MirBSD manpage: ktrace(1)

KTRACE(1)                    BSD Reference Manual                    KTRACE(1)


     ktrace - enable kernel process tracing


     ktrace [-aCcdi] [-f trfile] [-g pgid] [-p pid] [-t trstr]
     ktrace [-adi] [-f trfile] [-t trstr] command


     ktrace enables kernel trace logging for the specified processes. By de-
     fault, kernel trace data is logged to the file ktrace.out, unless over-
     ridden by the -f option. The kernel operations that are traced include
     system calls, namei translations, signal processing, and I/O.

     Once tracing is enabled on a process, trace data will be logged until ei-
     ther the process exits or the trace point is cleared. A traced process
     can generate enormous amounts of log data quickly; it is strongly sug-
     gested that users memorize how to disable tracing before attempting to
     trace a process. The following command is sufficient to disable tracing
     on all user owned processes, and, if executed by root, all processes:

           $ ktrace -C

     The trace file is not human-readable; use kdump(1) to decode it.

     The options are as follows:

     -a        Append to the trace file instead of recreating it.

     -C        Disable tracing on all user owned processes, and, if executed
               by root, all processes in the system.

     -c        Clear the trace points associated with the specified file or

     -d        Descendants; perform the operation for all current children of
               the designated processes.

     -f file   Log trace records to file instead of ktrace.out.

     -g pgid   Enable (disable) tracing on all processes in the process group
               (only one -g flag is permitted).

     -i        Inherit; pass the trace flags to all future children of the
               designated processes.

     -p pid    Enable (disable) tracing on the indicated process ID (only one
               -p flag is permitted).

     -t trstr  The string argument represents the kernel trace points, one per
               letter. The default flags are c, e, i, n, and s. The following
               table equates the letters with the tracepoints:

                     c     trace system calls
                     e     trace emulation changes
                     i     trace I/O
                     n     trace namei translations
                     s     trace signal processing
                     w     trace context switch points

     command   Execute command with the specified trace flags.

     The -p, -g, and command options are mutually exclusive.


     ktrace.out  default ktrace dump file


     # trace all kernel operations of process ID 34
           $ ktrace -p 34

     # trace all kernel operations of processes in process group 15 and
     # pass the trace flags to all current and future children
           $ ktrace -idg 15

     # disable all tracing of process 65
           $ ktrace -cp 65

     # disable tracing signals on process 70 and all current children
           $ ktrace -t s -cdp 70

     # enable tracing of I/O on process 67
           $ ktrace -ti -p 67

     # run the command "w", tracing only system calls
           $ ktrace -tc w

     # disable all tracing to the file "tracedata"
           $ ktrace -c -f tracedata

     # disable tracing of all processes owned by the user
           $ ktrace -C




     The ktrace command appeared in 4.4BSD.

MirBSD #10-current               June 6, 1993                                1

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