MirBSD manpage: semget(2)

SEMGET(2)                  BSD Programmer's Manual                   SEMGET(2)


     semget - get semaphore set


     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <sys/ipc.h>
     #include <sys/sem.h>

     semget(key_t key, int nsems, int semflg);


     The semget() system call returns the semaphore identifier associated with

     A new set containing nsems semaphores is created if either key is equal
     to IPC_PRIVATE, or key does not have a semaphore set associated with it
     and the IPC_CREAT bit is set in semflg.

     The access modes of the created semaphores is specified in semflg by
     OR'ing the following values:

           SEM_A        alter permission for owner
           SEM_R        read permission for owner

           SEM_A >> 3   alter permission for group
           SEM_R >> 3   read permission for group

           SEM_A >> 6   alter permission for other
           SEM_R >> 6   read permission for other

     If a new set of semaphores is created, the data structure associated with
     it (the semid_ds structure, see semctl(2)) is initialized as follows:

     •   sem_perm.cuid and sem_perm.uid are set to the effective UID of the
         calling process.

     •   sem_perm.gid and sem_perm.cgid are set to the effective GID of the
         calling process.

     •   sem_perm.mode is set to the lower 9 bits of semflg.

     •   sem_nsems is set to the value of nsems.

     •   sem_ctime is set to the current time.

     •   sem_otime is set to 0.


     semget() returns a non-negative semaphore identifier if successful. Oth-
     erwise, -1 is returned and errno is set to reflect the error.


     [EACCES]      The caller has no permission to access a semaphore set al-
                   ready associated with key.

     [EEXIST]      Both IPC_CREAT and IPC_EXCL are set in semflg, and a sema-
                   phore set is already associated with key.

     [EINVAL]      nsems is less than or equal to 0 or greater than the system
                   limit for the number in a semaphore set.

                   A semaphore set associated with key exists, but has fewer
                   semaphores than the number specified in nsems.

     [ENOSPC]      A new set of semaphores could not be created because the
                   system limit for the number of semaphores or the number of
                   semaphore sets has been reached.

     [ENOENT]      IPC_CREAT was not set in semflg and no semaphore set asso-
                   ciated with key was found.


     semctl(2), semop(2), ftok(3)

MirBSD #10-current             August 17, 1995                               1

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