR are ignored.
/dev/fd/# /dev/stdin /dev/stdout /dev/stderr
tty(4) MirOS BSD #10-current June 9, 1993 1
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