AUTHENTICATE(3) BSD Programmer's Manual AUTHENTICATE(3)
auth_approval, auth_cat, auth_checknologin, auth_mkvalue, auth_userchallenge, auth_usercheck, auth_userokay, auth_userresponse, auth_verify - simplified interface to the BSD Authentication system
#include <login_cap.h> #include <bsd_auth.h> int auth_userokay(char *name, char *style, char *type, char *password); auth_session_t * auth_userchallenge(char *name, char *style, char *type, char **challengep); auth_session_t * auth_usercheck(char *name, char *style, char *type, char *password); int auth_userresponse(auth_session_t *as, char *response, int more); int auth_approval(auth_session_t *as, struct login_cap *lc, char *name, char *type); int auth_cat(char *file); void auth_checknologin(struct login_cap *lc); char * auth_mkvalue(char *value); auth_session_t * auth_verify(auth_session_t *as, char *style, char *name, ...);
These functions provide a simplified interface to the BSD Authentication system (see bsd_auth(3)). The auth_userokay() function provides a single function call interface. Provided with a user's name in name, and an op- tional style, type, and password, the auth_userokay() function returns a simple yes/no response. A return value of 0 implies failure; a non-zero return value implies success. If style is not NULL, it specifies the desired style of authentication to be used. If it is NULL then the de- fault style for the user is used. In this case, name may include the desired style by appending it to the user's name with a single colon (':') as a separator. If type is not NULL then it is used as the authen- tication type (such as "auth-myservice"). If password is NULL then auth_userokay() operates in an interactive mode with the user on standard input, output, and error. If password is specified, auth_userokay() operates in a non-interactive mode and only tests the specified pass- words. This non-interactive method does not work with challenge-response authentication styles. The auth_usercheck() function operates the same as the auth_userokay() function except that it does not close the BSD Authentication session created. Rather than returning the status of the session, it returns a pointer to the newly created BSD Authentication session. The auth_userchallenge() function takes the same name, style, and type arguments as does auth_userokay(). However, rather than authenticating the user, it returns a possible challenge in the pointer pointed to by challengep. The return value of the function is a pointer to a newly created BSD Authentication session. This challenge, if not NULL, should be displayed to the user. In any case, the user should provide a password which is the response in a call to auth_userresponse(). In addition to the password, the pointer returned by auth_userchallenge() should be passed in as as and the value of more should be non-zero if the program wishes to allow more attempts. If more is zero then the session will be closed. The auth_userresponse() function closes the BSD Authentication session and has the same return value as auth_userokay(). The auth_approval() function calls the approval script for the user of the specified type. The string "approve-" will be prepended to type if missing. The resulting type is used to look up an entry in /etc/login.conf for the user's class. If the entry is missing, the gener- ic entry for "approve" will be used. The name argument will be passed to the approval program as the name of the user. The lc argument points to a login class structure. If it is NULL then a login class structure will be looked up for the class of user name. The auth_approval() function re- turns a value of 0 on failure to approve the user. Prior to actually calling the approval script, the account's expiration time, the associated nologin file, and existence of the account's home directory (if requirehome is set for this class) are checked. Failure on any of these points causes the auth_approval() function to return a value of 0 and not actually call the approval script. The auth_cat() function opens file for reading and copies its contents to standard output. It returns 0 if it was unable to open file and 1 other- wise. The auth_checknologin() function must be provided with a pointer to a lo- gin class. If the class has a "nologin" entry defined and it points to a file that can be opened, the contents of the file will be copied to stan- dard output and exit(3) will be called with a value of 1. If the class does not have the field "ignorenologin" and the file /etc/nologin exists its contents will be copied to standard output and exit(3) will be called with a value of 1. The auth_verify() function is a front end to the auth_call(3) function. It will open a BSD Authentication session, if needed, and will set the style and user name based on the style and name arguments, if not NULL. Values for the style and user name in an existing BSD Authentication ses- sion will be replaced and the old values freed (if the calling program has obtained pointers to the style or user name via auth_getitem(3), those pointers will become invalid). The variable arguments are passed to auth_call() via the auth_set_va_list(3) function. The, possibly created, BSD Authentication session is returned. The auth_getstate(3) or auth_close(3) function should be used to determine the outcome of the au- thentication request. The auth_mkvalue() function takes a NUL-terminated string pointed to by value and returns a NUL-terminated string suitable for passing back to a calling program on the back channel. This function is for use by the lo- gin scripts themselves. The string returned should be freed by free(3) when it is no longer needed. A value of NULL is returned if no memory was available for the new copy of the string.
auth_subr(3), getpwent(3), pw_dup(3)
The auth_approval(), auth_usercheck(), auth_userokay(), and auth_userchallenge() functions call getpwnam(3) or getpwuid(3), overwrit- ing the static storage used by the getpwent(3) family of routines. The calling program must either make a local copy of the passwd struct pointer via the pw_dup(3) function or, for auth_approval() and auth_usercheck() only, use the auth_setpwd(3) function to copy the passwd struct into a BSD Authentication session structure which can then be passed to auth_approval() or auth_usercheck(). MirOS BSD #10-current March 26, 1997 2
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