KILL(1) BSD Reference Manual KILL(1)
kill - terminate or signal a process
kill [-s signal_name] pid [...] kill -l [exit_status] kill -signal_name pid [...] kill -signal_number pid [...]
The kill utility sends a signal to the process(es) specified by the pid operand(s). If no signal is specified, SIGTERM is used. Only the superuser may send signals to other users' processes. The options are as follows: -s signal_name A symbolic signal name specifying the signal to be sent instead of the default SIGTERM. -l [exit_status] If no operand is given, list the signal names; otherwise, write the signal name corresponding to exit_status. -signal_name A symbolic signal name specifying the signal to be sent instead of the default SIGTERM. -signal_number A non-negative decimal integer specifying the signal to be sent instead of the default SIGTERM. The following PIDs have special meanings: -1 If superuser, broadcast the signal to all processes; other- wise, broadcast to all processes belonging to the user. -pgid Send the signal to all processes within the specified pro- cess group. Some of the more commonly used signals: 1 HUP (hang up) 2 INT (interrupt) 3 QUIT (quit) 6 ABRT (abort) 9 KILL (non-catchable, non-ignorable kill) 14 ALRM (alarm clock) 15 TERM (software termination signal) For a more complete list, consult the sigaction(2) manual page. A signal number of 0 (kill -0 pid) checks the validity of a certain PID, to see if it exists. An exit code of 0 means that the specified process exists. The kill utility exists as a built-in to most shells; they allow job specifiers of the form "%..." as arguments, so process IDs are not as often used as kill arguments.
Forcibly terminate process ID 1234: $ kill -9 1234 Send the inetd(8) daemon the hangup signal, instructing it to re-read its configuration from /etc/inetd.conf: $ sudo kill -HUP $(cat /var/run/inetd.pid)
csh(1), pkill(1), ps(1), sh(1), kill(2), sigaction(2)
The kill utility is expected to be IEEE Std 1003.2 ("POSIX.2") compati- ble.
A kill command appeared in Version 3 AT&T UNIX. It is actually an mksh builtin in MirOS #11. MirOS BSD #10-current February 11, 2011 1
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