MirBSD manpage: rs(1)

RS(1)                        BSD Reference Manual                        RS(1)


     rs - reshape a data array


     rs [-CcSs[x]] [-GgKkw N] [-EeHhjmnTtyz] [rows [cols]]


     rs reads the standard input, interpreting each line as a row of blank-
     separated entries in an array, transforms the array according to the op-
     tions, and writes it on the standard output. With no arguments (argc < 2)
     it transforms stream input into a columnar format convenient for terminal
     viewing, i.e. if the length (in bytes!) of the first line is smaller than
     the display width, -et is implied, -t otherwise.

     The shape of the input array is deduced from the number of lines and the
     number of columns on the first line. If that shape is inconvenient, a
     more useful one might be obtained by skipping some of the input with the
     -k option. Other options control interpretation of the input columns.

     The shape of the output array is influenced by the rows and cols specifi-
     cations, which should be positive integers. If only one of them is a po-
     sitive integer, rs computes a value for the other which will accommodate
     all of the data. When necessary, missing data are supplied in a manner
     specified by the options and surplus data are deleted. There are options
     to control presentation of the output columns, including transposition of
     the rows and columns.

     The options are as follows:

     -C[x]  Output columns are delimited by the single character x.
            A missing x is taken to be '^I'.

     -c[x]  Input columns are delimited by the single character x.
            A missing x is taken to be '^I'.

     -E     Consider each character of input as an array entry.

     -e     Consider each line of input as an array entry.

     -GN    The gutter width (inter-column space) has N percent of the maximum
            column width added to it.

     -gN    The gutter width, normally 2, is taken to be N.

     -H     Like -h, but also print the length of each line.

     -h     Print the shape of the input array and do nothing else. The shape
            is just the number of lines and the number of entries on the first

     -j     Right adjust entries within columns.

     -KN    Like -k, but print the ignored lines.

     -kN    Ignore the first N lines of input.

     -m     Do not trim excess delimiters from the ends of the output array.

     -n     On lines having fewer entries than the first line, use null en-
            tries to pad out the line. Normally, missing entries are taken
            from the next line of input.

     -S[x]  Like -C, but padded strings of x are delimiters.

     -s[x]  Like -c, but maximal strings of x are delimiters.

     -T     Print the pure transpose of the input, ignoring any rows or cols

     -t     Fill in the rows of the output array using the columns of the in-
            put array, that is, transpose the input while honoring any rows
            and cols specifications.

     -wN    The width of the display, normally 80, is taken to be the positive
            integer N.

     -y     If there are too few entries to make up the output dimensions, pad
            the output by recycling the input from the beginning. Normally,
            the output is padded with blanks.

     -z     Shrink column widths to fit the largest entries appearing in them.

     With no arguments, rs transposes its input, and assumes one array entry
     per input line unless the first non-ignored line is longer than the
     display width. Option letters which take numerical arguments interpret a
     missing number as zero unless otherwise indicated.


     LC_CTYPE  The character encoding locale(1). It decides which byte se-
               quences form characters and what their display width is. If un-
               set or set to "C", "POSIX" or an unsupported value, each byte
               is treated as a character of display width 1.


     rs can be used as a filter to convert the stream output of certain pro-
     grams (e.g., spell(1), du(1), file(1), look(1), nm(1), who(1), and wc(1))
     into a convenient "window" format, as in

           $ who | rs

     This function has been incorporated into the ls(1) program, though for
     most programs with similar output rs suffices.

     To convert stream input into vector output and back again, use

           $ rs 1 0 | rs 0 1

     A 10 by 10 array of random numbers from 1 to 100 and its transpose can be
     generated with

           $ jot -r 100 | rs 10 10 | tee array | rs -T >tarray

     In the editor vi(1), a file consisting of a multi-line vector with 9 ele-
     ments per line can undergo insertions and deletions, and then be neatly
     reshaped into 9 columns with

           :1,$!rs 0 9

     Finally, to sort a database by the first line of each 4-line field, try

           $ rs -eC 0 4 | sort | rs -c 0 1


     jot(1), pr(1), sort(1), vi(1)


     The rs utility first appeared in 4.2BSD.


     John A. Kunze


     Handles only two dimensional arrays.

     The algorithm currently reads the whole file into memory, so files that
     do not fit in memory will not be reshaped.

     Fields cannot be defined yet on character positions.

     Re-ordering of columns is not yet possible.

     There are too many options.

MirBSD #10-current            September 4, 2020                              2

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