MirBSD manpage: Net::Cmd(3p)

Net::Cmd(3p)    Perl Programmers Reference Guide     Net::Cmd(3p)


     Net::Cmd - Network Command class (as used by FTP, SMTP etc)


         use Net::Cmd;

         @ISA = qw(Net::Cmd);


     "Net::Cmd" is a collection of methods that can be inherited
     by a sub class of "IO::Handle". These methods implement the
     functionality required for a command based protocol, for
     example FTP and SMTP.


     These methods provide a user interface to the "Net::Cmd"

     debug ( VALUE )
         Set the level of debug information for this object. If
         "VALUE" is not given then the current state is returned.
         Otherwise the state is changed to "VALUE" and the previ-
         ous state returned.

         Different packages may implement different levels of
         debug but a non-zero value results in copies of all com-
         mands and responses also being sent to STDERR.

         If "VALUE" is "undef" then the debug level will be set
         to the default debug level for the class.

         This method can also be called as a static method to
         set/get the default debug level for a given class.

     message ()
         Returns the text message returned from the last command

     code ()
         Returns the 3-digit code from the last command. If a
         command is pending then the value 0 is returned

     ok ()
         Returns non-zero if the last code value was greater than
         zero and less than 400. This holds true for most command
         servers. Servers where this does not hold may override
         this method.

     status ()
         Returns the most significant digit of the current status
         code. If a command is pending then "CMD_PENDING" is

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     datasend ( DATA )
         Send data to the remote server, converting LF to CRLF.
         Any line starting with a '.' will be prefixed with
         another '.'. "DATA" may be an array or a reference to an

     dataend ()
         End the sending of data to the remote server. This is
         done by ensuring that the data already sent ends with
         CRLF then sending '.CRLF' to end the transmission. Once
         this data has been sent "dataend" calls "response" and
         returns true if "response" returns CMD_OK.


     These methods are not intended to be called by the user, but
     used or over-ridden by a sub-class of "Net::Cmd"

     debug_print ( DIR, TEXT )
         Print debugging information. "DIR" denotes the direction
         true being data being sent to the server. Calls
         "debug_text" before printing to STDERR.

     debug_text ( TEXT )
         This method is called to print debugging information.
         TEXT is the text being sent. The method should return
         the text to be printed

         This is primarily meant for the use of modules such as
         FTP where passwords are sent, but we do not want to
         display them in the debugging information.

     command ( CMD [, ARGS, ... ])
         Send a command to the command server. All arguments a
         first joined with a space character and CRLF is
         appended, this string is then sent to the command

         Returns undef upon failure

     unsupported ()
         Sets the status code to 580 and the response text to
         'Unsupported command'. Returns zero.

     response ()
         Obtain a response from the server. Upon success the most
         significant digit of the status code is returned. Upon
         failure, timeout etc., undef is returned.

     parse_response ( TEXT )
         This method is called by "response" as a method with one
         argument. It should return an array of 2 values, the
         3-digit status code and a flag which is true when this

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         is part of a multi-line response and this line is not
         the list.

     getline ()
         Retrieve one line, delimited by CRLF, from the remote
         server. Returns undef upon failure.

         NOTE: If you do use this method for any reason, please
         remember to add some "debug_print" calls into your

     ungetline ( TEXT )
         Unget a line of text from the server.

     rawdatasend ( DATA )
         Send data to the remote server without performing any
         conversions. "DATA" is a scalar.

     read_until_dot ()
         Read data from the remote server until a line consisting
         of a single '.'. Any lines starting with '..' will have
         one of the '.'s removed.

         Returns a reference to a list containing the lines, or
         undef upon failure.

     tied_fh ()
         Returns a filehandle tied to the Net::Cmd object.  After
         issuing a command, you may read from this filehandle
         using read() or <>.  The filehandle will return EOF when
         the final dot is encountered. Similarly, you may write
         to the filehandle in order to send data to the server
         after issuing a commmand that expects data to be writ-

         See the Net::POP3 and Net::SMTP modules for examples of


     "Net::Cmd" exports six subroutines, five of these,
     "CMD_ERROR", correspond to possible results of "response"
     and "status". The sixth is "CMD_PENDING".


     Graham Barr <gbarr@pobox.com>


     Copyright (c) 1995-1997 Graham Barr. All rights reserved.
     This program is free software; you can redistribute it
     and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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     $Id: //depot/libnet/Net/Cmd.pm#34 $

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