MirOS Manual: perl584delta(1)


PERL584DELTA(1) Perl Programmers Reference Guide  PERL584DELTA(1)

NAME

     perl584delta - what is new for perl v5.8.4

DESCRIPTION

     This document describes differences between the 5.8.3
     release and the 5.8.4 release.

Incompatible Changes

     Many minor bugs have been fixed. Scripts which happen to
     rely on previously erroneous behaviour will consider these
     fixes as incompatible changes :-) You are advised to perform
     sufficient acceptance testing on this release to satisfy
     yourself that this does not affect you, before putting this
     release into production.

     The diagnostic output of Carp has been changed slightly, to
     add a space after the comma between arguments. This makes it
     much easier for tools such as web browsers to wrap it, but
     might confuse any automatic tools which perform detailed
     parsing of Carp output.

     The internal dump output has been improved, so that non-
     printable characters such as newline and backspace are out-
     put in "\x" notation, rather than octal. This might just
     confuse non-robust tools which parse the output of modules
     such as Devel::Peek.

Core Enhancements

     Malloc wrapping

     Perl can now be built to detect attempts to assign patholog-
     ically large chunks of memory.  Previously such assignments
     would suffer from integer wrap-around during size calcula-
     tions causing a misallocation, which would crash perl, and
     could theoretically be used for "stack smashing" attacks.
     The wrapping defaults to enabled on platforms where we know
     it works (most AIX configurations, BSDi, Darwin, DEC OSF/1,
     FreeBSD, HP/UX, GNU Linux, OpenBSD, Solaris, VMS and most
     Win32 compilers) and defaults to disabled on other plat-
     forms.

     Unicode Character Database 4.0.1

     The copy of the Unicode Character Database included in Perl
     5.8 has been updated to 4.0.1 from 4.0.0.

     suidperl less insecure

     Paul Szabo has analysed and patched "suidperl" to remove
     existing known insecurities. Currently there are no known
     holes in "suidperl", but previous experience shows that we
     cannot be confident that these were the last. You may no

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     longer invoke the set uid perl directly, so to preserve
     backwards compatibility with scripts that invoke
     #!/usr/bin/suidperl the only set uid binary is now
     "sperl5.8."n ("sperl5.8.4" for this release). "suidperl" is
     installed as a hard link to "perl"; both "suidperl" and
     "perl" will invoke "sperl5.8.4" automatically the set uid
     binary, so this change should be completely transparent.

     For new projects the core perl team would strongly recommend
     that you use dedicated, single purpose security tools such
     as "sudo" in preference to "suidperl".

     format

     In addition to bug fixes, "format"'s features have been
     enhanced. See perlform

Modules and Pragmata

     The (mis)use of "/tmp" in core modules and documentation has
     been tidied up. Some modules available both within the perl
     core and independently from CPAN ("dual-life modules") have
     not yet had these changes applied; the changes will be
     integrated into future stable perl releases as the modules
     are updated on CPAN.

     Updated modules

     Attribute::Handlers
     B
     Benchmark
     CGI
     Carp
     Cwd
     Exporter
     File::Find
     IO
     IPC::Open3
     Local::Maketext
     Math::BigFloat
     Math::BigInt
     Math::BigRat
     MIME::Base64
     ODBM_File
     POSIX
     Shell
     Socket
         There is experimental support for Linux abstract Unix
         domain sockets.

     Storable
     Switch
         Synced with its CPAN version 2.10

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     Sys::Syslog
         "syslog()" can now use numeric constants for facility
         names and priorities, in addition to strings.

     Term::ANSIColor
     Time::HiRes
     Unicode::UCD
     Win32
         Win32.pm/Win32.xs has moved from the libwin32 module to
         core Perl

     base
     open
     threads
         Detached threads are now also supported on Windows.

     utf8

Performance Enhancements

     +   Accelerated Unicode case mappings ("/i", "lc", "uc",
         etc).

     +   In place sort optimised (eg "@a = sort @a")

     +   Unnecessary assignment optimised away in

           my $s = undef;
           my @a = ();
           my %h = ();

     +   Optimised "map" in scalar context

Utility Changes

     The Perl debugger (lib/perl5db.pl) can now save all debugger
     commands for sourcing later, and can display the parent
     inheritance tree of a given class.

Installation and Configuration Improvements

     The build process on both VMS and Windows has had several
     minor improvements made. On Windows Borland's C compiler can
     now compile perl with PerlIO and/or USE_LARGE_FILES enabled.

     "perl.exe" on Windows now has a "Camel" logo icon. The use
     of a camel with the topic of Perl is a trademark of O'Reilly
     and Associates Inc., and is used with their permission (ie
     distribution of the source, compiling a Windows executable
     from it, and using that executable locally). Use of the sup-
     plied camel for anything other than a perl executable's icon
     is specifically not covered, and anyone wishing to redistri-
     bute perl binaries with the icon should check directly with
     O'Reilly beforehand.

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     Perl should build cleanly on Stratus VOS once more.

Selected Bug Fixes

     More utf8 bugs fixed, notably in how "chomp", "chop",
     "send", and "syswrite" and interact with utf8 data. Concate-
     nation now works correctly when "use bytes;" is in scope.

     Pragmata are now correctly propagated into (?{...}) con-
     structions in regexps. Code such as

        my $x = qr{ ... (??{ $x }) ... };

     will now (correctly) fail under use strict. (As the inner $x
     is and has always referred to $::x)

     The "const in void context" warning has been suppressed for
     a constant in an optimised-away boolean expression such as
     "5 || print;"

     "perl -i" could "fchmod(stdin)" by mistake. This is serious
     if stdin is attached to a terminal, and perl is running as
     root. Now fixed.

New or Changed Diagnostics

     "Carp" and the internal diagnostic routines used by
     "Devel::Peek" have been made clearer, as described in
     "Incompatible Changes"

Changed Internals

     Some bugs have been fixed in the hash internals. Restricted
     hashes and their place holders are now allocated and deleted
     at slightly different times, but this should not be visible
     to user code.

Future Directions

     Code freeze for the next maintenance release (5.8.5) will be
     on 30th June 2004, with release by mid July.

Platform Specific Problems

     This release is known not to build on Windows 95.

Reporting Bugs

     If you find what you think is a bug, you might check the
     articles recently posted to the comp.lang.perl.misc news-
     group and the perl bug database at http://bugs.perl.org.
     There may also be information at http://www.perl.org, the
     Perl Home Page.

     If you believe you have an unreported bug, please run the
     perlbug program included with your release.  Be sure to trim
     your bug down to a tiny but sufficient test case.  Your bug
     report, along with the output of "perl -V", will be sent off

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     to perlbug@perl.org to be analysed by the Perl porting team.
     You can browse and search the Perl 5 bugs at
     http://bugs.perl.org/

SEE ALSO

     The Changes file for exhaustive details on what changed.

     The INSTALL file for how to build Perl.

     The README file for general stuff.

     The Artistic and Copying files for copyright information.

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