MirOS Manual: getcwd(3), getwd(3)

GETCWD(3)                  BSD Programmer's Manual                   GETCWD(3)

NAME

     getcwd, getwd - get working directory pathname

SYNOPSIS

     #include <unistd.h>

     char *
     getcwd(char *buf, size_t size);

     char *
     getwd(char *buf);

DESCRIPTION

     The getcwd() function copies the absolute pathname of the current working
     directory into the memory referenced by buf and returns a pointer to buf.
     The size argument is the size, in bytes, of the array referenced by buf.

     If buf is NULL, space is allocated as necessary to store the pathname.
     This space may later be free(3)'d.

     The function getwd() is a compatibility routine which calls getcwd() with
     its buf argument and a size of MAXPATHLEN (as defined in the include file
     <sys/param.h>). Obviously, buf should be at least MAXPATHLEN bytes in
     length.

     These routines have traditionally been used by programs to save the name
     of a working directory for the purpose of returning to it. A much faster
     and less error-prone method of accomplishing this is to open the current
     directory (.) and use the fchdir(2) function to return.

RETURN VALUES

     Upon successful completion, a pointer to the pathname is returned. Other-
     wise a null pointer is returned and the global variable errno is set to
     indicate the error. In addition, getwd() copies the error message associ-
     ated with errno into the memory referenced by buf.

ERRORS

     The getwd() function will fail if:

     [EACCES]      Read or search permission was denied for a component of the
                   pathname.

     [EINVAL]      The size argument is zero.

     [ENOENT]      A component of the pathname no longer exists.

     [ENOMEM]      Insufficient memory is available.

     [ERANGE]      The size argument is greater than zero but smaller than the
                   length of the pathname plus 1.

SEE ALSO

     chdir(2), fchdir(2), malloc(3), strerror(3)

STANDARDS

     The getcwd() function conforms to ANSI X3.159-1989 ("ANSI C"). The abili-
     ty to specify a null pointer and have getcwd() allocate memory as neces-
     sary is an extension.

HISTORY

     The getwd() function appeared in 4.0BSD.

BUGS

     The getwd() function does not do sufficient error checking and is not
     able to return very long, but valid, paths. It is provided for compati-
     bility.

MirOS BSD #10-current         December 11, 1993                              1

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