MirBSD manpage: attroff(3), attron(3), attrset(3), attr_get(3), attr_off(3), attr_on(3), attr_set(3), chgat(3), color_set(3), curs_attr(3), mvchgat(3), mvwchgat(3), PAIR_NUMBER(3), standend(3), standout(3), wattroff(3), wattron(3), wattrset(3), wattr_get(3), wattr_off(3), wattr_on(3), wattr_set(3), wchgat(3), wcolor_set(3), wstandend(3), wstandout(3)

curs_attr(3)        UNIX Programmer's Manual         curs_attr(3)


     attroff, wattroff, attron, wattron, attrset, wattrset,
     color_set, wcolor_set, standend, wstandend, standout,
     wstandout, attr_get, wattr_get, attr_off, wattr_off,
     attr_on, wattr_on, attr_set, wattr_set, chgat, wchgat,
     mvchgat, mvwchgat, PAIR_NUMBER - curses character and window
     attribute control routines


     #include <curses.h>
     int attroff(int attrs);
     int wattroff(WINDOW *win, int attrs);
     int attron(int attrs);
     int wattron(WINDOW *win, int attrs);
     int attrset(int attrs);
     int wattrset(WINDOW *win, int attrs);
     int color_set(short color_pair_number, void* opts);
     int wcolor_set(WINDOW *win, short color_pair_number,
           void* opts);
     int standend(void);
     int wstandend(WINDOW *win);
     int standout(void);
     int wstandout(WINDOW *win);
     int attr_get(attr_t *attrs, short *pair, void *opts);
     int wattr_get(WINDOW *win, attr_t *attrs, short *pair,
            void *opts);
     int attr_off(attr_t attrs, void *opts);
     int wattr_off(WINDOW *win, attr_t attrs, void *opts);
     int attr_on(attr_t attrs, void *opts);
     int wattr_on(WINDOW *win, attr_t attrs, void *opts);
     int attr_set(attr_t attrs, short pair, void *opts);
     int wattr_set(WINDOW *win, attr_t attrs,  short  pair,  void
     int chgat(int n, attr_t attr, short color,
           const void *opts)
     int wchgat(WINDOW *win, int n, attr_t attr,
           short color, const void *opts)
     int mvchgat(int y, int x, int n, attr_t attr,
           short color, const void *opts)
     int mvwchgat(WINDOW *win, int y, int x, int n,
           attr_t attr, short color, const void *opts)


     These routines manipulate  the  current  attributes  of  the
     named  window.   The current attributes of a window apply to
     all characters that are written into the window with waddch,
     waddstr and wprintw.  Attributes are a property of the char-
     acter, and move with the character through any scrolling and
     insert/delete line/character operations.  To the extent pos-
     sible, they are displayed as  appropriate  modifications  to
     the graphic rendition of characters put on the screen.

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curs_attr(3)        UNIX Programmer's Manual         curs_attr(3)

     The routine attrset sets the current attributes of the given
     window  to  attrs.   The routine attroff turns off the named
     attributes without turning any other attributes on  or  off.
     The routine attron turns on the named attributes without af-
     fecting any others.  The routine standout  is  the  same  as
     attron(A_STANDOUT).   The  routine  standend  is the same as
     attrset(A_NORMAL) or attrset(0), that is, it turns  off  all

     The attrset and related routines do not  affect  the  attri-
     butes   used  when  erasing  portions  of  the  window.  See
     curs_bkgd(3) for functions which modify the attributes  used
     for erasing and clearing.

     The routine color_set sets the current color  of  the  given
     window to the foreground/background combination described by
     the color_pair_number. The parameter opts  is  reserved  for
     future use, applications must supply a null pointer.

     The routine wattr_get  returns  the  current  attribute  and
     color  pair  for  the  given  window;  attr_get  returns the
     current attribute and color pair for stdscr.  The  remaining
     attr_*  functions  operate  exactly  like  the corresponding
     attr* functions, except that they  take  arguments  of  type
     attr_t rather than int.

     The routine chgat changes the attributes of a  given  number
     of  characters  starting  at  the current cursor location of
     stdscr.  It does not update the cursor and does not  perform
     wrapping.   A  character  count  of  -1  or greater than the
     remaining window width means to change  attributes  all  the
     way  to  the  end  of the current line.  The wchgat function
     generalizes this to any window; the mvwchgat function does a
     cursor  move  before  acting.  In these functions, the color
     argument is a color-pair index (as in the first argument  of
     init_pair,  see  curs_color(3)).   The  opts argument is not
     presently used, but is reserved for  the  future  (leave  it
     NULL). Note that changing the attributes does not imply that
     a subsequent refresh will update the screen to match,  since
     the character values are not modified. Use touchwin to force
     the screen to match the updated attributes.

     The following video attributes, defined in  <curses.h>,  can
     be  passed  to the routines attron, attroff, and attrset, or
     OR'd with the characters passed to addch.

       A_NORMAL        Normal display (no highlight)
       A_STANDOUT      Best highlighting mode of the terminal.
       A_UNDERLINE     Underlining
       A_REVERSE       Reverse video
       A_BLINK         Blinking

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curs_attr(3)        UNIX Programmer's Manual         curs_attr(3)

       A_DIM           Half bright
       A_BOLD          Extra bright or bold
       A_PROTECT       Protected mode
       A_INVIS         Invisible or blank mode
       A_ALTCHARSET    Alternate character set
       A_CHARTEXT      Bit-mask to extract a character
       COLOR_PAIR(n)   Color-pair number n

     The following macro is the reverse of COLOR_PAIR(n):

     PAIR_NUMBER(attrs) Returns the pair number associated
                        with the COLOR_PAIR(n) attribute.

     The return values of many of these routines are not meaning-
     ful  (they are implemented as macro-expanded assignments and
     simply return their argument). The SVr4 manual  page  claims
     (falsely) that these routines always return 1.


     Note that attroff, wattroff, attron, wattron, attrset,  wat-
     trset, standend and standout may be macros.

     COLOR_PAIR values can only be OR'd with  attributes  if  the
     pair  number  is less than 256. The alternate functions such
     as color_set can pass a color pair value directly.  However,
     ncurses  ABI  4 and 5 simply OR this value within the alter-
     nate functions. You must use ncurses ABI 6 to  support  more
     than 256 color pairs.


     These functions are supported in the  XSI  Curses  standard,
     Issue  4.   The  standard  defined  the  dedicated  type for
     highlights, attr_t, which is not defined in SVr4 curses. The
     functions  taking  attr_t  arguments are not supported under

     The XSI Curses standard states that whether the  traditional
     functions  attron/attroff/attrset  can manipulate attributes
     other than A_BLINK, A_BOLD, A_DIM, A_REVERSE, A_STANDOUT, or
     A_UNDERLINE  is "unspecified".  Under this implementation as
     well as SVr4 curses, these  functions  correctly  manipulate
     all other highlights (specifically, A_ALTCHARSET, A_PROTECT,
     and A_INVIS).

     XSI Curses added the new entry  points,  attr_get,  attr_on,
     attr_off,    attr_set,   wattr_on,   wattr_off,   wattr_get,
     wattr_set.  These are intended to work with a new series  of
     highlight macros prefixed with WA_.

       WA_NORMAL       Normal display (no highlight)
       WA_STANDOUT     Best highlighting mode of the terminal.
       WA_UNDERLINE    Underlining

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curs_attr(3)        UNIX Programmer's Manual         curs_attr(3)

       WA_REVERSE      Reverse video
       WA_BLINK        Blinking
       WA_DIM          Half bright
       WA_BOLD         Extra bright or bold
       WA_ALTCHARSET   Alternate character set

     The  XSI  curses  standard  specifies  that  each  pair   of
     corresponding  A_  and  WA_-using  functions operates on the
     same current-highlight information.

     The  XSI  standard  extended  conformance  level  adds   new
     highlights  A_HORIZONTAL,  A_LEFT,  A_LOW,  A_RIGHT,  A_TOP,
     A_VERTICAL (and corresponding WA_  macros  for  each)  which
     this implementation does not yet support.


     All routines return the integer OK on  success,  or  ERR  on

     X/Open does not define any error conditions.

     This implementation returns an error if the  window  pointer
     is  null.  The  wcolor_set  function returns an error if the
     color pair parameter is outside the range 0..COLOR_PAIRS-1.


     curses(3),  curs_addch(3),   curs_addstr(3),   curs_bkgd(3),

MirBSD #10-current     Printed 2022-12-23                       4

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