MirBSD manpage: ssh-add(1)

SSH-ADD(1)                   BSD Reference Manual                   SSH-ADD(1)


     ssh-add - adds RSA or DSA identities to the authentication agent


     ssh-add [-cDdLlXx] [-t life] [file ...]
     ssh-add -s reader
     ssh-add -e reader


     ssh-add adds RSA or DSA identities to the authentication agent, sshagent(1).
     When run without arguments, it adds the files
     ~/.etc/ssh/id_rsa, ~/.etc/ssh/id_dsa and ~/.etc/ssh/identity. Alternative
     file names can be given on the command line. If any file requires a
     passphrase, ssh-add asks for the passphrase from the user. The passphrase
     is read from the user's tty. ssh-add retries the last passphrase if mul-
     tiple identity files are given.

     The authentication agent must be running and the SSH_AUTH_SOCK environ-
     ment variable must contain the name of its socket for ssh-add to work.

     The options are as follows:

     -c      Indicates that added identities should be subject to confirmation
             before being used for authentication. Confirmation is performed
             by the SSH_ASKPASS program mentioned below. Successful confirma-
             tion is signaled by a zero exit status from the SSH_ASKPASS pro-
             gram, rather than text entered into the requester.

     -D      Deletes all identities from the agent.

     -d      Instead of adding identities, removes identities from the agent.
             If ssh-add has been run without arguments, the keys for the de-
             fault identities will be removed. Otherwise, the argument list
             will be interpreted as a list of paths to public key files and
             matching keys will be removed from the agent. If no public key is
             found at a given path, ssh-add will append .pub and retry.

     -e reader
             Remove key in smartcard reader.

     -L      Lists public key parameters of all identities currently
             represented by the agent.

     -l      Lists fingerprints of all identities currently represented by the

     -s reader
             Add key in smartcard reader.

     -t life
             Set a maximum lifetime when adding identities to an agent. The
             lifetime may be specified in seconds or in a time format speci-
             fied in sshd_config(5).

     -X      Unlock the agent.

     -x      Lock the agent with a password.


             If ssh-add needs a passphrase, it will read the passphrase from
             the current terminal if it was run from a terminal. If ssh-add
             does not have a terminal associated with it but DISPLAY and
             SSH_ASKPASS are set, it will execute the program specified by
             SSH_ASKPASS and open an X11 window to read the passphrase. This
             is particularly useful when calling ssh-add from a .xsession or
             related script. (Note that on some machines it may be necessary
             to redirect the input from /dev/null to make this work.)

             Identifies the path of a unix-domain socket used to communicate
             with the agent.


             Contains the protocol version 1 RSA authentication identity of
             the user.

             Contains the protocol version 2 DSA authentication identity of
             the user.

             Contains the protocol version 2 RSA authentication identity of
             the user.

     Identity files should not be readable by anyone but the user. Note that
     ssh-add ignores identity files if they are accessible by others.


     Exit status is 0 on success, 1 if the specified command fails, and 2 if
     ssh-add is unable to contact the authentication agent.


     ssh(1), ssh-agent(1), ssh-keygen(1), sshd(8)


     OpenSSH is a derivative of the original and free ssh 1.2.12 release by
     Tatu Ylonen. Aaron Campbell, Bob Beck, Markus Friedl, Niels Provos, Theo
     de Raadt and Dug Song removed many bugs, re-added newer features and
     created OpenSSH. Markus Friedl contributed the support for SSH protocol
     versions 1.5 and 2.0.

MirBSD #10-current            December 16, 2008                              1

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