KVM_GETPROCS(3) BSD Programmer's Manual KVM_GETPROCS(3)
kvm_getprocs, kvm_getargv, kvm_getenvv, kvm_getproc2, kvm_getargv2, kvm_getenvv2 - access user process state
#include <sys/param.h> #include <sys/sysctl.h> #include <kvm.h> struct kinfo_proc * kvm_getprocs(kvm_t *kd, int op, int arg, int *cnt); char ** kvm_getargv(kvm_t *kd, const struct kinfo_proc *p, int nchr); char ** kvm_getenvv(kvm_t *kd, const struct kinfo_proc *p, int nchr); struct kinfo_proc2 * kvm_getproc2(kvm_t *kd, int op, int arg, size_t elemsize, int *cnt); char ** kvm_getargv2(kvm_t *kd, const struct kinfo_proc2 *p, int nchr); char ** kvm_getenvv2(kvm_t *kd, const struct kinfo_proc2 *p, int nchr);
kvm_getprocs() returns a (sub-)set of active processes in the kernel in- dicated by kd. The op and arg arguments constitute a predicate which lim- its the set of processes returned. The value of op describes the filter- ing predicate as follows: KERN_PROC_KTHREAD all processes (user-level plus kernel threads) KERN_PROC_ALL all user-level processes KERN_PROC_PID processes with process ID arg KERN_PROC_PGRP processes with process group arg KERN_PROC_SESSION processes with session arg KERN_PROC_TTY processes with tty(4) arg KERN_PROC_UID processes with effective user ID arg KERN_PROC_RUID processes with real user ID arg The number of processes found is returned in the reference parameter cnt. The processes are returned as a contiguous array of kinfo_proc struc- tures, the definition for which is available in <sys/sysctl.h>. This memory is locally allocated, and subsequent calls to kvm_getprocs() and kvm_close() will overwrite this storage. kvm_getargv() returns a null-terminated argument vector that corresponds to the command line arguments passed to process indicated by p. Most likely, these arguments correspond to the values passed to exec(3) on process creation. This information is, however, deliberately under con- trol of the process itself. Note that the original command name can be found, unaltered, in the p_comm field of the process structure returned by kvm_getprocs(). The nchr argument indicates the maximum number of characters, including null bytes, to use in building the strings. If this amount is exceeded, the string causing the overflow is truncated and the partial result is returned. This is handy for programs like ps(1) and w(1) that print only a one line summary of a command and should not copy out large amounts of text only to ignore it. If nchr is zero, no limit is imposed and all ar- gument strings are returned in their entirety. The memory allocated to the argv pointers and string storage is owned by the kvm(3) library. Subsequent kvm_getprocs() and kvm_close(3) calls will clobber this storage. The kvm_getenvv() function is similar to kvm_getargv() but returns the vector of environment strings. This data is also alterable by the pro- cess. kvm_getproc2() is similar to kvm_getprocs() but returns an array of kinfo_proc2 structures. Additionally, only the first elemsize bytes of each array entry are returned. If the size of the kinfo_proc2 structure increases in size in a future release of OpenBSD, the kernel will only return the requested amount of data for each array entry and programs that use kvm_getproc2() will continue to function without the need for recompilation. The kvm_getargv2() and kvm_getenvv2() functions are equivalents to the kvm_getargv() and kvm_getenvv() functions that use a kinfo_proc2 struc- ture to specify the process.
kvm_getprocs(), kvm_getargv(), kvm_getenvv(), kvm_getproc2(), kvm_getargv2(), and kvm_getenvv2() all return NULL on failure.
kvm(3), kvm_close(3), kvm_geterr(3), kvm_nlist(3), kvm_open(3), kvm_openfiles(3), kvm_read(3), kvm_write(3)
These routines do not belong in the kvm(3) interface. MirOS BSD #10-current June 4, 1993 1
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