MirBSD manpage: mblen(3)

MBLEN(3)                   BSD Programmer's Manual                    MBLEN(3)


     mblen - get number of bytes in a multibyte character


     #include <stdlib.h>

     mblen(const char *s, size_t n);


     The mblen() function usually determines the number of bytes in a multi-
     byte character pointed to by s and returns it. This function shall only
     examine max n bytes of the array beginning from s.

     In state-dependent encodings, s may point the special sequence bytes to
     change the shift-state. Although such sequence bytes corresponds to no
     individual wide-character code, the mblen() changes the own state by them
     and treats them as if they are a part of the subsequent multibyte charac-

     Unlike mbrlen(3), the first n bytes pointed to by s need to form an en-
     tire multibyte character. Otherwise, this function causes an error.

     mblen() is equivalent to the following call, except the internal state of
     the mbtowc(3) function is not affected:

           mbtowc(NULL, s, n);

     Calling any other functions in libc never change the internal state of
     the mblen(), except for calling setlocale(3) with the LC_CTYPE category
     changed to that of the current locale. Such setlocale(3) calls cause the
     internal state of this function to be indeterminate.

     The behaviour of mblen() is affected by the LC_CTYPE category of the
     current locale.

     There are special cases:

     s == NULL   mblen() initializes its own internal state to an initial
                 state, and determines whether the current encoding is state-
                 dependent. This function returns 0 if the encoding is state-
                 independent, otherwise non-zero.

     n == 0      In this case, the first n bytes of the array pointed to by s
                 never form a complete character. Thus, mblen() always fails.


     Normally, mblen() returns:

     0           s points to a null byte ('\0').

     positive    The value returned is a number of bytes for the valid multi-
                 byte character pointed to by s. There are no cases when this
                 value is greater than n or the value of the MB_CUR_MAX macro.

     -1          s points an invalid or incomplete multibyte character. The
                 mblen() also sets errno to indicate the error.

     When s is equal to NULL, mblen() returns:

     0           The current encoding is state-independent.

     non-zero    The current encoding is state-dependent.


     The mblen() may causes an error in the following case:

     [EILSEQ]      s points to an invalid or incomplete multibyte character.


     mbrlen(3), mbtowc(3), setlocale(3)


     The mblen() function conforms to ANSI X3.159-1989 ("ANSI C89").

MirBSD #10-current             February 3, 2002                              1

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