MirBSD manpage: fgetc(3), getc(3), getchar(3), getw(3)

GETC(3)                    BSD Programmer's Manual                     GETC(3)


     fgetc, getc, getchar, getw - get next character or word from input stream


     #include <stdio.h>

     fgetc(FILE *stream);

     getc(FILE *stream);


     getw(FILE *stream);


     The fgetc() function obtains the next input character (if present) from
     the stream pointed at by stream, or the next character pushed back on the
     stream via ungetc(3).

     The getc() function acts essentially identically to fgetc(), but is a
     macro that expands in-line.

     The getchar() function is equivalent to getc() with the argument stdin.

     The getw() function obtains the next int (if present) from the stream
     pointed at by stream.


     If successful, these routines return the next requested object from the
     stream. If the stream is at end-of-file or a read error occurs, the rou-
     tines return EOF. The routines feof(3) and ferror(3) must be used to dis-
     tinguish between end-of-file and error. If an error occurs, the global
     variable errno is set to indicate the error. The end-of-file condition is
     remembered, even on a terminal, and all subsequent attempts to read will
     return EOF until the condition is cleared with clearerr(3).


     ferror(3), fopen(3), fread(3), putc(3), ungetc(3)


     The fgetc(), getc(), and getchar() functions conform to ANSI X3.159-1989
     ("ANSI C89").


     Since EOF is a valid integer value, feof(3) and ferror(3) must be used to
     check for failure after calling getw().

     Since the size and byte order of an int may vary from one machine to
     another, getw() is not recommended for portable applications.

MirBSD #10-current               June 4, 1993                                1

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