MirOS Manual: dirname(3)

DIRNAME(3)                 BSD Programmer's Manual                  DIRNAME(3)

NAME

     dirname - extract the directory portion of a pathname

SYNOPSIS

     #include <libgen.h>

     char *
     dirname(const char *path);

DESCRIPTION

     The dirname() function is the converse of basename(3); it returns a
     pointer to the parent directory of the pathname pointed to by path. Any
     trailing '/' characters are not counted as part of the directory name. If
     path is a null pointer, the empty string, or contains no '/' characters,
     dirname() returns a pointer to the string ".", signifying the current
     directory.

RETURN VALUES

     On successful completion, dirname() returns a pointer to the parent
     directory of path.

     If dirname() fails, a null pointer is returned and the global variable
     errno is set to indicate the error.

ERRORS

     The following error codes may be set in errno:

     [ENAMETOOLONG]
                   The path component to be returned was larger than
                   MAXPATHLEN.

WARNINGS

     dirname() returns a pointer to internal static storage space that will be
     overwritten by subsequent calls (each function has its own separate
     storage).

     Other vendor implementations of dirname() may modify the contents of the
     string passed to dirname(); this should be taken into account when writ-
     ing code which calls this function if portability is desired.

SEE ALSO

     basename(1), dirname(1), basename(3)

STANDARDS

     The dirname() function conforms to X/Open Portability Guide Issue 4.2
     ("XPG4.2").

HISTORY

     The dirname() function first appeared in OpenBSD 2.2.

AUTHORS

     Todd C. Miller

MirOS BSD #10-current          August 17, 1997                               1

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